Get homework help with Communication Essay. Click on the order now button to place an order with us.
Persuasive Presentation about Saudi Students in US
I would like to address the plight experienced by foreign students, especially those who come from the Arabic countries, when they enroll to study in America through the international students’ initiatives. America is one of the best countries that offer quality education in the world based on the skills and real time education. In light of this, Saudi Arabia created a scholarship titled Saudi Arabian Cultural Mission (SACM) that enables scholars to school in the United States to better their living standards. To quench our thirst for education, we decided to capitalize on this opportunity to get a chance to better our lives by studying in America. However, things differ from our expectations upon arrival on the American soil. In connection to this, I am going to highlight the various challenges students from Saudi Arabia endure, and the probable solutions that can regulate this behavior.
According to Aruajo, an international students’ initiative was spurred in America in the 1950s, when there was an influx of students travelling to seek education. Therefore, the exodus of people from the Middle East to North America started quite early; hence, it is not a new idea. However, immediately we step our foot in America, problems and difficulties start to crop up. For example, culture conflict is a major challenge that I personally experienced when I joined the institution for higher learning. It is quite obvious that most of the students from Saudi Arabia are Muslim and practice Islamic culture. On the contrary, Americans and most of the inhabitants are Christians; hence, we differ in our beliefs. This is notable especially on our national holidays such as Eid El-Fitr, where nobody seems to be interested unlike Christian holidays where there is a lot of hullabaloo and excitement. Secondly, most of the western world, people have a negative perception about people who come from Islam community. Since most of the terrorist attacks perpetrators are associated with Islam, we experience isolation from our peers due to this assumption. There is a queer assumption that since you are a Muslim from Saudi Arabia there is a chance you own a weapon. Thirdly, we do not have official representation in the American society or the institutions to be more specific, other than our students’ associations at the universities. This is a big blow to the Arabic students since we cannot air out our grievances due to lack of representation. In connection to this, our visas are restricted hence most of our times and activities are limited to the institutions.
Stereotype is another major challenge that is endured by Saudi Arabian students in the US. Both students and administrators find themselves segregated us in one way or another and sometimes without their consent. For example, if an international student is willing to change a course from engineering to communication studies, he or she receives unfavorable reception. The administrators will advise a student to stick to the initial course, because one is not familiar with the English language. The main question is whether English is the only language that can be employed in communication skills. Still on the language issue, students also face a challenge due to language barrier. They experience difficulties when conversing with other students. This forces Arabic students to assimilate the American culture or else they face seclusion. Although there is no discrimination by the Americans, some seclusion acts lowers our self esteem and confidence. This results to homesickness and feelings of alienation among the Arabic students. Finally, Al-Jasir asserts that Saudi Arabian students in the United States have difficulties in adjusting in academic related factors. The education system back at home differs from the education system in America posing a challenge to us.
However, these challenges can be handled by developing effective strategies to tackle them. To start with, the United States government can organize with the higher learning institutions to appoint official presenters of the Saudi Arabia students. Secondly, language barrier can be dealt with by introducing preliminary language courses to the Arabic students to ease their conversation with other students. Similarly, the institution can introduce a course related to culture conflict that will create awareness of the rest of the institution on the importance of appreciating each other’s culture. The media can also give a hand in handling this issue by preaching positivity towards one another in a move to end negative perception and assumptions. The SACM initiative has a role to play in ensuring that its beneficiaries do not experience difficulties in their respective institutions. SACM can introduce a conference to students who wish to join universities in America after the intake. This conference can be used as a platform for orientation about the education system, culture and language. In addition, they can offer motivational talks to encourage students to avoid the problem of culture shock and experiencing homesickness. In conclusion, I would like to appreciate SACM and the United States government for giving us this opportunity and despite the few challenges I highlighted, we are still motivated to study.
Al-Jasir, A. Social, cultural, and academic factors associated with adjustment of Saudi students in the United States (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, (1993). IL.
Araujo, A. de. Adjustment issues of international students enrolled in American colleges and universities: A review of the literature. Higher Education Studies, (2011) 1(1).
Grant, Marcia A. “Challenges of Introducing Liberal Arts Education for Women in the Middle East.” The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 37.2 (2013): 15-24. ProQuest. Web. 25 Mar. 2014
Katz, Eve. “International Students in U.S. Boarding Schools.” International Educator 17.5 (2008): 46-9. ProQuest. Web. 25 Mar. 2014.
Lin, Shu-Yuan, EdD., and Susan Day Scherz EdD.
“Challenges Facing Asian International Graduate Students in the US:
Pedagogical Considerations in Higher Education.” Journal of International Students 4.1 (2014): 16-33. ProQuest. Web. 25 Mar. 2014.
 Grant, Marcia A. “Challenges of Introducing Liberal Arts Education for Women in the Middle East.” The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 37.2 (2013): 15-24. ProQuest. Web. 25 Mar. 2014.
 Araujo, A. de. Adjustment issues of international students enrolled in American
colleges and universities: A review of the literature. Higher Education Studies, (2011) 1(1).
 Al-Jasir, A. Social, cultural, and academic factors associated with adjustment
of Saudi students in the United States (Unpublished doctoral dissertation).
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, . (1993). IL.
 Lin, Shu-Yuan, EdD., and Susan Day Scherz EdD. “Challenges Facing Asian International Graduate Students in the US: Pedagogical Considerations in Higher Education.” Journal of International Students 4.1 (2014): 16-33. ProQuest. Web. 25 Mar. 2014.
 Katz, Eve. “International Students in U.S. Boarding Schools.” International Educator 17.5 (2008): 46-9. ProQuest. Web. 25 Mar. 2014.
