Towards More Strategic and Self Directed Careers essay sample
Towards More Strategic and Self Directed Careers
Towards More Strategic and Self Directed Careers
The current economic context, highlighted by increase in competition has forced a large number of businesses to deploy HR activities which until recently, were neglected. The article “Towards More Strategic and Self Directed Careers” indicates that more organizations and companies have begun development and enhancement of career development systems and organized plans for employees. In human resource, career management aims at identifying the goals, prospects and needs of individuals in profession as well as executing the increasing human resource plans in order to support the vocations. Career planning has proven to be a continual discovery process where individuals are able to develop their occupational concepts as a result of abilities, aspirations, skills, motivations and needs of their individual value system. It is a systematic and comprehensive process that targets the implementation and development of career strategies, analysis of opportunities and self-assessment as such, evaluating the results (Joo & Park, 2010).
The process of developing and planning careers involves both organizational and personal responsibility. People are supposed to identify their ambitions, abilities and use therapy and appraisal for purpose of evaluating development and training requirements. Organizations, however are supposed to identify needs and opportunities and plan employees in order to ensure there is information available for development of career and training. While planning a career, there are a couple of issues one ought to consider. First, members of an organization should be recognized and treated as individuals with unique skills, desires and needs. Secondly, individuals are supposed to be motivated to work in organizations that have value for their aspirations. Additionally, people can also change, develop and discover some new courses of action if they are shown exact opportunities, guided and encouraged. Employees need more activities of career counselling which should be in the form of formal activity within the human resource department. Special career counseling services should consist of psychological specialists who have an understanding of both organizational and individual needs. This makes it easy for good alignment with individual needs that make it easy to fulfill organizational objectives.
This paper is well organized and it portrays the importance of individual career planning in goals establishment, self-assessment and activities exploration designed to assist people make choices that are informed and changes regarding their careers. It highlights a systematic action requiring critical thinking in objectives formulation. The article, however, explains different factors that fuel the perception of individual career choice like an individual’s family circumstances, financial expectations, age, life and desired lifestyle. On top of this, organizations that maintain competitive advantage equip employees with right positions and proper skills. The employee types and skills vary depending on economic sector, scope of the business, consumer characteristics and technology. I am in agreement with the argument peculiar organizations affect the employees’ type, job structure and development ways for the job. Reduced job opportunities within organizations and restrictive managerial levels lead to alterations I conventional route to the career development plan of a firm.
This article, is easily found in retail stores and online shops. The concepts are applicable to United Arab Emirates in several organizations to boost success. For example, it is of great use for both organizations and individuals to understand the rate of the current employees’ sideways promotion, multiple development of skills and job rotation. Additionally, systems of career planning increase the satisfaction of employees as it makes it possible for them to recognize and take a stand that is firm regarding their objectives and policies. Career planning systems tend to be multifaceted and emphasis on mechanisms like reality check, setting goals, self- assessment as well as planning activities. This will aid UAE organizations towards ensuring their companies are productive. Finally, an organization is supposed to provide necessary resources for employees to achieve success in their careers such as career centers, career planning guides, career workshops, career directions and counselling. This will ensure employee potential is fully harnessed for the benefit of the organization. Therefore, these concepts can be applicable to all organizations even those in UAE. Information in this paper is useful to the counselor as it aids in forming the basis on which they can offer efficient consultation. Thus, it is recommended for different organizations and professionals for purposes of maximizing on the HR potential.
Joo, B. K. B., & Park, S. (2010). Career satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention: the effects of goal orientation, organizational learning culture and developmental feedback. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 31(6), 482-500.
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It is commonly the presence of abnormal and uncoordinated muscle movement. It is a neurological sign that infers dysfunction of the parts of the nervous system that aid in coordinating movement. It is a condition that affects the movement of the eye, speech, writing and swallowing and many other activities that depend on motor control.It is a term used broadly to indicate lack of coordination in the core physiological process. There are several types of ataxias that expound more on the disorder and they are;
This is type of ataxia caused by dysfunction of the cerebellum, a region in the brain which aids in the assimilation of sensory coordination, motor control and perception. Cerebellum is responsible for the integrating a substantial amount of neural information that is helpful in coordinating smooth movements and motor control planning. Cerebellar ataxias causes basic neurological problems such as hypotonia, lack of coordination between limbs, joints, organs and muscles, dysdiadochokinesia, dysmetria and dyschronometria.
This is a type of ataxia that is as a result of loss of proprioception, the sense of relative position of nearby parts of the body. It is a kind of sense that points out whether the body is moving as required and where the body parts are located in relation to each other. Dysfunction of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord cause sensory ataxia as they carry proprioceptive messages up to the brain. Sensory ataxia is characterized by postural instability, unsteady stomping gait accompanied by heavy heel strikes.
