Genetic divergence refers to the process through which 2 or more populations of the same ancestral species amass genetic changes or mutation over time. This often occurs once the populations are reproductively secluded for certain duration. There are instances when subpopulations living in environments that are ecologically distinct show signs of genetic divergence from the rest of the population especially in cases where the population is very immense.
Some of these genetic differences among populations might include silent mutations which don’t have any effects on phenotypes or lead to significant changes whether physiological and/or morphological. At all times, genetic divergence is accompanied by reproductive isolation which can be as a result of novel adaptations through selection and/or as a result of genetic drift. This is in essence the major principal that underlies speciation.
The technique of detecting and directing two or more desirable genetic traits artificially is known as genetic divergence technology. Genetic divergences that occur naturally are often seen in high character levels of function and structure that can be observed readily in different species. For instance the limb of the vertebrate is a classic example of genetic divergence that occurs naturally. In numerous varying species, the limb can be traced back to an origin that is common.
While this is the case, it has diverged not only in its overall function but the structure as well. The technology of genetic divergence is applicable in the biology of molecular characteristics. Ideally, this is applicable to the pathway of two or additional cell types of organisms for instance, it is applicable to proteins and genes like nucleotide sequences or those of protein sequences which are derived from two or additional homologous genes.
Orthologous genes which result from speciation event as well as paralogue genes which result from the duplication of genes within the population are said to showcase natural divergence. This is attributed to the fact that the paralogous genes are likely to undergo genetic divergence when there are 2 genes within that species.
There are different factors that contribute to genetic divergence and some of these are as highlighted below:
These are genetic changes which occur as a result of two processes which include mutations and sexual recombination. Chromosomes carry genes and each cell body has identical pairs of chromosomes known as diploid state. Sexual production requires gametes pairing from 2 individuals hence each gamete should have one pair of chromosome each known as haploid state.
This is yet another contributor of genetic divergence. Genes are comprised of DNA while DNA is comprised of nucleotides. Whenever there is a change in nucleotides sequence, there is also a change in the DNA and this leads to genes changes.
Other factors that lead to genetic divergence include allopatric speciation, sympatic speciation and natural selection.
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How to Write a Conclusion for a Lab
Knowing how to write a conclusion for a lab report is very important because the conclusion is an important section where you state what you learned from the lab experiment while justifying how you learned it. The conclusion is the last paragraph and a working part of a paper. In this section, you should push readers into thinking about the global implications of the findings that you present in the report.
In the conclusion, you should sum up the procedures that you used and the results of the lab project for the reader. Also restate the goals of the lab project and include final notes or data on whether the experiment answered the posed question successfully. Readers should get all the vital points of the lab report by simply reading the conclusion while noting the unforeseen results of the experiment.
How to write a conclusion for a lab report step by step
The conclusion of a lab report ought to be written in the format of an essay. It should have proper spelling as well as correct punctuation.
Here are steps that you should follow when writing this section of a lab report:
- Restate the purpose or the problem
Start by restating the purpose or the problem and whether the experiment supported the purpose of conducting the lab experiment. This is very important because it ensures that your conclusion relates to the purpose or problem that you stated at the introduction of the report. Remember that the purpose or problem is what necessitated the experiment.
The purpose of carrying out this experiment was to establish the comparison between acid pH after adding bases to it. Data from this experiment supports the notion that acid pH increases with base addition to it.
- Discuss how you reached the conclusion with the help of the gathered data
To show how the data that you collected during the experiment relates, refer to the graphs that you used to present the findings in the body section. Your explanation in the conclusion should be based on the relationship of the information presented in the graphs. If you included an equation while presenting the findings, use the equation to explain the relationship of your data in the conclusion.
- Discuss possible errors in data collection or procedures
In any experiment, there are possible causes of errors. Therefore, discuss possible reasons why your conclusion or data may be inaccurate because of certain errors.
- End the conclusion
Close your conclusion by restating the conclusion and the problem. You can also suggest changes that should be made while carrying out future experiments and how they are likely to affect the collected data.
Various bases were used to indicate their neutralization effect on acid pH in this lab experiment. It might be helpful to add base into acid using a dropper rather than a beaker to prevent base spilling into acid. The other part of the process is safe and following it is easy.
Checklist for a conclusion of a lab report
Once you have known how to write a conclusion for a lab report, find out how you can evaluate your conclusion to determine if it serves its purpose.
To do this, you need to ask yourself the following questions:
- Have you restated the goal of your experiment?
The conclusion should start with a restatement of the goal of the lab experiment. Restate the goal that you stated in the introductory paragraph though using different words. Ask yourself, what question were you trying to answer with the experiment? It is also important that your conclusion include a summary of the predictions that you had made for the results of the experiment.
- Have your described the used methods or procedure?
Your lab report should briefly summarize the methods or procedures that you used in the experiment. Note that a comprehensive list of the items that you used in your experiment should be in the section where you discuss the methods in the body of the report. The conclusion should provide just a summary of the procedures or methods and the reason for choosing them to obtain data.
- Does the conclusion include an analysis of the final data?
The focus of a lab report is on the data that you collected from the experiment. This includes all the data that you obtained from experiment and its analysis. In the conclusion, restate the data that you gathered from the experiment. Include the final data acquired from the analysis only. Additionally, provide an explanation of the final data and what it means in a brief manner. Explain data trends while noting whether there were irregularities indicated by the results raising further questions. Additionally, make sure that your conclusion indicates possible causes of errors.
- Have you stated whether your experiment answered the question successfully?
In the conclusion, you should examine data from the experiment on the basis of your predictions and goals of the experiment. Tell readers whether the experiment answered the question that you stated in the introduction. If it answered the question successfully, tell readers so. If it did not, explain the possible reasons or explanation for this while suggesting methods that can be used in future experiments. However, whether the experiment answered the question successfully or not, tell readers what you learned from it while stating the experiment’s results predictions that turned out to be true.
Your answers to these questions will enable you to determine if the conclusion of your lab report serves its purpose effectively.
Additional tips on how to write a conclusion for a lab report
- Maintain the accurate length for your conclusion for a lab report
The conclusion of a lab report can be long or short depending on the nature of the lab experiment and what you learned or deduced from it. Its length can also be determined by the prompt or what you were required or wanted to accomplish during the experiment. Thus, it can be a one sentence conclusion or a paragraph conclusion. There are also cases where it can be longer than one paragraph. Therefore, make sure that your conclusion has an accurate length that includes relevant information only.
- Identify the most important aspect of the result from the experiment
The main interpretation of the results should be based on the single most vital result of the experiment. Make sure that your conclusion presents the analysis of this result as well as its implication.
