Buddhist Views on Euthanasia
Euthanasia can be characterized as voluntary euthanasia and is legal in U.S and Canada, non-voluntary and is illegal in all nations or as involuntary euthanasia and it is considered murder. Religion provides various views many issues affecting people globally. Buddhism for example offers different views on euthanasia. The debate about euthanasia with the Buddhist circles is tentative and there is an apparent reticence on the issue.
Japan Buddhist view death as not the end of life, but a transition in another state, mostly thought to be 49 days, intermediate between life in this body and life in the next. Many Buddhist are reluctant to dismiss a body as “dead” before its loss of warmth and reflexes are not based on a few of personal extinction, but as a Buddhist view of the common components of the life process.
Buddhist value the peace of mind and honor of life over the length of life. On the other hand, a samurai will often commit suicide on battlefield or court to preserve their dignity in death. Other commoners choose to community suicide in order to obtain a better life in the Pure Land [Heaven]. Many of the samurai suicides were morally comparable to euthanasia. Today, many prefer mercy killing in order to avoid an inevitable death at the hands of others like diseases or to escape a long period of pain without being a fruitful.
Buddhists are not undivided in their view of euthanasia and the writings or teachings of the Buddha do not solve this issue clearly. Most Buddhists are against the involuntary euthanasia, but their position on voluntary euthanasia is less clear. Here a few Buddhist view on euthanasia;
- Different states of minds- The most common opinion is that voluntary is wrong. This is interpreted by the fact that one’s mind is in a bad or compromised state and that one has allowed physical suffering to root for mental suffering. Meditation and proper use of pain killing drugs should aid avoid mental pain and no longer think of euthanasia. Buddhists also argue that helping someone end his or her is likely to put you in a bad mental state and this can also be shunned.
- Avoiding harm- Buddhism places stress on no-harm radar and avoid contemplating ending life. Buddhist teachings are against voluntary euthanasia and there are certain codes of Buddhist monastic laws that forbid it.
- Euthanasia is suicidal- looking at voluntary euthanasia as a form of suicide also makes this issue more complicating. Buddha showed tolerance of suicide in two monk cases. Due to the fact that these were monks, this makes the difference as the way life ends had a reflective effect on the way of the new life will commence. So a person’s state of mind at the time of death is essential. Hence, euthanasia and suicide is for people who have gained certain enlightenment and the rest of people should elude it.
From a Buddhist perspective, it is sometimes painful to watch those we love die in silence for adamant pain and suffering. Each person as created his or her destiny by his or her past karma or actions. Compassion is an important value of Buddhism teaching and a Buddhist can use it as a justification for euthanasia because the person in anguish is alleviated of pain. However, it is wicked to embark on the any course action aimed to destroy human life irrespective of the individual’s reasons for such decisions.
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