Get homework help with Aviation Assignment Papers. Click on the order now button to place an order with us.
The research examines two Aerospace engineering companies and discusses their potential and use in their various segments. The research also highlights the hazard at the workplace, and the health and safety procedures the companies are using to deal with the hazard.
Company A – British Airways Maintenance – Cardiff (BAMC)
British Airways Maintenance – Cardiff (BAMC) is an aerospace engineering facility run and operated by the British Airways. The facility performs the function of maintaining the wide variety of British Airways passenger jets. In addition to this, the British Airways maintenance facility spearheads a variety of long-term modernization goals in terms of advancements in aircraft design. The facility assists the organization to maintain, repair, test and perform assurance tests on certain sets of Boeings 747 and 777 aircraft series (“British Airways Maintenance Cardiff”). In terms of modernization goals, the facility provides an atmosphere, including a variety of equipment and tools that are used in modernizing the interiors of the British Airways aircrafts, as well as carrying out an overhaul of parts of aircraft sections.
Hazard materials such as fire and fumes from asbestos
The British Airways Maintenance – Cardiff facility is a typical maintenance environment that is used to repair aircrafts. It is fitted with electrical systems all over with paint shops and construction facilities that engineers use. The biggest hazards in this setting include fire and fumes from the electrical connections and paint shops.
The facility utilizes large amounts of electricity connected to different sections, mainly for carrying out electrical works on aircraft bodies. This therefore constitute the largest hazard, coupled with fumes from asbestos-based paints. This is because the majority of repair works involved utilize power and paints for modernizing the aircrafts.
Company B – General Electric
General Electric is a World’s leader in the production of aviation related components. General Electric provides these to a wide range of customers in the commercial airlines jet industry, governments in terms of military supplies, and general aviation. General electric manufactures one of the best turboprop engines, and components related to power, avionics, and other mechanical based systems of most commercial aircrafts. The organization has become an industrial giant, supplying aircraft components all over the world, with many commercial aviation airlines using the turboprop engine to power their aircrafts and most of its mechanical and avionic components.
The General Electric Company exposes its employees to a wide variety of hazards with noise being one of them. Noise is one of the industrial hazards produced at the company facility, mostly by the engines manufactured. This hazard affects the majority of employees due to an imbalanced ambience sound level around the workplace (United States. National Bureau of Standards 61).
Company A Health and Safety procedures of dealing with the hazard
Therefore, the company has prescribed rules and safety regulations as championed by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which follow the Aviation Occupational Health and Safety Regulations. In its adherence to these rules and regulations, the organization protects its workers against exposure to dangerous fumes, thereby safeguarding the health and safety of all its workers. Among the areas that it helps its employees are in electrical safety; hazardous products including other controllable substances deemed to be dangerous to human life. The company also maintains a work environment as prescribed by the aviation safety regulations to promote a safe work environment for the employees.
Ensure that work being undertaken is correctly done to reduce an occurrence of hazard, or anything that may trigger a hazard
Adherence to the Basic Safety Rules
Adhere to health and safety rules within the facility by putting on protective clothing as needed
Communicate to the respective managers in case a hazard occurs, or there is the potential of a given hazard occurring.
Company B Health and Safety Procedures of Dealing with the Hazard
Safety rules and regulations
The company adheres to the Work Health and Safety Act to provide a framework to protect the safety and wellness of its employees. The company has re-modernized its work environment by using suitable materials, such as soundproof glass to design and build work areas where employees work from. Due to this re-design, the company reduced the noise to minimum levels that cannot distract its employees. This was done through suspending its ceiling and soundproofing the doors and walls to minimize noise levels emanating from the production sections.
Use of safety equipment
The employees are expected to utilize safety equipment at the disposal to protect themselves from harmful noise levels outside work areas.
Adherence to safety rules
General Electric employees are expected to adhere to safety rules and procedures by observing the use of safety manuals to protect their health and the safety levels of products being produced.