- How data was obtained
Remember that your conclusion is based on the data that you obtained while conducting the experiment and its analysis. It is therefore important that you tell readers how you obtained data so that they can determine if your data is reliable and whether your interpretation, analysis and conclusions are based on solid evidence.
The conclusion is the last part of the lab report where you should tell readers what the results of the experiment mean and their implications to the real world. Therefore, make sure that your conclusion leaves readers with something to think about. Stating the implications of the findings of your lab experiment also shows that the experiment was necessary.
- Edit the conclusion of your lab report
After writing the conclusion for your lab report, ask a friend that you trust to edit it for you or enlist our editing service. You may have a good conclusion for a lab report but spelling and grammatical errors ruin it.
- Double-check results
It is important that you take time to double-check all results from the mathematical equations that you presented in the body. This will enable you to avoid the embarrassment which may arise from misplacing decimal points.
- Use a conclusion sample to easily know how to write a conclusion for a lab
You should also use a conclusion sample while mastering the steps of writing a lab conclusion.
Here is a lab report conclusion sample that you can use:
The purpose of this experiment was to find out how the concentration of nitrogen fertilizer affects com plants’ growth by comparing com plants’ growth when subjected to nitrogen fertilizer with different concentrations. The hypothesis was that the concentration of nitrogenous fertilizer does not affect the height of plant but the experiment did not support it. There was a significant variation in the height of the non-fertilized plants and fertilized plants with the average height increasing more in fertilized plants. The experiment was done in a classroom in which there was no constant temperature. Perhaps, this may have caused some errors in the results. Future experiments can be improved by conducting the experiment in a place with constant temperature.
With such a sample, knowing how to write a conclusion for a lab report is easy. This is because it enables you to know how and where to place different elements of a conclusion for a lab report.
Get online help with a lab report
If you face difficulties while writing a conclusion for a lab report, read these guidelines on how to write a conclusion for a lab report and then write your conclusion. Once done, contact us for professional editing help. Alternatively, visit our homepage for more details about our writing services and information on how we may help you. You can also keep reading for more academic writing guidelines and sample papers on our blog.
How to Start a Conclusion
As a student, you should know how to start a conclusion because you will be required to write it severally when concluding essays, term papers, research papers and other academic writing assignments. A conclusion can be defined as a paragraph that gives you a chance to wrap up your paper or essay in a tiny package while bringing it home to your reader. It is the closure and summation of all ideas that you presented in the introduction and body of your paper or essay. The goal of a conclusion is to ensure the satisfaction of the reader after reading your piece of writing. However, starting a conclusion is not easy and that is why you need a guide to help you start this paragraph.
A guide on how to start a conclusion
Prepare to write a conclusion
Contemplate about the purpose as stated in the introduction and tone
While writing the conclusion, consider the purpose of your paper or essay as stated in the introduction. For instance, why were you writing the essay? Was your aim to entertain, persuade, inform, or argue a point? Your answer to this question should dictate how you write the conclusion. Make sure that the tone of your conclusion matches that of the entire paper or essay. If you were writing to inform readers, remind readers what you informed them, if you were writing to persuade readers, give them your final thought and if you were writing to entertain, provide a humorous conclusion.
Answer the “so what” question
This will enable you to start thinking about what to include in the conclusion. Once you have written the introduction and the body of your paper or essay, ask yourself, why should the reader care? Make sure that your conclusion answers these questions to shape the thoughts of the reader.
Read what you have written
Before you start writing the conclusion of your paper or essay, read what you have written in the body and the introduction severally. While writing the conclusion, make sure that you have your introduction fresh in mind. The conclusion should follow the logical transition from the introduction, to the body and then the conclusion. You can maintain this transition only when you have the rest of the essay in mind. Therefore, read what you have written in the introduction and the body to come up with a focused conclusion that addresses the most vital points in the paper or essay.
Write the first draft of the conclusion
Although “In conclusion” words are overused, they are a popular way of starting the conclusion. These words provide a transition phase that can help you in getting started with the first conclusion draft. You can start with these words then replace or remove them later after writing the first draft.
Pre-write the conclusion
Most students under utilize a pre-writing strategy but it is very effective when it comes to writing a conclusion. In fact, you should try it out as you master the steps on how to start a conclusion. Pre-writing should come before writing a draft. While pre-writing, put your ideas down. Come up with sentences that explain the covered topic. Conclude your paper or essay instinctively after writing the entire essay. As you pre-write the conclusion, ask yourself why readers should care or so what? This will enable you to form the answers that you provided in the body and supported with evidence using clearer sentences.
Start the conclusion
Make the first sentence a transition
The first sentence of a conclusion ought to create a bridge between the ending thoughts and body paragraphs. Connect the sentences of the body with the conclusion using phrases and words from the topic. Make sure that the first sentence creates a clear transition from the body to the conclusion.
If you were writing an essay on exercise benefits, the first sentence of your conclusion can read like this, “There are several benefits of exercising three times in a week.”
Start your conclusion with the topic
You can restate the topic of your paper or essay in your conclusion. Also tell readers why the topic is important. However, use different words in restating the topic. Tell readers about the importance of your topic in a few sentences.
When writing a conclusion for an essay on the side effects of school bullying, you can restate the topic in a sentence like this, “Bullying is very common in school and it should be stopped.” The sentence that follows should explain the importance of the topic. It can read, “Children are not treating their friends with respect and kindness as they should.”
Restate thesis statement
Remind readers the thesis that you stated in the introduction using different words. Use new words to phrase your thesis and show readers how you have proven it in the essay or paper. This is a very important step of a guide on how to start a conclusion because it enables you to write a conclusion that serves its purpose. Restating a thesis statement in the conclusion gives it a sense of finality. It gives the readers a feeling that the journey that started at the introduction has come to an end at the conclusion.
Include a phrase that links the conclusion to the introduction
Start the conclusion with a phrase that links it to your introduction. For instance, you can use imagery or comparison phrase that reiterates the introduction. This will enable your introduction to bring the idea or theme of your introduction back through the conclusion. This will enable readers to wrap what they have read in the paper or essay and form a clear perspective on the topic.
Contrast and compare
If you were writing about several characters, animals, groups or anything that can be compared and contrasted, use the presented ideas to do this at the beginning of your conclusion. Use a single statement or observation that is relevant to your paper or essay to follow up the contrasted or compared ideas.
In a paper about vacation sports, start the conclusion with a statement like, “Whether you choose to sunbathe in a Florida beach or to ski the Aspen slopes, vacation ought to be an enjoyable and relaxing experience.”
Start your conclusion with a rhetorical question
A rhetorical question can be an effective way of starting a conclusion because it emphasizes a point. You can use this strategy especially if your paper is argumentative. Come up with an evocative question to drive point home.
When writing an argumentative paper on smoking and its ban in public places, you can start your conclusion with a question like, “Are some people allowed the right to interfere with the health of those around them?”