Role of communication in careers
Communication is an important aspect in everyday life. People cannot stay without communication as information or messages have to be conveyed from one individual to another and this is done through communication. There are numerous ways of communicating. It can be verbal, non-verbal before an audience or it can apply the use of technological innovations such as the internet where people have communicated to one another through the social media and through e-mails. Research shows that communication may play a vital role in the future career of individuals. That is to say, some careers involve communication and this has promoted the success of individuals in such careers. Communication is vital in careers such as nursing, engineering and management among others. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the role that communication may play in the future careers of various individuals. The paper capitalizes on an interview that was conducted on an individual about the role that communication plays in nursing as a career. The interviewee was known as Florence Mathews. The interview was done at St John’s Hospital on the 26th of February 2014. The interview took around one hour but there were several issues that the interviewee clarified.
During the interview, the interviewee confirmed that communication is very vital in the field of nursing. To begin with, it was confirmed that communication enhances the relationship among the workers at the hospital. That is, the relationship among the nurses and the doctors is enhanced through communication. The interviewee confirmed that communication in the hospital was in various ways involving face-to-face talks and through the use of mobile telephones. Communication in the field of nursing also ensures that there is a good relationship among the nurses and the patients. Patients often love it when they are talked to more often and given the attention they need. All these are only achieved through communication making it a very vital ingredient in the hospital setting. Additionally, communication has helped in effective time management in health institutions. Nurses and doctors in a number of health institutions have been able to complete their planned activities in time thanks to communication. The interviewee also added that in the field of nursing, proper and effective communication has often helped ensure peaceful coexistence among people. Therefore, in order to promote or rather enhance communication, more ways of communication should be introduced in hospitals. This can include installation of telephones and computers in order to make communication easier and accessible. Florence the interviewee also confirmed that there are different functions of communication in the field of nursing. She articulated that the functions of communication involve persuasion and decision-making. She went ahead and added that the different functions o f communication play specific roles in the hospital. To begin with, persuasion is important in the nursing career, as the patients have to be persuaded and convinced by the relevant authorities in order to give confidential information that can be of great benefit. Persuasion has also played an important role in a number of health institutions in ensuring that there is effective organizational behavior. The other function of communication; decision-making, plays a role of ensuring effective leadership and management in hospital settings. Most decision-making processes in such institutions are made by the higher authorities. Hence, before a decision is made, there has to be communication in the hospital in order to make all the members of staff aware if disagreements and rebellion are to be done away with.
The interviewee also confirmed that there are specific aspects of communication such as nonverbal communication, listening and writing that are very vital in the nursing career. For instance, non-verbal communication determines the response of a patient. Thus, nurses, doctors and other members of staff have to use the best nonverbal cues if they are to have an easy time with their patients. The cues involve using the right gestures and facial expression when dealing with patients. Listening is a specific aspect of communication that the interviewee confirmed that is also essential in nursing. This is because nurses have to be good listeners if they are to obtain information from the relevant authorities. The patients also have to listen to the nurses and doctors so that they do no misinterpret any instructions given as a particular time. During the interview in the hospital, it was evident that there were particular problems in the hospital and they were attributed to problems of communication within the institution. For instance, it could be observed that the nurses were not in their expected points of work at specific times and this was due to miscommunication. Besides, it was observed that there was poor time management within the institution and this must have been caused by lack of communication between the leaders and the members of staff.
Moreover, in order to execute good communication in settings such as hospitals, one has to undergo training in various aspects of communication. The interviewee confirmed that she had had particular training back in college in a good number of the aspects of communication. This was one of the reasons why she was good in terms of communication with the interviewer and other members of staff in the hospital. The interviewee felt that an aspect of communication such as the use of non-verbal cues was very easy to handle. This is because the use of facial expressions and gestures do not require a lot of investment or capital so as to pass information from one individual to another. On the other hand, she felt that the use of verbal cues was rather expensive and was the most difficult aspect of communication to handle. The interviewee gave recommendations regarding communication in the field of nursing. One of the recommendations was that nurses should undergo special training if they are to exhibit good communication within hospital settings. The other recommendation was that the field of nursing should embrace technology as a way of promoting communication. The interviewee also suggested that nurses should be well informed about whatever goes on in their surrounding so as to be appropriate in their communication.
In conclusion, it is evident that communication plays an integral role in a number of careers. For instance, in the case of the interview, it is brought forth that without communication; there would be several disagreements in health institutions. The disagreements would be among doctors, nurses and patients and this would be a big drawback to the field of nursing. It is also evident that communication is the backbone of day-to-day activities in the world. Some of its positive impacts are that it has ensured peaceful coexistence, good relationship and proper understanding among individuals.
Enhancing Graduate Employability
What could be the main gaps that the university can overtake and prepare to reduce for the fresh graduate students to be ready asset to enter confidently the corporate environment?
- Definition of a University
- Types of Universities
- Subjects Offered in a University
- Reasons for Attending University
- Types of Employers
- Issues Affecting Employability Rates among Fresh Graduates
- Definition of a University (Kevin, Stuart, Dely & Jon, 2011).
- A university is an educational institution.
- It is tasked with providing a wide range of programs, courses, and activities.
- It provides higher education through extensive graduate and professional programs, disciplines, courses, studies, and researches.
- It accumulates resources to facilitate delivery of high quality education, knowledge, and skills.
- It also creates, develops, and promotes additional skills and values among students.
- Types of Universities (Kevin, Stuart, Dely & Jon, 2011).
- There two types of universities:
- Public universities.
- Private universities.
- They both comprise boards tasked with attending to social, educational, and institutional needs and wants.
- They ensure university’s interests, mission, and obligations are fulfilled effectively and efficiently.
- Subjects Offered in a University (Kevin, Stuart, Dely & Jon, 2011).
- University committee boards are tasked with identification, selection, and promotion processes of creating university programs and courses.
- The programs and courses address subjects such as:
- Reasons for attending University (Cranmer, 2006).
- For love of the subjects taught at the particular university course.
- In order to gain experience and witness different and diverse ways of life and achieve exposure.
