Boer War Timeline
History is replete with documented wars, which took place decades and centuries ago. While some of these wars may have been forgotten, they played a major role in shaping some current political landscapes. Importantly, these wars were influential depending on the parties involved and the aftermath of the battles. In this essay, we are going to discuss Boar war timeline, including what led to the war and how warring sides agreed to end fighting.
The first Boar War took place between 1880 and 1881, which is commonly known as the Transvaal Rebellion. This is because the Boars from Transvaal resisted the annexation of Britain in 1877. Some historians refer to the war as the South African War because; most people who felt the effects of the war and participated were White and Black. The name “Boar” denotes farmers among Afrikaans and Dutch.
Before the war took place, several events happened. For instance, approximately 15000 of Dutch origin moved into South Africa from Cape Colony. The move was triggered by the unfair treatment by the British government and political marginalization they went through on the Eastern Cape frontier. Following these developments, they formed two independent republics, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal. These republics were recognized by Great Britain in 1852 at Sand River and 1854 at Bloemfontein. Since they were farmers, the Boars enjoyed a pre-capitalist subsistence economy.
To expand neo-colonialism, Lord Carnarvon suggested a confederation in 1875, which was to bring together all South African States. Many pro British rule saw this as a move to enhance stability of the region for economic integration, especially after the discovery of diamonds in 1867. On the other hand, the Anglo Boar War took place between October 1899 and 1902 after the Boar Republics declared war. The war had three major phases, during the two years of fighting. In the first stage, it is worth noting that the Boars experienced three successful offensives. Firstly, they besieged the town of Ladysmith, before besieging British troops at Kimberly and Mafeking. Even though Britain realized some victories, they seriously lost key towns to the Boars.
In the second phase, Britain responded to Boars’ offensives. With reinforcements from all over, British changed the situation. Imperial troops recaptured the towns, which had fallen to the blacks, including Ladysmith, Kimberly and Mafeking. Following British successful response, they captured the Orange Free State and renamed the Orange River Colony in May 1900. On 5th June, 1900, Britain took over Pretoria, leading to the annexation of the Transvaal on September 1, 1900. This appeared to be the end of the war, and Roberts made returned to England a happy man.
The last stage of the war was the Guerilla war, when leaders adopted small military units as opposed to the British style of leadership. This was important as it allowed capturing of supplies, interrupt communications and attack raids on the military. It also made it had for British soldiers to capture the fighters. A raft of measures was adopted by the British, including burning about 30,000 farms, development of blockhouses and erection of fences. These led to a consensus between the two sides, which ended the war.
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