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Sample Essay on Problems Associated With the Nile River

Problems Associated With the Nile River

Most of Egypt is made up of sandy terrain sand, but it remains to be the third-most populated country in Africa. Egypt has stood above other nations in Africa economic wise thank to the longest river in the world; Nile River. Water is essential for human survival. There are many countries that are facing water shortages on early basis. However, for Egypt and surrounding nations, this has been a gift that has been harnessed aptly. Unfortunately, there are a few problems that are associated with Nile River.

Along with direct human impacts, there exist some natural impacts that have altered the Nile River in some way.  Scientists have suggested that rising sea levels coupled with more extreme weather events as a result of global warming have the potential to negatively affect the Nile River Delta.  From the United Nations Environmental Program shows the impact of both a 0.5 m water rise and a 1.0 m water rise on the Delta.  In the future, with the best case scenario, large areas from this area could be underwater.  Since the Nile River Delta is one of the most fertile regions in northern Africa, the loss of cropland will be devastating for farmers.

Runoff from the agricultural sector frequently contains pollutants that may have an adverse effect on the river. imagesPollutants such as salts, nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen, and pesticide residue can be found in this runoff. Agricultural runoff often is a “non-point” pollutant, in that it can come from anywhere in a region, and not from a specific drain. This can make it difficult to There are also problems associated with agricultural runoff seeping into the groundwater as well.

There has been some success in mitigating the effects of agricultural runoff as a pollutant. This is a result of increased regulation concerning the use of agrochemicals. A decrease in the use of these chemicals has tended to make the wastewater from this sector considerably healthier.

Being a highly urbanized region, the Nile River has its share of industry, and with that industrial pollution. There are about 700 industrial facilities along the river Industrial waste water is often highly toxic, containing heavy metals that can combine with the suspended solids in domestic waste water to form hard to manage sludge. Besides water pollution, industry has been linked to air pollution, and is responsible for much of the smog cloaking major cities such as Cairo and Alexandria.

Though pollution in the Nile River is certainly a large concern, it should be noted that much of the river water is acceptably healthy and free of toxins. It is only in “black zones” near major drains that the water becomes unhealthy. Still, future measures should certainly be sought out to solve this problem before it does develop into a crisis.

The Nile, of course, has long been a source of sustenance, all the way back to ancient Egyptian civilization. Just look again at where Egypt is situated amid lots and lots of sand. Usually, such a location is hardly conducive to a thriving ancient civilization. How could a people, no matter how advanced, grow crops and raise livestock among sand dunes? Nevertheless, ancient Egyptian civilization was able to thrive due to the Nile River. Every year, the water in the Nile rose and filled carefully engineered canal.

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