Work in a safe conducive area
The company handles the situation by modifying work areas to minimize the levels of noise accumulating in the work environment, which is harmful to the employees.
“British Airways Maintenance, Cardiff.” British Airways Maintenance, Cardiff. Web. 19 Feb. 2016. <http://www.interserve.com/case-studies/2014/british-airways-maintenance-cardiff>.
The Economic Impact of Noise. Washington: U.S. Office of Noise Abatement and Control, 1971. Print.
TSAs Civil Penalties
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is an agency of the Homeland Security Department tasked with overseeing security in all modes of transportation including, aviation, sea, and road transport. This agency holds the ability to issue and revise regulations whenever necessary to carry out its functions. It inspects, maintains, and tests security facilities, systems, and equipment. Apart from security checks, the TSA issues civil penalties for different violations which are considered serious. It also uses progressive enforcement like counseling and warnings which are used in case of a minor noncompliant or, if the violation could be corrected instantly.
For intentional violations, the TSA
issues civil penalties which apply to passengers, operators, workers, and other categories involved in transport. The penalty
increases with the seriousness of the offense or violation. Lesser violations
could get off with on-spot-counseling or even administrative action while
serious violations attract maximum penalties including fines. To promote
compliance, TSA has civil penalty maximums for each category of violation for
example aircraft operators would receive a maximum penalty of $27,500 per violation.
For passenger violations such as carrying prohibited items or concealed
weapons, they are issued a penalty of $5000 and below. If one is issued with
the penalty and refuses to pay, it is forwarded to a debt agency where the
violator will pay with interest. If one stiff refuses to pay with the agency,
the debt is forwarded to the U.S.A Treasury for collection. As much as TSA can
issue penalties, the alleged offender could also take the different form of
action including reviewing the investigative report; ask for an informal
hearing on the matter or even request a court hearing on the matter.
Death of a Salesman; Aristotle’s Six Elements of a Drama
Aristotle defines the drama Death of a Salesman as a tragedy. Throughout this review, the reader will see how Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman meets each of the six categories that Aristotle defines as being pertinent to the concept of a dramatic tragedy. The playwright also affirms other properties such as the plot, character, thought, diction, song, and spectacle.
The initial level of the definition is the plot of the drama. According to Aristotle, this indicated four things. The first is that the scheme needs to be whole with a beginning, middle, and an end. In the Death of a Salesman, this factor is satisfied (Poetics1.7). For Aristotle, the dramatic play must adhere to these, and neither starts nor ends indiscriminately. In this drama, the chief character, Willy Loman, confesses to himself that he is at the end of his career. He follows that acceptance with the recognition that his family deserves better than he can give, thereby choosing to commit suicide (Miller). The end of the drama allows every secondary actor to provide their perception on the circumstance and the reactions of Willy Loman, thereby giving not only Willy his last words, but those that the incidents have affected. Example Ben’s last saying was, “The jungle is dark but full of diamonds” this turns Willy’s suicide in a metaphorical moral struggle.
Aristotle’s second category is character. At this stage, Aristotle meant that the main character or the tragic character would cause their downfall (Poetics 2.13). In this sense, Willy Loman is a tragic hero. Instead of being honest with himself and others, he tells them how much his customers like him and how great he is doing in businesses; however, in reality, he is not well cherished and is not doing that well. This is featured in the requiem of the drama when Linda asks why nobody showed up. It would appear that she wanted to believe that he had the comrades he told her, but she knew that he was just exaggerating (Miller).
The third factor is the thought. For Aristotle, this meant that one could see what sort of things a man chooses or avoids (Poetics 1.7). However, it also means the arguments and rhetoric of the character (Poetics 2.19). In the Death of a Salesman, the idea is vividly evident. Inside the living memories of Willy Loman, the audience can discern why he made certain decisions and what circumstances led to outcomes that can only be explained in the current moment of the drama. Charley observes the salesman’s life. The salesman supported his dreams in “smile and shoe shine” which is an unrealistic way to operate a business. In another instance, the theme of the play is interpreted in different styles, such as knowing who one is or being sincere to oneself and their family. These topics are carried throughout the drama and thereby satisfy the third category of Aristotle’s description.
