Mughal Empire was one of the famous kingdoms in India for many reasons. Several events that took place in the empire transformed it and became of its great history. In this paper, we shall explore on the major events that surrounded the empire and analyzing its timeline in details. The first battle for Mughal Empire was in 1526 when Babur when its king, Babur took over Delhi in a battle that occurred at Panipat. This capture led to the formation of the Empire. During that time, Mughal Empire was the only regional power.
After his death, Hamayun, his son took over the mantle of leadership but lost it for twenty-five years before regaining it. It was later united under Jalal-u-din Mohammad, being the first emperor, born in India. Because of his strategies, he annexed Rajputana and moved Mughal Empire’s border to Vindyas. He was later known as Akbar the Great. He introduced several reforms in the empire. Among other things, he abolished Jizya tax, which made Hindus pay for being non-Muslims. He increased treasury, making the empire economically stable that his successor, his son, Jahangir had easy time to carry out his military campaign.
One of the strategies of Akbar was to establish good diplomatic ties with European nations for trade purposes. As such, several diplomatic dignitaries visited the empire. They included Portuguese, English and French envoys who came looking for trade opportunities with the regional power. Because of his generosity, Akbar allowed the visitors from different parts of the world stay in India. It was during his time that the economy of the empire blossomed, because of huge taxes from European outposts. The king also allowed foreign traders to traverse India and conduct trade operations in the interior of the empire even though some were considered barbaric.
Jahangir was determined to invade and take over Deccan, after he succeeded his father in 1605. His intention was to capitalize on the stable state of the empire, as he had enough accumulation of money. He launched the attacks by invading Golconda Sultanate, allowing him to expand Mughal Empire’s border to India. Travancore was the only state that was left because it had vassal facilities, which allowed it to remain independent until the death of Maharaj. By the time of Jahangir’s death, he was yet to capture Portuguese ports of Bom Baia and Goa. Shah Jahan, his son, accomplished this after taking over leadership of Mughal Empire. After his relentless pressure, Portuguese left the empires, leaving behind British and French as the only European powers present in India at that time. With time, they were also eliminated, making Mughal Empire the only country on Indian subcontinent.
When Dara Shiko became king of Mughal Empire, Mughals shifted their attention to the northern side. They targeted Samarkand, which was the capital of Timurid Empire. The town was also famous because it was the birthplace of India’s emperor. He organized his armies and successfully took over the city, extending to Kazakh Khanate. This was revenge on how Shaybanids had attacked Timurids. With this expansion, future emperors were able to capture more territories.
We offer competitive and affordable rates. At EssaysExperts.net, we understand your financial challenges and offer friendliest rates in the market. With us, you save your money since we are interested in putting a smile on you rather than making abnormal profits. Do not score low grades when we have amazing prices to suit your pocket.
Decline of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire began to decline after attaining its highest point of success and stability. During this time, the empire was under the leadership of Shah Jahan and his son, after a successful rule of Aurangzeb. History records that the decline of Mughal Empire began towards the end of Aurangzeb’s rule. It is important to note that there were numerous reasons that led to the fall of such a great dynasty in the history of mankind. In this essay, we shall discuss major causes of the decline.
The first cause was Aurangzeb’s responsibility. He was largely responsible for the downfall of the Mughal Empire. This happened even though those kings, who ruled before him, did a great job in winning the loyalties of their subjects like the Hindus and the Rajputs. As a fanatic, Aurangzeb was unable to tolerate those who were non-Muslims in his empire. He introduced oppressive laws like the introduction of jazia and a total ban on celebration of Hindu festivals. Because of this animosity, he lost the trust and friendship with the Rajputs. He executed Sikh guru and created widespread enmity with the Marathas, forcing them to rebel against his leadership.
Additionally, Aurangzeb was also obsessed with the Deccan, which had detrimental effects on Mughal army. As a staunch Sunni Muslim, he did not have room for the Shias, who also turned against him. The nobles also developed rebellion against their king because he was mostly against their way of life, including dancing, singing and drinking. These were common habits among most Muslim nobles, who felt oppressed by the King. It is therefore evident that King Aurangzeb was responsible for the decline of the Mughal Empire.