Start with a clear statement on the basis of your argument
You can open your conclusion with an opinion or statement whose basis is what you tried to argue or persuade readers about. This should be a sentence that restates your topic while providing a way that readers should adopt while thinking on the basis of the information or argument that you presented in the body of the essay or paper.
If the thesis statement of your essay was, “People should make sacrifices which do not bring obvious benefits on the basis of their morals,” your conclusion can start with a statement like, “Some people make sacrifices that do not seem sensible until their motives become apparent.”
How to start a conclusion using simple strategies
There are strategies that you can implement when starting a conclusion to make the task easier.
- Echoing the introduction: This implies bringing the readers full-circle. For instance, if you started your essay with a description of a scenario, start the conclusion with the same scenario.
- Challenge readers: Give readers a challenge to redirect the information that they got from the paper so that they can apply it in life.
- Look to the future: This entails emphasizing the importance of the essay or paper as well as redirecting the thought process of your readers.
- Pose questions: This is an effective strategy because it gives readers a different perspective on the discussed topic.
Each of these strategies is effective depending on the kind of a paper or essay that you have written. It is therefore important that you read the introduction and the body of your essay or paper carefully to determine how to start a conclusion of your paper or essay in the most appropriate and effective way.
Get help with your conclusion
If you encounter difficulties in writing a conclusion for your academic paper or essay, contact us for immediate assistance. We offer the best academic writing help online and sample papers. You can also visit our website’s homepage for additional information about our writing services. Alternatively, continue reading for more guidelines on how to start a conclusion and sample conclusion on the papers found on our blog.
Intrinsic vs. Instrumental Value
A comparison of intrinsic value vs. instrumental value brings out the differences and similarities of these ideas. These values have been seen as contrasting ideas since the start of philosophical debates among philosophers.
Intrinsic value refers to a philosophic and ethical property. An intrinsic value is a philosophic and ethical value that is found in an object or for its sake. An object that has an intrinsic value can be considered as an end-in-itself or an end.
On the other hand, an instrumental value is an extrinsic value or a contributory value. It is a value that an object has both abstract object and physical object and it is not an end or end-in-itself but a means that it can use to achieve something else. Instrumental value is studied in value theory.
An intrinsic value is usually contrasted with instrumental value. In this regard, instrumental value is considered as the value that depends on the amount of intrinsic value that it generates. Happiness comprises of an intrinsic value for eudaemonists. On the other hand, a family might not comprise of an intrinsic value but it can be an instrumental value because it brings happiness.
In axiology, intrinsic value is employed in studying value or quality. Ethic good that has instrumental value can be considered as an ethic means without necessarily being the end itself. Thus, the major difference between instrumental value and intrinsic value is that an instrumental value is a means of achieving ethical decision while an intrinsic value is seen as a human nature.
These two makes a philosophic argument on whether a value is a means to an end or an end in itself. However, when put together the ideas fit well.
Theory of an instrumental value originates from the notion of an idea or object leading to another value indirectly or directly. For instance, if a person enjoys reading, the action of reading gives them pleasure. Thus, reading as an action leads to a value which is happiness.
Theory of an intrinsic value however, is based on the idea that certain values or beliefs are just what they are. For instance, happiness is intrinsic because it is a feeling or emotion. It is difficult to control what makes an individual happy but everybody agrees that it is a good emotion or feeling. Thus, an emotional value, happiness is the end. As such, an intrinsic value is a belief that leads a person into making a judgment about a situation.
While an instrumental value is easy to define and easy to identify, an intrinsic value is tricky in most cases. The notion that an intrinsic value is not explainable apart from agreeing that it is a value itself makes it difficult to define and identify.
Contrary to this, an instrumental value is simply an indirect or direct means via which intrinsic value can be observed. This is because an instrumental value is simply a means to the end and the intrinsic value is the end.
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Example of a Conclusion
It is always advisable that you know how to determine the best example of a conclusion online to refer to when writing academic papers. Besides, you should also know where to get the right example of an academic paper conclusion for successful results. However, there is no reason to worry because you will find herein, the best advice on how to easily get the right example for use in writing a good conclusion for an essay or any other academic paper.
A strong example of a conclusion is the best reference material that you should rely on when writing an academic paper. An example is basically a sample drawn from a typical paper that is written by other students or professionals. A professionally written one can vividly show you how an outstanding conclusion should be crafted.
A good conclusion sample highlights the recommended structure for writing the final section of an academic paper. With the framework, you will always find an easy time writing the conclusion for your paper. Besides, a well written example can also provide you with ideas on how to write conclusions for other papers in future.
In order to get the best results with an example of a conclusion, it is always important that you use a properly written sample. In fact, the quality of the example that you use greatly determines the way your conclusion will be written. Therefore, you have to be very keen on where you obtain the sample from and also the example that you use.
Tips on how to choose a good example of a conclusion
Choosing the best quality example of a conclusion can sometimes seem challenging to most students. However, there are only a few things that you should take note of in order to always make the right choices.
When looking for a conclusion example to use, it is always advisable that you go for one that is written by professionals or experts on that particular subject. That is best sample that can offer you an ideal structure for a good academic paper conclusion. Professionals are people with expertise on the subject or coursework.
It is also advisable that you look for an example that is based on the subject of your paper. Using a sample conclusion for a different subject to write your own can be misleading and even confusing. However, it should be noted that an example is only to guide you in writing. Therefore, you should not copy it word to word or directly as it is.
The aim of an example is to enable you get ideas on how a good conclusion should be written. Lifting statements or content from the sample and copying onto yours is not allowed and may amount to plagiarism. In the event that you use part of the statements in the sample, it should be properly referenced in your conclusion according to the recommended style.
In academic writing, conclusions should be strong and brief. Therefore, it would also be important that you carefully read through a couple of examples in order to gauge them based on these elements. Conclusions that are too long and dotted with vague statements are not usually good to use, so try to avoid them.
Since you will need to refer to examples of conclusions often when writing assignments and term papers, it is also important that you find a source that can offer you the required sample at your own convenience. The internet is the most convenient place where you should obtain sample conclusions.
By choosing to acquire sample conclusions from a reliable source, you will never be caught up in the last minute rush to complete assignments or term papers since you will always get the sample at the right time.
When obtaining sample conclusions online, it should also be noted that the sources have different terms and conditions regarding the use of those samples. Some sources offer conclusion examples at a fee while others free of charge. Therefore, ensure that you carefully know the terms of using the example beforehand.
Where to get the best example of a conclusion online
There are several places where you can find an example of a conclusion over the internet. However, not all can offer you the best quality samples. Besides, other sources are not reliable enough to offer you the required examples at your time of need.
The following as some of the best sources to acquire a sample conclusion from.
