Invisible Cities: Despina
Despina is one of the imaginary cities described by Italo Calvino in his novel titled “Invisible Cities.” It is grouped under the category of desire. The character in the story called Polo describes the city as being accessible in two ways: by camel or by sea. The person arriving in the city riding on a camel sees the city resembling a ship from a distance and tends to think to himself of all the joys that sailing might bring him. The sailor sees the city in the horizon resembling the humps of a camel that is in motion, and cannot help but think of all the goodies that camel merchants provide, things that one has no access to in the sea. Apart from describing the desires that make persons see things in a biased way, Calvino also alludes to perception
Different persons perceive things differently depending on their backgrounds and present circumstances. Despina is just a city and Polo, the narrator, explains that both the desert traveller and the sailor do recognize that. Their circumstances cause them to think differently about how the town appears. The traveller by camel perceives the town as a ship that is about to save him from the desert that he has endured for long. The sailor on the other hand is dying to leave the ‘ocean desert’ for the city that he perceives as a camel that will lead him to an oasis of fresh water and beautiful palaces, where girls will dance for him barefooted. Each seems to admire and wish to be in the situation of the other even though both of them are not satisfied or happy about their present situation. The line of thought adopted by each of the travellers regarding the city is therefore as a result of differences in perception. The city might in real life represent the different perceptions of things that people have.
Illness makes the narrator’s life miserable. Illness denies the narrator happiness and complete freedom. The word illness is very significant in Zaabalawi. It makes the narrator so restless and yearning to meet Zaabalawi. Illness reminds the narrator of the most important things in life. It is like the narrator discovered he cannot make it alone after suffering for a very long time. The protagonist is forced to embark on a journey to seek a solution for his illness. Even though he meets people on his way to Zaabalawi, the protagonist does not care about the conversations he has with them. Instead, he manipulates the people he meets on his way to get information on Zaabalawi. Suffice is to say that the protagonist’s illness defines every step of his journey.
Zaabalawi seems to be a very important person in this short story. He is believed to have special healing powers. Zaabalawi was written at a time when Anwar Sadat became part of the Camp David Treaty. This development led to religious radicalization. It is surprising that while Zaabalawi is a religious healer, he presents himself as a bar. Zaabalawi advocates for intoxication as the only way to Zaabalawi. Allegory is also presented in various situations. Traditionally, drunkards are judged harshly by religious people. However, in Zaabalawi, the situation is completely different. Those who are considered to be spiritually unclean are the only ones allowed to contact Zaabalawi. This is ironical because in real sense Zaabalawi is a symbol of spirituality and truth. In a nutshell, Zaabalawi is used to represent acceptance. Despite people’s professions or lifestyles, they are acceptable in the eyes of God.
My merchant travels my lord, took me to the dark continent through the horn-shaped shores. I went there in need of slaves and ivory. I ended up seeking ivory only, as the people I found there were nothing but beasts. Sudan was the name of the land. The men of this land are tall, twice the height of your tallest soldier. They are dark, strong, mean and vicious. I was wise enough to realize that these were not the kind of people to capture. They are so strong that it takes only for men to take down an elephant. And not using swords or spears, but clubs. The clubs were so heavy, made of hard wood and iron ore. They love to torture their game, and they break the limbs of the elephants and taunt them to death. Their main meal is blood, blood of the most vicious animals, such as lions, buffaloes, leopards and even crocodiles. They love bitter roots and herbs and methinks that is the source of their strength.
I am telling you about these amazing people, as they directed me to the city of Kibrea. It is known as the city of the immortals by the Sudan people. The city is located inside a mountain crater. It is only accessible through a cave on the mountainside from which emanates yellow smoke of sulfur. At the peaks of the mountain, one is able to see the meticulously built city with domes made of gold just like those of Syria or Moscow. I call them domes for lack of a better name, as I have never seen such shapes before. We camped at the slopes as I watched the city. Come night time, the city is awash with lights whose source is not apparent. In the day time, it is filled with mist such that they eyes of the curious ones such as me were denied clear view.