It occurs due to the dysfunction of the vestibular system. it is a condition associated with nausea, vomiting and vertigo. Patients are known to experience unsteadiness and giddiness.
Its Symptoms and signs vary depending on the severity and the type of ataxia one may be suffering from and they are many. For instance, if ataxia is caused by an injury or health complications symptoms may occur at any age, improve and eventual disappear undyingly. The initial symptoms of ataxia include;
- Poor limb and joint coordination
- Slurred and slow speech accompanied by difficulty in controlling volume, pitch and rhythm
- Swallowing problems
- Less apparent facial expressions
- Cold feet
- Walking complications
- Hearing problem and
Deficiency of Vitamin B12 and neurological abnormalities can cause sensory ataxia and overlapping cerebellar. Genetic flaws easily inherited from mother or father or both can cause inherited ataxia. This gene can be passed from one generation to the next. Procedures such as brain surgery, alcohol abuse, head injury, drug abuse, brain tumor, chicken pox and multiple sclerosis can all cause different types of ataxia.
A neurologist can easily diagnose and offer the best treatment and prevent measures. While diagnosing ataxia, the specialist will check patient’s medical history and either conduct tests such as Magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computerized tomography [CT] scan. Blood, urine and genetic tests are essential in determining whether the patient as any signs of ataxia.
Is not treatable, but a great deal can be undertaken to ease the its symptoms and improve life of the patient. There are several adaptive devices that patients can use and treat coordination and balance difficulties. This includes use of wheelchair, walking sticks and crutches. Other symptoms can be treated through physical therapy, speech and occupational therapy, orthopedic care and extensive counselling. Medications such as gamma-globulin injection can aid patients with ataxia telangiectasia.
A Quantitative Study on Strategic Decision Making Model
The outsourcing of Information technology has increasingly become a common occurrence as the impact of globalization and technological developments continues to demand for the quality expertise in IT. Grizzle (1995) says that companies without quality and reliable in-house expertise often opt for outsourcing in order to advance as well as transform business. However, it is obvious that companies and other institutions with strong IT capabilities also adopt the concept of outsourcing in order to address their varying IT functions. This therefore, enables them to focus on their core-operations that involve enhancing cost reduction while also promoting overall productivity. Outsourcing can also be adopted to create a positive impact on business, which may involve maximization of the overall commercial exploitation. For the process of IT outsourcing to be effective, companies should make quality decisions regarding the most appropriate outsourcing model that should be adopted to enhance the overall productivity. Such decisions should be made depending on quality assessment of the prevailing in-house IT capacities to assist in the identification of the various gaps that may need to be filled.
This study is aimed at developing the most suitable outsourcing model that can be applied in Chinese banks. In order to make a conclusion on the best outsourcing strategic model that can be used in these banks, this study seeks to undertake an investigation on the various factors influencing the decision of the outsourcing strategy for use in the banking sector in China through identifying the perceived merits and demerits of outsourcing.
Type of the Study
A quantitative methodology will be used in this study to ensure effective investigation into the issue at hand through the adoption of statistical, numerical as well as computational approaches. Olusegun (2002) says that a quantitative study approach is important since it allows for the use of mathematical models for the evaluation of hypotheses that may have been formulated on the particular phenomenon. The aspect of measurement therefore, becomes crucial in quantitative study approach since it can provide a fundamental relationship between empirical observations made and mathematical interpretations on quantitative relationships. This strategy will be of great significance in this study since it allows the researcher to ask narrow and specific questions that will enable him or her to gather samples of numerical data from those taking part in the study who will be expected to give responses to the study questions. This approach will in the same way also enable the researcher to evaluate the correlation of the collected quantitative data as this will be presented in terms of statistics and percentages. The study will also seek to answer the study questions through testing of descriptive and correlational hypotheses. Descriptive hypotheses will be useful since they will enable the researcher to ask specific questions regarding the level of outsourcing adopted within their respective places of work. Some of the descriptive hypotheses that this study will be testing include:
- The level of IT outsourcing within this institution is above average
- The level of IT outsourcing used in this institution is below average
The cor relational hypotheses will also be very important since they will allow the researcher to evaluate the link between the various factors that determine the level at which Chinese bank outsource. Below are some of the specific cor relational hypotheses that this study will be looking towards testing:
- There is a direct link between the perceived benefits at the decisions made by Chinese banks to take part in outsourcing.