- To gain higher education thus increase and expand individual chances and opportunities to gain a Job vacancy in the corporate environment.
- To gain knowledge and skills facilitating establishment of newly innovated business ideas.
- Types of Employers (Yorke & Knight, 2006).
- Small voluntary agencies
- Medium sized organizations
- Large multinational firms
- Issues affecting Employability Rates among Fresh Graduates (Cranmer, 2006).
- Employers rely on employees with higher education, talent, proficiency, credentials, and experience.
- They also utilize formal and informal methods to assess employability skills and qualifications among fresh graduates during the recruiting process.
- They list various key qualities, characteristics, qualifications, skills, knowledge, and talents valuable among employable fresh graduates. These competencies are divided into two:
- Technical competencies
- Discipline competencies.
- These competencies demonstrate broad range of attributes. They include:
- Capabilities to teamwork
- Skills to communicate clearly
- Leadership qualities
- Ability to think critically
- Skills and abilities to solve problems
- Human resource management.
- Lack of internships and work placements has denied fresh graduates to develop and demonstrate their employability skills in the corporate world
- More so, very few universities emphasize on internships and work placements.
- Recommendations (Yorke & Knight, 2006).
- Universities should establish and implement graduate employability university programs.
- Staffs at the university ought to ensure the graduate employability programs are career based.
- Academic and non-academic staff working at the universities should be supportive towards the idea of graduate employability programs.
- Universities should design programs and courses based on the needs, qualifications, and requirements within the corporate environment.
- Universities and employers should hold discussions to reduce and eliminate negative attitudes affecting freshly released university graduates in the corporate environment.
- Universities are not playing their roles effectively and efficiently.
- They are releasing fresh graduates to a corporate environment flooded with other unemployed university graduates.
- Fresh graduates’ numbers are overwhelming to available job opportunities in the corporate environment.
- Although employers regard fresh university graduates as persons with knowledge and skills, they also believe they lack corporate environment experience.
- Thus, universities should invest in establishing and implementing employability programs to advance students’ credentials and experience.
- Consequently, fresh graduates will possess skills, knowledge, and experiences required by employers in the corporate environment.
Cranmer, S. (2006). Enhancing Graduate Employability: Best Intentions and Mixed Outcomes. Studies in Higher Education, 31(2), 169–184.
Kevin, L., Stuart, H., Dely, E., & Jon, L. (2011). Employers’ Perceptions of the Employability Skills of New Graduates, University of Glasgow SCRE Centre and Edge Foundation.
Yorke, M., & Knight, P. (2006). Embedding Employability into the Curriculum: Learning and Employability Series One. New York: Higher Education Academy
Various arguments exist concerning the recent technological developments, as evident by the existing literature. As such, there are people who view the recent technological developments positively while others negatively, citing that they lead to moral decadence because of easily availing pornographic materials. Despite the negative arguments concerning technological developments, they greatly simplified many things. For example, technological developments simplified learning and working by availing a wide range of online learning materials, as well as advanced machines. However, the skills for accessing online information and operating the machines are increasingly diversifying, for commensuration with the rapid technological advancements.
Recent technological developments changed the manner in which people learn and work. This argument is true because technological developments brought in major changes, especially on how people learn and work. For example, nowadays children in the Net children can access a wide range of online information on various disciplines. Similarly, people can perform different complex tasks using machines very fast. Examples of such machines are the Automatic Teller’s which perform many accounting tasks that need hundreds of people to execute them at the same speed and efficiency.
On the other hand, because of the information existence, skills for accessing it are increasingly diversifying. As such, students in the Net generation must equip themselves with the skills, including the ones on computers in order to effectively, participate in the current society. This argument is true because, without the skills, a person cannot be able to effectively, extract online information. This is because sophisticated software and online database exist nowadays.
Despite, having the skills, the net generation possesses many characteristics including shifting attention rapidly from a given task to another, multitasking, and learning independently, as well as, through discovery. Further, the generation has the ability for retaining and using information innovatively, as well as having competent digital skills. However, the disagreements raised concerning the characteristics of the net generation, have both weaknesses and strengths. For example, it is true that the Net generation learns through discovery because it relies on the existing online information. Further, it is true that the generation has the ability for using the accessed information to innovate new things. This fact is true because most people are nowadays using online information to come up with innovations such as new machines and software. However, the revelation that the Net generation possesses competent digital skills is untrue. This assertion is untrue, because there are people in the current generation, not conversant with the new technology.
Similarly, the studies that sought to assess the Net generation had both strengths and weaknesses. For example, the UK survey established that the Net generation possesses poor internet skills, is not critical, rarely takes part in online politics, and lacks innovative skills in creating websites. These findings are true to some extent since there are people in the current generation who lack innovative skills. Further, the findings are true since the current generation tends to disregard, political issues. However, the findings have certain weaknesses since it is not true that the Net generation lacks internet skills. This argument is not true because most people in the current generation are computer compliant, and thus spend most of their time on social Medias for communication.
Further, the findings of the American life project are true, since most teens nowadays prefer using searching engines in accessing online information. For example, the biggest percentage of teens relies on Google in accessing online information.
From the analysis of the article, it is evident the Net generation possesses, as well as lacks the relevant skills for accessing online information. Thus, based on this fact, it is essential for the parents to develop all the skills of their children in order to enable them effectively interact with the current technological environment. Further, there is the need for transforming the manner of teaching students, in order to enable them conform to the current technological demands. In addition, there is a need for developing online libraries, in order to enable people easily access concrete online information.