Getting to Kibrea is an adventure by itself. The floor of the cave is riddled with stones that are as sharp as razors, having the ability to pierce through even armored sandals. The sulfur smoke chokes the traveller and reprieves him at the same time by granting him a limited amount of light. Still inside the cave, one comes upon canal of filth, worse than that of the backyards of Athens. The stench is overwhelming and the maggots found therein are as long and big as the ring finger of a grown man. The roaches my lord were as big as rats and had their nests in the skulls of sojourners long dead. The canal is as wide as river Euphrates and on the other end is the gate to the city of the immortals. The interested traveller finds a shiny dagger hanging at the gate. They are supposed to either slit their throat or pierce their heart in order to get rid of mortality.
If the dagger finds the traveller worthy, he dies not but heals, and is welcomed to the city. If the traveller is not worthy, well, he dies and is thrown into the filth. Zakiir, the beast of a man that guides me, tells me to swim through the filth and get to the dagger. Thinking of it, I do not consider myself worthy of the dagger. We turn back and once we are out of the cave, Zakiir gives me the bitterest drink I have ever tasted to tone down the effects of the sulfur smoke. He treats our bleeding feet with what he says is the marrow of a crocodile. We return to our camp at the peaks and decide that I am contented with watching Kibrea from the mountaintop.
Joseph: The Peoples’ Hero
If one reads the book of Genesis, all through from the start to the end, a clear line of difference is drawn between what is good and that which is bad. In every section of Genesis, there exists a hero and a villain, to mean individuals that are right and those that are wrong respectively. For instance, the stories of Isaac versus Abimelech, Esau versus Jacob, and Jacob versus Laban all illustrate the difference that exists between individuals that are right and those that are wrong, thus the stories of heroes versus villains (Genesis, New King James Version, 25: 19-34; 27:1-46; 31:1-55). The Story of Joseph illustrates that a hero is calm, gracious and embraces forgiveness and redemption, while a villain displays characteristics of jealousy and betrayal. This paper uses the story of Joseph, the son of Jacob, versus his brothers to demonstrate who is wrong and who is right; a villain versus a hero.
While in Canaan, Jacob loved his son Joseph more than his other sons and even made him a coat of many colours, “Now Israel loved Joseph… a coat of many colours” (Genesis, New King James Version, 37:3). Because of this, and Joseph’s dream to dominate over his brothers, his brother’s hated him or became jealous of him even more. As illustrated in the bible, “And when his brethren saw that their father loved him [Joseph] more than all his brethren, they hated him,….” (Genesis, New King James Version, 37: 4) and “And Joseph dreamed a dream,… and they hated him yet the more”, his brothers were very jealous of him [Joseph].
The jealousy portrayed by Joseph’s brothers later made them conspire to sell him [Joseph] to Ishmeelites as a slave and take back his [Joseph’s] coat of many colours (dipped in the blood of a goat they [his brothers] had slain) to Jacob, who then concluded that Joseph had been torn into pieces by a wild animal (Genesis, New King James, 37: 18-33). Joseph is clearly betrayed by his own brothers, and they additionally lied to Jacob [their father] concerning the whereabouts of Joseph.
While Joseph was serving as the head of officials for Pharaoh in Egypt, there was anger in Canaan and Jacob sent ten of his sons to go and fetch corn from Egypt, excluding Benjamin, his last son, for fear of mischief befalling him after Joseph (Genesis, New King James Version, 42:1-5). Joseph recognized his brothers when they arrived in Egypt, but they did not recognize him, and as the Bible states, “And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.” Joseph remained calm, gave his brothers corn, and additionally returned the money they used on their journey. However, Joseph decided to bring his brothers to their senses concerning what they [his brothers] did, and as such, he ordered that Benjamin be brought to him (Genesis, New King James Version, 42:33-34). When this happens, Joseph creates a whole plan that frames Benjamin of stealing from him a cup of silver [Joseph] (Genesis, New King James Version, 44:1-12). Joseph wanted his brothers to repent in action, and not words, concerning what they did. When Benjamin is brought back before Joseph, he insists on retaining him as a slave and setting the rest of them free, but Judah chooses to remain behind and face the penalty with Benjamin, saying, “… God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord’s servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found” (Genesis, New King James Version, 44:16).
