Essay Assignment on The Growth of China and its Influence in the Expansion of International Fashion Brands
Feedback to the Student Explaining why the Theory Development Chapter would not earn a mark
The theory development chapter will not be awarded with any mark since he vividly fails to articulate the problem definition. Furthermore, the paper does not present a review of the existing literature in a concise manner. The references that are relevant to your research should be clearly summarized in the literature review or discussion part of the paper. The author of the paper does not also indicate clearly the conceptual framework, hypotheses or research questions with which the theory development of the paper is supposed to be built on. The paper does not clearly articulate or describe the existing situation of the research. The author should clearly describe the factors that act as a magnet in attracting international fashion brands into the greater market of China. The author should include factors such as demographic of China, growth of a middle class population who have high preferences and tastes for high quality goods and services thus buy international brands. The author should clearly build a vivid and concise plot of the existing situation in the market of China. The author should clearly discuss the references and others that may be given in the body of the paper.
Research Methods and Theory Development
China is one of the fastest growing emerging markets in the world besides Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa which are well known as the BRICS which is an acronym standing for each of the first letter of each country. China offers one of the strong growth trends for any investor who wishes to invest in China hence has attracted majority of the international brands into the country. Giant fashion brands such as Zara, Gucci, Hermes and Burberry have not been left behind and have expanded aggressively in China through marketing campaigns to capture the conscience of the Chinese consumers. This paper will discussed how the Zara apparel retailer based in Spain can expand thereby increasing its foothold in China.
Review of Existing Literature
Luxury fashion brand consumers in China: Perceived value, fashion lifestyle, and willingness to pay By Guofeng Li, Guoxin Li and Zephaniah Kambele
This paper examines the increase in appetite for luxury goods in the emerging markets of Asia, particularly in China. Consequently, this has led to the growth of the market for luxury goods and services. China has risen over the years to become the largest nation that engages in trading and consuming global luxury goods and services which indicates a promising future in the luxury fashion market in the Chinese economy. Consumers in China have increasingly become aware of luxury fashion brands which they have invested in. There are various factors that influence whether a consumer is willing or not to pay for luxury goods among them being the Chinese culture. China’s culture differs greatly from the Western cultures hence set any precedence or trends in influencing Chinese consumption. The fashion lifestyle of a Chinese consumer plays a crucial role in influencing the decision of purchasing luxury goods. The paper further explores the problem of counterfeiting luxury goods in China which have become a major target for counterfeits since they are cheaper and easy to reproduce. The study provides and suggests various strategies through which luxury fashion brand companies can adopt marketing strategies that are aggressive and competitive and also various ways of improving the relationships between customers to ensure customer satisfaction and customer retention.
Luxury Brands in Emerging Markets: A Case Study on China By Annie Peng Cui, Theresa A. Wadja & Michael F. Walsh (2015).
This paper aims at studying the performance of luxury fashion brands with respect to the vast China market. This study focuses on the difficulties that global fashion brands face while setting up green ventures in China, primarily focusing on the culture fit of global luxury brands in China. International fashion brands have an enormous challenge of coping with the culture in the Chinese market. The global iconic fashion brands find it difficult to adapt while at the same time standardize their brand in tandem with the global image and reputation of the firm. In conclusion, the global luxury fashion brands should strive to strike a balance between the Chinese culture and its global brand image by incorporating and embracing local elements in its products and services. The luxury brands should serve the young consumers who are fashion conscious and demand goods and services that are of high quality.
Luxury fashion consumption in China: Factors affecting attitude and purchase intent by Bopeng Zhang & Jung-Hwan Kim (2013).
The primary aim of this study was to establish the factors that influence the attitudes of a Chinese consumer to purchase luxury fashion goods and services and the intention of purchase. The primary factors that had significant influence on a Chinese consumer on his or her decision to purchase a luxury product include the brand consciousness of consumers, the social comparison and level of fashion innovation within a company. The attitude of a consumer towards luxury fashion goods also influenced his or her intention of purchasing that product.
Understanding luxury consumption in China: Consumer perceptions of best-known brands by Lingjing Zhan and Yanqun He (2012)
This paper seeks to establish the influence of psychological traits and attitudes of Chinese middle-class consumers towards their decisions to purchase luxury brands. The psychological traits that were studies in the research include the value consciousness (VC) of a brand, susceptibility to normative influence (SNI) and the need for uniqueness (NFU). Consumers are more than likely to purchase the best-known luxury fashion brands in the market due to brand consciousness hence expense on luxury brands should not be deemed an extravagant practice. The SNI parameter relates to the attitudes of the Chinese consumer towards the luxury fashion brands which suggests that social influence or peer pressure may influence a customers’ purchase decision. The knowledge of a consumer particularly on a luxury fashion brand influences both the brand consciousness and the attitudes of a customer towards a brand. According to a Chinese customer, the uniqueness of a brand is pegged on the best-known luxury fashion brand which is the particularly the most established brand.
Description of the Existing Situation
China has experienced one of the most rapid growths in its economy both locally and in the global arena thus alluring investors by the truckload that are willing to capture the potential markets. Demographically, China has the largest population on the face of the earth with residents totalling to over 1.3 billion people. Additionally, China has the second largest growth domestic product (GDP) after the United States of America which gives its economy a sound purchasing power parity (PPP) hence the citizens have a high power purchasing power. China has a large middle class population of about three hundred million. This provides a large consumer base whereby they can afford to purchase large number of goods and services.
This middle class population presents the workforce that propelled China’s economy from the abyss of poverty into the limelight of economic prosperity and success. They have enjoyed increase in earnings hence they have disposable incomes which they can spent on the goods and services they feel like. Due to this, the middle class demand goods and services that are of a higher premium. Moreover, they demand a high quality lifestyle. Majority of the middle class population are young and fashion conscious consumers who are also tech savvy. They have affinity to well established and international brands. They demand goods and services that of high and think that the foreign international fashion brands can meet their demands. Fashion and brand consciousness make these middle class population be affiliated to a particular fashion brand such as Burberry, Mulberry or Gucci just to mention a few hence they are loyal to a brand. Brand loyalty by consumers may be an important factor for companies to ensure customer retention.
From this perspective, China must be in the top priority for expansion of the Zara brand into the market. This will give it a large market where it can cast its net through improving its revenue and profit margins. The international fashion brands are not only attracted into China by the vast middle class population but also by saturation of markets particularly in the developed markets such as US and European countries. In the developed markets, the fashion markets are highly formalized characterized by highly curated store environments and attractive shopping malls. There is also stiff competition from other established fashion brands such as Gucci, Marks & Spencer, Abercrombie & Fitch and Prada just to mention a few. Hence, there is need for high differentiation of the fashion brands to increase market and brand visibility.
Due to high saturation of fashion markets in the Western Countries their revenue and profit margins have eroded over time hence they have to look to the developing markets to improve their revenue and profit margins. The developing markets also referred to as emerging markets are the frontier markets which offer growth prospects for the lagging fashion brands in the developing world. Nevertheless, the road to growth in China is filled with potholes and is not no rosy. There are numerous challenges encountered and return on investment is not guaranteed. Hence, since Zara is factoring in an expansion strategy towards China it should ensure that it addresses the bottlenecks on the first leg to build a solid foundation that will act as the springboard into the larger Chines market. The Chinese fashion market is full of complexities and Zara has to ensure it considers various alternatives and strategies while considering its entry plan into the vast Chinese market. Zara should ensure the Chinese customers and buyers are able to associate and appreciate its brand reputation. Zara should not build its brand reputation around human rights and politics which can negatively impact the presence of its brand.
Zara should step up its marketing and advertising campaigns to increase the recognition of its brand. Brand awareness and brand loyalty play a crucial role in influencing the purchasing decision of a customer. Zara should clearly outline the plan of how its plan to enter and set up its operations in China. The company should ensure that it has properly planned its resources and human personnel expertise that should enable it finance and maximize its retail expansion. The company should enter into its market through various strategies such as full ownership of its operations through registering a subsidiary, establishing joint venture strategies and franchising its brand and operations to third parties who will manage it for them.
The plan should factor in an exit strategy that is simple and flexible to ensure that it will close down its operations and exit the market in case the venture does not prove lucrative. Additionally, there is an immense problem of building strong brands in China since it does not guarantee long-term investment returns. The Chinese market is full of cultural differences, market differences and language barriers. Language barriers will be one of the factors that may lead to Zara pulling the plug on the Chinese market. Zara should consider training its employees and sales representatives in speaking Mandarin to avoid instances of miscommunication and misunderstanding as a result of language barriers. There are wide cultural differences in the Chinese market and hence Zara may not be easily appreciated. Market differences also arise hence the organization has to adopt strategies that will enable it to penetrate the market and enjoy a higher market share.