Besides the oppressive rule of Aurangzeb that, his successors also contributed to the fall of Mughal Empire. For example, his successors turned out to be weak and incompetent to take control of the entire empire. Most of them found pleasure in lavish lives without bothering the stability of the state. This created weaknesses that led to the decline of the once strong and stable empire. This weakness from successors took root because there was no law that defined the process of succession in the Mughal Empire. Oftentimes, the death of a king resulted into wars among their sons before a king would sit on the throne. They used nobles and royal family members to fight for power. Consequently, nobles were divided as they fought to safeguard their interests. This bred anarchy as nobles resorted to conspiracies, making Mughal Empire weak and vulnerable to external attacks.
Poor economy of Mughal Empire further weighed heavily on its stability. Importantly, the economy grew weak because of constant wars, which rocked the empire. In most cases, the wars had much loss that gain as no inch was added to the empire’s land. Moreover, Mughal Empire kings were less concerned with economic growth as they spent public resources on having fun and putting up monuments, which added no value in the state. This weak and crumbling economy was completely shattered by external invasions, as enemies saw loopholes to explore.
When you contact us for essay, we guarantee you total satisfaction. At EssaysExperts.net, we have experienced customer care staff to address all your concerns at all times. Our staff values your needs and has relevant knowledge to offer holistic solutions. Contact us today and experience exceptional services.
Back to Your Roots
It is believable that in the past, Jack and Belinda have made some significant decisions that have lead to success of their venture Back to your Roots, a hairdressing salon. As they make plans for expansion, among the important decisions they have to make is the kind of legal structure the business is going to take (Mitchellette 125). Their structure presently has been a partnership. Their concern is on whether to carry on with that structure or set up a limited company. The decision made by these two will have a great impact on their taxable amount, amount of paperwork, ability of raising money as well as personal liability they are going to have towards the business. This report discusses their options and recommends the most ideal form of structure. In the second section, the paper will discuss contractual terms they are supposed to include while constructing contracts for employment.
Partnership refers to an implied or express agreement by 2 or more individuals to begin a common business with the purpose of making profits (Mann and Barry 572). All the partners contribute capital, skills, property or labor in varying forms in accordance to the agreement. Additionally, they expect to share profits as well as losses and deductions that arise as a result of operations. However, it does not make payment of annual income tax. Simply, it passes the losses and profits through to its partners all of whom are required to include their share of the business loss or income in their tax return.
As there is no employer who can withhold the income taxes, each partner is supposed to put aside enough money to make tax payment on their annual profits share. This implies partners must approximate the tax amount they are obligated to pay for the year as well as pay HM Revenue and Customs. Partners are also supposed to pay taxes whether the business makes a profit or not (HRMC 1).
Partnerships have an advantage in that setting them up is relatively easy and they can run for as long as partners have common understanding regarding management. Everyone has their own responsibilities according to the agreement. Raising capital is also solely the partners’ duty. However, when it comes to general partnerships, all partners are liable for their decisions, business debts and actions. This implies their properties can easily be easily in instances when the business defaults on debts. In cases of a limited partnership, some of the partners have limited liability. This means they are not liable to business debts. The 1907 Limited Partnership Act mandates that in a limited partnership, one partner is supposed to assume full liability for the venture. The 2000 Limited Liability Act defined limited liability partnerships limit all partners’ liabilities (Miller 554).
In laws of the land, limited companies have special status. These kinds of businesses are incorporated which implies they have their unique identity which is different from that of the owners. As such, they can be sued or sue or own property in their individual right (Scott 122). Ownership of a limited company is categorized in equal parts known as shares. Because limited companies have their identity, the owners cannot in anyway be held personally responsible for the debts. This means their property cannot be taken in the event their business defaults on debts.
Unlike partnerships, owners in a limited company are not required to be involved in day to day operations of the business. This implies they can enlist additional assistance from outsiders when they are in need of raising capital. The company pays tax which is a fixed percentage of profits made. Owners who get paid a salary by the business have the obligation of paying income tax (Carysforth and Neild 130).
RECOMMENDATION TO JACK AND BELINDA
Jack and Belinda, in the past ran Back to your Roots as a partnership. Their management has been successful which means the business has thrived such they have considered expanding the business, employing more staff and possibly opening salons in other locations. While the partnership has worked for them, I recommend they change their current set up to limited company.