- There is a direct relationship between the perceived risks and the reluctance of the Chinese banks to take part in outsourcing activities.
The type of survey used in this study will be designed in the form of online questionnaires that will help in the collection of data from various participants that will be involved in this study. The questionnaires will be appropriate in this study since they will enhance the creation of standardized questions that would be precisely aimed at gathering relevant information from the respondents. The design of the questionnaires will be in a way that can allow for statistical analysis of the collected data. All questionnaires will have the same questions for uniformity of information collected in order to enhance the validity of the tools of study in seeking responses to the study questions. These tools are especially important in this study because they are cheap and do not require much effort, time and resources unlike other forms of survey tools that may involve verbal or telephone interviews (Anstey, 2010). The researcher will use the study questions in formulating the questionnaire after which he or she will read through the finished document to make sure that it corresponds to the questions of the study. Reading through the completed document will also ensure that questions are crafted in the correct order. Rating scales will also be used in cases whereby respondents will be required to rate their responses to certain questions based on the predetermined scale of one to five. The respondents will thus be expected to apply one where they strongly do not agree with a particular variable, 2 where they just disagree, 3 where their response is neutral, 4 where they agree and 5 where they show strong agreement (Grizzle, 1995). The study questions that the researcher will be seeking response to through the questionnaires include:
- What are the main factors influencing the decision by Chinese banks to take part in outsourcing activities?
- What are the reasons behind the reluctance of Chinese banks in outsourcing?
Data Collection Plan
The study will be aimed at collecting relevant data about the adoption of IT outsourcing by various Chinese banks. The data will specifically be gathered from various respondents, including information technology managers, chief technology officers and administrators to help in determining the various factors that lead Chinese banks towards outsourcing as well as the various reasons that can hinder such firms from adopting this practice.
This study will be conducted in China and involve ten banking companies operating in Beijing, which is the country’s capital city. The selection of these institutions will depend on random sampling, whereby the researcher will be required to pick any bank provided that its two branches would not be involved in the study. However, the researcher will ensure that there is equitable representation of local, national and international banking companies that might have local branches based in Beijing. This will ensure the validity of data since various factors that might beneficial to international and national banking institutions could be risky to the local banks (Li, 2013). The person conducting the research will then choose three information technology managers, one chief technology officer and five administrators from every bank to take part in the study. The criterion applied is the selection of this sample depends on the need for the right caliber of people that can offer suitable responses to the questions of the study. The chief technology officers are important in this research since they are part of the key decision makers on various issues related to technology. Information technology managers are also important as they can provide critical information about the various in-house technological capabilities and the subsequent lapses that can be mended through IT outsourcing. Administrators are equally important since they will offer quality information on the complexity of Information technology functions that might necessitate the adoption of outsourcing activities. This approach also ensures that the sample population is able to respond to the study questions in a manner which is objective and conscientious.
Sample Research Design
The researcher will create a questionnaire that can help in gathering information for responding to the questions of the study. Besides, it will be done in a way that ensures the questions are arranged in the right order. At first, a sample questionnaire will be formulated and handed to the panel of experts for evaluation. After this, the researcher will proceed with developing copies of the sample questionnaire to making sure that all that are sent to the various respondents have the same information. The questionnaires will then be tested on a few friends so that the vague terms are identified before unleashing the data collection tools to the actual respondents. After the questionnaire has been approved by the panel of experts, the researcher will then go ahead to make copies of it and disburse to the respective respondents. A message asking the participants to take part in the study will then be sent to them via the LinkedIn network. The aim of the study will be communicated to the respondents to make sure that the information collected is genuine and not biased. The questionnaires will then be dispensed through LinkedIn to the participants who will be required to fill them in and send back to the researcher within duration of two weeks.
Data Analysis Plan
The researcher will go through all the collected questionnaires to make sure that respondents have filled in the required responses to the questions. The researcher will then download the filled in questionnaires in order to key in the details contained in the questionnaire by every individual in a spreadsheet. The researcher will after this, check the data that is already entered into the spreadsheet to ensure that the information is accurate. The SPSS software will be used in collating and analyzing the entered data in the spreadsheet. The researcher will then undertake the confirmation of the number of people that may have been selected and the responses given by each. He or she will then use the graphs, frequency tables, flow charts, histograms and pie charts to represent the data based on the various responses obtained.
Reliability of the tools of study will be enhanced by pre-testing of the data collection tools. This will be achieved through a pilot test that will involve a few friends and close associates. This will help in enhancing a random measurement of possible errors to make sure that accuracy and precision is accomplished before the study tools are sent out to the various participants in the study.