Diction accompanies thought, that is, the account of the use of words in a tragedy (Poetics 3.22). In this sense, the memory in which Willy associates is the use of words that are included and lend themselves to flow within the genre of tragedy. They are not used in the regular occurrence, but in flashbacks, and in mental breaks that Willy shows to have during the drama, up until he commits suicide. For instance, Willy cannot define his real personal perspective. He cannot tell whether he understands himself as a literal”Loman” or “low-man.”
The song or melody of the drama is the fifth section, and to Aristotle, it is an essential part (Poetics 2.18). In the Death of a Salesman, Miller used the Requiem of the play as the chorus, whereby it brings all the loose ends collectively and ties them up skillfully, which also is part of the level of the plot in which the end is not closed randomly. The Requiem permits everyone to have their say and to reveal their perceptions as to the life and demise of Willy Loman.
The last level of the tragedy definition
is the spectacle, which is not so much a component of the drama itself but a
factor that is associated with the way in which the show is depicted on stage. In
the Death of a Salesman, the element
of the spectacle could be understood by the setup of the scene, the point that
the kitchen is the central part of the house, which also signifies the heart of
the family. The living room is not regularly seen, but the bedrooms of the boys
and Willy and Linda are incorporated. It is these principal areas that are
central to the lives of the actors, especially Willy, and the reasoning behind
his decisions. The other fundamental scene is the hotel where Biff realizes
that his father is having an affair for this act is a significant factor in
Biff’s life. However, the spectacle is more than the stage set up, it also
involves the actors and directors and the feeling that the actors and actresses
portrayed in the drama during production. According to Aristotle’s definition,
the spectacle cannot be met by the drama itself, but by the production company;
therefore, it is not applicable to this discussion.
Aristotle: Elements of Greek Tragedy. (2013). The Encyclopedia of Greek Tragedy, 132-137. doi:10.1002/9781118351222.wbegt0780
MILLER, A. (n.d.). 1949 AWARD: ABOUT THE PLAY DEATH OF A SALESMAN. Part D: Belles-Lettres, Volume 12, Drama / Comedy Awards 1917-1996. doi:10.1515/9783110955781.131
Boeing’s Integrated Sustainability Model
Boeing’s airline sought to build the aircraft 777 with the desire to increase commercial and carrier flights from one point to the other across the world. The core concept among the SEEE Integrated Sustainability Model which Boeing considered before undertaking this initiative was mainly economic. The creation of Boeing 777 offered a profitability margin to the company due to its efficient fuel consumption as compared to other models. The company’s goal of economic sustainability was meet by the construction of 777 which combined superior engineering works to use fuel efficiently with offering comfort to the passengers (Boeing: 777, n.d.). With the ever increasing price of fuel in the market, strategic economists project that use of jet fuel for airline companies will be the main overhead. Boeing thus created a flight that would reduce the operating and running cost and increase the revenues accrued to the company.
sustainability being the main consideration, the ethical part received least
concern. The reason for least concern was that boeing has already established a
strong ethics and compliance culture among the employees. The creation of
Boeing 777 would not have affected the behavior of the existing employees in
the company. The management team ensured that the risks of the new initiative
were reduced as much as possible. The existing structure in Boeing for
compliancy with ethical requirements meant that the initiative of aircraft 777
would fall in line similarly to former models. The sustainability model ensures
that the organization makes informed decisions that put into considerations the
factors that contribute to profitability and customer satisfaction. The ethical
core factors were overlooked for this initiative since the 777 would be introduced
to the market under existing ethical codes which the company follows keenly.