Your school’s writing center
Today, almost all academic institutions ranging from high schools to universities have writing centers that are dedicate to helping students in academic writing. The one for your school can be a good place to acquire an example of an essay or research paper conclusion online. In case your school does not have one, you can still find help from writing centers of other institutions that offer similar courses as yours.
The University of Maryland Writing Center is one of the school writing centers that you can visit for examples of academic paper conclusions. Almost all school writing centers can be accessible online, so you can always get the samples at your own convenience.
Academic writing services
There are websites dedicated to offering paper writing help to students and could also be ideal sources for sample conclusions. The benefit of such sites is that they will only offer you sample conclusions but also custom written pieces on request. However, some of the services are offered at a fee, based on your needs.
Academic writing service providers can also offer you professional advice on how to write good conclusions for your papers. CustomWritingService is one of the best service providers that you can contact online for sample essay, research paper and dissertation conclusions. The site also has a blog from where you can easily acquire the examples that you need at any time.
Although many students today avoid visiting the library, it still remains a great place to obtain reference materials for writing academic papers. The library contains a collection of materials that can assist you in writing good conclusions for academic papers.
Considering the development of technology, you can now access a wide range of learning materials from various libraries online from the comfort of your seat. The University of Guelph Library is one of the places that you can check out online for examples of paper conclusions. Besides, the library also offers more insights on how to write conclusions and others parts of an academic paper.
There are websites that offer academic help to students and could also assist you whenever you need a sample conclusion. However, you must be very keen to find one that is ruin by professionals. A good academic blog will not only offer you an example but also more information on how an ideal conclusion should be structured.
Literacy Education Online is one of the blogs from where you can obtain examples of conclusions. The site offers a wide range of sample conclusions and also comprehensive guidelines on how to write unique and outstanding conclusions for essays and other academic papers.
Examples of well written Conclusions
The following samples will help you in determining the best quality example of a conclusion online.
Sample Conclusion for an essay
‘’…As previously stated, what differentiates university-standard writing from other forms are the expectations held by the academics who will assess the writing. These include the expectation that essays will be thoroughly planned, and clearly structured, making the arguments and ideas they provide easy to follow. There is also a very high expectation of the style of writing that will be used; it must meet academic standards…’’ Read the other parts of the sample here.
Sample conclusion that ends with a question
‘’Campaign advertisements should help us in understanding the candidate’s qualifications and positions on the issues. Instead, most tell us what a boob or knave the opposing candidate is, or they present general images of the candidates as a family person or God-fearing American. Do such advertisements contribute to the creation of an informed electorate or a people who choose political leaders the same way they choose soft drinks and soap?’’Read the sample and more insights about conclusions for academic papers on this link,
Sample essay Conclusion
‘’I thought I would spend a few hours at Disneyland, but here I was at 1:00 AM, closing time, leaving the front gates with the now dark towers of the Magic Kingdom behind me. I could see tired children, toddling along and struggling to keep their eyes open as best they could. Others slept in their parent’s arms as we waited for the parking lot tram that would take us to our cars. My forty-year-old feet ached, and I felt a bit sad to think that in a couple of days I would be leaving California, my vacation over, to go back to my desk…’’Find the rest of the sample conclusion here.
In case you may need a professionally crafted example of a conclusion, do not hesitate to talk to us. Alternatively, you can also visit our blog to continue reading more about conclusions for academic papers.
Rett syndrome [RTT] or cerebroatropic hyperammonemia is a rare disorder that affects the way the human brain develops and functions. It is an infrequent condition that affects about one in 10,000 to 15,000 girls, but it is sometimes found in male patients. Although Rett syndrome is an uncommon genetic disorder, less than one percent of recorded cases are passed from generation to another. Most of the cases are natural, meaning that mutation is the core cause of the condition.
Rett syndrome is described by scientists in four stages. Stage one or the early onset begins between 6 and 18 months of age. This stage is commonly unnoticed as the symptoms are rather elusive. Doctors and parents fail to notice them. Infants may show less eye contact or lack of interest in toys or experience delays in motor skills like crawling or sitting. Stage two or the rapid destructive phase commences between age of 1 and 4 years and may last for months. At this stage a child may experience loss in determined spoken language or hand skills and breathing abnormalities.
Stage three or the pseudo-stationary phase of Rett syndrome begins at the age of 2 to 10 years and can last for years. Motor issues, apraxia and seizures are quite common during this stage. A girl at this stage may experience interest in the environs, improved communication skills, alertness and less autistic traits. Stage four or the late motor decline phase entails noticeable features such as reduced mobility, scoliosis, muscle weakness, and abnormal posturing of arms. Cognition and communication do not decrease at this stage.
Rett syndrome is genetically caused by mutation in the Methyl CpG Binding Protein 2 [MCEP2] gene located on the X chromosome. RTT can also arise intermittently and a typical form of the disorder characterized by infantile spasms or early epilepsy can be caused by mutation of the gene encoding Cyclin-Dependent Kinase-Like 5 [CDKL5]. The MECP2 gene is essential for development of brain and also acts as a biochemical switch that increase gene expression leading to unique protein production.
Most of the Rett syndrome symptoms are elusive and they vary with age. At each stage, the patient exhibits different symptoms. Here are a number of signs and symptoms of RTT and they are;
- Loss of speech and motor control
- Hand skills replaced by compulsive hand movements
- Desolate crying
- Avoidance of eye contact
- Difficulties in breathing
- Bruxism[ grinding of teeth]
- Severe digestive problems
- Microcephaly [abnormal growth of head]
- Fragile bones and scoliosis
- Extreme anxiety
- Hypotonia and
Currently, there is no cure for Rett syndrome. However, studies on the disorder have shown that restoring MECP2 gene function can present a great cure. Doctors can easily diagnose RTT by observing signs and symptoms at every stage of growth and development. A focus on the management of the symptoms and relying on a multidisciplinary plan can aid reduce the RTT defects. Parental counselling, modifying social medications, sleep aids, management of gastrointestinal and nutritional difficulties, increase patient communication skills, surveillance of scoliosis, anti-psychotics and physical therapy are exclusive ways that can aid control the effects of Rett syndrome.
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It is commonly the presence of abnormal and uncoordinated muscle movement. It is a neurological sign that infers dysfunction of the parts of the nervous system that aid in coordinating movement. It is a condition that affects the movement of the eye, speech, writing and swallowing and many other activities that depend on motor control.It is a term used broadly to indicate lack of coordination in the core physiological process. There are several types of ataxias that expound more on the disorder and they are;
This is type of ataxia caused by dysfunction of the cerebellum, a region in the brain which aids in the assimilation of sensory coordination, motor control and perception. Cerebellum is responsible for the integrating a substantial amount of neural information that is helpful in coordinating smooth movements and motor control planning. Cerebellar ataxias causes basic neurological problems such as hypotonia, lack of coordination between limbs, joints, organs and muscles, dysdiadochokinesia, dysmetria and dyschronometria.
