Example of a Conclusion
It is always advisable that you know how to determine the best example of a conclusion online to refer to when writing academic papers. Besides, you should also know where to get the right example of an academic paper conclusion for successful results. However, there is no reason to worry because you will find herein, the best advice on how to easily get the right example for use in writing a good conclusion for an essay or any other academic paper.
A strong example of a conclusion is the best reference material that you should rely on when writing an academic paper. An example is basically a sample drawn from a typical paper that is written by other students or professionals. A professionally written one can vividly show you how an outstanding conclusion should be crafted.
A good conclusion sample highlights the recommended structure for writing the final section of an academic paper. With the framework, you will always find an easy time writing the conclusion for your paper. Besides, a well written example can also provide you with ideas on how to write conclusions for other papers in future.
In order to get the best results with an example of a conclusion, it is always important that you use a properly written sample. In fact, the quality of the example that you use greatly determines the way your conclusion will be written. Therefore, you have to be very keen on where you obtain the sample from and also the example that you use.
Tips on how to choose a good example of a conclusion
Choosing the best quality example of a conclusion can sometimes seem challenging to most students. However, there are only a few things that you should take note of in order to always make the right choices.
When looking for a conclusion example to use, it is always advisable that you go for one that is written by professionals or experts on that particular subject. That is best sample that can offer you an ideal structure for a good academic paper conclusion. Professionals are people with expertise on the subject or coursework.
It is also advisable that you look for an example that is based on the subject of your paper. Using a sample conclusion for a different subject to write your own can be misleading and even confusing. However, it should be noted that an example is only to guide you in writing. Therefore, you should not copy it word to word or directly as it is.
The aim of an example is to enable you get ideas on how a good conclusion should be written. Lifting statements or content from the sample and copying onto yours is not allowed and may amount to plagiarism. In the event that you use part of the statements in the sample, it should be properly referenced in your conclusion according to the recommended style.
In academic writing, conclusions should be strong and brief. Therefore, it would also be important that you carefully read through a couple of examples in order to gauge them based on these elements. Conclusions that are too long and dotted with vague statements are not usually good to use, so try to avoid them.
Since you will need to refer to examples of conclusions often when writing assignments and term papers, it is also important that you find a source that can offer you the required sample at your own convenience. The internet is the most convenient place where you should obtain sample conclusions.
By choosing to acquire sample conclusions from a reliable source, you will never be caught up in the last minute rush to complete assignments or term papers since you will always get the sample at the right time.
When obtaining sample conclusions online, it should also be noted that the sources have different terms and conditions regarding the use of those samples. Some sources offer conclusion examples at a fee while others free of charge. Therefore, ensure that you carefully know the terms of using the example beforehand.
Where to get the best example of a conclusion online
There are several places where you can find an example of a conclusion over the internet. However, not all can offer you the best quality samples. Besides, other sources are not reliable enough to offer you the required examples at your time of need.
The following as some of the best sources to acquire a sample conclusion from.
Your school’s writing center
Today, almost all academic institutions ranging from high schools to universities have writing centers that are dedicate to helping students in academic writing. The one for your school can be a good place to acquire an example of an essay or research paper conclusion online. In case your school does not have one, you can still find help from writing centers of other institutions that offer similar courses as yours.
The University of Maryland Writing Center is one of the school writing centers that you can visit for examples of academic paper conclusions. Almost all school writing centers can be accessible online, so you can always get the samples at your own convenience.
Academic writing services
There are websites dedicated to offering paper writing help to students and could also be ideal sources for sample conclusions. The benefit of such sites is that they will only offer you sample conclusions but also custom written pieces on request. However, some of the services are offered at a fee, based on your needs.
Academic writing service providers can also offer you professional advice on how to write good conclusions for your papers. CustomWritingService is one of the best service providers that you can contact online for sample essay, research paper and dissertation conclusions. The site also has a blog from where you can easily acquire the examples that you need at any time.
Although many students today avoid visiting the library, it still remains a great place to obtain reference materials for writing academic papers. The library contains a collection of materials that can assist you in writing good conclusions for academic papers.
Considering the development of technology, you can now access a wide range of learning materials from various libraries online from the comfort of your seat. The University of Guelph Library is one of the places that you can check out online for examples of paper conclusions. Besides, the library also offers more insights on how to write conclusions and others parts of an academic paper.
There are websites that offer academic help to students and could also assist you whenever you need a sample conclusion. However, you must be very keen to find one that is ruin by professionals. A good academic blog will not only offer you an example but also more information on how an ideal conclusion should be structured.
Literacy Education Online is one of the blogs from where you can obtain examples of conclusions. The site offers a wide range of sample conclusions and also comprehensive guidelines on how to write unique and outstanding conclusions for essays and other academic papers.
Examples of well written Conclusions
The following samples will help you in determining the best quality example of a conclusion online.
Sample Conclusion for an essay
‘’…As previously stated, what differentiates university-standard writing from other forms are the expectations held by the academics who will assess the writing. These include the expectation that essays will be thoroughly planned, and clearly structured, making the arguments and ideas they provide easy to follow. There is also a very high expectation of the style of writing that will be used; it must meet academic standards…’’ Read the other parts of the sample here.
Sample conclusion that ends with a question
‘’Campaign advertisements should help us in understanding the candidate’s qualifications and positions on the issues. Instead, most tell us what a boob or knave the opposing candidate is, or they present general images of the candidates as a family person or God-fearing American. Do such advertisements contribute to the creation of an informed electorate or a people who choose political leaders the same way they choose soft drinks and soap?’’Read the sample and more insights about conclusions for academic papers on this link,
Sample essay Conclusion
‘’I thought I would spend a few hours at Disneyland, but here I was at 1:00 AM, closing time, leaving the front gates with the now dark towers of the Magic Kingdom behind me. I could see tired children, toddling along and struggling to keep their eyes open as best they could. Others slept in their parent’s arms as we waited for the parking lot tram that would take us to our cars. My forty-year-old feet ached, and I felt a bit sad to think that in a couple of days I would be leaving California, my vacation over, to go back to my desk…’’Find the rest of the sample conclusion here.
In case you may need a professionally crafted example of a conclusion, do not hesitate to talk to us. Alternatively, you can also visit our blog to continue reading more about conclusions for academic papers.
Sample Essay about Yourself
Knowing how to write a sample essay about yourself is a crucial step towards enhancing your oral and written communication skills. An essay about yourself is not quite different from other essays or academic papers and knowing how to write one can be quite beneficial to your endeavors at school and also career. With proper guidance and insights that are offered herein, you will easily find out how to develop a good essay about yourself.
A sample essay about yourself can also be called a personal essay. The aim of writing this kind of essay paper is to explain yourself to the readers by addressing your traits, talents, experiences, skills among other elements that can be used to describe you as fit for a particular position or duty.
You can be asked to write a sample essay about yourself for college admission, job application or even scholarship application. On the other hand, it can also be given as an assignment at school. Therefore, it is very important that you know how to write a good sample essay about yourself in order to be successful.
Guidelines on how to write a sample essay about yourself
Considering that there are several things you may need to discuss about yourself, writing a personal essay can sometimes seem challenging. However, there is no reason to worry, instead, read the following guidelines to easily find out how to craft a strong sample essay about yourself.
Identify the purpose or theme of the essay
Personal essay can be written for different reasons, and it is always advisable that you determine the reason for yours in advance. A personal essay can be aimed at entertaining readers, informing them and supporting or opposing a particular position.
For example, if your essay is for a job or college application, the purpose is to inform. Defining the purpose of the essay will assist you in brainstorming ideas for the essay and also choosing an ideal approach to take in writing.
Think about what to write
A personal essay should clearly describe you to the readers in such a way that one can easily know who you are by reading the paper. Although it may not say much about yourself, it should give comprehensive information that can be used to understanding the kind of a person that you are.