Besides establishing its own e-commerce website, Zara should consider partnering with online retailers stores in China such as Xiu.com and Tmall shopping website to increase its internet visibility in the Chinese e-commerce segment. Zara should come up with a solid social media marketing campaign to capture the consumers who are always interacting and communicating on the social media channels such as Weibo and WeChat. Additionally, Zara should establish a strong and effective public relations (PR) strategy through relenting partnerships with the primary fashion websites in China and other media channels. Zara should ensure that it selects its social media engagement sites effectively. Storytelling campaigns have also been identified as an effective way of marketing brands not only in the home market but also internationally. Zara should establish the strategies it intends to adopt on digital and e-commerce operations vividly. Establishing an online store through a solid e-commerce strategy is an alternative marketing channel to the usual brick and mortar mode of operations.
Cui, A. P., Wajda, T. A., & Walsh, M. F. (2015). Luxury Brands in Emerging Markets: A
Case Study on China. In Entrepreneurship in International Marketing (pp. 287-305).
Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
“Global Luxury Trends: Innovative Strategies for Emerging Markets.” Journal of Product &
Brand Management 23, no. 4/5 (2014): 373-374.
Li, G., Li, G., & Kambele, Z. (2012). Luxury fashion brand consumers in China: Perceived
value, fashion lifestyle, and willingness to pay. Journal of Business Research, 65(10), 1516-1522.
Zhang, B., & Kim, J. H. (2013). Luxury fashion consumption in China: Factors affecting
attitude and purchase intent. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 20(1), 68-79.
Two offensive strategies for a mini-supermarket
Through practice, offensive strategies are aimed at enhancing firms’ positions in the market by capturing new markets from the rivals. This means that offensive strategies are mostly aimed at enhancing growth by market penetration (Sahaf, 2008). For a mini-supermarket that intends to compete with well-established supermarkets, the best offensive strategy for such a supermarket would be to utilize the following two offensive strategies. First, such a mini-supermarket needs to launch a flanking attack. This strategy involves looking at the weak points of the well-established supermarkets and capitalizing on those weak points (Yannopoulos, 2011). For example, the mini-supermarket may look at the areas that have low population that may not be of interest to well-established supermarkets. If the mini-supermarket sees potential in such areas, then it should set up its business premises there. This way, the mini-supermarket can enhance its growth in such a market rather than competing with well-established supermarkets in big towns and cities.
Second, the mini-supermarket may launch guerilla attacks on the well-established supermarkets. Guerilla attacks in this case means random attacks directed towards well-established supermarkets in areas they do not enjoy customer loyalty or in areas, they cannot hit back because they are not strong in those areas. The aim of doing this would be to demoralize well-established supermarkets so that they cannot expand into those areas (Yannopoulos, 2011). Once again, the mini-supermarket may go for big towns that well-established supermarkets do not enjoy loyalty from customers, and in those towns, the mini-supermarket may work towards developing customer loyalty. If the mini-supermarket manages to develop customer loyalty in those areas, then it can block well-established supermarkets from entering those markets. By so doing, the mini-supermarket may improve its market position and financial performance. In USA, Duckwall-ALCO store has been practicing these two offensive strategies despite the domination of the market by Wal-Mart and other big supermarkets (Davidson, 2012).
Davidson, H. (2012). Offensive marketing. New York: Routledge.
Sahaf, M. (2008). Strategic marketing: making decisions for strategic advantage. New Delhi: PHI Learning PVT limited.
Yannopoulos, P. (2011). Defensive and offensive strategies for market success. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(13); 1-12.
In an essay of 1,250-words, evaluate three empirical, descriptive research studies on the same topic used for Understanding The Research and Applying Educational Research
Name of Paper Descriptive Study Evaluations
Evaluate the three new articles based upon the eight steps in chapter 8 of the text. which I have uploaded for you sorry it in note pad
Prepare this assignment according to the This assignment uses a rubric.
Reference this link
please read all instructions
The Statement on Desire to enter a Program
My statement of desire is related to a Master’s degree program which is offered at Cape Breton University. I am a Saudi Arabia citizen with the wish of pursuing Master’s program at the stated university. I currently possess a degree in Community Economic Development from the same university. I desire to attain my second degree in this university due to the various services offered by the institution. I have greatly benefited in various ways as a result of exclusive programs the university offers. In this regard Cape my passion is to carry on with the mutual cooperation I enjoy with the university. Cape Breton University is rated among the best universities in the world pertaining to its academic programs which are well formulated. Additionally, the programs offered takes into consideration all students regardless of their cultural and social orientations. As such, I was in a position to learn much while undertaking degree program, I was able to enjoy both economic and social interaction I had with the institution.
As a student pursuing Bachelor in business administration, I must commend the institution for the excellent work it has carried out in transformation of my economic and social welfare. The greatest desire is attributable to life transformation skills I acquired from the university. The university has experienced numerous achievements as a result of institutional programs that have been put into place. As such, today the fraternity of students enjoys self-reliance and pride which they have acquired from the university. For example, I witnessed majority of professional attest the skills they gleaned from the university hence enhancing my desire for readmission request in order to pursue my masters and sharpen my skills. I dream of joining professionals who successfully have completed their academics at the university. Apart from skills provided, the university also offers multi-directional programs taking into consideration of varying cultural backgrounds. The fraternity of students makes up a high percentage of the campus as well as their social life. Institutions responding to the cultural and social plights of students have the chance to attain its flagship in the long and short run. The importance of hard work as fostered by the university is great as the students have already established high level of competence as well as cooperation within the job marker.
While undertaking my Bachelors at the University, I was conferred good treatment and eventually I gained professional qualifications. Business Administration is a subject that is life transforming since it boosts the confidence of students. Knowledge and skills delivery in the subject is exclusive as all students are guaranteed understanding. The aspect is complemented by the high level of competence that is exhibited by the lecturers. The institution also offers opportunities to the competent staff best suited for the subject. With the high competence level, I am certain of undertaking my dutiful roles as a student not just in class but outside as well. Apart from competence, the university also offers a syllabus that is elaborate and which captures the current need for labor in the market. On the basis of my grade, I have to confess there is a huge boost in my life as I am looked upon as a social mentor by many. My knowledge and experience, in my country has proved beneficial to the entire society. Business Administration comprises adopting important leadership techniques in contemporary society. Acquiring these skills helps students undertake daily activities. The academic and social skills I have acquired from the university have also generated excellent leadership skills techniques in me. For instance, in the last couple of years since joining the university, I have become part of minds that think of self-reliance and a group that believes in delivering services within the society.
My acceptance into Master’s program will help me realize the skills I have not acquired. My belief is that of serving the society and making a difference among the people and I feel having Bachelors is enough to suffice the intentions I have towards the community. Additionally I have to create an assurance that my potentials and reputations cannot be disputed as I have applied them in various contexts of activities that are life transforming. Cape Breton is the brainchild and home to these achievements and there are no interests that are un-deviated to identify with the institution. Apart from that, the institution also falls within the category of centers of excellence throughout the world. The reputation the University has generated within the public is great and all people long to be part of life changing events that are part of the university. As a master student, I believe my current state of knowledge in order to improve and expand my skills. The amazing social discoveries and experience in an individual of key responsibilities the university holds. In social context, the university also acknowledges every belief and religion and creates important social aspect in relation to the freedom of worship.
Master’s Program is an aspect of learning through which the university plays an important role. My desire is joining the group of graduates with relevant community development skills. The community at a global scope needs graduates with great potential in the economy and with the academic and moral obligation of applying the skills they have acquired in transformation of lives.
This is part of the great achievements I aspire to get from the university once I am accepted under the Master’s program. Our mutual cooperation will lead to success of the various processes with an accord that is life changing. Life in Breton University is characterized by enjoyment and fun. Different kinds of excitements relate to exclusive facilities that fit into the compound. In this regard, transition into another campus in order to acquire my master’s degree will be a hard affair due to the moments I have experienced at the institution.
My previous performance in the past while at the campus has proven awesome as I have always cooperated with the university. During the time I was a bachelor’s student, I steered various social operations. For example, my personality during group work and other extra curriculum activities earned me the reverence and reputation not just within but outside campus. The leadership of spirit and cooperation as are of great importance in education that is offered at the university. Unlike other Universities, the University offers education that is exclusive capturing all diversity fields. To conclude, I have the desire of joining programs that are well supported by evidence and which are provided in the university. My inspiration, hope and expectations are aimed at transforming the society through the skills I will get from the university. I eagerly await your letter of approval and promise to collaborate with you fully.
The term genetic drift is applied in the genetics of population and it refers to statistical drift that is noted with time of gene frequencies within a population which is as a result of random sample effects in successive generations’ formation. This evolution mechanism occurs as a result of random chance and not natural selection.
