Human Impact on the Nile River
Nile River is the world’s longest river and it stretches at 954, 817 miles from its main source in the mountains of Burundi in Africa. The river flows north via Lake Nasser, the second largest man-made lake in the world and the Aswan dam prior to splitting into two core distributaries north of Cairo, Egypt. In the ancient Egypt, River Nile was worshiped as a God Hapi. Through the history, the river has been used in many ways, but it is human impacts that have increased its popularity worldwide. There is a complex history on River Nile.
Nile River is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa and it is an “international” river as its water is shared by a number of countries. the eleven countries that benefits from river Nile are Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, democratic of Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. River Nile has been the lifeline of civilization in Egypt. Most of the population and cities of Egypt are found along the parts of the Nile valley. Due to climatic changes and many other human impacts, the Nile River has gone through a lot of transformations.
The past ten decades have marked a great time for human developments. Most of these advancements have come with consequences, positive or negative. Nile River is one of the regions that have been impacted greatly by human innovations. Nile is a crucial part of Africa a s it has impacted many nations. It is a substantial resource that has affected the lives of many communities surrounding it. Nile has a deep-rooted history; moreover it has been used by the northeastern people many years. Unfortunately, humans have changed the uses of this river in many incredible ways.
Human presence in this region has shaped the Nile River in many ways. many communities have moved through these region and different cultures have left their mark in this region. Each community that has gone through the river has used it in many ways. For instance, many relied on the river for transportation, fishing from its deepest waters or have harnessed energy or power. In essence, humans have made their core impact on the river and much more is in the waiting and in the coming years.
The fishing industry has harnessed the resources within the river immensely. Its impact has been heavy than any other sector operating within the Nile. Not everything has been positive within the river. In mid-1900s, the introduction of the Nile perch into Nile River and Lake Victoria was a harmful move as the carnivorous fish consumed most of the small fish and many are extinct today. It is the dominant species in the river and the lake.
Another human impact on the Nile River is that of pollution. Sewage has been dumped into the river from local areas as a result of poor sanitation. The food many residents or communities surrounding the area are made of different chemicals which have great impact on the river. Industries do not follow the rules and regulations set on drainage and many untreated waste material are dumped into the river. Use of pesticides and fertilizers in nearby farms also pollutes the river.
All in all, the construction of the Aswan Dam was a great undertaking as it was able to control river Nile from flooding and leave many homeless or destroy crops and lands. There is overwhelming evidence on the impact of human activities on Nile River. Despite the river being affected, humans, animals and plants all depend on the same river for survival. Hence, communities within the region need to take proper actions and make an improvement to fully harness the river. Governments and agencies should offer funds and capital where necessary to make Nile River one of the greatest resources to exist.
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