From the analysis, Joseph remained calm and welcomed his brothers In Egypt despite what they did to him. He feeds them, gives them enough corn and money to take back home as a sign of forgiveness. Joseph says to his brothers that, “Now be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves,…”, to prove forgiveness, thus a hero. Joseph’s brothers now know the value of a brother, and cannot betray their brother Benjamin anymore. For a while, the jealousy and betrayal that Joseph’s brother portrayed towards Joseph made them villains, while the hospitality, redemption, and forgiveness that Joseph displays in return make him [Joseph] a hero.
Alliteration is a repetition of speech sounds in a sequence of nearby words, there are examples from these poems. For instance, In the poem ‘The Raven’, in the first stanza, is the use of alliteration as a poetry device in the line ‘…While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping…’. The use of allusion in the poem ‘Daddy’ is used in the fourth stanza in the line ‘…In the German tongue, in the polish town…’. Allusion is passing a reference without a specific identification.
The poet in the poem tries to distinguish whether the raven had been sent by God. The poet writes in the poem, ‘…the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen censer, Swung by angels whose faint footfalls tinkled on the turfed floor. “Wretch,” I cried, “thy God hath lent thee-by these angels he hath sent thee…’. The poet believes that the bird was there to give him a message that God is no longer on his side.
Caesura is a strong phrasal pause that falls within a line. For instance, in the poem ‘The Raven’, the poet writes, in the second last stanza, ‘…Leave my loneliness unbroken! – quit the bust above my door!…’ Figurative language is a conspicuous language from what users of a language apprehend as the standard meaning of words. For example, metaphors and similes. For instance, in the poem ‘The Raven’, the writer uses simile when he says, ‘…Leave no black perfume as a token of that lie thy soul; hath spoken…’
Figurative language includes similes, metaphors and symbols, to describe something to compare it with something else. For instance in the poem “My Papa’s Waltz”, the writer shows how much alcohol Papa takes and the writer says, “… but I hung on like death…”.
The combination of words, whose sounds seem to denote its meaning, is called Onomatopoeia. This is used in the poem ‘The Raven’ where the poet writes ‘… Wretch,” I cried, ‘thy God hath lent thee-by these angels he hath sent thee…’
Personification has been used in the poem “The Raven” ; the speaker is giving the raven a human character. The writer describes the raven as a person where they are able to communicate. For instance the writer, says, “… But the raven, sitting lonely on the placid bust, spoke only that one word, as if his soul in that one word he did pour…”. However, the speaker calls the bird a prophet, which had been sent to deliver a message.
The use of these devices while reading the poems helps one to get a rhythm for the poems, which becomes more interesting and gives the reader the ability to tell the mood of the poems, and the inner meaning of the poem.
In Emily Dickinson’s poem “Because I could not stop for death”, the poet uses the excessive dashes to show continuation or persistence on what she does, showing the idea of not stopping. The characterization of the mirror in the poem is accurate since the mirror gives an exact view of the object that comes before it. The mirror gives a reflection of anything.
According to the writer of the poem “The Raven”, he believes the visitation of the bird in his house at night was symbolic in one way or another. The writer actually says that the bird would be God’s agent or the devil’s agent that had been sent to him as a sign of things likely to happen in the future. However, in the same poem the writer talks about where the bird had gone to branch itself was about a statue that was above his chamber door. The writer says, “… still sitting on the pallid bust of Pallas just above my chamber door…”. In the poem ‘Mirror’, the poet uses the mirror as a persona of the poem and uses the mirror to symbolize certain issues.
The poet tries to distinguish whether the raven had been sent by God. He writes in the poem, ‘…the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen censer, Swung by angels whose faint footfalls tinkled on the turfed floor. “Wretch,” I cried, “thy God hath lent thee-by these angels he hath sent thee…’. The poet believes that the bird was there to give him a message that God is no longer on his side.