The validity of the tools of study will be enhanced through engaging a panel of experts to undertake the evaluation of the instruments of the study for identification of any possible in-built mistakes. These experts will especially ensure that the study questions are arranged systematically, and are objective to avoid biased results.
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Anstey, A. (2010). Questionnaire Development: Demystifying the Process, International Management Review, 6 (1): 45-61.
Grizzle, R. (1995). A Split Questionnaire survey Design, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90(429): 98-101.
Hostetler, H. (2003). Outsourcing Information Technology: Assessing Your Options, SAM Advanced Management Journal, 68(4): 78-91.
Li, E.L. (2013). Study of the Decision-Making Model of Outsourcing Service Provider Selection, International Journal of U and E Service, Science and Technology, 6(2):43-52.
Olusegun, S. (2002). Selecting a Qualitative or Quantitative Research Methodology: An Experience, Educational Research Quarterly, 26(1): 45-60.
Employer Services in Michigan
Demand Driven System to Deliver Employer Services in Michigan
The fact that American universities are offering quality education to their students may not be disputed (Chan & Derry, 2013 p. 28). Universities in America are habitually ranked among the best academic institutions globally. According to Chan & Derry (2013), most university vision statements have two related components that constitute their missions. The first one is to offer quality education to the students. This component is well executed. The second one is the preparation of students for life after school, especially a life of work and careers after graduation. Most colleges have failed in accomplishing this second part of their missions. A study conducted by Chegg established that there is a wide gap between the perceptions of managers and graduates on the readiness of graduates to be successful in the work place (Bridge that Gap, 2013 p. 6).
However, it is encouraging that universities are more actively involved in the preparation of students for life after college. Smith (2012) highlights the recent trends in universities’ approach to the preparation of students for life after college within a historical perspective. One of the reasons why universities have become more involved in preparing students for life after college is increased accountability requirements. Different stakeholders in the education sector require seeing a return on their investments. Higher education is quite costly and people have greater expectations from it. They expect that graduates should get good paying jobs after college, and not become jobless at home. According to Smith (2012, p. 10) due to the prevailing harsh economic conditions, it is incumbent upon universities to form partnerships, within and outside the college in order to come up with programs and services that prepare students for life after school.
The government recognizes the fact that there are various graduates who are employed or underemployed and has over the years initiated programs to assist such people in improving their prospects in the job market. In 1998, the federal government enacted the Workforce Investment Act. This piece of legislation was aimed at increasing coordination among federal workforce development and programs related to it (Bradley, 2013). The development programs offer education as well as training services that prepare individuals for the work place while also growing their prospects in the job market. The WIA Act gave funds for the implementation of the programs under its scope. Although the expiry of the act was in the financial year 2003, it has been extended every year for some time (Bradley, 2013).
Although the WIA Act was initiated to offer means through which youths, adults and displaced workers could acquire relevant skills for the job market, it has mixed results (Hollenbeck, 2009). According to Hollenbeck (2009), WIA seems to be effective for adults. However, those programs for the youth have had negligible efficacy and not showed significant positive results. On the other hand, Barnow and Smith (2008) suggest that most of the programs under WIA have not been subjected to a thorough cost-benefit analysis. Consequently, most of the training programs tend to have no effect at all or at best produce modest positive results. Even though the programs may have a low cost-benefit quotient, some of them can be justified on grounds of equity. The lack of positive results may also be impacted by the poor implementation of the programs. The programs do not have proper funding and the implementation is haphazardly done.
Michigan is among the states that have done substantial work in the preparation of students for the workplace. Long before the federal government enacted the WIA Act in 1998, the Michigan state government had already been doing some pioneering work towards enhancing the efficiency, innovation and effectiveness of its labor force (O’Shea, 2003 p. 55). This work was done b y the office of the governor in collaboration with practitioners from the private and public sectors. The state already had the delivery and oversight structures in place by the time it started implementing the WIA Act in July 2000 (O’Shea, 2003 p. 57).
As early as 1993, the state of Michigan had already initiated a ‘’One-Stop Career Center Model’’ (O’Shea, 2003). These centers were later renamed to Michigan Works Service Centers (MWSC) and formally institutionalized as the delivery model for the state. The state also pioneered the use of technology in the early 90s through an initiative known as the Michigan Opportunity System. This system offered automated information kiosks and tried to ensure better access to training and employment, streamline service delivery and improve the quality and breadth of consumer choices. Michigan has continued to refine the use of technology, pre and post WIA.