Boeing: 777. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.boeing.com/commercial/777/#/design-highlights/environmentally-progressive/quieter-for-community/quieter-for-community/
Aviation Assignment Paper on Portland Area Hit With Historic Snowfall Tuesday Night, More On the Way
|Name:||CE Assignment No.|
|Headline:||Portland Area Hit With Historic Snowfall Tuesday Night, More On The Way|
|Link to Source:||http://www.opb.org/news/article/oregon-washington-portland-vancouver-gorge-weather-snow-ice-historic/|
|Article’s Key Spokesman:|
|Organization:||Oregon Department of Transportation|
|The key issue in this is article is the historic snowfall that hit the Portland area rendering most roads in the region impassable. According to the article, this was one of the snowiest days ever recorded in the history of the Portland International Airport (Vance B.M., Blanchard D. & Conrad W. n.pg). The event affected the movement of people and good to and from the airport with the Oregon Department of Transportation advising people to stay at home as they tried to clear accumulated snow on paths and roads.|
|What are the relevant and significant points for discussion?|
|Significantly, the article outlines the impacts of weather on the operations of airports. In this case, snowfall rendered many roads leading to the airport impassable thus making it difficult for people to travel. According to reports, many cars were abandoned on the vehicle while other people were stranded in their vehicles. It is important to understand that the weather may significantly affect airport operations. For instance, low clouds, fog, and snow may create a visibility problem at or around an airport. Moreover, the presence of snow impedes the movement of aircraft, vehicles, people, and goods thereby affecting the business operations of an airport. Obstructions of roads leading to Portland airport disrupted flight schedules thereby creating transport crisis.|
|After reviewing this article, what are your views and outlook on this subject?|
|Based on my view, it is important for airport administration and aviation professionals to understand the impacts of weather on airport operations. Snowfall may greatly affect the operations of airports by making it impossible for people and goods to reach the airport. Therefore, Portland Airport can adequately prepare for such extreme events to ensure that business is not disrupted. For instance, the airport can invest in infrastructure such as TV 2000 snow-blower to help deal with such scenarios amicably. For that matter, aviation industry managers should create awareness and conduct training aimed at highlighting the impacts of weather on their operations, especially snowfalls.|
Vance B.M., Blanchard D & Conrad W. Portland Area Hit With Historic Snowfall Tuesday
Night, More On the Way. OPB. 2017. http://www.opb.org/news/article/oregon-washington-portland-vancouver-gorge-weather-snow-ice-historic/. Accessed October 16, 2017.
Aviation Assignment Paper on What Technical Gains have been made in the Last Twenty Years for UAS Designs or Operations?
What Technical Gains have been made in the Last Twenty Years for UAS Designs or Operations?
The use of the unmanned aircrafts in the military has been the most noticeable feature in the development of the unmanned aircraft systems. The advancement of these systems has made it possible to remotely operate aircrafts at greater heights and distances than before (Kopeikin, Ponda, Johnson & How, 2013). This has made it possible for the military to carry out surveillance and attacks remotely hence without endangering its soldiers (Minwalla, Thomas, Ellis, Hornsey& Jennings, 2016). Essentially, unmanned aircrafts are also used for other functions apart from the military. For instance, they are used in the movie industry to take aerial shots and photos, transport medical supplies to remote places, fight wildfires, investigate and fix critical infrastructure, and assist in emergency response to disasters.
Technical advances made in the last twenty years involved the materials used in the manufacture of the unmanned aircraft vehicles, their capabilities, the wireless network used to communicate between an airborne aircraft and operators on the ground and the propulsion and launching technology used. Multiple uses for the unmanned aircrafts have been discovered, and this has led to the development of drones of varying sizes (Illeez, 2014). These ranges from handheld drones to bigger and more sophisticated military drones and the use of polymers in the manufacture of drones, especially the smaller sized ones have made them lighter and required less power to keep in flight.