The speaker, later on in the poem decides to get close to the bird and looked at it, thinking what was strange about the bird. ‘…Straight I wheeled my seat in front of bird and bust and door…thinking what this ominous bid of yore’. The tone of the poem also shows loneliness. The speaker looks at the bird as he reflects on his life, what mischief can happen to his life more than losing loved ones.
There are some settings in the poem that seem supernatural, for instance, when the poet shows that he was surrounded by angels. However, they are settings in the poem that have a rational explanation, for instance, when the poet shows how depressed on can be after losing someone you love.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of short-term aerobic exercise on depression symptoms and body image attitudes among Iranian women. The researcher used Eighty-two voluntary participants in this study. All of the participants were matched in age, education, and marital status before being assigned to an aerobic exercise group. The researcher then registered the participants in order to begin their program at gymnasiums. The researcher required all the participants to in the exercise groups to accomplish their aerobic exercise in front of mirrors to be oriented on details of their movements completely. Additionally, the researcher provided appropriate music that was adjusted to the intensity of movements. Members of the control group did not participate in this initial exercise. Instead, they were required to wait for four weeks to see how effective the exercise was before undertaking the exercises. The researcher varied the intensity of the music while measuring the heart beat rates of the participants.
The t-test conducted on post-test body-image variables established that there was a significant difference before and after exercise training in the exercise group. Additionally, the experiments depict that there was a significant relationship between decreasing depression and exercise training in the exercise group compared with the control group. Lastly, the tests conducted revealed that the participants noticed a difference in their bodies before and after the exercise training program. The researcher used the SPSS software to analyze the data obtained. Both Independent t-tests and Paired t-tests were used to compare the effect of aerobic exercise between the exercise group and the control group and to compare the heart rate response to aerobic exercise before and after performing each step respectively.
The author concluded that when women undertake a routine of aerobic exercises, they can effectively reduce depression symptoms and improve some aspects of their body-image attitudes. Furthermore, the author found that aerobics exercises can be used efficiently to treat these Disorders.
Literature Assignment Paper on the Relationship between Eliezer and His Father in the Novel ‘Night’ by Elie Wiesel
The Relationship between Eliezer and His Father in the Novel ‘Night’ by Elie Wiesel
Wiesel in his novel Night narrates his story in captivity when his family was forced to live in Nazi German concentration camps. He calls the book Night referring to that first night they spent in the camp and the things he witnessed as a child that night, which turned out to be the order of the day. According to Wiesel, this one night changed his entire life and strayed him from the normal beliefs he had upheld in his life before. After witnessing such horrific events like children being killed and mature men tortured to death, Wiesel wonders how long they have been in the camp, a week or a month yet it was just a night. Two main themes that come out of the story are the changes in Eliezer’s relationship with God and his father.
The relationship between Eliezer and his father takes gradual changes throughout the story as Eliezer loses himself to the cruelty of life in the concentration camp. Before they move to the camp, Eliezer and his father do not seem close emotionally or otherwise. He refers to his father as being concerned with the community more than his own family, thus, making him ‘a rather unsentimental man’. Elie’s father was a community leader, therefore, he had to fulfill his duties to the community something that left him with less time to spend with his son. Additionally, when Elie shares his desire for deeper religious studies with his father, the old man dismisses him saying that he was too young. This also shows us that the two did not have a close son to father relation. However, Elie still respects his father just like the rest of the community members despite their distance.