In the case of genetic drift, the population experiences changes in frequency of a specified allele which is triggered by arbitrary luck instead of adaptation need. Consequently, it is different from natural selection through which allelic frequency gets altered on the basis of the fittest genes which survive while the weaker genes die off. The phenomenon of genetic drift usually occurs among small populations while larger populations are often subjected to natural selection.
A genetic variant or allele is the gene component that produces a particular trait. A good example is the existence of both white and red worms within the same population. If these two worms mate, each passes an allele to the offspring white or red forming a gene. The strong or dominant allele determines which traits the new born worm is going to have. In the event the white one is dominant, then the new worm is going to be white as well and vice versa.
During instances when the worm gets two similar recessive alleles, then it exhibits recessive features. Note that while genetics is complex compared to this example, it provides the general concept of what genetic drift is all about. Often, genetic drift causes gene variants to completely disappear and can also cause genetic variation. Whenever there are a few allele copies, genetic drift effect is larger and whenever the copies are more the effect is less. Debate has always been rife on the comparative importance of natural selection versus that of neutral processes such as genetic drift.
The view held by Ronald Fisher was that genetic drift plays a crucial role in evolution and for decades, this view was held as the dominant one. The debate was however rekindled by Motoo Kimura when he came up with the neutral molecular evolution theory which states in most cases where there is a change in genetics spread across the population, the cause if genetic drift.
Genetic drift also occurs as a result of random sample errors. An error arises when the sample exhibits results that are different from what the entire population exhibits. For instance in the case where scientists have 50 red and white forms then they select 10 randomly, the sample is small and hence, the alleles that are passed in the group does not even out as would be the case in a group consisting of 100 worms.
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How to Write a Reflection Paper
Knowing how to write a reflection paper enables you to organize thoughts methodically so that you can gain more from your practical experience. A reflection paper is a paper that gives you an opportunity to add your analysis and thoughts to what you experience or read. It enables you to tell the reader how your comprehension of a class-related material is shaped by a specific lesson, article, experience or lecture. A reflection paper is usually subjective and personal. However, it contains a tone that is somewhat academic and it has to be cohesively organized and thorough. While writing a reflection paper, you should integrate the main themes of the work with classroom experience then indicate how they affect your thinking and practice.
Importance of knowing how to write a reflection paper
Sometimes, you attend lectures but at the end of it you do not get comprehensive experience until when you sit down to analyze what was taught. A reflection paper can have a significant impact in your learning process because writing it entails evaluating your experience analytically. While writing a reflection paper, you must deconstruct and analyze. This enables you to dig deeper into the work that you are reflecting on and discuss its specific aspects. For instance, you may be required to reflect and explain how a task that you performed during a class session will assist you later in life. Although the reflections that you express in a reflection paper are based on your opinion, that opinion is built on personal experience from a lecture or coursework at the university, college or school.
How to write a reflection paper in two major steps
Step 1: Brainstorm
- Select the major themes
Start by listing down your reflections or experiences from your notes, readings or even lessons. You can do this using a few descriptive but straight sentences.
- Highlight the major materials
Some materials will stand out once you list down your main themes. Come up with another list of these materials explaining what makes them stand out. For readings or lectures, highlight specific quotations or passages. For experiences, note down the specific sections of the experience. You can even come up with a story or a summary of the event that happened, sounds or images that came out in a clearer way.
- Organize your ideas
You can come up with a table or chart that will enable you to organize your ideas. For instance, you can do this by creating three columns. Include the key experiences or main points in your first column. The points may be anything that the speaker or the author highlighted as important or the specific details that are important. You can include each point in a separate row. In a second column, indicate your response to what you listed in your first column. Explain how your response is influenced by your experiences, subjective values as well as beliefs. In the final column, describe the amount of personal response that you will share with readers through a reflection paper.
- Present a guided response
Pinpointing responses or gauging personal feelings can be a challenge while writing a reflection paper. In that case, you can ask questions that will help in guiding your response. For instance, you can ask yourself these questions:
- Are you challenged culturally, socially, theologically or emotionally by a lecture, experience or reading? If so, how and in what way? Why does it capture your attention or why are you bothered?
- Does the experience, lecture or reading raise questions in you? Did you have these questions before the experience, lecture or reading or did you develop them after?
- How was your thinking changed by the experience, lecture or reading? Is it in conflict with your previously held beliefs and is there evidence that made you change your perception of the topic?
- Did the speaker, author or the involved parties leave any critical issue unaddressed? Was the conclusion or impact of the experience, lecture or reading changed dramatically by a certain idea or fact?
- Do the ideas or issues raised by the experience, lecture or reading mesh with your past readings or experiences? Do they support or contradict each other?
Step 2: Organize and write the paper
This is a very important step in a guide on how to write a reflection paper. The length of reflection papers ranges from 300 to 700 words. Therefore, you must organize your reflection paper properly so that it can lie within this range. Generally, a reflection paper should be organized like any other paper with an introduction, the body and the conclusion.
- Keep your paper short
Start by verifying whether the instructor specified the word count instead of trying to fit your paper within the range. If there is a specific word count set out by the instructor, organize your paper in a way that enables it to include all relevant information without exceeding or falling below the specified word count.
- Write the introduction
In the introduction, tell readers what your expectations were before the experience, lesson or reading. While writing a reflection paper on a lecture or reading, indicate your expectations on the basis of the abstract, introduction or title. If the reflection paper is about an experience, tell readers what your expectations were on the basis of your prior knowledge from the information acquired from other sources or similar experiences.
- Create a thesis statement
Your introduction should end with a single sentence via which you explain transition from the expectations that you had to the final conclusion. A thesis statement should be a simple explanation of whether the expectations that you had were met or not. It should also provide cohesion and focus for your paper.
- Write the body
In the body of your reflection paper, include paragraphs that explain your understandings and conclusions that you made after the lesson, experience or reading. Explain the conclusions by giving concrete and logical details of how you reached them. Focus your paper on not just summarizing the text that you read but also drawing specific, concrete details from the experience or text so that you can provide conclusions from the context. Each idea or conclusion should be presented separately in one paragraph. Provide a topic sentence for each paragraph which identifies the main points, understandings and conclusions.
- Write the conclusion
Conclude your reflection paper with a conclusion that succinctly describes your overall understanding, feeling or lesion that you got after the experience or reading. The overall conclusion should be supported by the understandings and conclusions that you explained in the body paragraphs. You may have some conflicting understandings and conclusions but most of them should support the final conclusion.
Additional tips on how to write a reflection paper
- Maintain an academic or a professional tone
Although reflection papers are objective and personal, you should keep thoughts sensible and organized. Therefore, avoid being carried away by the use of the personal pronoun ‘I’.
- Use a theoretical concept to analyze experience
Illustrate how the experience that you got diverged from the expectations of a theory or how it conforms to the expectations of a theory. Discuss your reasons for feeling that your experiences where not described or they were described by a theory.
- Be careful while choosing the information to reveal
A reflection paper includes subjective opinions and feelings. Therefore, before you reveal any information, determine whether it is appropriate. If there is an issue that you cannot avoid yet you are uncomfortable sharing it, use general terms to write about it.
- Maintain an academic mix
Ensure that your reflection paper relates your reading or experience with relevant classroom details or information. Incorporate the information that the experience, lecture or reading addressed with what you have learned in classroom.
- Use transitions
Transitions introduce details while shifting arguments in a paper. Use them to show how one detail or experience links to your understanding or conclusion directly. In a reflection paper, you can use transitions like, “for instance,” “an opposing view is,” “a differing perspective is” and “for example” among others.
- Edit your paper
Before you submit your reflection paper, edit it. Revise your paper at the sentence level. Make sure that your paper is consistent with the stated thesis statement. Also ensure that your reflection paper is free of stylistic and grammatical errors.
- Use sample reflection papers
To know how to write a reflection paper with ease, read reflection paper samples for more hints. Click here to read a sample reflection paper.
Get online help with your reflection paper
If you encounter difficulties while writing your reflection paper on a given reading, lecture, or experience, contact us any time for immediate assistance. You can also visit our homepage for more information about our writing services as well as to find out how we may help you. Alternatively, continue reading for more guidelines on how to write a reflection paper and sample papers on our blog.
How to Write an Essay Fast and Score High
Essay writing is common in every college or university in the world. Regardless of the case you are pursuing, you must have paper-writing tips at your fingertips to withstand the pressure. However, more overwhelming are urgent assignments or exams in which you have less than an hour to deliver a standard essay. At this point, sweating and panic will not save you apart from mastering the tricks of how to write an essay fast. You will have to think fast, decide fast and write fast to score a reasonable grade.
What to expect in this guide:
- Tips for faster writers
- Steps to follow to write fast
- Errors to avoid to write fast
Take a few minutes from your busy schedule and read this article. It is a must have toolkit that will help you fill that blank paper within minutes and still top your class.