With a limited company, they will not be involved actively in running the business. If the business expands and opens new salons in different locations, their workload is going to increase considerably. For people used to managing small premises, they will come across difficulties running the expanded business. On top of this, forming a limited company is going to ensure they raise additional capital from outside investors. For instance, they will have the option of seeking loans and using the business as collateral. Even when they default, they will not risk their personal property being taken away (Merrills and Fisher 402). Additionally, to finance an expansion, they can also enlist the business in London Stock Exchange.
With a limited company, they are going to have an identity that is separate from their business. This implies personal actions will not have any impact on the business and that business decisions are not going to have any influence on their personal lives. Their procedure for tax payment will be far less burdensome compared to how it currently is. The business will continue to exist though one of them might make the decision to leave the business. This in turn gives Back to your Roots additional security than when it is a partnership.
Contractual Terms in Employee Agreements
Validity of employment contract is not dependent on its form; it can either be oral or written. However, the 1996 Employment Rights Act mandates an employer is supposed to provide to employees a written stamen of particulars in a span of 2 months after starting a job. Therefore, it is recommendable for Jack and Belinda to come up with an agreement for employees as they seek to recruit more staff and expand. The key terms to be included in the agreement are as follows:
- The employees name and other important personal information that pertains to him/her
- The date the employee started his/her employment
- The date the employee commenced their job. This is applicable when the employee is moved to a different capacity in a demotion or promotion or when they are re-employed after redundancy or unfair dismissal
- The employee title and brief description of the job they are doing
- Length of the contract if the company is not offering employment on permanent basis.
- The salary amount, compensation, bonus structure and other privileges
- Holiday entitlement as well as the amount payable during holidays
- Number of hours the employees is supposed to work and compensation in the event the hours are exceeded or the fine if hours are violated
- Type of leaves permitted and payment during such periods
- Pension rights
- Areas the employee is supposed to work. All employees working outside the country are supposed to be furnished with details of their work conditions and the work they will be undertaking (Middlemiss 36)
- The notice length the employer is supposed to issue the employee before their dismissal. It is supposed to specify the duration an employee is supposed to notify the employer about their discontinuation of employment
- The duties and rights of both employee and employer
- Behavioral expectations of the employee
- Disciplinary actions to be followed when a code gets broken. This is supposed to include grievance procedure for employee so they ensure they are treated in a just and reasonable manner when a dispute arises (Persson 410).
As Jack and Belinda seek to expand their salon business, the most important decision they can make is the kind of legal structure the business is going to take. Currently, the structure has been one of partnership. This has brought success which has encouraged them to consider critically, the possibility of expanding their premise and establishing new salons in other regions. However, for the business to continue thriving, they need to establish a limited company. This is going to reduce their workload as well as give them an identity that is separate from their business. It is also going to enable them seek capital from external sources. Most importantly, it is going to give their salon better security in case one of them makes the decision to abandon the venture.
Carysforth, Carol, and Mike Neild. Intermediate Business. Oxford: Heinemann, 2000. Print.
Clifford, Denis, and Ralph E. Warner. Form a Partnership: The Complete Legal Guide. Berkeley, CA: Nolo, 2012. Print.
HM Revenue and Customs. “Tax returns for partners and partnerships”. HMRC, n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013. <http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/sa/parts-partners.htm>
Mann, Richard A, and Barry S. Roberts. Essentials of Business Law and the Legal Environment. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2013. Print.
Merrills, Jonathan, and Jonathan Fisher. Pharmacy Law and Practice: Fourth Edition. Burlington: Elsevier Science, 2013. Print.
Middlemiss, Sam. “The Psychological Contract and Implied Contractual Terms.” International Journal of Law and Management53.1 (2011): 32-50.
Miller, Roger. Business Law Today: The Essentials, 10th ed. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2013. Print.
Mitchellette, Ronald J. Entrepreneurial Decision Making: A Must-Read for Every Aspiring Entrepreneur. Philadelphia, PA: Xlibris, 2008. Print.
Persson, Anders J. “The Contract of Employment – Ethical Dimensions.” Journal of Business Ethics 66.4 (2006): 407-15.
Scott, Peter. Accounting for Business: An Integrated Print and Online Solution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Print.