At the camp, when women and men are separated, Elie chooses to go with his father although he was a young child and could be allowed to go with his mother and sisters. The relationship between these two has grown stronger at this point and Elie cares for his father more than anything. He has no intention of leaving his father or being left alone as shown by the time they are asked of their professions to determine what prison they would stay. As Elie moves to the left, he only makes two steps then stops to see which side his father goes. He does not care which side is good, all that matters to him is having his father by his side. After a while, their relationship begins to drift with Elie caring about his own survival. His father is beaten up at his watch and he does nothing for the fear of being tortured too. The love for his father dies slowly and in another incidence when his father is beaten Elie feels no pity, in fact, he becomes angry with his father for failing to learn how to survive without attracting the anger of the overseers. Although Elie seems to have lost his love for his old man, his father is still important to him. Unlike other kids, Elie nurses his father when he is sick and does not think of abandoning him. The thought of losing his father to death is unbearable to Eliezer and once his father is dead at the camp, Elie loses his will to live. This is clear in the last chapter where Elie does not say much about his experience since nothing mattered anymore after the death of his father.
Answering to Discussion Questions
- Who is the main protagonist of the novel? Are any of the characters presented in a sympathetic light?
The main protagonist is Mieko Togano. The character presented in a sympathetic light is Mieko Togano’s widowed daughter in law Yasuko.
- Can Masks be considered a feminist work? Does the novel present a critique of patriarchal society and the institution of the family? In other words, can Mieko’s actions be considered a rebellion against the institution of family (i.e.) or a propagation of it?
Masks appears to be in the form of an indirect mockery on the patriarchal society since it portrays some form of liberalization theory from a feminist perspective. The history of women oppression enables one to understand the relevance of the novel. During her days as a young bride, Mieko suffered a miscarriage planned by her husband’s mistress as a way of revenging against her family. Mieko plans for a lifelong revenge against the family by conceiving twins by another man and giving them the Togano family name. This in itself is a form of rebellion against the institution of the family since it depicts a scenario where children sired by another man are given names of the family they do not belong to. The consequences of infidelity in the institution of the family threaten to eradicate Togano’s lineage.
- How are the differences between traditional and modern culture presented in the work? Which characters embody those characteristics?
The relationship between male and female characters is presented in both traditional and modern cultures perspectives. This is evident when Mieko is a young bride and the society is characterized by male domination. Mieko loses her first pregnancy to her husband’s mistress who is jealous of her family. Traditionally men had lovers out of marriage. However, Mieko and her daughter in-law Yasuko represent women whose desire is to overturn the societal belief that women are the weaker gender subordinate to men. They strive to reveal the kind of strength that women poses but is lacking in men. Through schemes, they succeed in revenging and eventually dominating the male characters without their knowledge.
- What is the significance of the “mask” as metaphor in Enchi’s work?
By using masks as titles of the book’s sections, Enchi brings about an atmosphere of illusion characterized by multi-layered identities. The masks depict the life stages of a woman. It displays the deceptive and secretive nature of women. This illusion created by the mask leaves the reader guessing about that the truth beneath Mieko’s numerous masks.
Importance of the Quran
The Quran is the central religious verbal text of Islam and the book of divine guidance and direction for the Muslims. It is the last holy book that was sent down by Allah to His people through Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) it is the Holy book that guides the beliefs of Muslims, and it contains God’s blessings for all humanity. The Quran reveals the revelations of Allah to the prophets and defines the way of life that should be lived by a Muslim (Wright 67). To the Muslims, their religion Islam instills moral values and gives them practical laws to take them through life. Islam is referred to as the religion of peace as the Quran teachings emphasize on living a life full of happiness which should manifest easily the same way love manifests itself. It is a book of wisdom as it teaches humankind the purpose and duties of all created beings. The belief in the Sharia law and the adherence to the laws is because of the Quran’s teaching that each man’s activity must be controlled by specific laws (Wright 113). The laws prevent the society from falling apart due to lack of control. The Quran further asserts that if a society is religious, then the government will be religious too. This explains why Muslims countries are governed by the Sharia laws. The Quran also contains prayer which is crucial in the life of a Muslim.