Therefore, it is important that you take some time to think of what to share in the essay. When doing this, always remember the purpose of the essay. There are various ideas that you can explore in writing a personal essay including overcoming obstacles, great successes among others.
Try to think of those experiences, skills and talents that can effectively describe you to the audience. It is advisable that you list as many as you can remember in order to have a variety of options to narrow down to.
Revise your points
Personal essays are often timed and you will also be given specifications on the number of words to cover in the paper. Thus, you have to properly argue out your points and come up with the key ones that can be used in giving a better description of yourself.
Depending on the purpose of the paper, carefully choose your points from the listed experiences, traits and skills. The key points should be supportive of the role that you intend the essay to play. In order to have a better flow of ideas, start by choosing the points for the introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion in that order.
Try to think of the essay as a story about yourself when identifying the points to use. Your points should also include additional information or examples that will be mentioned in the paper to make a compelling discussion.
Draft an outline
After you have decided on the particular approach to pursue and main points for the paper, the details should be well listed down in an outline. This is a plan showing the various sections of the essay and points to be addressed in each.
In creating an outline, try to be as clear and brief as possible. It is advisable that you categorize your paper in three sections representing intro, body paragraphs and conclusion. Under each section, you should list down the key points that will be discussed.
After creating the outline, ensure that you carefully go through it in order to ascertain whether the points included therein are as required.
Steps on how to write an essay about yourself
Writing a sample essay about yourself entails creativity, attention to details and proper flow of ideas. Besides, the purpose of your essay must be clearly brought out to distinguish it from other kinds of essays.
Follow the procedures outlined below to easily write a personal essay.
The opening statements of an essay about yourself should tell your audience about the purpose of the essay. Besides, you should also give a brief introduction of yourself which can be done in the form of an anecdote or just a simple statement.
In order to enhance the clarity of your essay, you should also narrow down the introduction to portray a single or specific theme. There is no condition that you have to start describing yourself from the start, the story can begin from anywhere provided that you stick to the purpose of the paper.
In the body of the essay, you should give a detailed explanation of the theme, experience, skills or traits that you wish to share with the audience. In writing, give a unique idea or point in every paragraph. Besides, you should also ensure that every paragraph gives a comprehensive explanation of the point addressed therein. Use at least two examples in every paragraph to add some weight to the story.
A good personal essay paper should vividly discuss what you are bringing to the table or capable of doing in your current state.
When describing yourself, avoid vague statements and very long statements that may make your work to look substandard. You should be creative in telling your story but be careful not to deviate from the facts and important elements of the essay.
The essay can describe both your private and public life, giving information about your education, growth and even career. However, it is advisable that in case there is certain information that you do not wish to share, simply leave it out of the discussion.
The last part of the essay should give your audience the point of the story or tell them why reading the sample was important. Generally, the conclusion should briefly sum up your story and point out to any future expectations or commitments from you.
An essay about yourself should not be very long, lest it becomes boring. Make the story quite short, about just one or two pages. However, there are instances whereby you will be advised on the number of words. If so, always stick to the given word count.
Examples of Personal Essays
The following sample essays can also offer you more insights on how to write a sample essay about yourself. Carefully read them to find out how personal essays should be crafted.
Sample essay to describe myself
‘’My name is John Smith, and I am a senior at Frederick Douglass High School. I am a good student with a 3.4 grad point average. The university that I want to attend is Georgia Tech because I want to become a civil engineer and there are many reasons why I should be enrolled. Firstly, I am a hardworking and dedicated student. Secondly, I am a friendly, sociable person. Finally, I have condemned myself to be a success…’’ To read the rest of this sample, simply click here
Sample personal essay
‘’My name is Cassandra Duncan. I grew up as an only child and only grandchild on both sides. The youngest of all my cousins and the only child in a small neighborhood that consisted of a bunch of adults, I never really learned what it meant to just be a kid. And, I certainly never learned how to relate to other children.
Accustomed to being around primary adults, I was always mature for my age. Even my own friends often annoyed me during my adolescent years…’’ Get the whole sample on this link
Sample personal essay for a job application
‘’Leon Thomas is the Regional Manager for American Family Insurance’s Northwestern Region. He oversees all claims and underwriting leadership for the region and serves as its liaison to the corporate office in Odenville. Originally from Odenville himself, Leon grew up just a few miles from the headquarters of the company. However, his was one of the few families in town that had no family members employed at the company…’’ Read the remaining parts of this sample on this link
In case you may need professional assistance on how to write a sample essay about yourself, simply talk to us. Alternatively, you can also refer to our homepage for more on how to easily get the best essay help.
INTRODUCTION: How to write an argumentative essay in AP English
Did you know that up to a third of AP English Lang Exam would require you to write an argumentative essay? Well, the good news about this task is that it allows you to use all the skills and tricks you have developed by reading other people’s work throughout your life. However, to excel in AP Lang exams, you must do extensive practice and expose yourself to different prompts because writers of these exams never repeat prompts. In other words, you can never be sure of the prompt you will meet when the exam comes. Therefore, you need hints on how to write an argumentative essay in AP English to prepare holistically for this exam.
Notably, these guidelines should help you to unlock your potential in writing an excellent persuasive essay for your AP Lang exams. They are flexible and easy to apply. Do not read hastily; take time to digest every segment. Let us hit the road now…
The fundamentals of how to write an argumentative essay in AP English
If you are yet to sit for AP Lang exams, you will discover that it calls for more skills that usual rhetorical essay writing. Among other challenges, you will have to do the following:
- Support your argument – This forms the basis of your persuasive essay. You must provide credible evidence to support any claim you make. Any essay that does not have solid proof for an argument ceases to be a persuasive essay.
- Understand various prompts – A prompt is what the examiner wants you to do. Three common prompts, which you will encounter while doing this exam are.
- Defending assertions – Here you agree with assertion.
- Qualifying assertions – It is a tricky prompt. It allows you to respect other people’s opinions as you develop your credibility as a writer.
- Refuting/challenging the assertions – You challenge the assertion by disagreeing or giving a counterargument to the claim.
These are action prompts, which determine the path of your persuasive essay. Avoid confusion and be clear in your thoughts so that the examiner knows what you are doing. Let us look at some examples of prompts from past years to help you master how to write an argumentative essay in AP English.
Examples of Argumentative Essay Prompts
2001 prompt: Read the following passage by Susan Sontag. Write an essay in which you support, challenge or qualify her claim the photography has the power to undermine people’s understanding of the world. Employ relevant evidence to develop your argument.
2003 Prompt. Using specific examples, write a thoughtful essay in which you defend, qualify or challenge, the argument that entertainment ruins the society.
These two examples give you a clue of what you should expect as you prepare for AP Lang English Exams. Get more prompts over the years here.
Strategies to help you develop a good argumentative essay in AP English
Most students who score high in persuasive writing when undertaking this exam present at least three pages of an argument. As you work on your essay, avoid the temptation of focusing on how the writer makes his or her argument. Instead, bring out what he or she is arguing about in the text.
It is always good to take a position on an issue in order to develop a strong argument using credible sources. Thus, in cases where the examiner allows you the freedom to choose an action prompt, avoid qualifying claims. Qualifying requires you to agree and disagree, which can be confusing especially for starters. Let us examine simple steps of how to write an argumentative essay in AP English.
Method 1: Prewriting an argumentative essay in AP English
Before you embark on writing your persuasive essay, you must prepare and be ready for the task ahead. Thorough preparation will give you an edge over other candidates as you respond to the prompt task and eventually guarantee you a higher score.
STEP 1: Understand your task. You cannot begin responding to a prompt when you do not know what the examiner is asking. Read the prompt carefully and get the action you are supposed to perform. What is the prompt?
STEP 2: Create columns for defend and refute – note specific examples, which support the assertion. In a different section, also, put down evidence that counters the assertion. You can source this evidence through observation, personal experience, and reading what other authors say on the same issue.