DHS Annual Performance Plan
In the U.S, all agencies of the government are required to submit financial records and statements annually as a way of complying with The Government Performance and Results Act of 19931. The expenditures of the government projects and programs that are executed every financial year are summarized by these financial records and statements. Among the government agencies that are required to submit their yearly expenditures and budgets is the Department of Homeland Security or the DHS.
The focus of this paper is on the Annual Performance Plan of DHS. It examines the report of the progress of different sectors of DHS. Nevertheless, for analysis purposes, the concentration of the paper will be on the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This lies within the DHS. FEMA’s reports of two consecutive years will be compared and analyzed in this paper.
DHS reports on FEMA
Among the similarities of this and last year’s reports by FEMA are the planned and ongoing projects. Nevertheless, the report of FEMA for this year’s projects presents more comprehensive details than the last year’s report. Additionally, this year’s budget is higher than last year’s budget. A comprehensive reporting method has also been adopted by DHS in different sectors. Each sector has an independent budget. Office of Inspector General: Department of Homeland Security. Annual Performance Plan for Fiscal Year 2013. (2013), 1
During the past years, there were general reports submitted by DHS for all sectors. The reports did not consider differences and dynamism of the sectors. For instance, the report of DHS this year provides a summarized budget, the objectives as well as the descriptions of the projects that different sectors will execute this year. All programs were classified in the report of last year. Last year, the report adapted a general format which did not consider the involved sectors. As such, analyzing the report by evaluating each sector at a time is difficult because it uses a general classification. Nevertheless, it should be noted that even with these differences the programs and projects carried out or planned by different sectors have increased in this year’s DHS report.
Reasons for the Differences
Predicting the future expenses is hard for the Federal Emergency Management Agency because it deals with dynamic processes. Emergency/disaster management entails the use of past experiences in developing means of preventing fatalities in the future. This causes a variation in the reports that DHS presented in the two years that have been analyzed. For instance, the DHS report of this year includes the program that will establish recovery and disaster offices. This is due to the fact that FEMA noticed that avenues are required to assist individuals who disasters affect even after they have recovered. FEMA realized the essence of having this aspect incorporated in the federal programs following different emergency response events. These are some of the new developments that cause differences between the presented annual reports of DHS.
2 Office of Inspector General: Department of Homeland Security. Annual Performance Plan for Fiscal Year 2013. (2013), 6
There are also other differences that can be observed in the annual reports of FEMA in regards to its budgeted expenditure. This is attributable to reasons. For instance, DHS opted to audit financial records of each sector independently this year.
Therefore, extra expenses were incurred while paying the auditors. Actually, several projects that are new in the report presented this year entail the audit processes that FEMA should carry out. The need for modern disaster management and response methods combined with the involved dynamics are some of the observable differences. For example FEMA noticed that damaged property should be reconstructed or repaired during an emergency.
Office of Inspector General: Department of Homeland Security. “Annual Performance Plan for Fiscal Year.” 2013.
Research Essay Writing
In the course of your academic journey as a student, you will come across many types of academic research and writing assignments that students are faced with. Among them is the research essay writing type of assignment. Research essay writing refers to a type of assignment that is common among high school students in which they are supposed to report the reports of their investigative study in form of a composition.
Academic research and writing assignments demand that you remain vigil and very creative if you desire to end up with an assignment that will help you move on to the next level of academic learning.
What is the best way to do academic research and writing?
Academic research and writing is not your usual kind of assignment because it calls for a lot of input in the whole process of writing the paper. As the writer of an academic research paper, you are required to go back and source for materials that contain the kind of information that is related to the topic at hand. This said, you can already tell that you have to be mentally alert, because not all kind of information that you come across is relevant to your research and if relevant, it might not be from a source that is recently dated as may be required of your sources. For steps on how to excel in academic research and writing, especially the research essay writing, here is what you can do:
- Begin by finding the most ideal topic. An ideal topic in this case would mean one which you know something about. Your judgment will best help you decide which topic that is.
- Write a one page research essay writing proposal indicating why you wish to write on that particular topic and submit it to your tutor expecting feedback whether to go head or to find another topic.
- Once it has been approved, come up with as many questions as possible in relation to the topic and get set to answering them, setting realistic goals and maintaining a lot of focus.
