Blood pressure is defined as the force of blood against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood throughout the body. There are quite a number of factors that can affect blood pressure, causing it to shift from time to time or on a daily basis. At times, it is not easy to explain some of the factors that have been alleged to impact blood pressure, however, some of the renowned ones include genetics, nutrition, smoking, exercise, alcohol among several others.
Exercise is recommended for every person, in fact, it is required that you engage in workouts frequently in order to stay healthy and fit. Through exercise, you are able to maintain an active lifestyle that is crucial in keeping your blood pressure in check. In fact, it is even recommended that people who are suffering from blood pressure need to take part in exercises in order to decrease their blood pressure. Adult are advised to engage in cardiovascular workouts like cycling, swimming and walking for at least 150 minutes weekly.
Studies by various institutions have also revealed that nutrition plays a great role with regards to blood pressure. The diet that you eat affects the blood pressure in that; there are certain foods that are capable of either increasing or decreasing a person’s blood pressure. For instance, there is a eating plan known as DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) that is usually recommended to people faced with or are at risk of high blood pressure. Foods that are high in cholesterol can significantly increase a person’s blood pressure while those rich in dietary fiber and other nutrients can help maintain blood pressure at a good level.
Alcohol is also another factor that can have an effect on blood pressure. It is a drug that if consumed in very large amounts can lead to high blood pressure. Thus, it is always advisable that those who drink alcohol need to do it in moderation so as to avoid the risk of developing hypertension. It is recommended that people should adopt the habit of drinking alcohol twice a week and only consume two servings, equivalent to two glasses of wine measuring four-ounces each. The current recommendation limits alcohol intake to not more than two drinks and one drink per day in men and women.
Smoking is another factor that can have an impact on your blood pressure. Smoking can cause peripheral vascular disease that is characterized by the narrowing of blood vessels that transport blood to the arms and legs. With this, blood will be forcefully transported to the legs and arms causing an increase in the pressure.
Among the factors that affect blood pressure, stress is also one that most people are not really aware of. The effects of stress may vary from one person to another; however, in the long-term it appears to cause high blood pressure. Stress-induced blood pressure can be handled through exercise, massage and psychological therapy.
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