Surprising but True: Half the Decisions in Organizations Fail
The above article investigates why most decisions made by managers of organizations fail. Managers who have failed their organizations are known to impose solutions to the employees. They do not perform their tasks effectively. They also use their power to ensure that their plans are implemented. Little attention is provided for the employees of the company. Furthermore, failing managers limit alternatives that would be essential in solving some of the problems related to decision making. Apart from highlighting the major problems faced by most organizations, the article identifies the process of decision-making. The article identifies both the diagnosis and action part. The model proves to be more useful in solving managerial decision-making. The article identifies various tactics that could be used to set the direction during the decision-making process. Such tactics include generating new ideas, having problem-solving attitudes, setting objectives, and intervening in projects that are bound to fail. Tactics used to implement decisions are discussed. Such tactics include intervention, participation, and persuasion of all members of the society. The information coming from the article was based on research on various organizations.
Management Fads: Emergence, Evolution, and Implications for Managers
Management fad is described as a change in operations or philosophy that has been implemented in an organization. The article questions whether managers should keep evolving with the new management fads that emerge in journals and books of all kinds. However, the publishers of the article concur that management fads are more frequent to the practicing managers. The article looks at how different management fads have managed to evolve over the years. The article does this by monitoring the variables that lead to the adoption of various fads. The variable can either be environmental pressures, organization characteristics, and the need to adapt to forces of conformity. The article also discusses the life cycles of different fads in organizations. The organizations looked at included self-managed teams, total quality management, quality circles, sensitivity training, and management by objectives. The article also provides an important checklist used to monitor management fads.
When to Trust Your Gut
The article discusses an out of the odds managerial decision-making techniques. This method does not necessarily depend on the management strategies that are used by most managers; it depends on a feeling referred to as a gut feeling. The article shows that emotions and the brain might not be the only methods used by managers to make decisions. A gut feeling is like a premonition for better happenings and thus, cannot be ignored by most managers. The article identifies the role of emotional feeling in decision-making and developing patterns that may determine decision relating to decision making. The article also discusses the effect of the gut feeling on cross-indexing. The article uses excellent examples from the business world.
A Career Lexicon for the 21st Century
The article discusses the effect of boundaryless organizations. Jack and Jill are used as one of the most prominent examples of companies that shifted to a boundary-less organization. A boundary organization sets limits to most processes in companies. Switching to the boundary fewer organizations represents a traditional paradigm shift and may create chaos if it is not managed or handled effectively in the organization. The most important thing to note from the article is the effect of change. The article argues that all changes involving those in shifting and creating new stabilities should be aimed at about how the world works just as the case for Jack and Jill.
Making Management Decisions: The Role of the Intuition and Emotions
The role of intuition in the decision-making processes in most of the management related aspects is discussed. The article identifies different forms of thought by providing the newly found evidence. The evidence has been collected on the role of intuition in chess. The game is considered a one of the toughest games in today’s society since it requires critical thinking before moving a pun. The article also describes intuition in a computerized system and its uses in solving some of the commonly faced management decisions. The article suggests that most of the management practices significantly improved through intuition becomes part of the decision-making process.
An Academic Classic on the Effect of Rewarding a while hoping for B.
The article places emphasis on the failure of the reward system in most organizations. The paper explores various examples where the wrong people or organizations have been rewarded. The thought behind this is that it would cause a less negative effect only for a worse effect to be felt. Examples are provided for cases of unfair regular systems in war, universities, medicine, consulting, and governments. The paper highlights the differences brought about by an unfair reward system.
The Effective Decisions
The paper identifies how to make effective decision in organizational settings. The article states that executive managers are known for making better decisions because they focus only on important decisions. The article classifies effective decisions providing the characteristics of each of the effective decisions. The article identifies the classification and decisions that are considered to be effective. The article discusses the role of appropriate action and feedback in making effective decisions that affect different organizations in the current world.
Management: The Problems of Success
The article identifies the position of success in organization. Although numerous benefits are associated with success, various management problems have been linked to success. In addition, various aspects that are discussed about success include the legitimacy of management and the effect of jobs as a property right. The article identifies the role of professionalism and information technology in solving some of the problems associated with success in the management positions
The Hidden Traps in Decision Making
The article focuses on the major issues that managers should take into account before making any decisions. Some managers tend to be overconfident overlooking some of the important aspects related to decision making. Others tend to be very cautious and never make any risks in the business setting losing many opportunities in the process. The article identifies several traps that are associated with poor decision-making techniques. These traps include the anchoring trap, the status quo, the sunk cost trap, the confirming evidence trap, and the farming trap. The article discusses methods that can be used to overcome the trap mentioned above and the effect it would have in the organizational settings. When all traps are overcome, most organizations become more successful. A forecast is more important in identifying all traps in any organizational settings. Thus, a forecast provides clues on how to manage traps effectively.
A Quote That Guides My Life
“Develop success from failures. Discouragement and failure are two of the surest stepping stones to success.” This is one of the famous quotes by an American writer and lecturer named Dale Carnegie. He was born in 1888 to a poor family, which largely depended on their farm in Missouri to earn a living and he met his death in 1955, at the age of 66. He later grew to be one of the most respected lecturers in the United States who introduced various university courses, such as self-improvement, public speaking, and salesmanship. Carnegie was an author and he wrote books, such as “How to Win and Influence People (1936)”, “How to Stop Worrying (1948)” And “Lincoln the Unknown (1932)”. His literal works mostly comprised ideas of influencing people’s behaviors by altering one’s behavior towards the others. Similarly, he advised people on the urge of completing a task despite the challenges and obstacles associated with that task. In regard to this, he coined the famous quote mentioned above that has been of much help in my life.
This quote was significantly used when Carnegie visited Japan when Japanese invited him in a move to heighten their relationship with America. The quote was meant to challenge the Japanese to stop looking down at their communication failures, but to capitalize on them and create a harmonious coexistence with the Americans. In my view, this quote comes in handy when I reflect on my personal life. This is because sometimes I feel uncomfortable after meeting a challenge in life that discourages me from moving on. In this case, life is all about meeting difficult homework each day, and losing focus because you failed simply implies that you are a looser. Instead, as Carnegie stated, we should capitalize on our failures to develop success.