This is a type of ataxia that is as a result of loss of proprioception, the sense of relative position of nearby parts of the body. It is a kind of sense that points out whether the body is moving as required and where the body parts are located in relation to each other. Dysfunction of the dorsal columns of the spinal cord cause sensory ataxia as they carry proprioceptive messages up to the brain. Sensory ataxia is characterized by postural instability, unsteady stomping gait accompanied by heavy heel strikes.
It occurs due to the dysfunction of the vestibular system. it is a condition associated with nausea, vomiting and vertigo. Patients are known to experience unsteadiness and giddiness.
Its Symptoms and signs vary depending on the severity and the type of ataxia one may be suffering from and they are many. For instance, if ataxia is caused by an injury or health complications symptoms may occur at any age, improve and eventual disappear undyingly. The initial symptoms of ataxia include;
- Poor limb and joint coordination
- Slurred and slow speech accompanied by difficulty in controlling volume, pitch and rhythm
- Swallowing problems
- Less apparent facial expressions
- Cold feet
- Walking complications
- Hearing problem and
Deficiency of Vitamin B12 and neurological abnormalities can cause sensory ataxia and overlapping cerebellar. Genetic flaws easily inherited from mother or father or both can cause inherited ataxia. This gene can be passed from one generation to the next. Procedures such as brain surgery, alcohol abuse, head injury, drug abuse, brain tumor, chicken pox and multiple sclerosis can all cause different types of ataxia.
A neurologist can easily diagnose and offer the best treatment and prevent measures. While diagnosing ataxia, the specialist will check patient’s medical history and either conduct tests such as Magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computerized tomography [CT] scan. Blood, urine and genetic tests are essential in determining whether the patient as any signs of ataxia.
Is not treatable, but a great deal can be undertaken to ease the its symptoms and improve life of the patient. There are several adaptive devices that patients can use and treat coordination and balance difficulties. This includes use of wheelchair, walking sticks and crutches. Other symptoms can be treated through physical therapy, speech and occupational therapy, orthopedic care and extensive counselling. Medications such as gamma-globulin injection can aid patients with ataxia telangiectasia.
How to Write an Essay about Yourself for a Job
Knowing how to write an essay about yourself for a job is one of the best avenues towards a successful application. The essay offers you the opportunity to prove to the vetting committee that you are well groomed for the job. With a good essay about yourself, there are higher chances of securing the position. Read on for insights on how to write an essay about yourself for a job application.
An essay about yourself for a job can also be referred to as a job application essay. This type of essay is requested by employers in order to know more about yourself that cannot be achieved from the curriculum vitae and cover letter. The essay is meant to determine how well you can express yourself, perform spontaneous duties and follow directions.
By knowing how to write an essay about yourself for a job application, you will be able to significantly enhance your writing and general communication skills. Mastering the art while in school is even more advantageous since it can as well be useful in writing academic papers.
Tips on how to write an essay about yourself for a job
People write job application essays almost on a daily basis and the level of success is determined by the way in which your essay is presented. This implies you need to know how to write an essay that is unique and gives an interesting perspective about yourself in order to be successful.
The following are more guidelines on how to write an essay about yourself for a job application with ease.
Carefully read the instructions
Before you start writing anything, it is important that you take some time to read through the instructions of the essay. Most people fail simply because of failure to understand instructions, and this is a mistake that you would not want to happen in your case.
By reading the instructions, you will be able to determine whether you are fit for the advertised job. If you find out the position suits you, dig into the instructions further to establish the specifications for the essay.
In case there is something that you do not understand in the instructions, it is advisable that you seek assistance from someone else in order to get the requirements for the essay.
Be keen when reading instructions to mark the key points to be considered when writing the essay, including formatting, font size, and length of the essay among others.
It is only when you have read and understood the instructions that you will know the best approach to pursue in writing a good essay about yourself.
Brainstorm on ideas to share
Remember an employer is not seeking for a term paper or some long boring stories about yourself. Writing a job application essay requires you to think towards the direction of the job requirements. The things you say about yourself in the essay should be relevant to the specifications of the job.
Thinks of some of the unique traits, experiences or achievements that you have had so far. Note down a couple of your talents and interests to share in the essay. In fact, it is advisable that you try to list as many as you can think of. They can be refined later on to give the best for the essay.
Think of a few details or evidences
Remember that you will be describing yourself in the essay and it is always better to give more details that can prove your assertions. Such details will be quite useful when you are narrowing down to explain a particular trait or achievement.
Draft an outline
In order to properly analyze and organize your points before writing the essay, you should create an outline. In fact, the outline will act as your guide on the points to talk about in proper order. Therefore, it should highlight all the points that you intend to discuss about yourself in the essay.
Generally, a job application requires you to introduce yourself, discuss talents and skills, then finally make a commitment or tell the employer why you think you can be useful.
Your outline should be a precise illustration of the details to be included different sections of the essay. You do not have to give explanations at this stage but simply list down your key points for easy reference when writing.
A job application essay should be short, but give sufficient details about you that can help the selection panel in determining whether you are suited for the job. Therefore, try to limit your story to about just one page.
Steps on how to write an essay about yourself for a job
Writing a job application essay is easy but you have to be creative, subjective and relevant in your story in order to deliver a unique and interesting piece. The essay should be about you, what you think about yourself and job.
Follow the steps below to find out how to write an essay about yourself for a job application.
Introduce the essay
A job application essay is an official document and should start on a professional tone and hit directly on to the matter. The first statements should clearly state the purpose of your essay.
It is not necessary to include your name or personal details like date of birth here, instead, just describe why you are writing.
Tell your story
In the second paragraph of the essay, you should begin describing yourself, telling the employer why you think you can serve in the position. This is where you should show what you are bringing to the table. Try to organize your story in the form of cause and effect essay.
This essay will be the first glimpse that the employer is having of your persona, so try to be professional in your approach and statements.
Discuss some of your talents and skills in relevance to the position that you are applying for. In doing this, always avoid vague statements, instead, be specific on every skill.
For example, do not say, ‘’I am an employee who loves to work.’’ Instead, write, ‘’my passion in work came to show when I served as the Chairperson for ABC company for three years…’’
You can cover a little bit about your personal life, but do not write something that you are not comfortable sharing.
The best way to tell an employer that you can do a certain task is showing or giving an example of a situation that can be related to it. It is recommended that you provide details to back up your traits and skills as stated in the essay.
You do not have to give proof of all the skills listed in the essay but try to give as many as you can, focusing on those that are aligned to the job requirements.