- Once you are done, make a concluding paragraph that captures all the main points in brief.
Where can I get research essay writing help?
Sometimes it is not as easy as ABC and academic research and writing many require you to seek research essay writing assistance from professionals who are well versed in research writing. If you are wondering which company to contract for help in the assignment, we urge you to look no further than essaysexperts.net. We are known for providing quality work within the shortest time possible. We are also trusted because we are the cheapest online writing company in the writing field today.
Writing a Custom Essay
Many times, tutors ask students to handle different types of papers within a term. These papers will vary from essays, research papers, dissertation papers and many others. Actually, these papers contribute a certain percentage of student’s final grade. Thus, it is important to hand in high quality papers. Essay writing is complicated and there comes a time that you need to get custom essay. The good news is that, it is extremely easy to get the best custom writings nowadays.
Write your Personal Statement or Buy Essay
Writing a personal statement is captivating in the sense that you will try hard and let people know more about you. In the real sense, you have to talk more about your experiences and what you hope to achieve one day. To sell yourself to an academic institution is not that easy. Many people and especially students find it demanding and taxing to craft compelling personal essay. Thus, why, it is advisable to buy essay and save more time and get rid of any writing disappointments.
Why Seek Write My Paper Help When It Is Easy To Buy Essay
School or college life is usually one of the imperative periods in a person’s life. To succeed in the academic circles, you need to work hard and aggressively. Whether you are in high school or university doing your MA or PhD degrees, you will at all time have to sit for a term paper and ensure that you will get the best grades. Many times, you will find student asking ‘‘can you please write my paper’’? If you do not have time or not well versed with essay paper writing- you can invariably buy essay.
The best Custom Essay writing services
Writing an essay paper is one of the daunting tasks that students go through. ‘‘Can you do my essay’’ is a common phrase that you will come across. Writing essay papers is not that easy, but the increasing number of custom essay writing service providers has made it easy to submit high quality papers. With a simple request like can someone do my essay, the best essay writing help will be on the way instantly.
Write My Term Paper
Term papers are crucial for those willing to develop their academic career. To succeed in every academic circle, you have to be more than willing to tackle numerous papers. There are many subjects that students have to select in school and it is advisable to go for a subject that you are well acquainted with. Many times, you will be required to write a term paper. Unfortunately, not all students are able to craft their term papers. For this reason, ‘‘write my term paper’’ is a common phrase that you will come across.
Solving Dissertation Writing Problems
Dissertation writing is one of the scariest and toughest chores that students have to go through in college. Actually, many students fret tackling dissertation papers mainly due to the complexity of the papers. However, with the increasing popularity of custom writing companies it should no longer be an issue. Through a simple and essay to comprehend process, it is easy to buy essay or dissertation papers.
APA Style Papers
Formatting your essay paper is one of the crucial things to keep in mind before writing your papers. Essay formatting styles show a discrepancy and it is wise to bear in mind the best style to employ in your paper. These formatting styles include APA, MLA, Harvard and Chicago to name but a few. APA formatting style is the commonly used formatting style to know. However, to craft high quality APA style papers is not that hassle free. Thus, why, a large number of students buy an essay instead of developing their own. (more…)
Make Write My Paper an Easy Task
Writing essay papers can be a smooth and captivating task if you are well up to date with the essay writing task. Many times, students and inexperienced writers feel the pressure of crafting an essay paper especially, if they are not able to choose the best essay topics. Many people whether conversant with essay writing field or not, find it challenging to select original essay paper topics. Thus, why, ‘‘can you write my paper’’ is a common phrase in many databases.
Research Papers Free
Dedication and hard work are the common traits that you need to possess in order to be able to meet the needs of your tutors or paper readers. If stuck writing your papers, there is always an option to find the best research papers free and solve any writing woes that you may have. There are many custom essays written by experts that can guarantee high grades. However, ensure that you look at the track record of the provider that you opt to seek writing help from or get your papers.
Seek the Best Writing Services
Essay writing has been a part and parcel of the education sector. Whether assigned an English, biology or history paper, you need to know where to start and finish. You cannot wake up one day and decide to craft an essay paper. Many times, students need help writing their essays. If you are not able to write an essay from scratch, it is not a difficult thing to seek the best writing services.