Your essay evidence should be:
- Specific and accurate – The evidence you choose to use must be irrefutably true in all aspects. It should be named and factually correct to make your argument concrete.
- Use credible sources – Avoid informal evidence sources like movies. Such proofs weaken your argument.
- Give mature reaction – Where you are giving a personal response, be thoughtful, reflect well and read widely to have a deeper mastery of issues.
- Be relevant – Use evidence that add value to your claim. Do not waste your time, intellectual energy and space giving facts that have no relationship with the prompt action of the text.
- Avoid obvious evidence – Do not rely on first thoughts. Go for in-depth thoughts on the issue, which are not easy to find. This will make you standout.
STEP 3: Choose a stance. As you think about how to write an argumentative essay in AP English, settle on a column that has strong examples and evidence. Pursuing such a position means, you have enough facts to back your claim from all angles.
Method 2: Developing your Argumentative essay like a genius
Once you have analyzed the prompt, evaluated the evidence available and taken a stance, you are ready to draft your persuasive essay without any hindrance.
STEP 1of 3: Introduction – Your introduction presents a lasting impression. The person marking your essay may tell your ability from your first paragraph. Do not make it boring.
Tricks to help you piece your introduction
- Use attention getter – Give the reader a reason to read on by piquing their interest with a hook. This could be in form of startling statistics, a brief anecdote, or a generalization that directly relates with the prompt. Make it brief and sweet. Avoid long and flowery introductions.
- Restate the assertion – Put the claim in your own words. This is an important step. Do not miss out!
- Acknowledge counterargument – Since you already have evidence for both sides of the issue, identity 1-3 points, which refute your claim. This proves that you understand both sides of the issue.
- Remember your thesis – Put down your final statement of the introduction, capturing your main ideas in entirety. Make your thesis strong and go ahead to support it throughout your essay.
These introduction tips should help you work out how to write an argumentative essay in AP English even as you delve into the body paragraphs of your essay.
STEP 2 of 3: Working on body paragraphs 2nd-4th
The body paragraphs of your argumentative essay play a major role. They bear the flesh of your work and determine your writing prowess.
Develop paragraphs 2 to 3 by digging into the evidence you have to support your position. Go for specific examples and elements that solidify your argument. Here, you will have to use observations, reading and personal experience to argue your ideas.
Think big and critically to convince the reader. Conceive a bigger picture of the issue, including world events that support your topic. Do not do a summary of these events, instead, link them to your argument and synthesize the topic. No argument will exist without evidence.
Remember to respond to so what – Why does the issue matter? Why should the reader care about the issue? If you can craft good body paragraphs, then you are miles ahead in understanding how to write an argumentative essay in AP English.
Step 3 of 3: How to spice a Conclusion for your argumentative essay in AP English
Congratulations! You are at the last step of your essay. Here, signal the mood of closure, by revisiting your essay.
Restate your thesis – Without repeating word for word, revisit your main ideas to remind the reader what you discussed.
In case you have enough time, add statements that challenge the reader, or insights into the world, using your topic.
At this point, you have all the tools and skills on how to write an argumentative essay in AP English. Put these ideas into practice. Fare Thee Well.
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Strand Binding Protein
Single strand binding protein can simply be defined as protein that binds to single-stranded DNA. This Process usually takes place near the replication fork for stabilization of the single strands. The SSB protein fights towards protecting the single stranded DNA from being consumed by the nucleases through the process of digestion. Besides, it also eliminates the secondary structure from the DNA so that other enzymes are able to effectively operate upon it.
Single stranded DNA can always be produced in every aspect of DNA metabolism. Such aspects include replication, repair and recombination. Single strand binding proteins are joined to numerous proteins that are involved in all processes of DNA metabolism. Besides, they are also very active in the modulation of these proteins. It should be noted that single strand binding proteins do not bind quite well to double stranded DNA.
DNA is usually stable when it is within a double helix under physiological conditions. However, this can only remain so if the complementary strands of DNA are in a similar location. After the double helix is separated by the enzyme helicase into single strands of DNA, there are higher chances that they try to re-construct the double helix. However, they need to be prevented from pursuing that course. The work of single strand binding protein is to ensure that these post-replication fork single strands of DNA do not regroup.
Single strand binding proteins are present in humans as well as bacteria and viruses. The only organisms that have not been found to contain the SSB proteins are Thermoproteales. The most ideal characterized single strand binding protein is obtained from bacteria known as E.coli. In this case, the SSB protein occupies a large number of DNA bases with regards to various factors. One of the main factors that play a role in this procedure is salt concentration.
DNA that has been changed from a double stranded form to a single stranded form can be said to have undergone denaturing. The objective of single strand binding protein is to prevent the denatured DNA from renaturing. It positions itself between two DNA strands that are undergoing replication or an individual one that is undergoing a similar process. However, emphasis is mainly placed on the latter.
A single strand binding protein ensures that even if it takes a long duration of time, renaturing of DNA does not take place. With this, there is no chance that replication of DNA shall take place. After this process, the work of the single strand binding protein is done and it is not needed anymore.
When studying single strand binding protein, it is important to also note that it binds to single stranded DNA in two different ways, limited and unlimited. Under limited, the protein clusters are only tied to the formation of dimmers of tetramers due to the interaction of four single strand binding subunits with single strand DNA. Under unlimited, there are chances of formation of long clusters of protein since they interact with one another on either sides of the protein that they are bound to.
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Insulin-like Growth factor 2
Insulin-like growth factor 2 is also called IGF2. It is one of the three protein hormones whose structure is similar to that of insulin. Scientists define this hormone as a neutral peptide that is well-characterized and the liver is believed to secrete it and circulate it into the blood. Among the functions of this hormone include mitogenic, insulin-like and growth-regulating activities.
This growth factor hormone depends on somatotropin although not absolutely. Many scientists believe that it is a crucial growth factor for fetus unlike the insulin-like growth factor I which is a crucial growth factor for adults. Insulin-like growth factor 2 plays an important role in influencing cell division in fetus, mammalian growth, differentiation and also metabolic regulation.
There studies that suggest that this protein promotes proliferation and growth of cells in different tissues. Studies have also proven that this protein is highly active among fetus and it facilitates their development but it is less active in adults.
Individuals inherit most genes from parents. One copy of the gene is inherited from the father and the other from the mother. The two copies are turned on or typically activated in the cells. For Insulin-like growth factor 2 gene, the copy that an individual inherits from their mother is not active in most body parts. Scientists see this as a parent-specific variation in the activation of gene and it is caused by genomic imprinting.
Insulin-like growth factor 2 forms part of a genes’ cluster found on the short arm of the chromosome 11. This part is the one that undergoes genomic imprinting. A part of DNA called the imprinting center 1 or H19 controls genomic imprinting of insulin-like growth factor 2.
A change in the insulin-like growth factor 2 due to genomic imprinting causes changes in another process known as methylation. This affects the imprinting center 1. In genes where genomic imprinting occurs, a mark or stamp is put on them during the formation of sperm or egg cells. The stamping process is what is known as methylation. It is a chemical reaction during which small molecules known as methyl groups are attached to some DNA segments.
In some individuals, this results in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. This syndrome is caused by the presence of a lot of methyl groups in the DNA segments. An increase in the activities of insulin-like growth factor 2 is also associated with some strains of cancer. This occurs when both maternal and paternal copies of the gene with this protein are active.
Insulin-like growth factor 2 amount increases the rate at which cells produce. Eventually, Insulin-like growth factor 2 stimulates tumor cells’ growth while preventing the destruction of damaged cells. Other diseases that are associated with insulin-like growth factor 2 include Russell-Silver syndrome, polymorphisms and Doege-Potter syndrome.
Apart from causing these diseases, insulin-like growth factor 2 also interacts with Transferrin and IGFBP3.
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Insulin-like growth factor 2 acts as a hormone that promotes growth during gestation. However, it has other roles that you need to study before writing an essay on it. However, you can simply order your essay with us at Essays Experts to save time and resources.