Importance of the Quran
The Quran forms the foundation of the Islamic faith
The Holy Quran contains words that were communicated by Allah to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). The Islamic faith began after the Prophet had received the Quran. The adherents of the Islamic faith were then expected to live in line with the laws of Allah in the Quran. Its words have become timeless and are eternally valid hence the reason why they are supposed to be engrained in the life of a Muslim (Wright 178). It is important to study and contemplate on the words in the Quran to get a better understanding of Allah and his plans for humankind. The Quran is the foundation of the Islamic faith as it contains the sharia laws which guide humankind in a daily life (Arberry 49). The revelations that are contained in the Quran are meant to assure humankind that Allah has better plans for them. The Quran has a deep impact on the Muslims everyday life as is readings equips people to have wisdom, be people of integrity as they live according to the principles in the holy book.
The Quran defines the pattern of life that humankind should take. Each human being has a goal in life. Each day, we toil and work hard to attain that goal. However, man must have rules which will govern his way of life (Arberry 65). Humankind was created better than animals with a superior mind thus his actions should prove that. The Quran, therefore, asserts that man must be guided by rules which will help him in achieving the life purpose.
The Quran states that ‘who prevent others from the path of God and would have it crooked’’ (7:45). This is a warning against leading others astray. The reason why Islam prohibits the sale of alcohol and drugs is that they are known to destroy the lives of people. One might not be a drunkard but influencing them to sell alcohol can ruin their life. As such, such people have no place in Jannah (Zulfiqar 84). Thus, Quran encourages brotherhood among individuals and teaches Muslims the value and importance of prayer
Muslim prayer entails reciting verses from the Quran as it entailed in al-Fatihah. Prayers are one of the pillars of Islam as it is the only way humankind can have a relationship with Allah (Zulfiqar 133). Salat is food to the soul and is the only way through which the soul can be nourished and protected from evil. In the Quran, the prophet brings out the importance of prayer by saying “The comparison of one who remembers Allah and one who does not, is like that of the living and the dead.” This shows the purpose of prayer as connecting man with God. Prayer also shields against evil as the mortal man was created weak thus without prayer it is impossible to refrain from evil. The importance of prayer is further emphasized when the Prophet in the Holy Quran says, “On the day of Resurrection the feet of Adam will not move away till he is questioned about five matters: on what he spent his life; in doing what made his youth pass away; where he acquired his property, and on what he spent it; and what he did regarding what he knew.”
The Quran reveals Allah’s revelation to the humankind
“Mankind was one community, and God sent (to them) the prophets as bearers of good news and as warnings and revealed to them the book with the truth that it may judge between mankind concerning that in which they differed” (4:163-165). The revelation of Allah was revealed to humanity so that there might be peace among human beings (Zulfiqar 230). Human beings are one race united through Abraham thus the reason why there should be constant peace among them. Should there arise disputes, the Quran will guide them in the right way to go. Human intellect alone cannot sufficiently guide man towards the law that is where revelation comes in. God has everything planned out to give human beings victory in the end, but only if they obey his word that was revealed through the prophets. The Quran confirms the revelations that were given to the earlier prophets which have since been passed down to man.
Relevance of the Quran in the Modern society
The Quran is still as relevant as it was in the 7th Century. Religion can lose its relevance if its traditions and values have ceased to be preserved. The Quran has been preserved for thousands of years through recitations. To date, Muslims still believe in one God who is Allah and worship Him alone. This is per the teachings of the Quran that advocates for the worship of Allah whose prophet is Muhammad (pbuh). Many mosques all over the world are inscribed with the words, “La ilaha illallah Muhammudur Rasulullah” to mean that only Allah is worthy to be worshipped. This shows that Islam is still engrained in the minds of Muslims even in the modern world. Believers are therefore called upon to follow the teachings of the Islamic religion. “He has prescribed for you the religion which he enjoined on Noah, and which we have revealed to you… remain steadfast in obedience and be not divided therein” (42:13).