Small Group Meeting
Group Name : St. Joseph Marello Catholic Church Youth Group
Meeting Date : 1/3/2014
Meeting Time : 10:00a.m
Location : St. Joseph Marello Catholic Church Hall
I arrived one hour before the meeting’s commencement and I had a few words with the group chairperson to introduce myself, ask permission to attend their meeting and explain the purpose of attending the meeting, which was to observe and build on my leadership and communication skills. The chairperson of the group accepted my request.
I was interested in this group since I attend church there and I like the way they usually organize their functions and presentations, which always end in success. I am not a regular participant, but this was my first time to be present at their meeting. The group officials are made up of five individuals. The Chairman who is a gentleman aged twenty-two is a bank manager at California Bank & Trust. The treasurer and the secretary are ladies and they are students of Sierra College aged twenty and nineteen respectively. The other two are a lady and a gentleman and they are official members. They run different businesses within California. The group cultural composition is governed by rules that have been set down collectively by all the group members. This includes the way they express their views and attendance time consciousness.
Questions to Be Addressed
1. What is the group’s purpose of this meeting?
The group’s meeting sought to plan and make arrangements for a trip to Laguna Beach that the church youths wanted to take for team building purpose.
2. Observe the leader or leaders and comment on their leadership style.
The Chairperson of the group who is in charge of controlling the meeting uses knowledge of group processes to plan and deliver the right structure required for the meeting to be effective. He really helped to plan the agenda that I find to be a key task for this role. He assisted the group with ideas, but the other group members decided and made the final decisions.
3. Was there an agenda? Was the agenda available to the group? Was the meeting formal or informal?
It is clear that there was an agenda that was prepared by the secretary before the meeting and was issued to all participants of the group before the meeting began. Since the meeting was pre-planned, then it is in order to state that this meeting was a formal meeting.
4. Did all of the members participate? If not, what were they doing?
Yes, all the members took part by contributing towards the agenda.
5. Was the group homogeneous in its membership or diverse?
The group membership was diverse since it had a gender balance, different occupations and skills. This gave the group a diverse way of tackling the issues as well.
6. What was the group’s task for this meeting? Was it accomplished?
The group’s task was to make arrangements and plan for a trip to Laguna Beach that they were to attend as the entire church youth group, which consisted of thirty individuals. They were to camp for three days and the group meeting was to tackle every point. At the end, they accomplished this task as they came up with a defined plan and a detailed budget.
7. What was effective about this meeting?
What I found most effective about this meeting was the timing and the durations for every process stipulated in the agenda. Also, the planned start and end time was also effective and the meeting ended as pre-planned.
8. Did the physical layout of the room affect the quality of communication?
The physical layout of the room did effect communication as the members of the group had assembled in one corner and the quality of communication was clear and superb. Six seats were set around two tables and the participants could converse easily with one another. Otherwise, if they were scattered, the quality would have been poor due to echoes, as the hall they were using was big.
9. What would you like to ask this group if given the opportunity?
I would ask them if they might consider using icebreakers during their meeting to help the participants to bond quickly and to comfortably work towards one common goal. As Moreover, I would ask them if they may consider using these icebreakers when discussing topics that are unfamiliar or new to the participants engaged.
10. What feedback would you give this group if you were hired as a communications consultant?
I would advise them that it is good to set realistic expectations of what they intend to achieve as part of meeting facilitation and planning. If their agenda becomes over ambitious, some of the participants might feel let down if they fail to achieve all of the objectives. Articulating participants’ roles and expectations might have been vital both during and before the meeting.
Internet and our Privacy
From the search that I carried out on social media and search engine and although there a many people with the same name as mine, I have been able to narrow the search down and found details about me. In Google, I found some information that are no longer relevant to my current life, for example, I still got my details in some of the dating sites stating that I am single and searching yet am in happy, stable relationship with my sweetheart, this can bring a misunderstanding between us if my partner could find out about this. Another information that is available online about me is my college application details and I find this very wrong since I listed my background information including my home location, my address and also my contacts.
On the social media, a look at my profile in facebook profile includes my relationship status, the schools I attended, where I currently work, even though I have never thought of this as a threat to my privacy, today I have felt that with such information online about me, I am at very high risk of falling a prey to internet stalkers who may decide to follow my activities closely with main aim of causing harm to me or my close relatives and friends.
With my background openly available to every facebook user or anyone who can access my profile, some can easy steal my identity and use it online and against me or get involved in criminal activities with my identity hence landing me on the wrong side of the law. This however can be corrected if I set my privacy well to allow only different levels of access to my information to different groups; friends, acquaintances and public. As per now, the public can not access even my photos except my profile picture. The acquaintances are not accessing my feeds but my friends have more access to my privacy.
My common name, at least makes me not easy to find because even in my town alone I found more than 20 people with the same username I have used in facebook, unless someone narrows down to school,status,current city and city of origin. On google, I have some people who share some information with me and maybe one or two names but if one searches using all my names and my location, am very easy to find and cannot be mistaken for anyone else.
When it comes to my image online, I would admit that so far it is not professional and I would not like any of my potential employers to get access to my online images. The worst example is a linked in profile I created long time ago when I was still in high school and I can’t change it because I forgot the logging details. The profile photo is about us on a friends party, very drunk and putting on some clothes that were not very decent, yet this is the only photo that appears online when someone searches for my name.So, no I would not want my employer, professor or my parents to find this out and I would love very much to be able to change this image and if possible delete it from my online history even now.
I sometimes Google information about people but this has only been in line with trying to get more information about them, maybe they have done something and the information is available on Google. In facebook, I frequently facebook other people especially when am lonely, I usually facebook people see if I can find one person to have a chat with but I rarely go to their background information. If we judge other people by the information available about them online, then we will hurt our relationships with them and even not get the opportunity to really know them. People no longer view networking as the best way of creating relationships both socially and career wise.
Social construction of reality.
