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Sample Essay on Jacobite Risings

Jacobite Risings

The Jacobite risings, also called the Jacobite Rebellion took place between 1745 and 1746. In this essay, we discuss the events that led to the rebellion, including the retreat and aftermath. To understand this better, we shall also focus on the kings that were in power during the revolt or those that largely contributed to the uprising. A prominent name in the history of Jacobite Risings is Bonnie Prince Charlie, a grandson of King James, who was dethroned in from British monarch in 1688 by William through a plan by politicians, as he supported.

King James had strong support for Catholicism, a stance that most politicians of his country did not buy. Initially, Parliament proposed that William and Mary to serve in acting capacity until James Francis Stuart attained maturity, a proposal that William from Holland vehemently rejected and threatened to return to his country. Because of the fear of a power vacuum, parliament recognized William and Mary as the monarchs, sowing the seeds of Jacobite Revolutions. Jacobite was coined from the Latin equivalent for James- Jacobus.

The 1745 Jacobite uprisings are famous in the history of Britain. Around that time, Charles sailed to Scotland, even Image 2though he had to overcome an array of challenges. Because of the stories he got, Charles was worried about an uprising because of his presence and only sent letters to his father about his plans to travel. On July 23, 1745, he landed at Hebridean Island, with Seven Men of Moidart. There he planted the Prince’s flower, which to-date, is only found in Scotland and nowhere else in the world.

Following Charles’ arrival in Scotland, highland chiefs were not ready to join him, since he did not sail with an army from France. The first chief t join him was Ranald McDonald before others followed. Charles status rose on August 19, when more than 1500 people assembled to hear from him though more chiefs remain reluctant to join him. Tales however about his enthusiasm and charm attracted more chiefs who heard the testimonies. Additionally, Campbells decision to gather consolidate support for government forces also compelled other clans and individuals to join the Jacobite cause.
Having marshaled an army, Prince Charles went across Scotland, reaching Perth in September, where he stayed at the Salutation Hotel. He was joined by Lord George Murray, who later became a lieutenant in the Jacobite Army. While in Perth, the Prince visited Scone, where most of his ancestors had been sworn into office. The Jacobite army entered Edinburg on September 21under Sir John Cope, awaiting reinforcement. Under the command of Lord George Murray, the Jacobites attacked the south by surprise at Prestonpans. Even though the battle lasted for only 15 minutes, Jacobites achieved psychological morale.

Prince Charles crossed the English border with 5500 men and by December 4, they were at Derby, 120 miles from London. Here, they experienced harsh winter weather and faced an attack of 12,000 men of Hanoverian Army, which had the southern support. This forced Charles to retreat. On January 17 1746, Jacobite and Hanoverian armies clashed near Falkirk, with the witty and tactful Lord George Murray leading the Highlanders to inflict causalities on their opponents, forcing them to leaven in confusion. Importantly, Jacobite Army never lost any battle between Glenfinnan to Falkirk.

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