The basics of how to write an essay fast and expertly
If you are about to take your exams, preparing for a 30-minute writing test or working on your essay writing speed, then you have every reason to worry about filling a blank page with accurate content within a limited time. Writing a 5-paragraph essay in less than an hour can seem impracticable. But with proper planning and proper guidance, it is as possible as writing your name with closed eyes.
The following tips should help you make your first step toward becoming a faster writer.
Becoming a faster writer
Plan for your essay – Good and fast essay writing is a product of proper planning and preparedness. Spend at least 10 minutes preparing for the task. During this time, develop an outline for your essay, showing a roadmap that you will take.
As you seek deeper knowledge of how to write an essay fast, do not consider planning a waste of your valuable time because your essay needs a structure.
Understand your question – A common mistake that you are likely to make is writing without studying the question. Look for the question prompt to guide your mind as you plan to write. Do not rush through the question; read and reread the question to clear any doubts about what the examiner wants from you.
Brainstorm your main idea – Every academic essay has a thesis statement, which acts as a compass pointer of your writing. You need a path and direction to write fast. Think about your main idea and visualize the flow of ideas. This statement should say what you are writing about in your essay. Make it as clear as possible.
You are ready to write. With your outline and thesis statement in place, you are ready to start writing. Have in mind the time you have so that you do not hand in your scripts without completing your assignment.
NEED FOR SPEED: Things to do to write your essay fast and professionally
Speed is an invaluable skill in essay writing. Not just for essay contests but during your study life. While this is the case, even veteran writers still fumble with writing fast; they make mistakes and submit shoddy work.
As a focused leaner, be ready for surprises from your lecturer. You do not want to be among that lot that cannot pen a simple essay in five paragraphs. With practice and hard work, these hints on how to write an essay fast should help you sort out all your troubles.
What you need to write fast:
To become a fast writer, you need the following:
A pen – This is your basic tool. Even in cases where you are tying your essay, you still need a pen to scribble something as you brainstorm your topic.
Paper – a pen works closely with a piece of paper. Your paper can be either for rough work or for your answer sheet/booklet. Ensure you have enough paper.
Have a watch. Having a stopwatch as you write, whether in an exam room or in your study room will help you work on your speed.
With these three key requirements, here are the steps to follow to write your essay within a time record and score a first class.
STEP 1: Do thorough preparation. Regardless of how limited your time is, take time and put everything in order. The time you spend on planning depends on the total time you have. For example, if you have 60 minutes to complete the task, spend six of them drafting a way forward.
STEP 2: Outline your essay. Ideally, before you start writing, have a skeleton of your essay, showing your introduction, body paragraphs with evidence and arguments, and a conclusion. With this structure, it will be easier for you to piece your thoughts together and write under pressure.
STEP 3: Support your argument before writing. As your figure out how to write an essay fast, think about the evidence you will need to defend your position. While you do not have to flesh out all your details before you start writing, save yourself the trouble of brainstorming your topic when you are already in the writing process.
STEP 4: Write with clarity. Be concise and use direct sentences. Avoid vague language. Stick to the vocabulary you know. You do not have time to consult the dictionary. So, do not take risks. Wrong word usage will not impress the person reading your essay.
STEP 5: Do the introduction. The length of your paragraph will largely depend on the size of your paper. It could range from a sentence to several paragraphs.
What makes a good introduction?
- It has to be catchy – Start your essay with an interesting approach to wet the reader’s appetite. Do this by use of personal anecdotes, startling stats, quote, etc. Remember that the reader will make an impression of what kind of a writer you are from a few lines of your essay.
- State your purpose – Your introduction should tell what you are writing about. Do not let the reader keep guessing when you have a chance to orient them at this initial stage.
- Give the scope – As you think about how to write an essay fast, visualize the scope of your paper. Your intro should help the reader know how much they should expect in the rest of the paper.
- End with a thesis statement – Your thesis statement should come at the end of the introductory paragraph. As we have mentioned above, your thesis captures your main idea or claim that you intend to defend in the rest of the paper.
STEP 6: Support your arguments. Here, delve into evidence to support all your claims. As you do this, focus on your main topic, and avoid going off the tangent. Be specific when giving examples to eliminate ambiguity.
STEP 7: Write your conclusion. This is your last paragraph. It offers you a chance to make a lasting impression in the mind of the reader. Your conclusion should sum up the whole idea. Revisit your thesis statement. Does your evidence support your claim? Do not introduce any new ideas at this stage.
TIME SAVING TIPS: How to write an essay fast without making silly mistakes
Perhaps the main reason why you should appreciate the principles of how to write an essay fast is to avoid making costly mistakes. Here is the catch. You must strike a balance between writing fast and remaining flawless.
That sounds and indeed, it is not easy. Wait a minute…below is the formula. Avoid these mistakes and you will gain your speed writing skills without any hustle:
The Don’ts of Writing Fast
Avoid a flawed structure – Nothing irks the reader like a poorly structured essay. Let your ideas flow coherently from the introduction to the conclusion. Even where you are writing in prose, the main parts of your essay should be distinct.
Avoid irrelevant content – Stick to the issues under your topic. Pulling anything from the blues to fill the empty space will earn you no grade.
Avoid illogical writing – Ensure that your ideas and essay parts connect well. Achieve this through smooth transition from one idea to another without leaving the reader handing.
Avoid being someone else – Though you have read many articles, stick to your writing style, without emulating anyone. This makes your writing and essay original.
We hope that this handout on how to write an essay fast will provide you with all the answers you need to improve your writing speed. Like the fastest athletes in the world, PRACTICE.
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INTRODUCTION: How to write an argumentative essay in AP English
Did you know that up to a third of AP English Lang Exam would require you to write an argumentative essay? Well, the good news about this task is that it allows you to use all the skills and tricks you have developed by reading other people’s work throughout your life. However, to excel in AP Lang exams, you must do extensive practice and expose yourself to different prompts because writers of these exams never repeat prompts. In other words, you can never be sure of the prompt you will meet when the exam comes. Therefore, you need hints on how to write an argumentative essay in AP English to prepare holistically for this exam.
Notably, these guidelines should help you to unlock your potential in writing an excellent persuasive essay for your AP Lang exams. They are flexible and easy to apply. Do not read hastily; take time to digest every segment. Let us hit the road now…
The fundamentals of how to write an argumentative essay in AP English
If you are yet to sit for AP Lang exams, you will discover that it calls for more skills that usual rhetorical essay writing. Among other challenges, you will have to do the following:
- Support your argument – This forms the basis of your persuasive essay. You must provide credible evidence to support any claim you make. Any essay that does not have solid proof for an argument ceases to be a persuasive essay.
- Understand various prompts – A prompt is what the examiner wants you to do. Three common prompts, which you will encounter while doing this exam are.
- Defending assertions – Here you agree with assertion.
- Qualifying assertions – It is a tricky prompt. It allows you to respect other people’s opinions as you develop your credibility as a writer.
- Refuting/challenging the assertions – You challenge the assertion by disagreeing or giving a counterargument to the claim.
These are action prompts, which determine the path of your persuasive essay. Avoid confusion and be clear in your thoughts so that the examiner knows what you are doing. Let us look at some examples of prompts from past years to help you master how to write an argumentative essay in AP English.
Examples of Argumentative Essay Prompts
2001 prompt: Read the following passage by Susan Sontag. Write an essay in which you support, challenge or qualify her claim the photography has the power to undermine people’s understanding of the world. Employ relevant evidence to develop your argument.
2003 Prompt. Using specific examples, write a thoughtful essay in which you defend, qualify or challenge, the argument that entertainment ruins the society.
These two examples give you a clue of what you should expect as you prepare for AP Lang English Exams. Get more prompts over the years here.
Strategies to help you develop a good argumentative essay in AP English
Most students who score high in persuasive writing when undertaking this exam present at least three pages of an argument. As you work on your essay, avoid the temptation of focusing on how the writer makes his or her argument. Instead, bring out what he or she is arguing about in the text.
It is always good to take a position on an issue in order to develop a strong argument using credible sources. Thus, in cases where the examiner allows you the freedom to choose an action prompt, avoid qualifying claims. Qualifying requires you to agree and disagree, which can be confusing especially for starters. Let us examine simple steps of how to write an argumentative essay in AP English.
Method 1: Prewriting an argumentative essay in AP English
Before you embark on writing your persuasive essay, you must prepare and be ready for the task ahead. Thorough preparation will give you an edge over other candidates as you respond to the prompt task and eventually guarantee you a higher score.
STEP 1: Understand your task. You cannot begin responding to a prompt when you do not know what the examiner is asking. Read the prompt carefully and get the action you are supposed to perform. What is the prompt?
