Criminal Justice Paper on Restorative Justice: Critiques and Evaluation

Restorative justice program seek to engage both the community and victims in sessions that allow the offenders to take accountability for repairing the damages they caused. According to Bouffard et al. (2017), restorative justice program’s efforts have proved to be effective and have vastly helped reduce further dangerous actions and destructive behaviors among the offenders. The program also lowers the rate of crimes and recidivism, such that young individuals can easily access educational services and opportunities. Restorative justice program has proliferated both in practice and theory.

The restorative justice program, however, has faced several issues that delay further advancement for instance challenges relating to displacement, increased institutionalization, and relevance. Restorative justice is also subject to vast critics for instance from institutions that assist victims and upholds their rights (Mika & Zehr, 2017). One of the significant criticisms about the restorative justice program is the fact that the system fails to deliver restoration to offenders and victims. The proponents, however, argue that the critics are rooted on a misinterpretation of the system’s goals and objectives. Other criticisms base on the manner the restorative justice system set its conditions that aim at promoting the participation of both offenders and victims.

Restorative justice, however, has rapidly developed in the past and current procedures and thus it is most likely that there will be substantial trajectories in the future. As postulated by Wilson et al. (2017), some of the methods employed by researchers to evaluate restorative justice programs include collecting and analyzing descriptive data for instance about present cases. Researchers can also conduct interviews with victims and offenders that have experienced restoration. These methods, however, can be unreliable if implemented inappropriately and thus the need for researchers to approach the relevant individuals to ensure they seek appropriate data.


Bouffard, J., Cooper, M., & Bergseth, K. (2017). The effectiveness of various restorative justice

interventions on recidivism outcomes among juvenile offenders. Youth violence and

juvenile justice, 15(4), 465-480.

Mika, H., & Zehr, H. (2017). Fundamental concepts of restorative justice. In Restorative Justice

(pp. 73-81). Routledge.

Wilson, D. B., Olaghere, A., & Kimbrell, C. S. (2017). Effectiveness of Restorative Justice

Programs, OJJDP-Funded Research in Brief.