Social construction of reality can be defined as the theory of knowledge that argues that reality is not a reflection from within but it comes about as we interact and discuss with other people. There is no one definition for social constructivism but we have discussed some characteristics that stand out in this school of knowledge. In this article however, we are going to talk about social construction of reality by the media. We choose how the American media reported first cases of Ebola in American soil in 2014 and analyze how media did or did not construct the social reality of the audience and some of the questions that we will ask are: what kind of coverage was this event given? In what ways did the media construct reality of this event? What legal or ethical issues were in this event? How did these affect the ways in which media construct reality? A purpose of this assignment, the social event chosen is the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and how the American media reported it when the first case of Ebola was reported in the US soil.
In his article in “USATODAY” Roger yu admits that the Ebola case in USA fired up the media. The media houses were hysterical with big headlines, with police covering their faces with mask. The media was accused of spreading fear among the American population. So did the media actually manage to spread fear among Americans? How did they do that? The answer here is simple, nearly all Americans had not experienced Ebola at their doorstep and they all depended on what the media said or reported. Whatever the media reported was the reality to many Americans. On the DAILYNEWS website they had a headline” New Yorkers on edge” with photos of subway riders wearing masks. Yet on closer look at the city, ninety-nine percent of new Yorkers were not having a mask on them. Anyone out of Ney York could easily believe that because media is a trusted source of information.
Matteo and Karin(2011) acknowledges the fact that media is has provided access to more information, but has also in some case been the source of false information that in the long run affect our perception of the things going on around us.
“An increase in the available information may or may not foster freedom depending on the purpose and interest of those using the .but for information to become knowledge and a form of power, it must be organized in such a way as to have meaning in relation to the purpose of those involved; it has to be organized into concepts” (Matteo and Karin, 2011)
The above event, we see we can talk about social construction because it involved people talking among themselves and then whatever that was spoken ended up affecting how the American citizens viewed the nation .communication is the way humans talk about reality (Matteo and Karin, 2011).From above social event of media reports on Ebola outbreak in united states, we see many conversations going on over the radio, television and over the social media networks.
Roy and Michael(2008) asserts that journalists must be fair and balanced, must research their stories well before reporting them and acknowledge and apologize any time they make any mistakes. It is ethical and a requirement by law that journalists must be responsible for their stories. However, the failure of the American state through its First amendment to ensure that journalists are vetted and licensed like other professionals lead to a lot of factual errors in the media reporting of the media outbreak in the USA, biasnessness in the reporting of the outbreak, the newspapers over-covering the event just because it was exciting and lead to more sales. Critics of media admit that having good journalism is not easy and that journalists in most cases are unethical in most of their reporting or coverage of an event. Some of the reasons that contribute to this unethical nature of the journalists include; (a) the rush to beat competition(b) the believe that whatever means you use to get the information will be justified by the end result(c) fear of losing their job if not delivering faster(d) they believe that other people also do the same, in their field and other fields(e)poor remunerations(f) the need to be loyal to their editors and the newsroom they work for(g) the culture has never talked against that practice(h)and bad instances from people involved in their coverage(Roy and Michael,2008).
In conclusion, we can say that the media the media constructed a reality from the way it covered the event of Ebola outbreak in the United States of America. The event proved and exposed ways in which the media affects, regulates and maintain relation between people. It is my strongest recommendation that countries all over the world should regulate and license all media professionals, from journalists to editors and ensure that those who venture into the field as journalists are well trained and qualified to be journalists. All through this that the media will be more trusted by the public and will also be able to pass not only information to their audience, but also knowledge.
- Matteo S, Karin K (2011) Critical media analysis: an introduction for media professionals.Frankfurt, Peter Lang publishers
- Roy. M, Michael. M. (Eds.). (2008) Media law and ethics. New York, NY: Taylor and Francis publishers.
- Roger, Y.(2014, October 25) Ebola in new York fires up the media USA TODAY
4. Joseph, S, Kerry, B & Bill, H (2014, October 24) New Yorkers on edge. New York daily news
Cover Page for Resume
I am writing this to respectively request about the possibility of employment relocation from US Virgin Island to the US Mainland. My father has obtained a job opportunity there, which will start next month, so all my family is relocating there and I wish to be close to them. I have enjoyed working at US Virgin Island for more than twenty years in various companies at different positions and responsibilities in the accounting department. As a graduate student with Associates Degree Accounting at University of Phoenix in 2009, I believe that my knowledge and experience gained makes me an excellent candidate in a related position in your organization. The working environment of US Virgin Island has been challenging and exciting to me and I believe that I have made many positive contributions to the various companies I was involved in. I have learned a lot from my colleagues I have had the privilege to work with, and look forward towards advancing in my professional job here. Indeed, my experience at US Virgin Island has been incredibly rewarding and I would like to be grateful for the opportunity to proceed with my career in your company.
At Bechtel International, a Hovensa Contractor in Virgin Islands, I was hired as a Payroll Supervisor between 2000 and 2002 whereby I managed, calculated, maintained and processed weekly payroll for about 750 employees, processed new hires, re-hires, termination as well as layoffs in E-Track System and Timberline Payroll, answered all employee inquiries, prepared requisitions for overpayment refund checks and investigated premium-posting issues and also created and assigned cost codes so that it could become available for use by other employees. In 2002 and 2004 I got employment with a hardware company where I was appointed as the office Manager. Here, I provided direction and supervision for the support staff, interviewed and hired support personnel, reviewed and recommended salary increases for staff, planned and executed installation of the computer system, point of sale software which is integrated with an accounting system and telephone system, and handled purchase orders to all manufacturers, payable and receivables.