STEP 2: Create columns for defend and refute – note specific examples, which support the assertion. In a different section, also, put down evidence that counters the assertion. You can source this evidence through observation, personal experience, and reading what other authors say on the same issue.
Your essay evidence should be:
- Specific and accurate – The evidence you choose to use must be irrefutably true in all aspects. It should be named and factually correct to make your argument concrete.
- Use credible sources – Avoid informal evidence sources like movies. Such proofs weaken your argument.
- Give mature reaction – Where you are giving a personal response, be thoughtful, reflect well and read widely to have a deeper mastery of issues.
- Be relevant – Use evidence that add value to your claim. Do not waste your time, intellectual energy and space giving facts that have no relationship with the prompt action of the text.
- Avoid obvious evidence – Do not rely on first thoughts. Go for in-depth thoughts on the issue, which are not easy to find. This will make you standout.
STEP 3: Choose a stance. As you think about how to write an argumentative essay in AP English, settle on a column that has strong examples and evidence. Pursuing such a position means, you have enough facts to back your claim from all angles.
Method 2: Developing your Argumentative essay like a genius
Once you have analyzed the prompt, evaluated the evidence available and taken a stance, you are ready to draft your persuasive essay without any hindrance.
STEP 1of 3: Introduction – Your introduction presents a lasting impression. The person marking your essay may tell your ability from your first paragraph. Do not make it boring.
Tricks to help you piece your introduction
- Use attention getter – Give the reader a reason to read on by piquing their interest with a hook. This could be in form of startling statistics, a brief anecdote, or a generalization that directly relates with the prompt. Make it brief and sweet. Avoid long and flowery introductions.
- Restate the assertion – Put the claim in your own words. This is an important step. Do not miss out!
- Acknowledge counterargument – Since you already have evidence for both sides of the issue, identity 1-3 points, which refute your claim. This proves that you understand both sides of the issue.
- Remember your thesis – Put down your final statement of the introduction, capturing your main ideas in entirety. Make your thesis strong and go ahead to support it throughout your essay.
These introduction tips should help you work out how to write an argumentative essay in AP English even as you delve into the body paragraphs of your essay.
STEP 2 of 3: Working on body paragraphs 2nd-4th
The body paragraphs of your argumentative essay play a major role. They bear the flesh of your work and determine your writing prowess.
Develop paragraphs 2 to 3 by digging into the evidence you have to support your position. Go for specific examples and elements that solidify your argument. Here, you will have to use observations, reading and personal experience to argue your ideas.
Think big and critically to convince the reader. Conceive a bigger picture of the issue, including world events that support your topic. Do not do a summary of these events, instead, link them to your argument and synthesize the topic. No argument will exist without evidence.
Remember to respond to so what – Why does the issue matter? Why should the reader care about the issue? If you can craft good body paragraphs, then you are miles ahead in understanding how to write an argumentative essay in AP English.
Step 3 of 3: How to spice a Conclusion for your argumentative essay in AP English
Congratulations! You are at the last step of your essay. Here, signal the mood of closure, by revisiting your essay.
Restate your thesis – Without repeating word for word, revisit your main ideas to remind the reader what you discussed.
In case you have enough time, add statements that challenge the reader, or insights into the world, using your topic.
At this point, you have all the tools and skills on how to write an argumentative essay in AP English. Put these ideas into practice. Fare Thee Well.
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It is commonly the presence of abnormal and uncoordinated muscle movement. It is a neurological sign that infers dysfunction of the parts of the nervous system that aid in coordinating movement. It is a condition that affects the movement of the eye, speech, writing and swallowing and many other activities that depend on motor control.It is a term used broadly to indicate lack of coordination in the core physiological process. There are several types of ataxias that expound more on the disorder and they are;
This is type of ataxia caused by dysfunction of the cerebellum, a region in the brain which aids in the assimilation of sensory coordination, motor control and perception. Cerebellum is responsible for the integrating a substantial amount of neural information that is helpful in coordinating smooth movements and motor control planning. Cerebellar ataxias causes basic neurological problems such as hypotonia, lack of coordination between limbs, joints, organs and muscles, dysdiadochokinesia, dysmetria and dyschronometria.
This is a type of ataxia that is as a result of loss of proprioception, the sense of relative position of nearby parts of the body. It is a kind of sense that points out whether the body is moving as required and where the body parts are located in relation to each other. Dysfunction of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord cause sensory ataxia as they carry proprioceptive messages up to the brain. Sensory ataxia is characterized by postural instability, unsteady stomping gait accompanied by heavy heel strikes.
It occurs due to the dysfunction of the vestibular system. it is a condition associated with nausea, vomiting and vertigo. Patients are known to experience unsteadiness and giddiness.
Its Symptoms and signs vary depending on the severity and the type of ataxia one may be suffering from and they are many. For instance, if ataxia is caused by an injury or health complications symptoms may occur at any age, improve and eventual disappear undyingly. The initial symptoms of ataxia include;
- Poor limb and joint coordination
- Slurred and slow speech accompanied by difficulty in controlling volume, pitch and rhythm
- Swallowing problems
- Less apparent facial expressions
- Cold feet
- Walking complications
- Hearing problem and
Deficiency of Vitamin B12 and neurological abnormalities can cause sensory ataxia and overlapping cerebellar. Genetic flaws easily inherited from mother or father or both can cause inherited ataxia. This gene can be passed from one generation to the next. Procedures such as brain surgery, alcohol abuse, head injury, drug abuse, brain tumor, chicken pox and multiple sclerosis can all cause different types of ataxia.
A neurologist can easily diagnose and offer the best treatment and prevent measures. While diagnosing ataxia, the specialist will check patient’s medical history and either conduct tests such as Magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computerized tomography [CT] scan. Blood, urine and genetic tests are essential in determining whether the patient as any signs of ataxia.
Is not treatable, but a great deal can be undertaken to ease the its symptoms and improve life of the patient. There are several adaptive devices that patients can use and treat coordination and balance difficulties. This includes use of wheelchair, walking sticks and crutches. Other symptoms can be treated through physical therapy, speech and occupational therapy, orthopedic care and extensive counselling. Medications such as gamma-globulin injection can aid patients with ataxia telangiectasia.
How to Choose the Best Essay Format
Knowing how to choose the best essay format is very important because essays form an important part of your overall academics. To write good essays, you need creativity, imagination and have a good structure of your thoughts. Format refers to the way something is set out or arranged-follow the link oxforddictionaries.com for details. An essay format therefore refers to how a composition or essay is set out or arranged.
The basic format for essays considers essays as five-paragraph compositions or projects. Although this format is not the only one that is used in writing essays, it is useful as a model that should be kept in mind especially while starting to write essays- ckick here for more information.
Knowing how to choose the best essay format enables you to organize information properly
When writing an essay, it is important to ensure that every aspect of the essay is of the highest quality. You should ensure that the structure or format and style of your essay are correct to guarantee excellence and quality for your essay. By following the right format while writing your essay, you will be able to organize the information that you want to pass to the readers according to its importance or relevance.
When you follow the right essay format, you start your essay with an introduction that grabs the attention of the reader, introduce your thesis or the main point and elaborate the supporting points before wrapping up the message in a well-written conclusion. The right format also enables you to reference your information sources in a professional manner.
How to choose the best essay format and stick to it
The best essay format is the one that your teacher or lecturer assigns in the essay writing assignment.
To choose the best format for writing your essay:
- Read over the instructions of your essay writing assignment to find out if there is any information that specifies the essay format to use.
- Go through your course syllabus searching for information that might be indicating the right format for the essays written for that particular course.
- Ask your lecturer or teacher which format you should use in writing your essay.
In addition to the basic essay format, there are other formats like the APA format, MLA format, Harvard format and Chicago format. You can easily find websites that provide guidelines for using each of these formats online. Therefore, if your teacher or lecturer has not taught you how to use the specified format, use the internet to learn more about it.
Get your essay format right before you start writing your essay
Before you start drafting your essay, start by understanding how to use the best essay format. This is because if your essay fails to depict all aspects of the assigned essay format, the examiner will consider your essay as poorly written and therefore he/she will not even bother to read it keenly. Failing to follow essay formatting guidelines or instructions tells the examiner that you are incapable of following simple instructions. Thus, your examiner will judge your essay formatting ability and the content instantly. Therefore, pay close attention to the simple guidelines for formatting your essay before you start writing the essay and while writing it. After writing the essay, go through it carefully to ensure that you have adhered to all instructions of the format that you choose for your essay.
How to choose the best essay format on the basis of your essay type
Teachers and lecturers usually specify the kind of the essay that they want students to write. If your teacher or lecturer does not specify the format that you should use, choose a format for your essay on the basis of the kind of the essay that the assignment requires you to write. Be careful to ensure that the format that you choose is the best for your essay type. To do this, consider the target audience and purpose of the essay. Also understand the subject of your essay.
