The Mughal or Mogul Empire was in control of India and Pakistan between 16th and17th centuries. It led to the consolidation of Islam in South Asia, contributing to the spread of the Islamic faith, culture and arts. The Mughals were mainly Muslims who ruled when Hindus were the majority. However, these Muslims allowed Hindus to rise in various ranks at work, including government and military positions. Importantly, the Mughals are remembered for the change they brought to India. For instance, they supported centralization of government and power. This brought together many smaller kingdoms, making the Mughal Empire more powerful and stable. Another change that the Mughals initiated was delegation of the government without undermining people’s rights. They also introduced Persian culture, language and ushered in a period of religious tolerance.
It is important to note that Muslims existed in India long before the arrival of Mughals. According to history, the first Muslims arrived in India during the 8th century. It was during the first half of the 10th century that a Muslim ruler attacked Punjab eleven times without success. However, during these attempts, the invaders made away with great loot. A successful invasion was in 12th century that resulted into the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate. The growth of the Mughal Empire was largely from the descendants of the Mongol State, who inhabited Turkestan in 15th century. These people Muslims by assimilation even though they kept elements of their Eastern origin.
Babur was the first Emperor of Mughal and was from the lineage of Genghis Khan and Tamerlaine. He succeeded his father as king at the age of twelve years, even though elder family relatives toppled him. He relocated to Afghanistan on 1504 before he received an invitation to India. The Indian princes who invited him hatched a plan to oust their ruler. Following the successful overthrow, Babur took over India, imposing most of authority in the northern region. He founded a sophisticated empire, which comprises of Indian, Mongol and Persian culture. It was during his reign that Hinduism was tolerated and allowed the building of new Hindu temples, something his predecessors had rejected.
Mughal Empire further established better economic ties with the rest of the Islamic world, including Persia. The leadership of Babur also abolished slavery in the kingdom and he initiated peace talks with southern India. Many analysts believe that Babur brought on board broad minded from central Asia. Even after conquering Delhi, he did not permit the killing of cows it was offensive to the Hindu community. Even though his ancestors were brutal, Babur was not barbaric. He had great ideas in administration, civilization and architecture.
Though he was a good king and won loyalty of many subjects, he was succeeded by Humayun, his son, who turned out to be a drug addict, poet and bad emperor. He was toppled and later recaptured the seat even though he later died after falling downstairs and sustaining a broken neck. Abu Akbar was the third emperor and lived to become one of the greatest rulers. He took over the mantle at the age of thirteen years. He recaptured territories that enemies took over during the reign of Babur. By the time he died, he was powerful in north, central and Western India. He toiled to win Hindus back for political mileage. He also married thousands of women for political and diplomatic gain.
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