The Quran encourages Muslims to solve disputes in a peaceful manner and avoid confrontations. The teachings of the prophet discourage savagery and brutality when dealing with fellow Muslims. Allah calls men to have pure souls and shun violence. Social chaos, greed, theft are vices that are not encouraged among Muslims (Hussain 23). The prophet brought forth social change when he introduced the religion of Islam. “So, let your purpose for the din of Islam as a man by nature upright-the nature of God on which He has created man” (30:30). This verse proves that the only right way for man to live is by following God’s command of being upright. Strife should not be found in a Muslim. According to the Quran, man possesses an inherent knowledge and is equipped with the capacity to use wisdom as opposed to plants or animals (Wright 95). Therefore, man should weigh the consequences of his actions and carry it out if the benefits outdo the harm. This leaves the question of why man should attack fellow men in the name of strife which can be avoided. Human beings are rational beings who have the power in them to make decisions. In the wake of terrorism by rebel Islamic groups, may Muslims have come out to condemn those actions because the real Islam religion does not condone violence.
The importance of prayer is still felt all over in Islamic nations. The Quran has not changed with time meaning that the call to prayer still stands. “O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the day of Jum’ah) hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah, and leave off business: That is best for you if you knew! And when the prayer is finished, then may you disperse through the land, and seek the bounty of Allah and celebrate the Praises of Allah that you may prosper” (62:9). This chapter reads the same in the Quran. Muslims the world over usually go into places of worship when the call for prayer is sounded. Prayer is important in the life of a Muslim as it brings order, peace of mind and blessings.
The Sharia law continues to govern many Muslim states. The sharia law can only function where the citizens have agreed to agree with it. The confidence and belief in the law help them not only in the life on earth but even on the Resurrection day when they are needed to account for their actions. The Sharia is a path that has been set by Allah for those who accept Him to attain success both now and in the world to come (Hussain 23). Islam adherents all over the world are still guided by the sharia laws.
Many Muslims stream in large numbers for the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca annually as it is one of the pillars of the Islamic faith. The Quran says “It is on people for the sake of Allah to perform Hajj of his house, anyone who can undertake the journey to him (2:196). Mecca is considered to be the holiest city, and the journey is taken by able Muslims every year. In Islam, Hajj represents the actions of Prophet Muhammad in the pilgrimage he took in 632 AD. Hajj is a test for the true Muslims as the journey calls for great patience and discipline. This action shows how much impact the Quran has on Muslims as it still is the guardian of their actions.
The Quran points to Allah as the creator of all things and calls unto men to ask God for their needs and provisions “Who made all things beautiful and good which we created” (32:7). This verse in the Quran brings out the roles Allah took to make the world beautiful. He that made the world and everything in it also made man. Allah calls upon humanity to look at the beauty of creations so that man might know His power. All creation, large and small, points towards the existence of God.
On marriage, the Quran asserts that the family is the foundation on which the society is built. “Men are the supporters of women because Allah has stowed on them more thus they have to provide (for them) from their resources” (4:34). The modern family is still led by a man whole the woman protects the household in the absence of the husband. The family can never lose its purpose when both man and wife adhere to the teachings of the Quran (Wheeler 76). Conclusion
The study on the prophets’ life is supposed to be
enough guides to help humanity to live in harmony with the laws in the Quran.
Even though humankind has goals, the accomplishments must be done following the
sharia law. The Islamic religion cannot be irrelevant if it is in total
agreement with the changing times. This religion gives people free will to make
their own decisions and to think and act as they want in line with the Quran
teachings. The goal of Islam is to bring an intellectual revolution among the
people. This is possible as the Quran teaches on all issues challenging human
beings from marriage, gender equality, appearance, and even education. Allah
meant for human beings to be perfect thus the reason the Quran addresses those
issues. The Quran impacts people on their daily lives to be productive and
people of high integrity. The Quran aims to ensure that humanity is complete
spiritually, socially and even financially. It is the fiber that holds a
Arberry, Arthur John. The Koran interpreted: A translation. Simon and Schuster, 1996. https://books.google.co.ke/books?hl=en&lr=&id=sKdkrXhrjrcC&oi=fnd&pg=PA5&dq=The+Meaning+of+the+Quran&ots=dfNJwrKxFW&sig=rETSFEXxPLI50ew6qJF3HK1_eVI&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=The%20Meaning%20of%20the%20Quran&f=false. Accessed Oct. 6, 2017.