Rett syndrome [RTT] or cerebroatropic hyperammonemia is a rare disorder that affects the way the human brain develops and functions. It is an infrequent condition that affects about one in 10,000 to 15,000 girls, but it is sometimes found in male patients. Although Rett syndrome is an uncommon genetic disorder, less than one percent of recorded cases are passed from generation to another. Most of the cases are natural, meaning that mutation is the core cause of the condition.
Rett syndrome is described by scientists in four stages. Stage one or the early onset begins between 6 and 18 months of age. This stage is commonly unnoticed as the symptoms are rather elusive. Doctors and parents fail to notice them. Infants may show less eye contact or lack of interest in toys or experience delays in motor skills like crawling or sitting. Stage two or the rapid destructive phase commences between age of 1 and 4 years and may last for months. At this stage a child may experience loss in determined spoken language or hand skills and breathing abnormalities.
Stage three or the pseudo-stationary phase of Rett syndrome begins at the age of 2 to 10 years and can last for years. Motor issues, apraxia and seizures are quite common during this stage. A girl at this stage may experience interest in the environs, improved communication skills, alertness and less autistic traits. Stage four or the late motor decline phase entails noticeable features such as reduced mobility, scoliosis, muscle weakness, and abnormal posturing of arms. Cognition and communication do not decrease at this stage.
Rett syndrome is genetically caused by mutation in the Methyl CpG Binding Protein 2 [MCEP2] gene located on the X chromosome. RTT can also arise intermittently and a typical form of the disorder characterized by infantile spasms or early epilepsy can be caused by mutation of the gene encoding Cyclin-Dependent Kinase-Like 5 [CDKL5]. The MECP2 gene is essential for development of brain and also acts as a biochemical switch that increase gene expression leading to unique protein production.
Most of the Rett syndrome symptoms are elusive and they vary with age. At each stage, the patient exhibits different symptoms. Here are a number of signs and symptoms of RTT and they are;
- Loss of speech and motor control
- Hand skills replaced by compulsive hand movements
- Desolate crying
- Avoidance of eye contact
- Difficulties in breathing
- Bruxism[ grinding of teeth]
- Severe digestive problems
- Microcephaly [abnormal growth of head]
- Fragile bones and scoliosis
- Extreme anxiety
- Hypotonia and
Currently, there is no cure for Rett syndrome. However, studies on the disorder have shown that restoring MECP2 gene function can present a great cure. Doctors can easily diagnose RTT by observing signs and symptoms at every stage of growth and development. A focus on the management of the symptoms and relying on a multidisciplinary plan can aid reduce the RTT defects. Parental counselling, modifying social medications, sleep aids, management of gastrointestinal and nutritional difficulties, increase patient communication skills, surveillance of scoliosis, anti-psychotics and physical therapy are exclusive ways that can aid control the effects of Rett syndrome.
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Fragile X Syndrome
Genetic syndrome disorders are quite sporadic and the Fragile X syndrome [FXS] is one of the disorders affecting 1 in 4000 males and 1 in 4000 females. FXS also referred to as Martin-Bell syndrome or Escalante’s syndrome is a common single-gene cause of autism, an inherited cause of Intellectual disability and behavioral or learning challenges. It normally affects more males than females. There are numerous causes of FXS and a number of characteristics to look at and find the best diagnosis or treatment of fragile X syndrome.
Fragile X syndrome [FXS] is associated with the growth of the CGG trinucleotide repeat that affects the fragile X mental retardation 1 [FMR1] on the X chromosome and results in a failure to easily express the fragile retardation X mental retardation protein [FMRP] essential for normal neural development. Mutations in the FMR1 cause fragile X syndrome. The FMR1gene is responsible for instructions for making protein FMRP which help in regulating the production of other proteins and in the development of synapses, specialized links between nerve cells.
Approximately all cases of fragile X syndrome are caused by mutation whereby a DNA segment CGG triplet is repeated 5 to 40 times and expanding inside the FMR1. In cases where an individual has been diagnosed with FXS, the CGG segment is repeated more than 200 times. Whenever the FMRP protein is lost, the nervous system is disturbed and fails to function normally leading to a number of FXS symptoms. In case of men or female with 55 to 200 repeats of the CGG segment FMR1 gene permutation is likely to occur. Such individuals are typically intellectually normal. Individuals with a permutation that is lower than normal amounts of the FMRP protein have mild versions of physical traits common in FXS and may experience anxiety and depression among other problems.
Intellectual disability is the most conspicuous trait of FXS. Nevertheless, there are a number of symptoms associated with fragile x syndrome. These features occur in both genders but they vary in one way or another, but they are more severe in males. The core features of fragile X syndrome in men include;
- Intellectual disability
- Large ears and long face
- Large testicles [Macroorchidism] in post-pubertal men
- Ear infections
- High arched palate
- Double jointed fingers
- Hyper-flexible joints
- Autism and autistic behaviors
- Social anxiety
- Poor eye contact and Sensory disorders
Normally, no one individual will have all the symptoms of fragile X syndrome. Some of the features only occur in puberty. When it comes to women, here are a few features of FXS to contemplate although they may have similar traits as those seen in men and they include;
- Milder intellectual disabilities
- General anxiety
- Emotional issues
- Hyper-extensible finger joints and thumps
- Large and protruding ears
- Soft skin
- Vertical maxillary excess [long face]
- Hyptonia among others.
Individuals diagnosed with fragile X syndrome may face different challenges in their lives. But they can be quite productive and attractive if presented with the best support and interventions. There are no current treatments of FXS defects, but patients can always seek medications for symptoms based treatments. This helps reduce the secondary features of FXS. Genetic counselling to determine full mutation or permutation is essential. Stimulants that target attentional problems or hyperactivity can aid. Antidepressants, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants and behavioral therapy or educational plans can aid help treat physical abnormalities.
Comparative advantage is the economic theory regarding probable trade gains for firms, individuals or nations arising from their technological or factor endowments. An agent enjoys comparative advantage over a competitor if they are in a position to produce goods at low relative autarky price or opportunity cost which is the lowest marginal cost before trade.
The theory is a classical one and it was developed in 1817 by David Ricardo. It explains why some countries prefer to international trade regardless of the fact that workers in their countries are efficient in production of every good compared those in other countries. He further made the demonstration that when 2 countries with the capability of producing 2 commodities engage in free market then each country increase its consumption through export of the product it has an advantage over while they import the rest of the goods.
However, this is as long as there is exists a difference in productivity labor between the two countries. This theory is viewed as the most influential but counter-intuitive theory, it implies comparative advantage is what greatly influences international trade and not absolute advantage. Further, the theory holds that as long as one partner has the capability to produce products at a faster, cheaper and better pace, then they enjoy absolute advantage.
Nations fear to participate in free trade because they are aware of the fact that it is easy for them to be out-produced especially if the other countries have comparative advantage in varying areas which can boost imports rather than exports. This theory therefore stipulates countries are supposed to specialize in specific products for purposes of exporting and import the rest as long as they hold absolute advantage over such products.
This theory can best be illustrated through use of simple examples. For instance, if A is skilled at making cabinets and painting and they spend a day either building a cabinet or painting a picture they have comparative advantage over B who has the same skills but takes one day and a half to construct a cabinet or 3 days to paint. This example is also true in cases where trade is carried out at international level.
Britain offered its support to the theory by outsourcing food (Importing cheese, grains, meat and wine) and shifting focus on manufactured goods for purposes of exporting as such, making it the workshop of industrial revolution. In a nut shell, comparative advantage theory encourages nations to participate in free true trade and also pay attention to areas they have high advantage rather than bolstering weak industries through imposing tariffs that only serve the purpose of stifling production that could lead to overall wealth gain.