Different designs developed for the drones exist, and are dependent on their purpose. The more intensive the function, the harder the design. Secure wireless networks have been developed to help in the communication between the drones and their operators on the ground. Undoubtedly, these networks are implemented in a manner that makes them unsusceptible to outside interference (Washington, van Deventer & Clothier, 2014). Moreover, the varying sizes of the drones have enabled them to have different propulsion systems. These range from the hand-held drones that are thrown into the air by hand to the more massive drones that require a runway.
Illeez, M. (2014).Capabilities of unmanned aircraft systems in hybrid wars.International Journal Of Unmanned Systems Engineering, 2(4). http://dx.doi.org/10.14323/ijuseng.2014.17
Kopeikin, A., Ponda, S., Johnson, L., & How, J. (2013).Dynamic Mission Planning for Communication Control in Multiple Unmanned Aircraft Teams.Unmanned Systems, 01(01), 41-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/s2301385013500039
Minwalla, C., Thomas, P., Ellis, K., Hornsey, R., & Jennings, S. (2016). Range performance evaluation from the flight tests of a passive electro-optical aircraft detection sensor for unmanned aircraft systems. Journal Of Unmanned Vehicle Systems, 4(2), 96-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/juvs-2014-0022
Washington, A., van Deventer, W., & Clothier, R. (2014). Practical Considerations in the Design of an Obstacle Detection, Mapping and Path Planning System for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems.International Journal Of Unmanned Systems Engineering, 2(3), 12-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.14323/ijuseng.2014.9
The Eagle Lake Accident
The Eagle lake accident is plane crash incident that took place in 1991 with a fatality of all the 14 people on board. It is attributed to failure of the continental express airline maintenance crew to undertake a scheduled maintenance procedure correctly. According to witnesses, the planes left wing disintegrated before the plane crashed on the ground: the same wing that after investigation was left loose during the maintenance procedure. The report by the NTSB cite poor communication between the individuals involved with the maintenance procedure and the failure to follow set shift turnover procedures as the major causes for the accident. The safety board report also states that there were many people involved during the maintenance period as well as during the shift turnover that highly contributed to the communication break-down.
The article brings out the point that, effective communication and coordination between the various shifts in maintenance goes a long way in ensuring the procedure runs smoothly and the risk of failure is highly reduced. The timing of the arrival of third-shift supervisor according to the report was early which is why the second-shift supervisor might not have had enough time to review and document their progress. For instance, the second-shift inspector who was responsible for removing screws on both stabilizers failed to give a complete report to the third-shift inspector who took over. After the accident, industries took to ensuring procedures set for shift turn-overs are followed and that details passed on from one shift to another are well documented and confirmed by the relevant personnel. In spite of this adjustments, there has been a report of similar occurrence but disciplinary actions were taken and policies put in place to ensure reckless individuals are dealt with.
Age 60 Rule
The Age 60 Rule is an airline policy that prohibits airline pilots who have reached 60 years of age to continue flying commercial flights. Opponents of the Age 60 law have tried to influence the Congress to change the law to 65 years for years to no avail. Opponents argue that the law is discriminatory because it lacks sufficient evidence to prove that that older pilots are at risk of crashing aeroplanes because of health issues compared to younger pilots of good health. However, the law was changed when Congress passed a bill to increase the age limit of pilots to 65. The decision to sign the bill into law was appropriate because the previous law discriminated over the older pilots. In a court case between the FAA and the PPF, the courts ruled in favour of the FAA because they argue that the FAA is allowed by the law to set the maximum retirement age limit for pilots.
The FAA was arbitrary in increasing the age limit for pilots to 65 because of safety concerns. The FAA believes that they will be blamed if there is an accident involving an older pilot. Furthermore, courts have decided to uphold the decision of the FAA to keep the age limit to 60 because Congress has given the FAA apparent authority to make final decisions about the issue of pilots. Therefore, the courts cannot change the law because the FAA has clear authority from the Congress. The arguments that pilot Federation associations can use to amend the bill include proving that older pilots are of good health and are capable of flying commercial pilots without any risk.