Criminal Justice Paper on Critical Issues in Policing

Critical Issues in Policing

Twenty-first-century policing faces numerous challenges that must be addressed at the local, state, and federal levels. One of the critical issues is community-police relations, whereas citizens have increasingly become interested in the operations and decisions made by police officers. In recent years, community-police relations have been impacted negatively by the lack of accountability, the use of force, and racial profiling or implicit bias on the part of police officers (Thompson, 2017). Recruitment and retention have also been critical issues with the increasing retirement rate of baby boomers. Dangers accompanying policing as well as harsh criticism targeting police officers have discouraged many people from joining or remaining in the profession. Besides, experienced individuals in the profession are pursuing lucrative and safe careers. Budgetary restraints adversely impact policing agencies given the modern-day climate, where governments face economic woes and have to make difficult choices about budget allocation to police departments (Thompson, 2017). Financial limitations come at a time when policing requires modern technologies, such as body-worn cameras, interoperable communications, and integrated records management.

Problems associated with the mentioned issues include the lack of police integrity and accountability among others. Police officers are increasingly involved in practices that go against existing laws when they face problems such as budgetary restraints, poor community-police relations, low retention, and recruitment rates. These matters can be resolved through police reforms, primarily consent decree, which involves an agreement to solve a dispute between a police officer and another party (Alpert, McLean, & Wolfe, 2017). Litigation and remedial control can also serve as a solution to the numerous problems arising from the mentioned issues (Kasner, 2017). Litigation allows agencies such as the Department of Justice (DOJ) to bring suits for equitable remedies against law enforcement officers involved in practices that are considered unconstitutional. Moreover, policing agencies must shift from overdependence on external oversight to act according to law in order to robust self-monitoring agencies if the problems mentioned above are to be resolved (Morgan, Murphy, & Horwitz, 2017). This approach would involve the definition of expectations, measurement of performance, and aggressive response when it comes to addressing lack of integrity among police officers.




Alpert, G. P., McLean, K., & Wolfe, S. (2017). Consent decrees: An approach to police accountability and reform. Police Quarterly20(3), 239-249. Retrieved from

Kasner, A. J. (2017). Local government design, mayoral leadership and law enforcement reform. Stan. L. Rev.69, 549. Retrieved from!/,%20Mayoral%20Leadership,%20and%20Law%20Enforcement%20Reform_A.%20Kasner.pdf.

Morgan, T. H. S., Murphy, D., & Horwitz, B. (2017). Police reform through data-driven management. Police Quarterly20(3), 275-294. Retrieved from

Thompson, A. (2017, May 17). Challenges facing law enforcement in the 21st century. Retrieved from….pdf.