Dada Art Movement
Dada art movement is the greatest art movement that affected art; nevertheless, the two other major movements of the historical avant-grade, surrealism and Russian constructivism were more well-known. It changed the way people’s view of art, or the way the artists produce their work and how they send the message through their work. Dada art movement provided a chance to express their feelings at the hard time, while the situation was difficult because of the World War 1 at the beginning of twentieth century (Gualdoni, 2008). Therefore, this research paper will focus on the art movement. The paper will introduce the Dada art movement, formulate the problem focused on by the research, and identify the motivating factors behind the research on the Dada art movement. Furthermore, the research design and methods used will also form an integral part of this paper. The part of the world where the movement is found will also be presented including the related literature and concepts about similar research that have been previously done about the art movement. Like other research papers, this paper will include the aims and objectives of the research done about the Dada art movement.
At the beginning of 20th century, modernist movement was the most known movement; the movement got effected by social, political, and cultural occurrences of the time. Then the Dada art movement was established. World War 1 was the main reason to start this movement (Dickerman & Witkovsky, 2005). The establishment of Dada was majorly for artists to bring out their ideas and opinions about the World War I and the roles that they had to play during the war. The domain of this research was focused on the identification of the effects that the Dada art movement had on art. There are a number of previous findings in this domain which include: the movements changed the direction of the road that arts used to take, they increased the range of creativity among artists globally, and the movements provided a chance for people to express their feelings at the hard times such as during the World War I. Besides, the other finding from related literature is that the movements such as the Dada art movement used everything from glass to plaster to geometric tapestries to wooden reliefs. In this respect, the research problem is this case is the effect of the Dada art movement on art. The research approach towards the problem of the effect of Dada art movement on art is that the research came up with possible ways of redeeming art to its original nature before invasion by the art movements. The objective of identifying the effects of Dada art movement on art was to come up with possible ways and solutions of redeeming art and obtain more information about the movement in terms of where the movement started and what cities it passed by, when it started and when it ended, who started it and examples of Dadaists by the time, how the movement started and the major reasons behind the starting of the movement (Dickerman & Witkovsky, 2005).
In this case, the research problem focused on the effect of the Dada art movement on art and also to obtain more information about the Dada art movement. This was worthwhile studying because the information obtained can be useful for future research on the same. In addition, the findings will be useful or rather beneficial to various educational institutions who will want to venture into arts and find about the evolution of arts. The research questions that were used during the research included where the movement started and what cities it passed by, when it started and when it ended, who started it and examples of Dadaists by the time, how the movement started and the major reasons behind the starting of the movement (Holmes, 2006).
The concerns and interests that motivated this research included the rich history of the Dada art movement as one of the greatest art movements in the world. The contribution to knowledge that the research aimed at was to obtain relevant and important information that could be used for history and arts in educational institutions. This topic was chosen for this research because of its rich history and ready research contents and respondents made it easy for collection of information.
Research design and research methods
The objective of this research was to identify the effects of the Dada art movement on arts. Besides, the research focused on obtaining more information about the Dada arts movement regarding when it started and when it ended, who started it and examples of Dadaists by the time, how the movement started and the major reasons behind the starting of the movement. Therefore, a number of research methods were used during the study. The different methods which were used for primary data collection were observation method and personal interview. To begin with, in the observation method, the investigator collects data through observations. In this case, the researchers spoke to various artists concerning how the Dada art movement came about and how it ended. Besides, the researchers observed the behaviors of the artists to assess how heavy the impact of the Dada art movement was on arts (Panneerselvam, 2004). At the end of the study, based on the direct observations, the researchers were able to determine the standard amount of time that artists took doing their work and compared it to the period before the inception of the Dada art movement. Secondly, the other method that was beneficial during the research was personal interview. This is a data collection method which mostly uses questionnaire. As a method of data collection, this method comprises of the researcher, the respondent and the interview environment (Panneerselvam, 2004). In this case, the respondents of the study who were artists were met with questionnaires with questions that sought responses to the effect of Dada art movement on art and more information about the movement. The environment is defined in terms of place, time and several factors which influence interviewees. However, the methods faced various challenges during the research. In some occasions, the observation method provided false impression. On the other hand, for the personal interviews, it was an uphill task getting information from the respondents due to their lack of cooperation.
Presentation of the part of the world studied
The research was done among artists in major European countries such as Zurich where the Dada art movement started and Paris where the movement ended. The research established that at the beginning of 20th century, modernist movement was the most known movement; the movement got effected by social, political, and cultural occurrences of the time. Due to the World War I, several artists came together in Zurich. The research also established that World War I was the main reason to start this movement. The research also found out that as a movement, Dada was a channel through which artist brought out their grievances and opinions. Artists wanted to express their emotions in unusual way by using “anti-art”. It started by a group of young artists and writers, and there were many refugees artists, it was an informal international movement. They appeared to protest over the conditions in that time, Dadaists were against violence that Europeans faced during World War I (CSUSM).
Related literature, concepts and theoretical focus
Previous research on Dada art movement was done by Frances Elizabeth Urquhart. She articulates that though deliberately difficult, intentionally irritating, Dada exploded into the world as a reaction to the horrors of modernity within war-torn Europe, and is often written off as nihilistic, destructive, or mad. She adds that despite its frequent association with negativity, Dada’s unrivalled energy and complex relationship to mindsets continued to fascinate, demonstrable by the movement’s enduring position as a subject of academic research, and its constant presence at exhibitions in museums and galleries worldwide. Similarly, she also established that the movement greatly affected art across the world.
Aims and objectives of the research
This research aimed at contributing to knowledge by obtaining relevant and important information that could be used for history and arts in educational institutions. The reserch also aimed at benefiting researchers who would want to do a similar research on the same domain in the future.
CSUSM. (n.d) . Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://public.csusm.edu/vsar404truax001/historypaper.html
Dickerman, L., & Witkovsky, M. S. (2005). The Dada Seminars: [papers and discussion that took place at the Center in three seminars between November 2001 and May 2003]. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art [u.a..
Gualdoni, F. (2008). Art: The twentieth century. Milano: Skira.
Holmes, E . (2006). Academic evergreen . Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://academic.evergreen.edu/curricular/flatart/pdf%20handouts/Art%20History%20Lecture%20PDFs/dadapaper.pdf ·
Panneerselvam, R. (2004). Research methodology. New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India.