Administrations of Criminal Justice IP3
Plan to Tackle the Problem
The following is a proposal plan that aims to address the issues of underage drinking and street racing in Westwood’s. The approach used is the SARA model to analyze the situation. Measures, course of actions and recommendations have all been based on the problems that have been reported by the woodland community members that include underage drinking and street racing (Oettmeier & Bieck, 1987).
Scanning the Problem
The issue of underage drinking is a universal problem for the police as well as other law enforcing agencies. In the US, the recommended legal drinking age is 21 (Voas, 2003). Despite this fact, it is claimed that minors consume alcoholic drinks far more than the legal age drinkers. This is an indication that the laws implemented have not been put in force, leading to laxity in enforcing them.
On the other hand, speed and recklessness symbolizes the street racing as a dangerous game. In the American pop culture, it is seen as “cool and rebellious.” It leads to high rates of injury and death due to car crashes. Illegal street racing tends to pose danger to the society.
Analysis of the Issue
The reason why the taskforce will rescan the area despite having been told of the affairs that goes on at these places is that the problem looks simple and obvious at first sight but it may be having some underlying facts that may need further preparation. At the same time, there may be some external forces working behind the street racing that have not been detected by the members of the community. Though the community has aired the problems, it might also follow that the said problem does not exist and therefore it is important for the taskforce to scan the environment for further information. This could be done by detectives, volunteers from the community as well as police surveys that will take place at the community level.
The problem of underage drinking and street racing may not be difficult to address. In COPPS theory, the recurrence of the problems or the criminal activities can be totally prevented or they minimized. To foresee the needed improvements in Westwood’s, the people carrying out the criminal activities ought to be shown that they can be punished, as they tend to engage in their behaviors because the environment offers them the possibilities of undertaking their criminal activities without being punished.
The case of underage drinking indicates there is social access as well as commercial access. It therefore holds that the minors are able to consume drugs because commercial distributors make it available to them without minding policies that prohibits the sale of alcohol to underage persons. At the same time, the social access indicates that there is the involvement of adults in the provision of drinks to the minors as they provide the fund to buy or they buy for them.
The case of racing indicates that the reckless behavior is as a result of lack of supervision. This is because, logically, speed racing can only occur in unsupervised environments. The lack of visibility and patrolling officer in the area has made it possible for the speed racing to take place.
Response to the Problem
In addressing the issues that relate to the underage drinking, the collaboration and participation of the entire community will be required. This will aid in addressing the sources, distribution and the sale of the drinks to the underage persons. It will also address the social access of the alcohol to the minors in a manner that will be preventive. Overall, information drive will be given to all the Westwood’s dwellers regarding those policies available on underage drinking as well as the liabilities that are involved when the minors are allowed to drink. At the same time, the distributors and the persons selling the drugs will be put on notice as they face legal proceeding (Gaines & Roy, 2006). The responsibility of leading the information drive will be vested on the police (Sherman & Eck, 2002). Another approach will be for the police to frequent the place so that there can be a notion that those giving the minors alcohol and those who are selling are at risk of being arrested if caught. The community will also be responsible for holding community forums; schools will hold counseling sessions on alcohol abuse as a step to increase awareness of the social ills of underage drinking.
Concerning street racing, the community involvement and participation will be required. Despite this fact, there will be a focus of controlling the environment where the street racing takes place. As a way of reducing and controlling the street racing in the Westwood’s area, and especially in the populated areas of the community, there is a proposal to install additional street bumps in the area. This will be presented and forwarded by the local officers from the police force. The advantage of additional bumps also includes reducing the number of checkpoints that the law officers have to supervise when preventing and reducing the street. Police patrol and visibility after the erection of bumps will be limited therefore in the nearby industrial and commercial areas as well as in other areas of the community.
By considering the above courses of action, it is anticipated that these courses of actions and measures will lead to an improvement of the current condition in regard to street racing and underage drinking. It is also hoped that there will be an increase in the safety of the people as well as the community since the current situation indicates safety of the people that is at stake.
Assessment of the Program
In the assessment of the expected outcome from the courses of actions that have been laid down, it is expected that the specific issues that had been reported as disturbing the community will be the main measure of determining the success and effectiveness of the measures. Such a case include the case of the underage drinking, it is expected that if the measures are adhered to, there will be a reduced incidences of alcohol related crimes like petty stealing, scandals and drug use and alarms. At the same time, owing to the fact that many calls were being made previously reporting unruly young persons, with the measures in pace, it is anticipated that there will be a reduction of these cases as well as other related cases. In the case of the street racing, after the measures have been affected, it is expected that there will a reduction of accidents as well as other related racing problems. In the same line, there will be a reduction of speeding offenses. Likewise, it is expected that there will be a reduced rate of calling that is related to street racing. It is also anticipated that hospitals will report fewer patients that are related to street racing or underage drinking.
Conclusion and Recommendation
The findings that the taskforce has been able to come up presents some of the various actions the police department as well as the community in addressing the issue at hand of street racing and underage drinking. Despite this fact, it should be noted that some of the action will have immediate impact on the society whereas others will not take place immediately. Nonetheless, the task force will stress further the need of the collaboration between the police and the community if successful implementation and results are to be seen. It has to be noted that laxity on any one side is likely to worsen the issues, for example, if the police do not get involved in the project effectively, or if they act impartially, then there is the tendency that the real culprit triggering the sale of alcohol to underage or those who are street racing will always be on the loose. At the same time, if the community does not participate fully and collaborate with the police, the may hide the culprits, promoting the reckless street racing and minor drinking in the community. Therefore, it is recommended that as measures are put forward, the community be encouraged to liaise with the police in order to achieve the desired results.
Gaines, L. and R. LeRoy Miller. (2006). Criminal Justice in Action: The Core (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson-Wadsworth.
Oettmeier, T. and W. Bieck. (1987). Developing a Policing Style for Neighborhood Policing: Executive Session #1. Houston: Houston Police Department.
Sherman, L. and J. Eck. (2002). Policing for crime prevention. In Lawrence W. Sherman, David P. Farrington, Brandon C. Welsh and Doris Layton MacKenzie (Eds.), Evidence-Based Crime Prevention (pp.295–329). New York: Routledge.
Voas, R. B., Tippetts, A. S., & Fell, J. C. (2003). Assessing the effectiveness of minimum legal drinking age and zero tolerance laws in the United States.Accident Analysis & Prevention, 35(4), 579-587.