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How to Write an Analysis Paper
Knowing how to write an analysis paper is very important because your instructor will most likely tell you to write an analysis of a specific work at some point during your academic career. The purpose of an analysis paper or essay is to examine a work and sometimes evaluate it. See more at by following this link. Doing this entails breaking down the work into components and examining how they contribute towards ensuring the effectiveness of the work. When you know how to analyze any work, you can easily examine how different elements of that work function and appreciate them better.
For instance, you can analyze a poem in which you deal with different images and how they relate to each other enabling the poet to convey the main message in a more vivid manner. When writing an analysis paper of a play, you can examine how subplots relate to the main plot. You can also analyze a tragic hero’s character flaw and how it is revealed in different acts of the entire play. When analyzing a short story, your paper can include the identification of themes and how they are suggested by the writer through his or her viewpoint. You can also explain the attitude of the main characters in the play towards women and how it is revealed via actions or dialogue.
A four steps guide on how to write an analysis paper
Write the introduction
The introduction of an analysis paper should capture the interest of the readers. It should bring their focus to the subject of your analysis immediately. The introduction should also provide important background details of the work under analysis while preparing readers for the major thesis- follow the link here for more information. Come up with an introduction that includes the work’s title, the author’s name and main theme’s explanation. You can also include details of the main characters and the setting. The main thesis of your analysis paper should come at the end of the introductory paragraph.
Write a strong thesis statement
Come up with a thesis statement for your analysis paper that tells readers what they should expect from your paper. Your thesis statement should be precise and restricted in its wording. It should be a declarative sentence stating the purpose of your analysis paper. If you do not craft a good thesis, your paper will have minimal success chances.
Therefore, come up with a thesis statement that:
- Suggests how the author reveals the theme while showing how the paper is organized.
- Relates the paper to the main theme of the work under analysis.
A thesis statement can be too large to fit in a single sentence. In such a case, use two sentences to express it.
Write the body paragraphs
The body of your analysis paper is where you support your thesis statement. You cannot claim to know how to write an analysis paper if you do not know how to write body paragraphs of an analysis since the body of an analysis paper is where the supporting details are presented. For instance, the body paragraphs can have concrete explanation, analysis or details of the topic sentence which are basically the main points of the analysis paper. Every paragraph in the body should basically have a topic sentence, textual evidence from the work under analysis, commentary, and a concluding sentence.
- Topic sentence
This is the first sentence in a body paragraph. Note that a body paragraph is also called a support paragraph because it supports the thesis statement. This sentence identifies an aspect of the thesis statement and supports it with an aim of showing why the thesis statement is true.
- Textual evidence
This is an example that is drawn from the work under analysis and it provides evidence for the stated topic sentence. Textual evidence may comprise of combined paraphrases or direct quotes from the subject or work under analysis.
This is simply your interpretation and explanation of the stated textual evidence. Your commentary should tell readers the meaning of the text and/or how this proves the stated topic sentence. The commentary can include an analysis, interpretation, insight, reflection and/or argument.
- Concluding sentence
This is the last sentence in a body paragraph. It should conclude the body paragraph by properly tying the evidence to the stated thesis statement.
While writing the body paragraphs, remember that an analysis paper should focus on the text under analysis closely. It should not introduce your original reaction, discussion, thought lines or opinions about the ideas of the author- follow the link for more information. If you quote anything from the work under analysis, use clear quotation marks.
Write the conclusion
Your analysis paper should have a properly-written conclusion. This is the last paragraph of the paper and it should start by echoing the main thesis of the paper though it should not do so using the exact words. Broaden your conclusion from the stated thesis to show how your paper has answered the “so what?” question.
Among the things that the conclusion of your analysis paper should accomplish include:
- Reflect on the way the topic of your analysis paper relates to the work under analysis.
- Evaluate the success of the creator of the work in accomplishing his/her goal.
- Provide your personal statement towards the work or the topic.
- Connect the work to your creative opening
- Make predictions
- Give an opinion of the work or its significance.
While writing your analysis paper, consider your subject as a varied, vast terrain where each square foot differs from the next with the differences having subtle meaning. As such, you have to go past simple gut reaction and do something that is more nuanced and be attentive to finer details of the work under analysis. Knowing these steps on how to write an analysis paper alone is not enough because your knowledge of the work or subject that you are required to analyze is also important when it comes to writing an excellent analysis paper. You also need to look at the work under analysis severally to understand it properly before you analyze it-follow the link here for more information.
Bonus hints and tips for writing an analysis paper
To write a good analysis paper, you need time, critical thinking and effort. You have to evaluate the work carefully considering more details below the surface. Writing a good analysis paper also requires you to read the work and understand its facets.
Here are tips that will enable you to come up with an excellent analysis paper:
- Select a topic for your analysis paper wisely
You need to select a straightforward topic for your paper especially if you are allowed the freedom of selecting an angle or topic for your paper. Conduct some research of the material under analysis then choose a topic that will fit your analysis paper or subject better.
- Start your analysis early
You need time to read and understand the work before you analyze it. Read the work severally taking notes so that you can understand its aspects or elements and how they work together to accomplish the goal of the creator of the work. After reading and taking notes, review the notes while being more detailed. Make sure that the final paper that you come up with is not vague or general but specific and detailed. Assess the materials once your ideas start taking shape to determine if the angle that you have taken is the right one.
- Write a strong, effective thesis statement
The kind of a thesis statement that you write will tell readers whether you know how to write an analysis paper from the introduction and whether they should read your paper. A thesis statement usually comes at the introductory paragraph where it provides a preview of the analysis paper. It also grabs the attention of the reader. As such, your thesis should be straight to the point, narrow and specific. Its structure should enable it to present exactly what will be discussed in the paper. Therefore, take time to draft a strong, effective thesis statement for your analysis paper.
- Back up your argument
Thesis statement will basically present your argument. However, the body should support your argument as presented by your thesis statement. Therefore, cite examples from the work under analysis directly to support your argument- follow the link for more information.
- Write a precise conclusion
An analysis paper should not be wordy. Make sure that the paper and the conclusion provide a detailed account of the analysis of the work or situation. Sum the analysis with a precise conclusion.
- Use a good example of an analysis paper
Using a good analysis paper sample and the guidelines highlighted in this section is a surefire way that will enable you to grasp the steps on how to write an analysis paper. You can find a good analysis paper example online. Here are links to sample analysis papers that you can easily find online; McDonald’s competition analysis 2013 and Renaissance Paintings’ details analysis by Andy Warhol- ualr.edu.
Get help with your analysis paper
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How to Write an Analysis of an Article
Knowing how to write an analysis of an article is an important academic paper writing skill that you should have for better grades. Writing an article analysis involves proper understanding, arguing out of ideas expressed in the given piece of work, and presenting them in a way that your audience can get and relate to. Continue reading for greater insights on how to write an analysis of an article.
Writing an article analysis is a better way of enhancing your analytical and writing skills. Basically, such a paper requires you to carefully read or study the given article in order to determine the aims of the author and how they have been brought out therein. Finally, you will have to discuss what you have come up with from the article to readers.
An article analysis can take the form of a typical essay paper, thus, the writing process should not scare you. By mastering the skills on how to write an analysis of an article, you will be able to easily craft various kinds of academic papers since the formats are more or less similar.
In fact, knowing how to write analysis essays can be a greater way of developing your oral and written communication skills. These will be used even long after school in your area of work.
Guidelines on how to write an analysis of an article
An analytical essay or article analysis is just like any other academic paper with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, there are certain aspects that you should highlight in the analysis in order to ensure that it serves the intended purpose.
The following tips will give you more pointers on how to write an analysis of an article.
Read the article properly
Many students are always not very keen when reading articles for analysis and this can negatively impact the quality of your work. Take time to carefully read the article from beginning to end in order to get all the facts right.
When studying the article, remember to take notes, highlighting key phrases or statements that stand out in the text. The marked phrases will be useful in brainstorming and even formulating the thesis.
In simple terms, you should highlight the following key elements while reading the article:
- The thesis of the author
- Main ideas of the piece of work
In case there is some part of information in the article that you are not conversant with, it should also be marked and well researched on before writing.