The MWSCs are usually operated by private contractors who offer the services on behalf of the state. To make sure that excellence standards are maintained, and that the MWSCs are valuable to clients, they state the minimum requirements for certification as a One-Stop Career Center (O’Shea, 2003 p. 71). For a center to attain certification it must provide the core job seeker and employer services, have set the minimum partnerships and provide on-site program services. The centers should also be accountable for the delivery of services, meet the design requirements for facilities and have acceptable marketing as well as customer relations practices. The MWSCs are also required to have a self-service area which is equipped with the recommended resources, including labor market, automated center and other online-based resources. It is also important that print resources are available.
In the past, economic development, education, labor force development and business service agencies have operated in isolation, far apart from each other (Polzin et al, 2010 p. 2). They are yet to take advantage of the synergies arising when assets from all the domains listed above work together in addressing business needs. For this gap to be narrowed, Michigan created the Business Solutions Professional (BSP) Certification program. At first, the program was mean for upgrading professional skills in workforce development. Its effectiveness was however; lower than expected since it became clear that for it to be effective, practitioners from the education, economic development and business services sectors had to be involved in the plan.
The South Central Michigan Works Business Services staff came up with an integrated approach towards workforce development (Polzin et al, 2010 p. 2). The development of the plan was influenced by observations made by the staff in the process of workforce development. Through the experimentation of their training approach, they discovered that they were able to more effectively serve the businesses and job seekers in the area by shifting from the traditional model of labor force development, which emphasized on human services. The new model created in Michigan engages education, economic development, business services, workforce development and practitioners in a program that integrates coursework and supervised comprehensive field work. The program assists trainees in developing skills, knowledge and the necessary understanding required for using a systematic approach that identifies and addresses business needs as a major element in the creation and retention of employment.
The training design and implementation for the new project is controlled by the adult learning principles. Noe (2005) provides a description of the characteristics of adult learners. Since adult learners are autonomous and self-directed, the implementation of the curriculum is done through interactive sessions that use case studies, role plays, simulations, small discussion groups, problem solving and small group reflections. The participants discuss challenges facing Michigan businesses and offer presentations on these challenges over the course of the program. Adults have vast knowledge obtained from life experiences. With this adult characteristic in mind, the training plan tries to add new knowledge to the existing one, instead replacing the prior knowledge of the participant with the new one.
Noe (2005) also points out that it is important to show respect to adult learners. The curriculum endeavors to facilitate the development of a learning community. Participants are encouraged to share knowledge and experiences, and apply them in accomplishing the given duties. Another feature of adults is that they are relevancy oriented. They should know how the program can make positive contributions to their job prospects. The program uses panelists and guest speakers who educate the participants on the importance of the BSP program. The sessions are backed with personal anecdotes from the panelists and guest speakers on how they benefited from the program and also how it enhanced their personal prospects.
Another characteristic of adults is that they are goal-oriented. They are extrinsically and intrinsically motivated. Most of the BSP facilitators are involved in the program because they believe that their contribution helps in the improvement of the economic prospects of Michigan in some way (Polzin et al, 2010 p. 4). Participants are offered problem cases on a regular basis whereby they are required to apply the BSP skills obtained from the program in solving real life problems experienced in their communities. Noe (2005) finally states that adults are utilitarian and problem centered. They may not show response to knowledge for the sake of knowledge.
The knowledge that is pursued should be a means to an end and not an end in itself. Hence, they can show positive response if they see a relationship between the skills taught and their ability in performing their duties effectively. The program therefore, uses case studies of likely problems in the field and uses BSP method to arrive at solutions. The field work also helps participants to come into contact with real business challenges. They are required to apply the BSP method for finding effective solutions.
The Michigan government has attempted to alter the workforce system from being a job seeker centered to one that is employer focused, that is, a system that is demand-driven (Michigan Industry Cluster Approach, 2012). For the transition to be achieved, the state established five economic and workforce development objectives (O’Shea, 2003, p. 62). These goals include creating a career development system that is integrated through education-industry partnerships from as low as the local level to as high as the state level, developing a career decision-making system that is effective and integrated. It prepares the youth and adults for the job market, and creates a Career Development System that is based on competency and integrates industry skill standards to academics.
The other objectives were to inform and educate the public about Michigan’s Department of Career Development System, how it is accessed and used effectively, and improving the skills of staff members in the Michigan’s Department of Career Development. This will make sure that the staff is able to provide efficient and relevant services to different kinds of clients. This approach focused on the need for collaboration between the private and public sectors. The Michigan state government created different approaches for the effective leveraging of the synergies that can be achieved from education-industry collaboration.