Give your goals and ambitions
After showing the employer that you have what it takes to do the job, it is also important to point out your greater view or where you want to be. Most employers are looking for ambitious people who need to move forward.
At the end of the essay, you should summarize the main points and tell the employer how both parties will benefit from your selection. Simply write a short statement stating how the company will benefit from you, and also how you also intend to benefit from the opportunity. However, try to maintain a professional tone.
Always take time to read through the essay and make the necessary corrections before submission.
Examples of Job Application essays
In order for you to know how to write an essay about yourself for a job application with ease, it is also recommended that you read sample job application essays. The following are professionally written samples to refer to.
Sample job application essay for an American investment company
‘’I learned of the banking seminar in Paris using the Career Search database of efo. I would like to apply to your seminar since I have great interest in taking part in this event. From my research on your website, I believe there would be a good fit between my skills and interests and your demands…’’ Read the rest of this essay here.
Job application essay (Describing how you overcame a problem at work.)
‘’I was working as a server at a restaurant for six years when I was fortunate to be considered as a candidate for the shift manager position. I had doubts on whether to pursue this step in my career in the hotel industry…’’
Follow this link to read the rest of the sample.
Sample Essay for Job Application
‘’The opening for a ‘’Finance Associate’’ at Ryan Beck & Co. interests me and I would apply for the job because of many reasons. Foremost, on the company website, it states that this is a job for someone seeking career growth and has desire for success…’’
Read the whole sample here.
Comparative advantage is the economic theory regarding probable trade gains for firms, individuals or nations arising from their technological or factor endowments. An agent enjoys comparative advantage over a competitor if they are in a position to produce goods at low relative autarky price or opportunity cost which is the lowest marginal cost before trade.
The theory is a classical one and it was developed in 1817 by David Ricardo. It explains why some countries prefer to international trade regardless of the fact that workers in their countries are efficient in production of every good compared those in other countries. He further made the demonstration that when 2 countries with the capability of producing 2 commodities engage in free market then each country increase its consumption through export of the product it has an advantage over while they import the rest of the goods.
However, this is as long as there is exists a difference in productivity labor between the two countries. This theory is viewed as the most influential but counter-intuitive theory, it implies comparative advantage is what greatly influences international trade and not absolute advantage. Further, the theory holds that as long as one partner has the capability to produce products at a faster, cheaper and better pace, then they enjoy absolute advantage.
Nations fear to participate in free trade because they are aware of the fact that it is easy for them to be out-produced especially if the other countries have comparative advantage in varying areas which can boost imports rather than exports. This theory therefore stipulates countries are supposed to specialize in specific products for purposes of exporting and import the rest as long as they hold absolute advantage over such products.
This theory can best be illustrated through use of simple examples. For instance, if A is skilled at making cabinets and painting and they spend a day either building a cabinet or painting a picture they have comparative advantage over B who has the same skills but takes one day and a half to construct a cabinet or 3 days to paint. This example is also true in cases where trade is carried out at international level.
Britain offered its support to the theory by outsourcing food (Importing cheese, grains, meat and wine) and shifting focus on manufactured goods for purposes of exporting as such, making it the workshop of industrial revolution. In a nut shell, comparative advantage theory encourages nations to participate in free true trade and also pay attention to areas they have high advantage rather than bolstering weak industries through imposing tariffs that only serve the purpose of stifling production that could lead to overall wealth gain.
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Spontaneous order is a theory that has been reserved in the history of social thought for several years. It is a still a relevant theory that many refer to in their daily lives. The theory can simply be defined as an order that emerges from a situation that seems chaotic. The order mainly results from voluntary activities of persons and not imposed on them by a particular authority like the government. Some people refer to it as self organization.
Spontaneous order occurs when people are left to make their own decisions based on what they feel suits them. For instance, when there are no regulations for entrepreneurs such that they are able to visualize the needs of the people on their own and come up with investments (products and services) that can satisfy those desires. According to most people who propose spontaneous order, it is much better and very productive compared to relying on a few individuals who consider themselves as elites.
When discussing the spontaneous order, it is ideal to bear in mind that there are two main elements that are can qualify it. One of them is that the order does not result from activities that are deliberately contravened by humans. Besides, it does not originate from phenomena that are purely natural like the weather. It is mainly the result of human activity and not an execution of human formulation.
At some point, some people often confuse spontaneous order with an organization. The difference between the two is that a spontaneous order is a network that is scale-free while an organization is a network that comprises of a hierarchy. Besides, it should also be noted that a spontaneous order is created and controlled by nobody. It is not in the power of any person to control spontaneous orders even though they result from human activities.
There are several examples that can be used to illustrate spontaneous order. According to non philosopher named Hayek, an example of a spontaneous order can be market economies. He argues that based on the requirement of specifics of information, market economies cannot be designed by any human mind. For instance, price of commodities in the market are defined by several factors that can be determined by buyers through their individual knowledge. Buyers do not have to rely on a centralized authority for information, thus prices are crafted for the benefit of society.
The idea of spontaneous order is not intuitive but emphasizes that when people are left alone, good things are deemed to come their way. Even though some people may be considered to be stupid, it still does not add up to argue that decisions made by a select few can be of benefit to the greater population.
Over the years, there are quite a number of developments that have been made based on spontaneous order. Some of them include Michael Polanyi’s argument that science is a spontaneous order, Friedrich Hayek’s assertion that the brain and common law are both spontaneous orders, Troy Camplin’s argument that literary productions and art are spontaneous orders.
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Visual merchandising refers to the manipulation and use of attractive sales merchandise or displays and floor plans in engaging customers as well as boosting the sales activity. It entails displaying the products that are being sold in ways that attract customers or capture their attention to the benefits and best features of the products.
Both services and goods can be sold using this strategy. A marketer needs to highlight the benefits and features of the service or product that they are marketing in the best way possible. The main aim of visual merchandising is to capture the attention of customers, attract, engage and motive them so that they can make a purchase.
Although visual merchandising is common in retail spaces that include trade shows and retail stores, it dates back to the 19th century. For instance, the giants of the 19th century such as the Marshall Field & Co. adopted visual merchandising as a way of attracting customers after shifting to retail business.
This company used the windows of their stores to display merchandise attractively. Eventually, the design beauty that was used in the window displays was moved indoors. This later became a part of the design of the interior stores and it reduced display windows in most suburban malls.
Visual merchandising is established on or used to augment the store’s retail design. In most cases, it is used as a way of setting a store in a manner that makes it appealing and attractive to customers. Visual merchandisers use different elements in creating the displays. These include lighting, color, product information, technologies like interactive installations and digital displays as well as sensory inputs that entail appeals to sound, touch and smell.