You can read the article as many times as you wish to ensure that you get the context for proper analysis.
Do more research
Although much research is not always needed in writing an analytical essay, you should go ahead to investigate other pieces of work related to it. This will help you in getting a broader view of the subject of analysis.
Try to find various responses to the argument expressed in the article to be to get a better understanding of the work. Information from alternative sources can also offer you more ideas for writing the analysis.
When researching ensure that you only focus on specific material that is related to the subject of your analysis. Besides, do remember to list the sources that you have obtained information from for easy reference.
Organize your ideas
Based on what you have read from the article and ideas obtained from various sources about the subject, it is important to narrow down your points. When doing this, you should take note of the main elements of an analytical paper.
A good analysis of an article should show readers that you have read, understood and logically argued out the arguments of the author. The best approach to take in organizing an analytical paper is chronological order.
First choose a stance on the subject of the article in order to have a clearly defined thesis to be addressed in the essay. Using the thesis, you can now select the key points and evidence that will be used to prove it in the paper.
It is also advisable that you identify the appeals used in the article, if any. The most commonly used ones include pathos, ethos and logos. These should be identified, with evidence or examples from the article to support each.
Take time to carefully read through the outlined points, identifying strengths and weaknesses from different angles in order to deliver a good analysis paper.
Steps on how to write an analysis of an article
After making an outline for the analysis, you can proceed to presenting a detailed discussion in the paper. The following procedures will direct you on how to write an analysis of an article with so much ease.
The first part of your analysis should open with an attractive statement that can compel readers to read on. Besides, it should also precisely tell readers about the article to be analyzed, its author, date of publication and other basic information about it.
The opening paragraph should also point out some interesting facts about the topic so your readers can see the importance of reading your analysis. The thesis or your main argument should come towards the end of the introduction paragraph.
The introduction can simply identify the topic of analysis, give your stand and reason to support it, and express a contrary opinion. However, your key argument should be vividly stated in the intro. Besides, you can also tell readers how you plan to present the analysis.
In this section, you should give a comprehensive and logical analysis of the given piece of work. Formulate a short discussion, indicating the main points used by the author in delivering the message contained in the article.
It is advisable that you give examples to support your argument from the article. For every paragraph, you can include two or three examples. However, the number will depend on the point being addressed and article.
In writing the body, you can also simply write a short description of the article’s organization.
Always dedicate a new paragraph for an idea in order to enhance proper flow of the analysis and also make your work more appealing.
Wind up the analysis by giving your final judgment on the subject of the essay. The conclusion should also restate your thesis statement to remind readers of the purpose of the analysis. Besides, you can also give a short recommendation on the analyzed article for further improvements or research.
Examples of Article Analysis Papers
In order for you to know how to write an analysis of an article, it is also advisable that you read sample article analysis papers. The following are samples are written by professionals and will offer you more ideas on how to go about writing an article analysis.
Sample Analysis of an article; ‘’The Case against the Death Penalty’’
‘’In the article, ‘’The Case against the Death Penalty,’’ which appears in Crime and Criminals: Opposing Viewpoints, Eric Freedman argues that the death penalty not only does not deter violent crime but also works against reducing the crime rate. Freedman says, ‘’The death penalty not only is useless in itself, but counterproductive…’’ (140). This paper will analyze Freedman’s article from the viewpoints of a middle-aged working man, a poor person, and a politician…’’
To read the rest of this sample analysis paper, simply click here.
Analysis of ‘’The Paralyzing Principle,’’ by Cass Sunstein
‘’In the article, ‘’The Paralyzing Principle,’’ Cass Sunstein argues that, as a normative guideline to creating and implementing policy, the strong version of the Precautionary Principle is inept. The author claims that the Precautionary Principle cannot be an adequate guide towards determining a regulatory course of action because the principle will warn against any action, and even against non-action, in almost every given case. Sunstein then argues that the strong Precautionary Principle is a commonly referenced justification for implementing regulation because of human biases that have the tendency of masking the logical implications of the principle itself…’’
Click here to read the entire sample analysis.
Sample Literary Critical Analysis of, ‘’The Road Not Taken.’’
In the genre of poetry, there are many well-known works that society have come to love. Among them, ‘’The Road Not Taken,’’ by Robert Frost, is one of the most famous. As a deep and eloquent allegory for the struggle of choice in everyday life, Frost is stating that choices about one’s future are challenging to make, and predictions toward an outcome are often mysterious.
Frost introduces two roads diverging in the woods, alluding to the point in life when a choice of many must be made…’’
Read the rest of this sample analysis on this link.
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Spontaneous order is a theory that has been reserved in the history of social thought for several years. It is a still a relevant theory that many refer to in their daily lives. The theory can simply be defined as an order that emerges from a situation that seems chaotic. The order mainly results from voluntary activities of persons and not imposed on them by a particular authority like the government. Some people refer to it as self organization.
Spontaneous order occurs when people are left to make their own decisions based on what they feel suits them. For instance, when there are no regulations for entrepreneurs such that they are able to visualize the needs of the people on their own and come up with investments (products and services) that can satisfy those desires. According to most people who propose spontaneous order, it is much better and very productive compared to relying on a few individuals who consider themselves as elites.
When discussing the spontaneous order, it is ideal to bear in mind that there are two main elements that are can qualify it. One of them is that the order does not result from activities that are deliberately contravened by humans. Besides, it does not originate from phenomena that are purely natural like the weather. It is mainly the result of human activity and not an execution of human formulation.
At some point, some people often confuse spontaneous order with an organization. The difference between the two is that a spontaneous order is a network that is scale-free while an organization is a network that comprises of a hierarchy. Besides, it should also be noted that a spontaneous order is created and controlled by nobody. It is not in the power of any person to control spontaneous orders even though they result from human activities.
There are several examples that can be used to illustrate spontaneous order. According to non philosopher named Hayek, an example of a spontaneous order can be market economies. He argues that based on the requirement of specifics of information, market economies cannot be designed by any human mind. For instance, price of commodities in the market are defined by several factors that can be determined by buyers through their individual knowledge. Buyers do not have to rely on a centralized authority for information, thus prices are crafted for the benefit of society.
The idea of spontaneous order is not intuitive but emphasizes that when people are left alone, good things are deemed to come their way. Even though some people may be considered to be stupid, it still does not add up to argue that decisions made by a select few can be of benefit to the greater population.
Over the years, there are quite a number of developments that have been made based on spontaneous order. Some of them include Michael Polanyi’s argument that science is a spontaneous order, Friedrich Hayek’s assertion that the brain and common law are both spontaneous orders, Troy Camplin’s argument that literary productions and art are spontaneous orders.
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How to Choose the Best Essay Format
Knowing how to choose the best essay format is very important because essays form an important part of your overall academics. To write good essays, you need creativity, imagination and have a good structure of your thoughts. Format refers to the way something is set out or arranged-follow the link oxforddictionaries.com for details. An essay format therefore refers to how a composition or essay is set out or arranged.
The basic format for essays considers essays as five-paragraph compositions or projects. Although this format is not the only one that is used in writing essays, it is useful as a model that should be kept in mind especially while starting to write essays- ckick here for more information.
Knowing how to choose the best essay format enables you to organize information properly
When writing an essay, it is important to ensure that every aspect of the essay is of the highest quality. You should ensure that the structure or format and style of your essay are correct to guarantee excellence and quality for your essay. By following the right format while writing your essay, you will be able to organize the information that you want to pass to the readers according to its importance or relevance.
When you follow the right essay format, you start your essay with an introduction that grabs the attention of the reader, introduce your thesis or the main point and elaborate the supporting points before wrapping up the message in a well-written conclusion. The right format also enables you to reference your information sources in a professional manner.
How to choose the best essay format and stick to it
The best essay format is the one that your teacher or lecturer assigns in the essay writing assignment.