Hussain, Musharraf. The Five Pillars of Islam: Laying the Foundations of Divine Love and Service to Humanity. Markfield: Kube Publishing Ltd, 2012. Internet resource. https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=BT49BAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Pillars+of+Islam&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Pillars%20of%20Islam&f=false. Accessed Oct. 6, 2017.
Wheeler, Brannon M. Introduction to the Quran: Stories of the Prophets. New York: Continuum, 2001. Print. https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=mkTUAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA10&dq=Relevance+of+the+Quran&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Relevance%20of%20the%20Quran&f=false. Accessed Oct. 6, 2017.
Wright, Robert. “The Meaning of the Koran.” New York Times Online (2010). https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=Tvy7HCiWUCcC&printsec=frontcover&dq=The+Quran+meaning&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=The%20Quran%20meaning&f=false. Accessed Oct. 6, 2017.
Zulfiqar, Muhammad. Zakah According To Quran & Sunnah. Darussalam Publishers, 2011. https://books.google.co.ke/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Ej3EAwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT13&dq=Zakah+According+To+Quran+%26+Sunnah:&ots=GKUm_x35eX&sig=P0_4sIq_3P5JmwpCkK38NMjJNA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Zakah%20According%20To%20Quran%20%26%20Sunnah%3A&f=false. Accessed Oct. 6, 2017.
Sylvia Plath’s Poem; Daddy
The poem involves a speaker who has a monolog concerning her father who had died when she was ten years old, but he is still in her mind. In this poem, she explains that she was done with thinking about him. The poem demonstrates a love and hate relationship with both the father and the husband. The word Daddy is ironic in this poem since he is noted to be a bad person who is likened to a Vampire, Devil, and a Nazi. The poem has shown hatred that has developed among the feminists concerning the males.
The tone of the poem is brutal, rough, abusive, and childish. At the end of the poem, she calls her father a bastard, and she is done with him. The rude tone shows that she has done away with him and seems to enjoy that the father had died both physically and even in her heart. The speaker is also brutal in the tone in that she is very angry and cannot even communicate due to the bitterness she has in her heart (Roberts, 2014). She repeats the word ‘ich’ severally, which means ‘I.’ The word is repeated severally for more than four times, and it has the intonation of the gunfire that could have related the Nazi with war. The childish tone is demonstrated in her use of the word ‘Daddy’ very many times. The word is related to how innocent children call their fathers. However, in this poem, the child seems to be very angry concerning the father and having a negative attitude towards him. The speaker shows no respect and formality concerning the father.
The speaker in the poem wants the reader to have a feeling of oppression in the family relationships. She demonstrates the harsh and disturbing issues that she was going through in their family. She had been going through a lot of pressure caused by her father. In the poem, she relates herself to a foot that has lived in a shoe for a very long time; that is more than thirty years. The demonstration shows that she never had freedom to do whatever she wished. She has been working so hard to ensure that she is liberating herself from the oppression.
The speaker in the poem demonstrates a negative attitude towards men. The men in the poem are the father of the speaker and the husband. As a daughter, she has to feel a victim concerning the death of the father. She believed that the father was a God and thus, she seems that something wrong was happening between her and the father. She describes the father in an abusive way (Holbrook, 2014). For example, the use of dark imagery of the Nazi and the demonstration of his character using vampirism. She also calls the father a devil and she gets rid of her physical appearance. Additionally, she has also tried to make his escape from her emotions.
In conclusion, it is clear that most of the females can have hatred towards men who are close to them. The hatred can be caused by the childhood experience with men. For example, the speaker was very constricted by the father before he died and she had been longing for his death. Additionally, feminism has also been transferred to the husband of the speaker. She hated the father, and she wishes to forget him. However, it is not wise to hate a particular group of people just because of a single experience.
Holbrook, D. (2014). Sylvia Plath: poetry and existence. A&C Black.
Roberts, N. (2014). Narrative and Voice in Postwar Poetry. Routledge.