For instance, you cannot write an argumentative essay for a topic that states universal facts. It is also impossible to write a persuasive essay that tries to convince readers on something that already exists as an accepted fact. On the same note, a compare and contrast essay should have two things that have differences and similarities. Therefore, choose the format of your essay on the basis of the type of an essay that you are required to write, its purpose and topic. Traditionally, essays follow narrative writing, argumentative essays, cause and effect essays as well as compare and contrast essay formats.
Commonly used essay formats
APA and MLA are the most common essay formats. With APA essay format, essays ought to be typed and double-spaced on a standard-size paper. All sides should have 1inch margins. The used font should be clear and highly readable. 12 points, Times New Roman is the recommended font. A page header or running head should be included at the top of the pages. Page numbers should be flushed to the right while creating the running head which is the shortened essay title’s version. It should not be more than 50 characters inclusive of punctuation and spacing- follow the link for more information.
With MLA format, essays should be typed using 12 points Times New Roman as the font. They should be double-spaced without extra spacing between paragraphs. The upper corner of the essay on the left side should have a heading which should be your name, name of the instructor, your class and date. An essay written in MLA format should have margins of one-inch at the bottom, top, right and left. In every page, there should be a page number and last name of the author at the upper corner on the right side. The essay should have a centered title under the information on the header. First line of every paragraph ought to be indented for half an inch or five spaces. The text of the essay should be aligned left- follow the link ivcc.edu for more information.
The basic essay format
Most guides on how to choose the best essay format emphasize the importance of having the basic essay format in mind while writing an essay. With the basic essay format, your essay should have the following sections:
- The introductory paragraph
This is the first paragraph in an essay and it should capture the attention of your readers and get them involved in the essay. It should introduce the essay topic and include a thesis statement which tells readers what your essay is all about. The introduction should have general ideas to enhance comprehension of the topic or main claim by the readers before becoming specific in the thesis statement- follow the link uvu.edu for more information.
- Thesis statement
Thesis statement should be included in the introduction and it should state the main argument or idea of your essay, set the limit of your topic and indicate essay organization. It should work as the road map for your entire essay.
The main points or point presented by the thesis statement should be supported in the body. Each major point is developed in the body using one or even more paragraphs which provide more details. The provided details can be experiences, research findings and examples depending on the requirements of your essay writing assignment. Each paragraph of the body should have a topic sentence at the beginning, supporting details and the concluding sentence.
These are words or sentences that connect paragraphs in an essay. They maintain the smooth flow of the information of an essay. They can be two or one word such as “next”, “first” and “in addition”.
The conclusion section of an essay brings the main points together. It should refer readers back to the stated thesis statement. After reading the conclusion, readers should be left with something to think of and a sense of logical closure of the essay. The conclusion should show readers that the ideas that the essay brought up have been resolved. It can also address the argument’s implications.
If the essay includes research, credit should be given to the used sources using a references, works cited or bibliography page and in-text citations. How the used sources are given credit depends on the chosen overall format. Therefore, refer to the guidelines of MLA format, Chicago format, Turban format or APA format to know how to cite the sources that you use in writing your essay depending on your chosen format.
When you know how to choose the best essay format, the essays that you write will have coherence and unity. Sticking to the best format enhances the understanding of the reader because it makes your essay easy to read and ideas easy to follow.
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Officially known as European Recovery Program (ERP), the Marshall Plan was crafted by the US for purposes of rebuilding allied Europe country after World War 2. Among the driving reasons this was carried out was for the purposes of stopping communism. Though the Plan was named after George Marshall, the Secretary of state, other people within the department worked on it.
The plan begun in 1948 April and ran for 4 years and during this time, US$ 13 billion were issued by the US in technical and economic help to aid European countries recover. The countries that benefited from the plan had become of the Organization for European Economic Co-operation. By the end of the plan, the economy of all member states had grown past the pre-war levels.
Some historians argue the purpose of the plan was to strengthen the US and ensure Western Europe countries became dependent on the US. These historians also say the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration assisted refugees amounting to the millions from the period 1944 through to 1947 thus boosting post war recovery in Europe.
Why the Marshall Plan was important
World War 2 which had gone on for years had serious devastating effects on Europe. Residential and industrial centers in places such as Belgium, England, Italy, France, Poland and Germany etc were left in complete ruins. In essence, most regions in Europe were on the verge of famine since agricultural activities were halted by war. Transportation was in shambles and the only super power that wasn’t damaged significantly by the war was the US.
The plan for reconstruction was developed during a meeting of European states and was drafted on 5th June 1947. Similar aid was offered to the Soviet Union as well as its allies however, they turned down the offer because they believed to accept it meant allowing the United States control over communist economies. Secretary Marshall was convinced Stalin did not have any interest in assisting with restoration of economic stability in Western Europe. On 3rd April 1948 President Harry Truman signed the plan granting sixteen European countries aid.
As the aid came to an end in 1952, the economy of all participating states had already surpassed the levels of pre-war. For two decades afterwards, the level of prosperity and growth in Western Europe was unprecedented. The Plan was the very first element of integration in Europe due to the fact that it got rid of trade barriers and led to the setting up of institutions that coordinated the economy on continental level. This means Western Europe was completely stimulated for political reconstruction.
While the Marshall Plan was a major success and has been described as the most selfless act, this isn’t absolutely true. This is because the US benefited greatly since by giving aid to these countries, they had no option but to open their economies to the United States.
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Emissions trading which is also known as cap and trade is an approach that is market based used for purposes of controlling pollution through provision of economic incentives for reduction in emission of pollutants. A central power (often government body) is mandated with the task of setting the limit or cap on the pollutant amount that should be emitted.
This limit is sold or in some cases allocated to firms usually in form of emission permits that represent the appropriate discharge or emit. Firms are supposed to have a couple of permits that are equivalent to the level of emissions they make. The permits number should be more than the set limit or cap that limits average emissions to the stated level. Firms interested in increasing their emissions volume must be willing to buy the permits from those in need of few permits.
Permit transfer is known as trade and in effect, buyers pay a polluting charge while sellers are rewarded for their reduced emission. Consequently, those in a position to reduce emissions do so cheaply and they are able to achieve reduction of pollution at the lowest possible cost to the society.
Emissions’ trading is preferable because:
- It is an economically efficient strategy for attaining the desired emission target or reduction cap
- It is designed specifically to deliver an environmental objective.
- It delivers a price signal that is clear and against which abatement investments are measured.
There are various air pollutant programs that are active. For instance in the case of greenhouse gases, the European Union Emission Trading Scheme is the largest and its purpose is that of avoiding climate change that is dangerous. In the US, a national market is available for the purpose of reducing acid rain and numerous regional nitrogen oxides markets. Other pollutant markets however are often small and far localized.
The major goal of any emissions trading is minimization of costs associated with meeting set emissions cap or target. Usually, the cap is a limit that is enforceable and it is lowered over certain duration with the aim of reaching reduction target at a national level. In some of the systems, the proportion of traded permits should be periodically retired leading to net emissions reduction over time.
In most of the emissions trading systems, organizations that don’t pollute and with no obligations can also take part in trading. Therefore, environmental groups have the right to buy and retire emission permits driving the price of those permits remaining high in accordance to demand law. Corporations might retire allowances prematurely as well by donating such to non-profit entities and hence be eligible for tax reductions.
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Best Essay Format
It is always very important that you know how to choose the best essay format that can facilitate you in writing an outstanding essay paper. By using a properly written essay format, you are able to easily craft a good paper that will attract better results on submission. Read on for insights on how to make an informed choice for essay format.
Knowing how to choose the best essay format will enable you to get proper guidance on how to craft an essay paper. A format refers to a plan or ‘blueprint’ showing how your essay paper will look. Basically, it is an outline of the ideas or points that you intend to discuss in the essay, according to the right order.
Benefits of knowing how to choose the best essay format
Essays are common assignments at school and knowing how to choose the right format will help you in writing top notch essay papers for the entire period of your studies.
Choosing the best essay format is the easiest way to organize your thoughts and information related to the subject of the paper. A good format will significantly help in the clarification of points for a unique essay.
Writing an essay paper always begins with an outline. Besides, the way your outline or format is written dictates how the final essay will look. Therefore, it is always recommended that you know how to choose the best essay format in order to create a unique paper.
In fact, the best essay format will make your work even much easier and fast when it comes to writing the paper. The best essay format will set the pace and tone of the paper so that you have a defined starting point when writing.
Tips on how to choose the best essay format
Students often take different approaches when outlining essay papers. Besides, there are also various essay writing styles to choose from including APA, MLA, Chicago and Harvard. However, not all can successfully work for you since each has guidelines that must be followed to the latter.