To choose the best format for writing your essay:
- Read over the instructions of your essay writing assignment to find out if there is any information that specifies the essay format to use.
- Go through your course syllabus searching for information that might be indicating the right format for the essays written for that particular course.
- Ask your lecturer or teacher which format you should use in writing your essay.
In addition to the basic essay format, there are other formats like the APA format, MLA format, Harvard format and Chicago format. You can easily find websites that provide guidelines for using each of these formats online. Therefore, if your teacher or lecturer has not taught you how to use the specified format, use the internet to learn more about it.
Get your essay format right before you start writing your essay
Before you start drafting your essay, start by understanding how to use the best essay format. This is because if your essay fails to depict all aspects of the assigned essay format, the examiner will consider your essay as poorly written and therefore he/she will not even bother to read it keenly. Failing to follow essay formatting guidelines or instructions tells the examiner that you are incapable of following simple instructions. Thus, your examiner will judge your essay formatting ability and the content instantly. Therefore, pay close attention to the simple guidelines for formatting your essay before you start writing the essay and while writing it. After writing the essay, go through it carefully to ensure that you have adhered to all instructions of the format that you choose for your essay.
How to choose the best essay format on the basis of your essay type
Teachers and lecturers usually specify the kind of the essay that they want students to write. If your teacher or lecturer does not specify the format that you should use, choose a format for your essay on the basis of the kind of the essay that the assignment requires you to write. Be careful to ensure that the format that you choose is the best for your essay type. To do this, consider the target audience and purpose of the essay. Also understand the subject of your essay.
For instance, you cannot write an argumentative essay for a topic that states universal facts. It is also impossible to write a persuasive essay that tries to convince readers on something that already exists as an accepted fact. On the same note, a compare and contrast essay should have two things that have differences and similarities. Therefore, choose the format of your essay on the basis of the type of an essay that you are required to write, its purpose and topic. Traditionally, essays follow narrative writing, argumentative essays, cause and effect essays as well as compare and contrast essay formats.
Commonly used essay formats
APA and MLA are the most common essay formats. With APA essay format, essays ought to be typed and double-spaced on a standard-size paper. All sides should have 1inch margins. The used font should be clear and highly readable. 12 points, Times New Roman is the recommended font. A page header or running head should be included at the top of the pages. Page numbers should be flushed to the right while creating the running head which is the shortened essay title’s version. It should not be more than 50 characters inclusive of punctuation and spacing- follow the link for more information.
With MLA format, essays should be typed using 12 points Times New Roman as the font. They should be double-spaced without extra spacing between paragraphs. The upper corner of the essay on the left side should have a heading which should be your name, name of the instructor, your class and date. An essay written in MLA format should have margins of one-inch at the bottom, top, right and left. In every page, there should be a page number and last name of the author at the upper corner on the right side. The essay should have a centered title under the information on the header. First line of every paragraph ought to be indented for half an inch or five spaces. The text of the essay should be aligned left- follow the link ivcc.edu for more information.
The basic essay format
Most guides on how to choose the best essay format emphasize the importance of having the basic essay format in mind while writing an essay. With the basic essay format, your essay should have the following sections:
- The introductory paragraph
This is the first paragraph in an essay and it should capture the attention of your readers and get them involved in the essay. It should introduce the essay topic and include a thesis statement which tells readers what your essay is all about. The introduction should have general ideas to enhance comprehension of the topic or main claim by the readers before becoming specific in the thesis statement- follow the link uvu.edu for more information.
- Thesis statement
Thesis statement should be included in the introduction and it should state the main argument or idea of your essay, set the limit of your topic and indicate essay organization. It should work as the road map for your entire essay.
The main points or point presented by the thesis statement should be supported in the body. Each major point is developed in the body using one or even more paragraphs which provide more details. The provided details can be experiences, research findings and examples depending on the requirements of your essay writing assignment. Each paragraph of the body should have a topic sentence at the beginning, supporting details and the concluding sentence.
These are words or sentences that connect paragraphs in an essay. They maintain the smooth flow of the information of an essay. They can be two or one word such as “next”, “first” and “in addition”.
The conclusion section of an essay brings the main points together. It should refer readers back to the stated thesis statement. After reading the conclusion, readers should be left with something to think of and a sense of logical closure of the essay. The conclusion should show readers that the ideas that the essay brought up have been resolved. It can also address the argument’s implications.
If the essay includes research, credit should be given to the used sources using a references, works cited or bibliography page and in-text citations. How the used sources are given credit depends on the chosen overall format. Therefore, refer to the guidelines of MLA format, Chicago format, Turban format or APA format to know how to cite the sources that you use in writing your essay depending on your chosen format.
When you know how to choose the best essay format, the essays that you write will have coherence and unity. Sticking to the best format enhances the understanding of the reader because it makes your essay easy to read and ideas easy to follow.
We can help you with essay formatting
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Visual merchandising refers to the manipulation and use of attractive sales merchandise or displays and floor plans in engaging customers as well as boosting the sales activity. It entails displaying the products that are being sold in ways that attract customers or capture their attention to the benefits and best features of the products.
Both services and goods can be sold using this strategy. A marketer needs to highlight the benefits and features of the service or product that they are marketing in the best way possible. The main aim of visual merchandising is to capture the attention of customers, attract, engage and motive them so that they can make a purchase.
Although visual merchandising is common in retail spaces that include trade shows and retail stores, it dates back to the 19th century. For instance, the giants of the 19th century such as the Marshall Field & Co. adopted visual merchandising as a way of attracting customers after shifting to retail business.
This company used the windows of their stores to display merchandise attractively. Eventually, the design beauty that was used in the window displays was moved indoors. This later became a part of the design of the interior stores and it reduced display windows in most suburban malls.
Visual merchandising is established on or used to augment the store’s retail design. In most cases, it is used as a way of setting a store in a manner that makes it appealing and attractive to customers. Visual merchandisers use different elements in creating the displays. These include lighting, color, product information, technologies like interactive installations and digital displays as well as sensory inputs that entail appeals to sound, touch and smell.
Methods of visual merchandising include the use of style and color, rhythm and symmetry, side and face presentation among others. Tools of visual merchandising include a floor map that helps a visual merchandiser in finding the best location for colorful stories of the footwear, clothes or garments in their shop. A floor map is like a floor plan.
There are different forms of visual merchandising. These include shelving, point of sale display, food merchandising and window displays among others. In an already saturated market, grocery stores, restaurants and convenience stores employ visual merchandising as a way of differentiating themselves from competitors. Window displays are used to communicate content, price and style to potential buyers.
The main goal of visual merchandising is to help in making sales. Visual merchandising gives a presentation of an image of what or who a shopper will be while or after using the displayed merchandise. When done properly, visual merchandising helps in converting walk-by shoppers into walk-in customers.
Nevertheless, visual merchandising requires artistic knowledge, creativity and understanding of the store design to be effective. Color plays a crucial role in attracting and converting potential shoppers into buyers or customers. This strategy makes a retail space the most efficient and most productive salesperson.
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Import Substitution Industrialization
Import substitution industrialization is an economic and trade theory that advocates for the replacement of foreign imports with products that are produced domestically. The premise of this theory is that a nation should try to reduce foreign dependency by producing industrialized products locally. Emerging markets and developing nations employ this economic theory to decrease dependency on the developed countries by increasing their self sufficiency.
The focus of countries that employ this theory is on the incubation and protection of the domestic infant producers or industries to enable them to emerge as the producers of goods that can compete with those of the developed countries. This policy also enhances self-sufficiency of the local economy.
Import substitution industrialization emerged during the post-World War II era in the Latin American nations. It uses different avenues that include subsidized loans from the government, tariffs and import quotas. Countries that practice import substitution industrialization policy aims at developing production channels for each stage of product’s development instead of focusing on the final products only.
This theory is considered as being counter-comparative advantage theory. Comparative advantage theory entails the specialization of countries in the production of items that have a specific advantage and engaging them in the international trade.