Methods of visual merchandising include the use of style and color, rhythm and symmetry, side and face presentation among others. Tools of visual merchandising include a floor map that helps a visual merchandiser in finding the best location for colorful stories of the footwear, clothes or garments in their shop. A floor map is like a floor plan.
There are different forms of visual merchandising. These include shelving, point of sale display, food merchandising and window displays among others. In an already saturated market, grocery stores, restaurants and convenience stores employ visual merchandising as a way of differentiating themselves from competitors. Window displays are used to communicate content, price and style to potential buyers.
The main goal of visual merchandising is to help in making sales. Visual merchandising gives a presentation of an image of what or who a shopper will be while or after using the displayed merchandise. When done properly, visual merchandising helps in converting walk-by shoppers into walk-in customers.
Nevertheless, visual merchandising requires artistic knowledge, creativity and understanding of the store design to be effective. Color plays a crucial role in attracting and converting potential shoppers into buyers or customers. This strategy makes a retail space the most efficient and most productive salesperson.
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Import Substitution Industrialization
Import substitution industrialization is an economic and trade theory that advocates for the replacement of foreign imports with products that are produced domestically. The premise of this theory is that a nation should try to reduce foreign dependency by producing industrialized products locally. Emerging markets and developing nations employ this economic theory to decrease dependency on the developed countries by increasing their self sufficiency.
The focus of countries that employ this theory is on the incubation and protection of the domestic infant producers or industries to enable them to emerge as the producers of goods that can compete with those of the developed countries. This policy also enhances self-sufficiency of the local economy.
Import substitution industrialization emerged during the post-World War II era in the Latin American nations. It uses different avenues that include subsidized loans from the government, tariffs and import quotas. Countries that practice import substitution industrialization policy aims at developing production channels for each stage of product’s development instead of focusing on the final products only.
This theory is considered as being counter-comparative advantage theory. Comparative advantage theory entails the specialization of countries in the production of items that have a specific advantage and engaging them in the international trade.
Import substitution industrialization theory has been advocated for by various economists including Friedrich List from the 18th centuries. However, it is used primarily in reference to the development economic theories of the 20th century. Its enactment is associated with the Global South countries that aimed at creating internal markets using this theory.
Import substitution industrialization works when a country leads in its economic development via subdivision of major industries, power generation and nationalization, embracing highly protectionist policies in trade and increasing taxation. Developing countries abandoned import substitution gradually from the 1980s to the 1990s as a result of structural indebtedness that was caused by policies that are related to this economic and trade theory. The World Bank and the IMF insisted that these countries abandon the theory by introducing market-driven liberalization structural adjustment programs in the Global South.
Although import substitution industrialization theory is considered as a development theory, it has political implementation as well as theoretical rationale. Some experts have argued that some or all industrialized nations followed the import substitution industrialization theory at some point. Mercantilist economic practices and theory adopted by some nations in the 18th, 17th and 16th century frequently advocated for the establishment of domestic import substitution and manufacturing.
Hamilton economic program especially the magnum and report opus by Alexander Hamilton advocated for self-sufficiency of the U.S with regards to manufactured goods. The American School is based on this program and it acted as an influential force during the industrialization of the United States in the 19th Century.
Nevertheless, economists have proved that although import substitution industrialization theory has apparent gains, it also produces high social and economic costs.
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Commercial revolution refers to the era of European colonialism, mercantilism and economic expansion. This period lasted from the thirteenth century till the start of the eighteenth century and was succeeded by industrial revolution in the middle eighteenth century. Europeans made the rediscovery of silks, spices as well as other commodities which were rare in Europe. Because of this development, the longing for trade was created and in during the second middle Ages half, trade expanded.
Through discovery voyages, European states were searching for new trading routes during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries allowing European powers the opportunity to build new and vast networks for international trade. Additionally, nations also sought after wealth sources. New economic practices and theories were also created for the purpose of dealing with the new found wealth.
As a result of the contending national interest, Europeans were driven by the desire to increase the power they had over the world through colonial empires. In essence, commercial revolution was marked by increases in general commerce as well as the expansion of financial services like insurance, investing as well as banking.
There are two circumstances that led to commercial revolution. Overseas trade preceded commercial revolution and it had many consequences which included Britain’s fleet expansion. This was an English phenomenon however the Scotts became highly engaged later on. Trade went through 3 long growth periods. In 1475-1550, existing English broadcloths markets and that of other woollens expanded rapidly due to the fact that import regions had become prosperous and they even enjoyed great purchasing power. Secondly, there was rise of new trades due to cheaper English sugar re-exports, calicoes and tobacco which created new markets.
The term commercial revolution was coined during the mid twentieth century by Roberto Sabatino Lopez, an economic historian for the purpose of shifting attention from English Industrial Revolution. In one of his best books “The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages” (1971 available in various reprints) the author argues the key contributor to medieval period was creation of commercial economy by the Europeans which was centered on Italo-Byzantine eastern Mediterranean. Eventually though, this extended to Italian city states as well as other areas of Europe.
The revolution lasted from the thirteenth century through to the eighteenth century. Historians such as Robert S. Lopez, Irving W. Raymond and Peter Spufford indicate the revolution begun in the 13th century and not later. There were several factors that contributed to this period and they include technological, monetary as well as geopolitical factors. During this period the center of European economy shifted from one that was Islamic Mediterranean to Western Europe. This change was a result of successful Africa circumnavigation which opened sea trading with the east.
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Best Essay Format
It is always very important that you know how to choose the best essay format that can facilitate you in writing an outstanding essay paper. By using a properly written essay format, you are able to easily craft a good paper that will attract better results on submission. Read on for insights on how to make an informed choice for essay format.
Knowing how to choose the best essay format will enable you to get proper guidance on how to craft an essay paper. A format refers to a plan or ‘blueprint’ showing how your essay paper will look. Basically, it is an outline of the ideas or points that you intend to discuss in the essay, according to the right order.
Benefits of knowing how to choose the best essay format
Essays are common assignments at school and knowing how to choose the right format will help you in writing top notch essay papers for the entire period of your studies.
Choosing the best essay format is the easiest way to organize your thoughts and information related to the subject of the paper. A good format will significantly help in the clarification of points for a unique essay.
Writing an essay paper always begins with an outline. Besides, the way your outline or format is written dictates how the final essay will look. Therefore, it is always recommended that you know how to choose the best essay format in order to create a unique paper.
In fact, the best essay format will make your work even much easier and fast when it comes to writing the paper. The best essay format will set the pace and tone of the paper so that you have a defined starting point when writing.
Tips on how to choose the best essay format
Students often take different approaches when outlining essay papers. Besides, there are also various essay writing styles to choose from including APA, MLA, Chicago and Harvard. However, not all can successfully work for you since each has guidelines that must be followed to the latter.