There are certain factors that you should consider in order to choose the right essay format for your paper.
Carefully read the following guidelines to find out how to choose the best essay format.
Consider the type of essay
Whenever you are given an essay assignment to write, it is important that you first determine the type in order to establish the appropriate approach or format to take. In many cases, specifications are given on whether the essay is argumentative, descriptive, comparison or cause and effect essay. If you are not given specifications on the format for the essay, it is advisable that you first get clarification to avoid mistakes.
Understanding the type of essay that you are asked to write will enable you to easily determine what to go for since you will have better knowledge of the requirements.
For instance, a critical analysis essay paper requires you to begin by identifying the purpose of the author, which has to be clearly outlined in the format.
Get to know the topic of the paper
In order for you to make the right choice on an ideal essay format, it is advisable that you also get to know what the paper is about. Understanding the topic will make it less hectic to formulate the right format for a compelling discussion.
In case you do not have proper knowledge of the topic, there is no doubt that even writing the essay will be challenging. Try to do some research on the subject in order to make the right choice for a good essay format.
Understand the purpose of the paper and target audience
Every essay is always written for a particular reason, which must be clearly shown in the text. In order to effectively deliver this, you have to know how to choose the best essay format for the specific paper that you want to write.
For instance, if your paper is a comparison essay, you will need to identify and use a format that can enable you to effectively and fairly present differences and similarities between two subjects to be discussed in the paper.
Based on your audience or readers, there is always a unique approach in writing that appeals to a particular group of people. Therefore, it is also critical that you know your intended readers in advance, so as to choose the best essay format.
Consider the standard essay format
Although there are various formats, it is always advisable that you go for one you are comfortable working with. The standard essay format is straightforward and requires that your format is segmented into three parts; introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion.
The standard format will help you to enhance smooth flow of ideas in the paper. However, it should only be a structure highlighting the key aspects of the paper precisely. Details and explanations should be reserved for the essay. However, the format must give a clear representation of the actual essay.
Look into the length of the discussion
When choosing an essay format, you should also consider the points that will be covered in the paper. Some essays are quite short while others can also be written in several pages. Knowing the number of words for the essay and its length can assist you in picking an ideal format to effectively address all the intended ideas.
By knowing the length of your discussion, you will be able to choose a format that can offer proper guidance on how to comprehensively handle every section of the paper. Remember the length of the essay will also determine how the structure should be drafted and its contents.
Qualities of the best essay format
When choosing the right format for an essay, it should be noted that the format is only a guide or plan. In some instances, there are formats with detailed instructions such that you only need to fill in the blanks with the points for the paper.
The following are some of the qualities of a good essay format that you should also look out for when making choices.
- Clearly show the main sections of the essay i.e. introduction, body and conclusion.
- Highlight the thesis statement
- Indicate the topic sentences for the essay
- Have provisions for examples or evidences that will be used in supporting the argument.
- The format should also clearly show the title of the paper
The best format for an essay paper should also be precise and without too much vague words that could end up confusing the writer. In fact, always ensure that you choose a format which you can easily use in writing the paper without any problem.
An ideal essay format should be one that can enable you to deliver a logical and proper argument when writing the paper. In case you are planning to use formats written by others, it is advisable that you choose those that have been crafted by professionals for the best results.
Examples of the best essay formats
Reading professionally written sample essay formats can also help you in knowing how to choose the best essay format for your paper. The following are some that should carefully read in order to always make the right choices on appropriate essay formats.
Sample format for an essay paper
- Main Points
- Intro and explanation of point
- How point relates to the thesis
- Intro and explanation of point
- How pointe relates to the thesis
- Intro and explanation of point
- How point relates to the thesis
- Restate subject
- Summarize Main Points
- Restate Thesis
Simply follow this link to find the sample essay format; mcdaniel.edu.
Sample Argumentative essay format
- 1-2 paragraphs tops
- Optional elements
- Required elements
- Optional 1-2 sentences tops
- Purpose; Lays foundation for proving the paper
- Summary or works to be discussed
- Definition of key terms
- Explanation of key theories
- Supporting Evidence Paragraph #1
- Topic sentence
- Explain topic sentence
- Introduce evidence
- State evidence
- Explain evidence
- Concluding sentence
Supporting Evidence Paragraph #2, 3…
Read the whole sample argumentative essay format on this link.
Model essay structure
- Arouse readers interest
- Set the scene
- Explain how you interpret the question set
- Define or explain key terms
- Identify issues that will be explored
- Give a brief outline of how the issues will be handled, in order.
- Argument/ Main Body
- Paragraph One…
Find the whole sample essay format at; web.anglia.ac.uk.
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How to Write a Reflection Paper on a Movie
A reflection paper is less formal as compared to the traditional academic paper. When your tutor asks you to do a reflection paper on a movie, you have to delve into personal observations. Here, you do not build an argument using supporting evidence and credible sources. Instead, you bring out your feelings and thoughts about the movie under analysis. Your greatest task is structuring the paper from personal experience and reasoning, especially after watching the film. This is no easy task. Deep knowledge on how to write a reflection paper on a movie will help you overcome most of these challenges.
See what this handout contains:
- Reflection paper writing tips
- Movie reflection papers
- Examples of movie reflection papers
While this guide contains well-researched strategies from authentic sources, it is a tool to make your writing assignment simpler and not stringent rules to follow. Be flexible and make adjustments any time to meet your homework needs. Are you ready? Let us goo…
Getting Started: How to write a reflection paper on a movie
Always remember that a reflection paper is about you. It gives you a chance to express your thoughts over a book, movie, speech or a debate you attended. In this section, you will find everything you need to know to overcome the challenges of writing a flawless movie reflection paper.
Unless you get instructions from your tutor, always write your reflection paper in the first person. Besides, include concrete examples and cite experts where possible to support your opinion.
To write a good reflection paper on a movie, you need to understand the film. This allows you to give a balanced and informed opinion. As such, take your time to watch the movie several times until you master the theme of the producer.
The following guidelines should help you master how to write a reflection paper on a movie.
Hints to remember when writing a reflection paper on a movie
Do not repeat the story. A response paper is far away from narrating the story to your audience. Do not try this. In fact, do not even bother writing a synopsis of the movie because you do not need it. Your focus should be on the major themes in the film.
Retelling a movie to your audience makes it hard for them to understand what the film is all about even though they may get a clue of what transpired. The secret of a good movie is never in the action but in the message.
In the first paragraph of your reflection paper, introduce the reader to your topic. Say what you are discussing as revealed in the movie.
Provide proper bibliographical information – As you figure out how to write a reflection paper on a movie, be sure to acknowledge every source you use to develop your reflection paper. Format your bibliography using standard styles like APA, MLA, and Chicago and ASA format. For reviews, do not include full copies instead capture the bibliographical reference. For web reviews, make sure you provide correct URLs. Also, adhere to standard referencing rules as you do in text citation of your paper.
Organize your paper in paragraphs. A good reflection paper should have paragraphs, without which your ideas will be disorganized. It would be meaningless to have a perfect storyline yet your ideas are jumbled up. You can also use headlines to demarcate different sections of your paper.
Bring out the movie’s central theme: – Though you have the freedom to talk about a range of issues as you articulate your opinion on the movie, do not forget the main theme of the film.
Present a flawless paper – Endeavour to write a perfect paper without common grammar and punctuation errors. Achieve this by proofreading your assignment. You can also give your final friend to a friend to read it and help you make final touches.
Do not do film critic. Remember that a reflection paper of a film is not a critique of the work. Forget about editing, lighting and other filmmaking processes. The issues, which the producer is passing across, are what matter. If you follow these tips on how to write a reflection paper on a movie, you score high in your coming assignments.
For better understanding of the tips above, let us examine the following example.
Example #1: Reflection Paper on a Movie ‘The Crash’
This movie helped me understand the issues of racial tension and animosity in our society today…It also allowed me to stop for a moment and reflect on my thinking and perception towards people of other races and how I would treat them in case we met…
Among the characters who caught my attention as I watched, the movie was Officer Ryan (Matt Dillon). He portrays a practical example of the effects of our actions to other people’s lives…
The locksmith guy also amazes me in the movie. It is interesting to imagine how he tolerated the crap from the Persian guy and Sandra Bullock…
Adapted from: web.pdx.edu
This is a good example of a reflection paper on a movie. The writer sticks to his opinions and thoughts about the film, as it captures issues of racial discrimination and animosity. To develop his reflection, the writer analyzes different characters in relation to racial segregation. He focuses on those who perpetrate the vice and those you overcome the arising challenges. Note that the writer sticks to the first person pronoun as we earlier discussed.
Hoping that this example has helped you gain more insights on how to write a reflection paper on a movie, let us look at a stepwise approach of handling this kind of assignment.