The MWSCs are important starting points for the initiation of collaboration between industry and job seekers. The career centers don not simply act as a bureau for assisting job seekers in getting placement in their preferred areas. They are a useful tool through which the state seeks to attain the five economic and workforce development objectives. One of the conditions for licensing MWSCs or BSP is that they must show evidence of partnership with the local employers (O’Shea, 2003). This requirement is critical in the creation of a career development system that is designed to suit the needs of local employers. The BSP offers on-site training. This is important in making sure that they are able to assist clients in making the right career choices. The BSPs provide a wide range of services and also have partnerships with various industries. This enhances the portfolio of competencies that are catered for, ensuring that more customers can be placed within the job market of the state.
One of the most effective approaches was using the cluster approach to education-industry collaboration. According to Porter (2005, p. 2), cluster refers to ‘’dense networks of interrelated companies that come up in a region as a result of powerful externalities and spillovers across organizations within a cluster.’’ Clusters can drive innovation and productivity. This is attributed to the fact that firms located within a cluster are more flexible when it comes to operation and can make transactions with each other more efficiently, share technology more readily and identify and implement innovative practices more rapidly. Clusters also have the advantage of ability to access goods and services more easily because of the concentration of the same characteristics and requirements.
It should be noted that clusters have inherent advantages that the Michigan state government emphasized on when using the cluster approach. The state identified various priority clusters that could be used as a basis for the demands-driven workforce system. The clusters identified included energy, agriculture, manufacturing, information technology, healthcare and locally identified clusters (Michigan Industry Cluster Approach, 2012). The option of locally identified clusters was to provide localities within the state with the opportunity of choosing the most relevant clusters within their locality.
The categorization of industries into clusters presents logistical advantages when it comes to training. Clusters assist in ‘’convening employers to collect in-depth information on jobs in demand, skill gaps, training requirements, employee screening factors and other related issues’’ (Michigan Industry Cluster Approach, 2012). The Michigan Works State agency is pursuing a ‘ask first, then act approach to workforce development’ (Allen, 2012). The intense focus on demand determines the supply of graduates and ensures that the workforce development system actually produces graduates that meet the needs of employers.
The industrial cluster approach can deliver several benefits to the economy. According to Porter (2005), clusters play a significant role in the creation of knowledge. They help in developing a pool of workers with specialized expertise. In a set up like this, there are higher chances of innovation. Facilitation of the industry-education collaboration therefore assists in making sure that this new knowledge is spread to students who will in-turn be prepared when they join the job market.
Clusters can also be useful in the creation of new employment opportunities. This is usually through outsourcing. Outsourcing is not only done to other business enterprises but also learning institutions (Porter, 2005). Thus, it is ideal that academia-industry collaborations are robust enough to sustain this process. The cluster approach to workforce development can significantly cut down long-term training costs. This is because this approach ensures that only the required professionals undergo training and are released into the job market. Universities are therefore likely to do away with programs which have no demand in the job market. Cases where graduates have to undergo re-training to fit into the job market will significantly go down, hence lowering the overall costs of training.
Based on the above evidence, the industrial cluster approach to workforce development does indeed offer the workers an advantage when they get into the job market. Therefore, it is important that Michigan continues with the implementation of the approach for accrued benefits. According to Stewart and Luger (2003) the best practices should be used in implementing the cluster-focused approach. Foremost, the state should come up with service delivery around clusters. There should be rapid response teams, which comprise of all the relevant agencies for addressing the concerns of the clusters. Besides, the state should also provide one-stop shops where all the needs of the clusters can be met. Secondly, it should also invest in clusters. The investments could be based on research and development, marketing clusters, building cluster markets or providing the infrastructure required by a cluster. The state should also encourage and facilitate networking and creation of links intra and inter clusters. Finally, the government should develop requisite human resource capital that can be effective in the clusters. This should be conducted in collaboration with the clusters.
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Allen, S. (2012). Regional, demand-driven workforce development. Economic Development. Retrieved from http://mibiz.com/item/20203-michigan-works-shifts-to-regional-demand- driven- workforce-development
Barnow, S. & Smith, J. (2008). What we know about the impacts of workforce investment programs. Revised version of paper presented at Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research sponsored conference, “Strategies for improving economic mobility of workers.” Chicago. Retrieved from http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/others/events/2007%20/improving_economic_ mobility/paper_workforce_investment_programs.pdf
Bradley, H. (2013). The workforce investment act and the one-stop delivery system. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=demand- driven+system+%28new+del ivery+of+servicing+employers+in+Michigan%29&source=web&cd=5&ved=0C FIQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fdigitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu%2Fcgi%2Fview content.cgi%3Farticle%3D2151%26context%3Dkey_workplace&ei=oL3uUpna NIaO7Qa-tIGABg&usg=AFQjCNGbb4AZnT9WuVx1k8leOWHYFT225Q&bv m=bv.60444564,d.ZGU
Bridge that gap: analyzing the student skill index. (2013). Chegg. Retrieved from http://www.insidehighered.com/sites/default/server_files/files/Bridge%20That%2 0Gap- v8(1).pdf
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Are you struggling with a dissertation? Seek writing services from EssaysExperts.net and let professionals handle your paper. Dissertation writing is the most challenging task that makes students spend sleepless nights trying to create an excellent paper. Dissertation writing also requires commitment for an extensive research and proper analysis of data. Since students at this level are committed to jobs and their families, they find it hard to cope with assignment pressure and resolve for custom writing services.