Import substitution industrialization theory has been advocated for by various economists including Friedrich List from the 18th centuries. However, it is used primarily in reference to the development economic theories of the 20th century. Its enactment is associated with the Global South countries that aimed at creating internal markets using this theory.
Import substitution industrialization works when a country leads in its economic development via subdivision of major industries, power generation and nationalization, embracing highly protectionist policies in trade and increasing taxation. Developing countries abandoned import substitution gradually from the 1980s to the 1990s as a result of structural indebtedness that was caused by policies that are related to this economic and trade theory. The World Bank and the IMF insisted that these countries abandon the theory by introducing market-driven liberalization structural adjustment programs in the Global South.
Although import substitution industrialization theory is considered as a development theory, it has political implementation as well as theoretical rationale. Some experts have argued that some or all industrialized nations followed the import substitution industrialization theory at some point. Mercantilist economic practices and theory adopted by some nations in the 18th, 17th and 16th century frequently advocated for the establishment of domestic import substitution and manufacturing.
Hamilton economic program especially the magnum and report opus by Alexander Hamilton advocated for self-sufficiency of the U.S with regards to manufactured goods. The American School is based on this program and it acted as an influential force during the industrialization of the United States in the 19th Century.
Nevertheless, economists have proved that although import substitution industrialization theory has apparent gains, it also produces high social and economic costs.
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Principles of How to Write a Rhetorical Analysis
A rhetorical analysis is an evaluation of how an author, speaker or creator of an original piece of work uses different strategies to make his or her argument. You can write a rhetorical analysis about a speech, film, text, painting or any other media, used to pass a message to a target audience. Thus, your task when you have such assignment is to find out the techniques, which the rhetorician uses to accomplish his objective. Besides, you may also include the effectiveness of these approaches. To gain more knowledge on how to write a rhetorical analysis, continue reading this guide.
In this article, you will find the following sections:
- Tips on rhetorical analysis
- Steps to follow when writing rhetorical analysis
- Selected examples of rhetorical analysis essays
This guide contains everything you need to enhance your rhetorical analysis ability. Do not read hurriedly; take your time, synthesize and apply these tips in your future assignments. Your plane to success is about to take off… are you ready? Here we go…
A summary of guidelines on how to write a rhetorical analysis
Every piece of literary work targets a specific audience. However, the challenge of passing the message is in influencing the listener, reader or viewer. Even more demanding is finding out the success of tools, which one applies to make a case.
A rhetorical piece influences the audience in the following three ways:
Entertaining – Creates light moment for the audience
Persuading – Tries to influence the audience to abandon their position on a subject or issue and support the author’s stand. It is common in political rallies, debates and argumentative writing.
Informing – Some rhetorical works explore a subject and offer insights to the audience to broaden their understanding of the subject matter and broaden their worldview.
Keep the three elements at the back of your mind as you delve into how to write a rhetorical analysis because they will help you evaluate an author’s strength or weakness.
Remember that as you work on your rhetorical analysis, you are not taking sides on whether you agree with the author or not. For the purpose of your assignment, stick to the ‘how’ the author makes his or her point and spare the critic for your critical analysis.
Elements to look out for when writing a rhetorical analysis
As you find out how a rhetorician applied various techniques in their work, your focus should aim at the following:
Target audience – These are the people the author had in mind while creating the piece of work. Ask yourself the people likely to read, watch or sit back and listen to that narration. If you can crack this nut, then you understand author’s mind.
Author’s purpose – Are you able to answer the ‘why’ question? What compelled the creator to put together that piece of work?
Organization of the work – Find out the structure of the work plus how this arrangement may affect the audience.
Language usage – What kind of language does the author use. Does this language match the level of the audience? Establish different ways the language complements the author’s efforts to influence the reader.
Appeals – Perhaps this is the most important element that will give you a grip on how to write a rhetorical analysis. These are the tools, which rhetorician use to build an argument. They include pathos, logos and ethos. Do not be anxious about these appeals, we have a whole section explaining each with relevant examples.
Supporting evidence – These are proofs, which the creator of the work gives to back their argument.
3 Easy Steps to follow when writing your rhetorical analysis
With the above background about rhetorical analysis, let us look at three simple steps to follow when handling your assignment. By the time you are through with the third step, you will have honed your skills to a standard level.
Step 1: How to spice an introduction when writing a rhetorical analysis
The introduction of your rhetorical analysis plays a major role because it sets the pace for the rest of your paper. It will give the reader a reason to read on or trash it and move to something else.
Apply the following tips to come up with an excellent introduction for your rhetorical analysis:
Start with a hook: Pique your reader from the word go. Begin your analysis with something interesting that captures attention. For example, you can use anecdotes to tell short stories, which relate to your assignment. You may also use startling statistics, a quote from a famous personality etc. All these will leave your audience longing to read subsequent sections of your rhetorical analysis. If you can hold their interest, then you are on the right path towards mastering how to write a rhetorical analysis.
State the purpose of your rhetorical analysis – Orient your readers by saying why you are writing the paper.
Give the context of your analysis – Do not go straight into analyzing the text. Contextualize your analysis to move with every reader at the same pace. People want to know where you are coming from before you show them the destination ahead.
Do not forget your thesis statement. This statement comes at the end of your introduction paragraph. It captures your main idea and gives direction to your paper. Thesis will also enhance the logical flow of your points.
Let us look at an example before we move to the next section.
Example: Rhetorical analysis Intro
“Cleaning: The Final Feminist Frontier” by Jessica Grose
[Hook]: ‘A woman’s work is never done’ is a common American saying, which most women grew up knowing it was true. [Context]: Jessica Grose, the author of “Cleaning: The Final Feminist Frontier,” is one such woman. [Author’s purpose]: In her article published by the New Republic in 2013, Jessica holds that while modern men are helping in childcare and cooking at home, cleaning unfairly remains a core responsibility of women. [Thesis Statement]: The author enhances her credibility through personal anecdotes and reliable sources, giving stats and applying emotional appeals successfully; but Grose’s argument weakens toward the end as she tries to woo the audience, denting her credibility.
Adapted from: stlcc.edu/Student_Resources/
This is a nice rhetorical analysis introduction. Study it and try drafting your own using the secrets of how to write a rhetorical analysis, which we have previously covered in this guide.
Step 2: How to create appealing body paragraphs for your rhetorical analysis
This is the analysis section of your paper. The body will carry the weight of your paper and determine the quality of time you invested in research.
Explain the strategies, which the rhetorician uses to develop his argument. It is important to discuss what the author is saying chronologically such that you move from section to section or paragraph to paragraph.
The epicenter of your rhetorical analysis is the appeals (ethos, logos and pathos)
Using ethos in your rhetorical analysis
This refers to how the author presents himself as a reliable authority on the issue at hand in order to earn the audience’s trust and respect. The author’s past reputation, knowledge on the topic and style of writing marks his credentials.
How to blend pathos in your rhetorical analysis
This is how the author makes emotional appeals to the reader or viewer. Rhetoricians always humanize a topic by hitting the human element of the issue. You can look for an instance where the author uses evokes sympathy from the audience. Also, bring out overuse of pathos, which always results into manipulation of the audience.
Crowning your rhetorical analysis with logos
The last appeal that will help you master how to write a rhetorical analysis is logos. This is the author’s claim and use of evidence to back it. Look for credible sources plus how the author weaves the points together.
Conclusion: Final step of writing a rhetorical analysis
At this stage, you have done all the donkeywork. Crown you work with a positive lasting impression. You can achieve this through:
Restating your thesis – Reword your thesis; explain how it harmonizes with the author’s main points.
Restating your main ideas – Be brief. Explain how these points support your thesis.
Call for action – State any action i.e. the need for further research. Also, challenge the audience to do something after reading your analysis.
At this point, you have enough tips on how to write a rhetorical analysis. What’s more, get on to your assignment and nail it, as simple as that.
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