I have also worked as an Account Analyst at Oil Refinery, St. Croix in Virgin Islands between year 2004 and 2012. During this period I took responsibilities such as handling payables, running auditing check and communicated to employees. I also participated in end closing reports for several months whereby I was responsible for activities such as; handling all expense report reimbursements and cash advance for travel purposes, processing cash journal entries, cash receipts and accounts payable processing, created and recorded monthly accruals, reviewed account coding to process vendor invoices for payment, audited travel expenses and maintained travel authorizations, executed foreign and domestic wire transfers, uploaded positive pay files to bank and check for exceptions, prepared other reports and special projects as requested by the Director or Controller. Additionally, during 2004 to 2006 I was hired by Pinnacle Services, still a Hovensa contractor at Virgin Island as a Timekeeper, Administrative Assistant and Human Resource Coordinator in different occasions. During this time I handled timekeeping for other contractors within the refinery, communicated with contractors and Hovensa Audit Department on a daily basis, closed payroll on a weekly basis for 1200 employees, daily audit service for various contractors through the use of Tru Track and Sap Home and Tools. Finally, I am currently self-employed at St. Croix, Virgin Islands since 2011 where I am acting as a Payroll Consultant. I am handling payrolls for about three small local businesses, process ETPS, unemployment and local tax payments, and prepare a summary payrolls report on monthly, quarterly or yearly.
The skills and experience I have acquired in these positions over the years as well as my intimate knowledge in accounting gained in school, I believe will be a unique advantage even in your company. Thank you for your time and consideration for this transfer. I look forward to hear from you soon.
Feelings and thoughts with others
I am always reserved when sharing my emotions with people. This reservation is due to the expressive space I have of the public. Reservation in sharing information further offers psychological security. This often occurs when I have not made a good rapport with new people. I have understood from the study that personal space needs to be maintained at all times. Private space differs with the rapport formed in connecting any two groups. For instance, information shared among married couple may be more intimate and different from information shared between workmates.
In addition to the private space, I have come to understand that there are diverse forms of contact. There is the verbal contact, non-verbal, and printed statement. Among all these forms, verbal communication is the main one. Non-verbal statement assumes different shapes. The shapes comprise of the forms of dressing, walking styles, and messages translated through visual forms. In understanding a person, non-verbal communication reveals the inner self of a person. Messages such as emotional challenges that a person may be going through are depicted mainly through non-verbal communication. I have come to understand that verbal communication gives the quickest response. As a result, it is applied in relaying critical conversations. Written communication helps to communicate when people are far apart from each other.
From this study, I have come to understand that communication helps to form stable relationships. Making contacts plays critical function in the existence of people. I have as well understood the unusual types of contact. I must understand the relationship between people for effective communication. For instance, for effective communication between business partners, there needs to be an understanding of the roles to be played between the two. It is moreover necessary to include the precise outlook at all times. Constructive feelings improve contact. People need to take time to understand the cultures of different people so that they can effectively communicate.
Research in Business
There are various reasons why businesses are involved in research. The major reason is to ensure that the companies are in line with the needs of the consumers, and ensure the continuity of their products or services in the future (Solaja, Idowu & James, 2016). Apple is an example of businesses that have incorporated research in their operations. Apple is a tech company whose flagship products are the iPhone, iPad, MacBook, and iOS. The tech industry is extremely competitive, consequently forcing apple to embrace innovation (Rosoff, 2016). The marketing approach of this company targets the high-end market for its products. This segment of the market is demanding regarding quality. Hence the company has devoted vast resources research and development-wise to provide its customers with the best devices on the market.
Potential Problems that Can Be Solved by Research
One of the challenges that Apple is facing is the struggle to maintain dominance in the high-end market of computing and hand held devices. For instance, it is facing stiff competition for mobile devices from Samsung (Heisler, 2012). Samsung .owns the Galaxy Note and Galaxy S series brands, whose ratings in the market are similar to those of iPhones and exceed the iPhone in some aspects such as the quality of their camera (Rosoff, 2016). Regarding the operating system of the handheld devices, Google’s Android version, which has been adopted by major mobile companies and consumers is a formidable adversary. Onee of the problems facing Apple is that IOS devices are not compatible with other devices. Hence certain activities such as data sharing with other devices is constrained.. Moreover, since the company only deals with the high-end market devices, ignoring the mid-level and low-end markets its competitors venture into these markets.
Indicators of Research within Apple Company
The tech industry is very dynamic because of the rapid advancement in technology, and miniaturization of computing devices. There is a move from desktop applications to cloud computing, and the functionalities of hand-held devices are increasing and improving fast (Heisler, 2012). For example, the advancement of the tech field is so rapid, that a new mobile device can be rendered obsolete in less than one year. Apple has managed to set the pace for the advancement of computing technology by launching new and better versions of its flagship products every year. By doing so, the firm has created a following in the high-end market as customers are always on the lookout for new versions of their favorite products (Heisler, 2012). Releasing new and better versions of computing devices each year is not an easy undertaking. Moreover, it is an indicator that that research and development department of the company is constantly devising better ways of improving the experience of its customers.
Use of Secondary Research
Secondary research is reliant on data that is collected and compiled by other researchers from an entity or firm that is distinct from Apple. The company makes the best use of secondary data when researching trends in the needs of the consumers and the market because it would be expensive and time consuming for the company to conduct primary research. However, If the objectives of the company are specific, it can also contract a firm to research on its behalf. The data that is collected this way is considered to be secondary, given that the party collecting the data is external to the company that will use the data. Secondary data can be accessed for free or bought by the company. It is advisable, however, to avoid using freely available data. This is because it is available to competitors of Apple, making it have no leverage over the competitors.
Use of Primary Research
Primary research entails the collection of data by the firm or researcher that will utilize the data. In the context of Apple, the research done by the research and development department of the company is an example of primary research. The data best applies when carrying out research to learn how the products of the company can be improved. These improvements are usually confidential and lead to new patents for the enterprise. Hence, the designs that result from this research cannot be revealed to outsiders, as it would be a breach of patent rights. Primary research costs this company a lot, and that is why it has been involved in lengthy disputes with its major competitor, Samsung, over breaches of patent rights.