It is common for students to be required to do dissertations during the course of their studies. However, most students lack the skills to deliver quality writing. In such instances, they can benefit from Custom Writing service providers such as essaysexperts.net. Dissertation Writing can be a fulfilling part of the student’s academic career should they choose to work with highly qualified professionals that provide Custom Writing services.
Essaysexperts.net ensures that all its writers are highly qualified individuals who can deliver quality work consistently, since they are aware that most students prefer their Dissertation Writing to be of the highest possible quality. The key to providing quality writing is ensuring the work is always plagiarism free. That is the main factor that has made essaysexperts.net a premium Custom Writing service provider.
Approaches to Dissertation Writing
The professional custom writing services providers have well-developed procedures which they use in Dissertation Writing. This procedure enables them to deliver quality writing so that the students who approach them for Custom Writing services are certain of always getting high quality work within the set time limits. The procedure comprises of four levels or steps.
- Topic setting research
- Detailed research
- Essay or Dissertation Writing
- Final review
Topic setting research is the initial level in writing. This enables the writers to familiarize themselves with the overall subject field. The professional online essay writers take this responsibility seriously in ensuring only the best work for clients on their Custom Writing tasks.
The second level in Dissertation Writing entails in depth research. Data sources are checked for information that may be used in writing the final paper. Plagiarism is a major problem is scholastic papers.The students would rather obtain correctly referenced papers as per APA, MLA, Harvard or Chicago referencing styles. These are the four most commonly used referencing styles in nearly all academic settings. The Custom Writing professionals at essaysexpert.net are familiar with all of these four referencing styles.
In Dissertation Writing it is vital that one follows the guidelines set by the teachers, lecturers or whoever assigned the task. Once the detailed research is done, the students need to present the information as per the provided guidelines. They also have the responsibility of avoiding poor writing forms such as run on sentences. Sentences must be written to the point and definite. It is better to use simple grammatical sentence constructions and structures instead of intricate sentence constructions. Readers might not be able to work out the proposed significance of the complex sentence.
Proofreading is a vital part of the writing process for essays, term papers, thesis and dissertations. This final step involves reviewing the final writing in order to correct mistakes such as grammatical and spelling errors. Spell checkers such as the ones found in most electronic text editors are a useful tool since they make it easy to spot and correct errors and spelling mistakes. The final review process after the document is completed is normally referred to as proofreading.
Custom writings companies should spend their time and investments improving their dissertation writing services in order to provide clients with high quality services. By high quality services, we mean writing papers that help clients score top marks after assessment by lecturers/professors/tutors. Those who require dissertation writing services from custom writings companies such as EssaysExperts.net should spend time analyzing if the writers hired understand the dissertation writing process.
If the writers do not understand dissertation writing process, they are likely to miss on some issues. For instance, they are likely to understand what a dissertation should entail. If a writer does not understand this, it is likely that they might include irrelevant issues in the paper or fail to include other issues in the paper. The dissertation writing process should be done in steps. Failure to do this might lead to unsatisfactory results. For instance, a topic should be the first thing to come up with.
Writers hired at a custom writings company might start by brainstorming for the topic. However, one cannot develop a good topic if they do not understand the instructions. The instructions and descriptions offered by lecturers usually brainstorm about the topic. Adherence to these instructions and process of dissertation topic development helps avoid possible future revisions on the topic. First, the lecturer might ask you to come up with the topic first and then he/she assesses this topic before allowing continuing of the rest of dissertation writing. If the topic was developed so fast, it might be rejected because it is not informative.
Necessarily, a good writer from EssaysExperts.net should do some basic investigations to come up with research based or issue – based topics in a certain field of analysis. The issues included in the topic should be of contention in the research field. In other words, there could be a lot of interest among researchers in this area of study. Some dissertation writing might focus on exploring a mentioned problem and offer a research – based solutions.