4 steps of writing a reflection paper on a movie
Movie reflection assignments should be the simplest and enjoyable. Imagine working on a paper that requires you to sit, watch movies and give your views. That sounds interesting.
Movies are a good teaching aid as they offer a different perspective on different issues in life. A reaction paper helps you understand specific materials and appreciate its relationship within your course. Here are some of the steps to help you achieve your objective:
Step 1: Treat the movie as a literature piece. As you watch the movie and piece together your reflection paper, see the film as other works of literature you have studied. Bring out the themes and motifs in the movie. Focus on the characters and state how they affected your perception. In addition, bring out the role of these characters in developing the theme.
Step 2: Select a good focus for your paper. If you are in a history class, your reflection paper may seek to establish the accuracy of the events plus where the movie takes artistic license. For example, explain your connection with the characters in the movie and if this would change if it were a book. Talk about the effectiveness of different characters. For example, who is the most sympathetic person in the movie? Capture scenes or events in the movie, which put you off as you watched.
Step 3: Select the elements to include. As you work out on how to write a reflection paper on a movie, always have in mind the production elements, which stand out in the film. How are the events of the story harmonizing to bring out the main theme?
Step 4: Review your paper. Always take time to go through your completed paper to confirm if you have captured everything according to the tutor’s instructions. Also, check grammar, punctuation, consistency, spelling and language clarity.
Examine the following examples as you reflect on this section:
Example # 2: Reflection papers on a movie
How I Met Your Mother Series is another example of a reflection paper. The writer discusses the movie from a personal point of view, giving opinions and thoughts. An excerpt from the series reads:
After watching how I met your mother, I got a deeper understanding of issues of relationships in our society. I was thrilled by how relationships affect everyone in life regardless of their age or gender. I also find the movie captivating and informing in addressing some of the causes of divorce and separation in the American society today.
You can read the whole essay here and get more wisdom on how to write a reflection paper on a movie.
With this handout, you have all it takes to perfect your reflection writing skills. Read and reread these tops and apply. You’ll do great!
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Example of an Essay Introduction
A good example of an essay introduction should give you ideas of how your essay introduction should look like. The introduction of your essay should act like the map for the readers- follow the link for more information. It ought to provide the necessary contextual or background information of the topic while presenting a thesis statement. In the introduction, you should address the why, what and how of the essay topic. Tell readers what the essay is about, why the topic is useful or important and how you will argue out your point. Writing the introduction may seem intimidating but with proper preparation and a sample to guide you, writing a great introduction becomes easy.
Importance of using a good example of an essay introduction
A good essay introduction example acts like an illustration. It should be a straightforward, simple essay that you will ever come across. You can use a good essay sample severally as a guide for writing future essays since all essays both informational and argumentative require the support that is provided by good illustrations or samples- See nore at www.wju.edu.
For instance, when writing an essay on racial stereotyping via television, your introduction should have a thesis that shows that your intention is to highlight examples of instances of this stereotyping in the essay. Further analysis of the examples that you provide should go into the body of the essay. The introduction should basically show readers the racial stereotyping that your introduction will be analyzing in a brief manner.
Use essay introduction sample as a template
You cannot include the essay introduction sample in your essay. However, you can use the introduction sample as a template to guide you in writing the introduction of your essay. If you read the introduction carefully and follow the sentences of the introduction just the way they are written, you can easily come up with a good introduction of your essay. Note that you should not copy anything from the essay introduction sample but make it a template to guide you in writing an entirely new introduction of your essay.
While using the sample introduction as a template:
- Follow the formatting of the introduction sample.
- Notice where the writer puts transitions.
- Take note of the topic sentences, where they are placed in the introduction and how they flow in the introduction.
- Come up with an introduction that has the same structure and style using the most appropriate words on the basis of your topic.
Use the example of an essay introduction to know how to structure sentences
The structure of the sentences that you use in the introduction gives it flow and style. Basically, there are different sentences that you can include in the introduction. While using the sample essay introduction, take note of the variety of sentences in the introduction. For instance, if a sentence in the essay introduction sample starts with an adverb phrase, you can also start yours with an adverb phrase if appropriate. However, strive to ensure the uniqueness of your essay introduction.
Essay introduction examples that you can use as your guide for writing essay introduction
In Coles Myer Ltd, a major retail group in Australia, Office-works is considered a branch on its own. Its launch was in 1994 with an aim of specifically catering for small business needs, students and home offices. It has about 40 stores though it is adding new ones all over Australia. It supplies a wide array of products including all types of office supplies, computers and stationary, furniture, bathroom and office kitchen supply. Office-works as a company experiences both business buying and consumer buying. This essay will use it as an example to illustrate different business and consumer buying. The essay will also assess its marketing strategy to establish the way it is incorporated in its operations and assess its influence by business and consumer buyers. Finally, the essay will provide suggestions on the best ways of expanding the marketing strategy further in order to meet the specific needs of buyers.
- Background information: This example of an essay introduction starts with background information regarding Office-works, a branch of Coles Myer Ltd, on which the essay is to be written, “In Coles Myer Ltd, a major retail group in Australia, Office-works is considered a branch of its own. Its launch was in 1994 with an aim of specifically catering for small business needs, students and home offices. It has about 40 stores though it is adding new ones all over Australia. It supplies a wide array of products including all types of office supplies, computers and stationary, furniture, bathroom and office kitchen supply.”
- Thesis statement: The background information provided in the introduction is followed by thesis statement or the controlling idea of the essay, “Office-works as a company experiences both business buying and consumer buying.”
- Outline: The sample essay introduction ends by providing an outline of the essay by telling readers how the essay will be written, “This essay will use it as an example to illustrate different business and consumer buying. The essay will also assess its marketing strategy to establish the way it is incorporated in its operations and assess its influence by business and consumer buyers. Finally, the essay will provide suggestions on the best ways of expanding the marketing strategy further in order to meet the specific needs of buyers.”
A sure way to success is learning lessons that failure teaches you. The United States of America is an example of success that came from failure. After learning from the Article of Confederation’s weakness, the founding fathers established the Constitution which is the document that America is based on. Another example is Google Inc., a major search engine which emerged after learning from the failure of competitors. Rod Johnson’s story is another example of how success can come from failure after he established a recruitment firm from his experience of being jobless. This essay will use these examples to show how failure lessons can lead to success when taken positively.
- Thesis statement: This essay starts with the controlling idea, “A sure way to success is learning lessons that failure teaches you.”
- Supporting evidence: After stating the thesis, the writer presents supporting evidence “The United States of America is an example of success that came from failure. After learning from the Article of Confederation’s weakness, the founding fathers established the Constitution which is the document that America is based on. Another example is Google Inc., a major search engine which emerged after learning from the failure of competitors. Rod Johnson’s story is another example of how success can come from failure after he established a recruitment firm from his experience of being jobless.”
- Outline: This example of an essay introduction ends with an outline of how the essay will be developed, “This essay will explain use these examples to show how failure lessons can lead to success when taken positively.”
One of the major crimes in the United States is identity theft. In the history of human beings, unscrupulous people have presented themselves as other people for political, financial, and social gain. By ensuring the right demeanor as well as appearance, people have presented themselves as bishops, kings and other prominent people. In the contemporary world, identity theft is a prevalent problem. All that people need to steal other people identity is personal information which includes social security number and names. The crime leaves the victims with ruined names to clear. This essay will show how innocent victims have suffered severe damage due to identity theft and why the government should implement regulations for ending it- follow the link for more information.
- Thesis statement: This sample of an essay introduction starts with a thesis statement, “One of the major crimes in the United States is identity theft.”
- Background information: Thesis statement is followed by background information about the topic, “In the history of human beings, unscrupulous people have presented themselves as other people for political, financial, and social gain. By ensuring the right demeanor as well as appearance, people have presented themselves as bishops, kings and other prominent people. In the contemporary world, identity theft is a prevalent problem. All that people need to steal other people identity is personal information which includes social security number and names. The crime leaves victims with ruined names to clear.”
- Outline: The end of this example of an essay introduction is an outline of how the essay will be developed, “This essay will show how innocent victims have suffered severe damage due to identity theft and why the government should implement regulations for ending it.”
Note that the organization of information in the introduction examples varies. For instance, while the thesis statement comes almost at the end of the first sample, it comes at the beginning of the second introduction example. Even the information of the introduction samples varies on the basis of the topic. Therefore, look for an essay introduction sample that includes all the relevant information in an order that suits its topic and use it as a guide when writing your own essay introduction.
Get the best essay introduction sample online
If you have difficulties in finding a good example of an essay introduction, talk to us for help. We offer professional academic writing services and post free essays with great introductions online. Visit our homepage for additional information regarding our writing services. Alternatively, continue reading for more guidelines and sample essay introductions on our blog.