There are certain factors that you should consider in order to choose the right essay format for your paper.
Carefully read the following guidelines to find out how to choose the best essay format.
Consider the type of essay
Whenever you are given an essay assignment to write, it is important that you first determine the type in order to establish the appropriate approach or format to take. In many cases, specifications are given on whether the essay is argumentative, descriptive, comparison or cause and effect essay. If you are not given specifications on the format for the essay, it is advisable that you first get clarification to avoid mistakes.
Understanding the type of essay that you are asked to write will enable you to easily determine what to go for since you will have better knowledge of the requirements.
For instance, a critical analysis essay paper requires you to begin by identifying the purpose of the author, which has to be clearly outlined in the format.
Get to know the topic of the paper
In order for you to make the right choice on an ideal essay format, it is advisable that you also get to know what the paper is about. Understanding the topic will make it less hectic to formulate the right format for a compelling discussion.
In case you do not have proper knowledge of the topic, there is no doubt that even writing the essay will be challenging. Try to do some research on the subject in order to make the right choice for a good essay format.
Understand the purpose of the paper and target audience
Every essay is always written for a particular reason, which must be clearly shown in the text. In order to effectively deliver this, you have to know how to choose the best essay format for the specific paper that you want to write.
For instance, if your paper is a comparison essay, you will need to identify and use a format that can enable you to effectively and fairly present differences and similarities between two subjects to be discussed in the paper.
Based on your audience or readers, there is always a unique approach in writing that appeals to a particular group of people. Therefore, it is also critical that you know your intended readers in advance, so as to choose the best essay format.
Consider the standard essay format
Although there are various formats, it is always advisable that you go for one you are comfortable working with. The standard essay format is straightforward and requires that your format is segmented into three parts; introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion.
The standard format will help you to enhance smooth flow of ideas in the paper. However, it should only be a structure highlighting the key aspects of the paper precisely. Details and explanations should be reserved for the essay. However, the format must give a clear representation of the actual essay.
Look into the length of the discussion
When choosing an essay format, you should also consider the points that will be covered in the paper. Some essays are quite short while others can also be written in several pages. Knowing the number of words for the essay and its length can assist you in picking an ideal format to effectively address all the intended ideas.
By knowing the length of your discussion, you will be able to choose a format that can offer proper guidance on how to comprehensively handle every section of the paper. Remember the length of the essay will also determine how the structure should be drafted and its contents.
Qualities of the best essay format
When choosing the right format for an essay, it should be noted that the format is only a guide or plan. In some instances, there are formats with detailed instructions such that you only need to fill in the blanks with the points for the paper.
The following are some of the qualities of a good essay format that you should also look out for when making choices.
- Clearly show the main sections of the essay i.e. introduction, body and conclusion.
- Highlight the thesis statement
- Indicate the topic sentences for the essay
- Have provisions for examples or evidences that will be used in supporting the argument.
- The format should also clearly show the title of the paper
The best format for an essay paper should also be precise and without too much vague words that could end up confusing the writer. In fact, always ensure that you choose a format which you can easily use in writing the paper without any problem.
An ideal essay format should be one that can enable you to deliver a logical and proper argument when writing the paper. In case you are planning to use formats written by others, it is advisable that you choose those that have been crafted by professionals for the best results.
Examples of the best essay formats
Reading professionally written sample essay formats can also help you in knowing how to choose the best essay format for your paper. The following are some that should carefully read in order to always make the right choices on appropriate essay formats.
Sample format for an essay paper
- Main Points
- Intro and explanation of point
- How point relates to the thesis
- Intro and explanation of point
- How pointe relates to the thesis
- Intro and explanation of point
- How point relates to the thesis
- Restate subject
- Summarize Main Points
- Restate Thesis
Simply follow this link to find the sample essay format; mcdaniel.edu.
Sample Argumentative essay format
- 1-2 paragraphs tops
- Optional elements
- Required elements
- Optional 1-2 sentences tops
- Purpose; Lays foundation for proving the paper
- Summary or works to be discussed
- Definition of key terms
- Explanation of key theories
- Supporting Evidence Paragraph #1
- Topic sentence
- Explain topic sentence
- Introduce evidence
- State evidence
- Explain evidence
- Concluding sentence
Supporting Evidence Paragraph #2, 3…
Read the whole sample argumentative essay format on this link.
Model essay structure
- Arouse readers interest
- Set the scene
- Explain how you interpret the question set
- Define or explain key terms
- Identify issues that will be explored
- Give a brief outline of how the issues will be handled, in order.
- Argument/ Main Body
- Paragraph One…
Find the whole sample essay format at; web.anglia.ac.uk.
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P2P vs. Client Server Networks
A network can either be a peer to peer network or a client server network. To understand the two, a comparison of P2P vs. client server networks is important. Peer to peer network is also called a workgroup network while server-based network is also known as client/server network.
In a P2P network, several computers are connected without a server but they share information, content or resources. The system does not require a central location where users can be authenticated, files stored and resources accessed.
This implies that users have to remember the computers in a workgroup that has information or resources that they are looking for at any particular time. Users are also required to log in to every computer that has the information or resources that they want to access.
Information or resources are generally stored in multiple computers in a P2P network. This means that users have difficulties in tracking the information that they want. Backing up crucial business information is also difficult. For this reason, most small businesses do not have complete backups. In most cases, businesses have different versions of similar files on different PCs in a workgroup.
There are P2P networks where small businesses use a single computer to run the operating system of the client. This can be a Windows X Professional or Windows 98. In this case, the computer acts as a designated “server” in the network. However, despite helping in saving data at a central location, this does not offer a robust solution to the needs of small businesses such as documents collaboration.
A client server network is different. In a client server network, there is a computer that acts as the server and the central location for users to access and share resources in a single network. The data that all computers in the network can access and share is found in a single, central location.
This makes it easier for users to back up crucial business information. Every computer that is connected to a client server network is known as a client computer. In this network, each user has an account and a password that they use in logging in to this server and access the shared resources.
The operating system of the central computer or the server is designed in a way that enables it to handle the operations and loads of the system even when there are multiple client computers accessing the resources. In most client server networks, Windows SBS 2008 is used. This is because it offers a central point where users are authenticated. It also enables the users to access and store information or resources.
In terms of cost, P2P network is more effective than client server network. However, if you have an IT expert to manage it, you can install a client server network. P2P network is suitable for a business that has few employees sharing files and printer occasionally.
Both networks are used in sharing and accessing files, data or resources. They can also be used by small and large organizations depending on their financial capability and file sharing needs.
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Comparing P2P vs. client server networks brings out the differences and similarities of these networks clearly. However, you must conduct an extensive research to write a comparison essay of the two networks. Nevertheless, we can write this essay for you at Essays Experts upon request.