Actual Research in dissertation writing
Dissertation Writing Services
If you ever spent sleepless nights because of an assignment, here’s some piece of advice: there is always a way out. Assignments cost students sleepless nights when they are too complex. For instance, those pursuing degrees in engineering, math, calculus and IT might find it hard to complete assignments because of complexity and involved mathematical calculations.
Sometimes, students find it necessary to visit companies such as EssaysExperts.net to order a paper in complex courses. In some other cases, the real issue is the type of papers and formatting of them. You might never believe that it is possible to go for many sleepless nights wondering about the correct format for college papers and research paper. If you are new to the citation styles such as MLA and APA, it might dawn on you one day. Companies such as EssaysExperts.net can help write papers in all styles in case you are stuck.
Students grumble with complex mathematical formulas when lecturers have not allowed time for absorbing what is taught. Worse still, some lecturers go ahead and give assignments involving writing college papers and dissertation writing, only a few days or hours after introducing these complex formulas in class. In some cases, lecturers offer scanty examples and introductions, and then give difficult assignments. Students must find formulas that are relevant to tackle these assignments.
Lateness will be penalized by lecturers
Because doing college papers such as dissertation writing is compulsory, students have no option than staying long hours awake to manage. Sometimes, your lecturer is so ruthless that he/she penalizes for late submissions. A penalty could involve deduction of points on the final score. This means you get a deduction, despite performing dismally in the paper because it was difficult.
This is not in consideration of the fact that students doing college papers or dissertation writing need to wake up early the next morning to prepare for classes. Students become so occupied with the event at night that they fail to effectively prepare for lessons in other subjects.This might cause a continuous cycle of failure. Failure to recognize this might lead to your blaming everyone else for the calamities.
You might also have spent sleepless nights wondering who will do the college papers or complete dissertation writing task because of not knowing the options available.
In addition, some academic courses always involve complex theories. Lecturers who do not point out theories that should be used in exposing topics can cause students sleepless nights as the latter search for the theories. You might be required to spend long hours awake to read voluminous books if the work is several pages long. Some tasks are difficult because the theories involves are not easy to understand.
Look for someone to do the college papers or offer dissertation writing services
It is the best option so far for those with complex topics to discuss, hard questions to answer and long term assignments. You might also avoid hours and days of sleepless night by ordering a paper from such companies as EssaysExperts.net to beat an approaching deadline. Sometimes students discover it too late that they cannot complete assignments in time, because of procrastination.
Research Paper Topics
Dissertation writing requires developing a topic if the lecturer has not given a ready topic. Such topic must be customized to the needs of the lecturer. A dissertation writer can help a lot if the lecturer requires you to come up with research paper topics before starting the whole process. In fact, some lecturers require you to first submit a topic. They will have to assess the suitability of this topic before allowing you to continue. A good dissertation writer can help you overcome a handle in dissertation writing: developing research paper topics that are easily accepted by the lecturer.
There are several ways in which free research paper topics can help in dissertation writing. Today, you can organize for free research paper topics from dissertation writing companies such as EssaysExperts.net. We should state that, some dissertation writing companies do not just offer free research paper topics, but actually require that you should order the dissertation first. These companies are also willing to write the dissertation paper for you according to the descriptions uploaded.
You might engage a dissertation writing company in completing the assignment if the lecturer requires one. The trick would be to first request for research paper topics before allowing them to continue with the rest of writing. You can assess a company based on the quality of the research paper topics written. If the research paper topics are well written, it is enough reason to commit the dissertation writing company to write the whole paper. The other terminology for these types of research paper topics is sample research paper topics.
The skill needed in this case is to know what comprises a good research topic. For instance, research paper topics for dissertation writing should be based on research. For instance, the writer should first do some basic research before coming up with research paper topics.
Such research helps in finding matters of contention among researchers in the said field. It is necessary to ensure that, research paper topics from dissertation writing companies are clear in meaning. They must be understandable and contain not as many issues as to be described too broad.
To get research paper topics from dissertation writing companies, you require offering some guidelines about the needed content. For instance, you might upload the instructions from the lecturer on the company’s website. A writer from EssaysExperts.net will take time to read and understand the instructions. Some companies also allow people to communicate with them through phone lines, chats and messaging to receive directions on writing research paper topics.
Search research paper topics online
It is possible to get free research paper topics from other sources, for instance, searching on databases listing possibilities. The internet contains a number of companies that can advise clients on how to come up with effective research paper topics.
An example group is those companies that allow clients to download sample papers from their websites. These clients should use these samples to confirm that the company can write good dissertation topics, but the clients can use them as guides to their own writing projects. By using the example topics, you can come up with clear topics, research-based and original topics.