Criminal Justice Annotated Bibliography Paper on Terrorism

Baram, Amatzia. “Who Are the Insurgents? Sunni Arab Rebels in Iraq.” USIP Special Report

  1. Washington, DC: U.S. Institute of Peace, April 2005. Available at: Retrieved April 14, 2018.

This is an article authored by Baram, Amatzia a professor at the Department of the History of the Middle East. He is also recognized as the Director of the Center for Iraq studies at the University of Haifa in Israel. His security training and experience can be traced back to when he served as the commander of various tank units in the Armored Corps. He has wealth of experience and knowledge in modern Middle East history. He has acted as security expert and consultant for Middle East countries and United States. Therefore, he is qualified to author articles on security and global terrorism. In this article, Baram divulges in the security issue in Iraq. He categorically dissects the breath of Sunni Arab groups that are against the resurrection of Iraq as country. For a long time, Iraq has been categorized among dangerous countries in the world. This is occasioned by the serious terrorism activities conducted within the country. The activities have been extended globally and have adversely affected countries like United States. Global terrorism has been as a result of the strict Islamic values and beliefs that encourage Jihad. The author addresses three main concerns in his articles that include ideological beliefs, tribal orientations and Islamism. According to Baram, many rebels share common ideologies and beliefs. This has led to specific problems and opportunities in the United States. In this report, Baram outlines that while an agreement and resolution can be reached between the rebels and the Iraqi government, the beliefs of these groups can never allow for compromise. However, he believes that in order to reduce the insurgency, there is need for primary policies with the primary concern of addressing the status of Sunni Arabs in the new Iraq. These policies should comprise meaningful participation in the formulation of permanent solutions. He concludes by elaborating that sound steps are required to ensure that the Sunnis are not discriminated against in the job markets. These are sound measures to reduce the influence of resurgent groups that have been responsible for many terrorism attacks both local and international.

Borum, Randy. Psychology of Terrorism. Tampa: The University of South Florida, 2004.

Available at: Retrieved April 14, 2018.

The article is authored by Randy Borum, a professor and coordinator of Strategy and Intelligence Studies in the University of South Florid Information section. He has more than 18 years teaching experience. He has authored numerous professional publications and worked as a director of National Intelligence. Further, he has extensive experience on terrorism, security, investigation among other areas.   Significantly, Borum has been a consult to many security agencies in the United States. Therefore, the author is qualified to write articles and conduct research on terrorism. In this specific book, Borum tries to derive psychological foundation to explain terrorism and violence. He critically examines existing scientific and professional knowledge and information materials to try and decipher the causes, motivations and determinant of terrorism and violence. He consolidates previous theories and identifies existing gaps that are then answered by his research. In this book, he observes and supports how terrorism is linked to personality and how an individual can transform to be a terrorist. He further addresses the ideologies behind joining terrorist groups and the need to identify personal growth.  He concludes his discussion by suggesting the areas that still needs to be addressed by researchers and scholars.