Criminal Justice Dissertation Chapter Paper on Distinct lower-class culture

Distinct lower-class culture  


It has been strongly argued that the lower-class culture exists and develops and transmitted from generation to generation. This brings in different expectations and cultural values. In addition, it has also been argued that the culture is a hindrance to people’s success in society (Siegel, 2014). The paper is a discussion on the dissertation chapter. This paper is on whether it is possible that a distinct lower-class culture exists. It is also on whether there is anyone who has the focal concerns Miller talks about. In addition, the paper focuses on whether there were focal concerns in my high school or college experience.  

Whether it is possible that a distinct lower-class exists

It is possible that a distinct lower-class exists. The existence of the lower-culture in the society is usually associated with the thesis of culture of poverty. In this culture, certain individuals as well as groups of people have a tendency of persisting in a state or cycle of poverty. This is mainly because; they usually have some distinct beliefs, values as well as behavior ways that are not compatible with economic success (Siegel & Welsh, 2014). A distinct lower-class exists where the origin of poverty is located in the orientations of groups or individuals. It also exists where such individuals are socially disorganized, stressed as well as strained. These people tend to live in neighborhoods that are deteriorated and react to economic deprivation as well as social isolation.   

Whether there is anyone who has the focal concerns Miller talks about

I know of anyone who has the focal points that Miller talks about. This individual promotes violent and illegal behavior. He is the champion of his neighborhood in regards to all the social evils that bedevils it. He displays toughness by demonstrating his fighting prowess. The person is ever fighting, particularly when he gets drunk (Siegel, 2014). He is a street smart person who uses drugs to keep him moving. He drinks, smokes, and gambles with friends in order to pass time. The individual always make trouble and his friends understand it. When he drinks or uses drugs, he fights as well as engage in sexual misconduct.   

Whether there were focal concerns in my high school or college experience

In my high school or college experience, there were focal concerns that were displayed by my colleagues. Most members of the lower class in my high school or college maintained an image of being savvy and streetwise. They used their street smarts to their advantage by having the ability to out-con and out-do their opponents. The focal concerns of these individuals made them to be trouble makers in many instances (Siegel & Welsh, 2014). They demonstrated deviant behaviors such as drinking, fighting as well as sexual misconduct. In most cases, they would sneak from school or college in order to have a favorable environment of committing their deviant behaviors. These individuals displayed physical toughness in terms of physical strength, athletic skills, and fighting ability.


In conclusion, it is highly possible that a distinct lower-class exists. The culture of poverty is highly synonymous with the lower-class culture. The individuals of the lower class-culture strongly believe they are poor because they have been deprived of means of reaching their goals. I know of many people to have focal concerns that Miller talks about. These people cause trouble at everywhere they go. They like fighting and display their toughness by their physical strength, fighting ability as well as athletic skills. In my high school and college, there were focal concerns in terms of people engaging in sexual misconduct, drinking as well as fighting.   


Siegel, L. & Welsh, B. (2014. Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law, Chicago: John Willey & Sons.

Siegel, L. (2014). Criminology: The Core, New York: John Willey & Sons.