Essay 8: American Concert Music to 1945 Quiz
Essay 8: American Concert Music to 1945 Quiz
- St. Cecilia Society’s purpose was to enhance organization of concerts
- Its location was Charleston, North America
- It was established in 1762
- Dilettante refers to an individual who involves himself or herself in a certain area that interests him/her such as arts without real commitment or knowledge of that area.
- A dilettante and a “Gentleman Amateur” are the same
- Thomas Jefferson and Francis Hopkinson are two dilettantes of the early colonial times
- People know Francis Hopkinson for composing an ancient song in art, My Days Have Been so Wondrous Free, Thomas Jefferson on the other had is popularly known as a violin player as well as a writer of important essays regarding the African slaves’ music.
- William Billings became a famous person after composing the fuguing tunes
- A fuguing tune refers to a hymn that was particularly sacred and deployed by ancient American composers during the American Revolution. The tunes are composed for a cappella with a four-part chorus and placed in the tenor voice. The tune is later harmonized to rhyme with the block chords. Once a fuguing section has been included, every voice must enter at a time while singing an original tune although there may be a slight version with the last phrase being chordal.
- Anthony Philip Heinrich refers to an immigrant from Bohemian who visited America in 1805 after which he immigrated into America in 1910 with the intention of becoming a businessman. Later, he reversed the initial intention and became a composer, a musician and eventually a conductor.
- While in Europe and America, he was known by the nickname “America’s Beethoven”.
- He passed away in 1861.
- Louis Moreau Gottschalk wrote The Last Hope and The Banjo
- The sound difference between the Union and The Last Hope as well as The Banjo is that the union includes patriotic airs and rolling drums. It is also written in a virtuosic manner which is different from The Last Hope and The Banjo. The rhythm of The Banjo is syncopated which is a characteristic of the music of the African slaves. The Last Hope is a flowery saccharine piece with a European style.
- The birth land of Gottschalk was Creole South, New Orleans
- Gottschalk passed away in Brazil
- Initially, he was buried in a cemetery in Rio de Janeiro. However, he was reburied in the Brooklyn Cemetery that is located in New York.
- John Knowles Paine was the academic composer’s prototype
- He pursued advanced training in music in Germany
- He taught music that was German-oriented at Harvard in the US
- He had an association with a composers’ group called The Second New England School
- The work of the Americans, George Whitefield Chadwick and Charles Martin Loeffler indicates a shift in preference of the American composers from France in terms of music.
- Loeffler had a colleague student, a Frenchman Claude Debussy during his childhood years.
- Programmatic music refers to a special music style that uses a kind of additional non-musical effects and material that give the audience information which enhances listening experience. The additional material can be a type of events, pictures, poems, painting, texts or dancing. Instrumental music that does not include a text or a vocalist is also called program music.
- “To a Wild Rose” is an example of programmatic music by MacDowell.
- “First Piano Concerto” is an example of abstract music by MacDowell.
- MacDowell embraced abstract music writing style in Europe. This music style is about tones only without any attachment to a visual scene or story.
- The father of Charles Ives used to conduct sessions of ear training at the table where the family used to have dinner. Some family members would sing the accompaniment as one key and the others would sing the melody as the other key.
- The fragments of the song by Stephen Foster that are heard in the Black March by Ives come from the Old Black Joe
- The work of Ives, The Housatonic at Stockbridge may be seen as his transcendental experience since it paints his tone’s picture and that of his wife as they walk along River Housatonic which has a mist of the church choir’s sound that come from the bank on the opposite side. This feeling causes an extraordinary sensation of divinity.
- No, my view is that Ives would not call me “sissy ears”
- This is because of the truth that I like creative music as well as cases where musicians go beyond their method of mixing different classes and genres of music in order to come up with an extra ordinary and creative piece.
- Yes, I have enjoyed a transcendental experience in the past
- I had this experience while viewing the Giatto’s “Mother and Child Enthroned”. This was a divine experience where I felt The Virgin Mary’s and Jesus Christ’s presence inside the room. I could feel God’s presence though invisible. I could sense God guiding me. He was telling me that if I believed in Jesus, my life would be improved.
- The decision of Ives was to write while on holidays and weekends only since he was not willing to abandon the music direction that he had chosen. He started living a dual life of a composer and a businessman on graduating from the Yale University in 1898. He compromised an insurance executive’s job by opting to compose his music during the holidays and weekends.
- The peak composing period of Ives was between 1890s and 1919.
- His composition was highly affected by the heart attack that he suffered in 1918.
- To me, Schelomo has a Jewish sound
- The song uses musical instruments in a conservative manner which gives it a Jewish sound
- Ernest Block composed Schelomo.
- La Creation du Monde by Milhaud and Rhapsody in Blue by Gershwin differ in that, the piece by Milhaud presents a two-part composition that has a slower Prelude that has a beginning section with a contrapuntal section that follows it like the Bach Chorale Prelude. The end points or cadences have notable jazz elements. These used obvious clichés of jazz. Rhapsody in Blues (1924) by Gershwin on the other had is a true synthesis between jazz and classical music.
- Gershwin blended the European jazz. However, the classical music gave it a more American sound.
- “Rhapsody in Blue” depicts a nature that is more of American that European
- This is due to the fact that this piece was composed with the thought of a European format while Gershwin work was composed without a hint of the European format.
- The term postmodern is used in reference to the past three decades’ music done in the 20th
- To fully comprehend the word postmodern, the word modern should be interpreted to mean anything innovative and new in music. It can also be used as a means of identifying new or latest things.
- Here are the meanings of modern:
- Something innovative and new in music. A means of identifying new or latest things
- Experimental or radical music body that was composed between 1920 and 1970 which separates it from the styles of the other periods.
- Five popular modernist composers before 1945:
- Edgard Varse (from 1883 to 1965)
- Henry Cowell (from 1897 to 1965)
- Harry Partch (from 1901 to 1974)
- Lou Harrison (from 1917 to 2003)
- John Cage (from 1912 to 1992)
- The first composer that was associated with the modern music via the publication of the book, New Musical Resources was Henry Cowell.
- The microtonal 43-tones to octave techniques were associated with Harry Partch.
- Music for Prepared Piano was written by John Cage.
- The Roll One sound clip produces the sounds of a piano, drums, xylophones, and propellers of a steel airplane, sirens and electric bells.
- Yes, my view is that the composer ought to be compared to Italian futurists.
- This is due to the fact that his music has tiny motives with accents that keep changing, endless repetition and superimposition which creates a music fabric with a Russian master’s resemblance which could be compared to the Italian futurists’ music. The futurists also used noise in creating their music.
- Aaron Copland could identify with the common man’s plight and he had leftist political ideas and beliefs that prompted him to compose audience-friendly music that the masses could access during the period of Depression.
- Four popular compositions that he came up with from 1936 to 1944 are:
- The Common Man Fanfare (1942)
- Rodeo (1942)
- The orchestra’s El Salon Mexico (1936)
- Billy the Kid (1938)
- Aaron Copland, in conjunction with Verese and Cowell was composing the modern music sounds in the 1920s.
- Adagio for strings is a composition by Samuel Barber that is used in the USA during crisis since the time when the death of President Roosevelt was announced officially in 1945 (through the radio) as well as the death of President Kennedy’s announcement (on the television).
- The dominant instrument in the sound clip is the violin. This includes viola, bass, cello and violin.
I was caught by surprise in terms of the American Classical music concert by the fact that America took a long time before having their original music. This is due to the fact that my thought was that America was the earliest society to compose music without foreign influences.
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