Future Possibilities of Research for Apple
In the tech sector, there are many
developments taking place. These developments include increasing computing
speeds of the mobile devices, converging the virtual world with reality, the internet of things, and, cloud computing.
Additionally, they spell opportunities for Apple and other tech companies that
might be interested in commercializing them (Rostek and Skala, 2014). The
company is already using cloud computing to store the consumers’ apps and
media. Furthermore, the company ought to explore how to implement the Internet
of Things by making its iOS compatible with most of the electronic devices used
by the average consumer.
Heisler, Y. (2012). How Apple conducts Market Research and keeps iOS source code locked down. Network World. Retrieved from http://www.networkworld.com/article/2222892/wireless/how-apple-conducts-market-research-and-keeps-ios-source-code-locked-down.html
Rosoff, M. (2016). The key to Apple’s future is contained in this one chart. Business Insider. Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/apple-spending-on-research-and-development-2016-7?IR=T
Rostek, K., & Skala, A. (2014). Differentiating Criteria for High-Tech Companies. Management And Production Engineering Review, 5(4). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/mper-2014-0035
Solaja, M., Idowu, E., & James, E. (2016). Exploring the relationship between leadership communication style, personality trait, and organizational productivity. Serbian Journal Of Management, 11(1), 99-117.
Microsoft Inc has been forced to eliminate its design for Windows XP due to the recent Cyber attacks. This case has raised much security concern on the company’s technological platform. The increase in cyber attacks leads to increased customer support costs that become huge targets for new security invasions and vulnerabilities (Camp, 2011). The research proposal will seek to discuss and investigate the security problems facing Microsoft. The security risks are critical, since they might expose customers’ sensitive information and HR records to unauthorized persons.
Some of the possible solutions to the security problems at Microsoft include developing cost effective platform of IT security procedures and interventions. The IT security procedures are useful in ensuring that the company does not incur much loss from the security vulnerabilities. Secondly, the development of long term IT strategic plans is necessary. It helps in laying down future strategies and policies of dealing with inherent IT challenges in the company (Drinkwater, 2013). The strategic plans help to ensure that all departments take part in providing a lasting solution to the security challenge. Thirdly, it is necessary to implement more innovative and advanced firewalls and preventive measures. This helps Microsoft to deal with any inherent IT challenges and problems in order to promote security.
Lastly, I would like to undertake further research and investigation on the available solutions to the inherent security concerns facing Microsoft. It would be a huge opportunity to understand the nature and possible ways available in dealing with the inherent security technological concerns in the company. Most importantly, it would develop strong research findings on past research and discussions. Therefore, the security problems at Microsoft are a major problem in the business world that are essential to investigate in order to support business development and integrity in the society.
Camp, J. L. (2011, June 14). Data security is a risk-management problem.MIT Technology Review. Retrieved from http://www.technologyreview.com/news/424291/data-security-is-a-risk-management-problem/.
Drinkwater, D. (2013, Dec. 20). Top 10 issues in IT security for 2014. SC Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.scmagazineuk.com/top-10-issues-in-it-security-for-2014/article/326564/.
Importance of internet to college students’ research proposal
Today, internet is a tool that is used by virtual everybody in the world today. As such, this research proposal is aimed at finding the best reasons why college students should utilize internet in order to excel in their studies. Furthermore, the research would also look at the impact of social networking sites like facebook and twitter have contributed towards acquisition of knowledge by college students. Therefore, this research is of importance because internet access and usage is significantly used by tutors and students in most schools, colleges or universities today.
The research will summarize books, articles and internet sources in order to gather adequate information needed for this research proposal. Some of the main benefits of internet to college students include. Research, communication, online education, entertainment, looking for jobs and news among others are some of the reasons why the internet is important to college students. Through the internet, students in colleges are able to do research work concerning assignments given or things not understood in class (Rahmawaty, “Advantages and disadvantages of internet as learning media”). They are able to do in-depth research in order to gather information needed by looking for topics of interest via the internet. Similarly, the tutors also use the internet to research on topics before and after lecturing. In relation to communication, students are able to exchange information using various avenues such as video conferencing, chatting, internet telephony and e-mail among others. Students are also capable of getting different types of entertainment through the internet. They can play games, listen to music or watch movies as a way of getting themselves entertained. Students can also get informed on the latest news happening around the world. They can also use this avenue to look for jobs that matches their career paths.
With the ever changing technology, this research will focus in providing an in-depth analysis based on information found from internet sources, books and data from business professionals
Rahmawaty, Rizty. Advantages and disadvantages of internet as learning media. Web. 4 May 2015.
The Institution of Family
of family is a basic unit of every society. Different institutions of families
collectively form a community. The family institution is responsible for
bringing new members through reproduction. It is also the role of the family to
socialize the new members. Through the institution of the family, members can
learn how to solve disputes and provide care. Furthermore, the family plays a
significant role in facilitating interconnections between family members
through affection, pooling of monetary resources, the division of
responsibilities, and decision-making. In the current world, the family
institution is changing because of the changing needs of the new generation.
Women have joined the job bracket to bring monetary resources to their homes.
Previously, the role of women in family institutions was to nurture and cook
for the household. However, roles have changed because women now also want to
benefit from employment opportunities. Furthermore, the rising cases of divorce
and cohabitation among the young generation make it clear that the institution
of marriage is changing.
Interpersonal communication is essential in all family institutions because it is through communication that families can make important decisions and resolve disputes. Without proper communication, especially between parents, children may not develop communication skills that they need to use in their daily lives. Furthermore, the children will not learn other valuable life skills such as dispute resolution because poor communication affects socialization.
Other orientation is an art of communication that involves interpersonal effectiveness. Through the other-orientation communication strategy, I will be able to form meaningful relationships with other people through communication. For example, I will show consideration as a show of respect and acknowledge the feelings of other people. Also, I will use open-ended questions to engage others individual in meaningful conversations