Effects of Environmental Degradation on Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is known as one of the best monuments in India but reports from the Indian government reveal it is under great threat as a result of pollution. India’s National Environment Engineering Research Institute compiled the report and shows the measures taken after reports that the tomb, which dates back to the 17th century was irreparably been damaged due to pollution were failing.
The Taj Mahal is not only part of the 7 Wonders of the World but it is only seen as a major symbol of love across the globe. Its beauty is breathtaking though pollution of slowly taking its breath away. There are several steps which have been taken to protect it though most of them have failed to maintain the beauty of the monument.
Every year, Taj Mahal’s beauty is vanishing as a result of environmental degradation. The major threats it faces include excessive tourism, pollution, rising Yamuna threat and toxins that come from factories. The pollution which comes from industries and vehicles is steadily turning Taj Mahal yellow and this is regardless of the efforts made by the government to control pollution.
The largest effect is that of airborne particles which get deposited on the monuments white marble thus giving it a yellow touch. Annually, the Taj attracts two to four million people with over 2,000,000 people coming from abroad. Majority of the tourists prefer to visit the attraction during the cool months of February, October and November. Most of them thro trash in the surrounding area and this also serves to destroy the beauty and appeal of the Mahal.
The Mathura oil refinery which is located twenty five miles from the Mahal releases high levels of toxins which further place the attraction at great danger. The refinery is known to produce pollution emissions like nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide and the gases react with one another further adding fuel to fire by damaging the monument even further.
The white marble dome monument was built in 1632 to 1654 by the Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan for Mumtaz Mahal, his favorite wife. It houses a mosque, their graves and other graves for Mogul Royalty of lower classes. There are several measures which have been taken to cut back the effects pollution has on the monument.
For instance, buses and cars are not allowed anywhere close to the monument but rather, they are parked 1 ½ miles from it. Visitors are only allowed to get close to the Taj by using horse driven carriages or buses that are battery run.
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