Competitive Analysis on SalesForces and two of its main competitors (Microsoft Dynamics and Sugar CRM)
For this project you need to analyze SalesForces and two of its main competitors (Microsoft Dynamics and Sugar CRM) by evaluating all three companies’:
- strengths and weaknesses
- product and services
- pricing strategies
- targeted costumers
- competitive advantage
This assessment should provide you with necessary information to answer objections by potential buyers in regard to SalesForce’s competitors.
This paper needs to be 1 page in length, typed in a chart format and minimum of 15 criteria need to be evaluated.
Please provide proper citation.
I need for these 4 topes each 100 words at less. short answer including definition
and advantage and disadvantages.
– Functional structure
– Product structure
– Product team structure
– matrix structure
the course for FOUNDATIONS OF MANAGEMENT . it do in class, but I do’t have the Qs , that’s why I need including definition and advantage and disadvantages.Like general info for each.
***NO sources needed
CLAS 3237/ HIST 3310 Name:
Ancient Mediterranean Religions
Dr. Brian Sowers
Reading Worksheet 20: Magic II. Gager pdf
1. According to Gager, what are the defining features of Greek/Roman curse tables and binding spells? Use the below categories to help organize your answer.
Gods, Daemones, Spirits of the dead
Dolls, hair, nails
Depositing the tablets
2. According to Gager, what were the desired effects of binding spells? Did they work?
3. According to Gager, what was the relationship between binding spells and the law?
4. According to Gager, what was the relationship between binding spells (magic) and religion?
History Paper on the Atlantic magazine that discusses James Madison’s various arguments about the Constitution and democratic rule in the Federalist Papers
In two, double-spaced, typed-written pages, please respond to the following topic. Your papers should be turned in to the dropbox in D2L, and they will be checked for plagiarism. So, make sure that you look at the report in the dropbox for unoriginal material, ensuring that all unoriginal material is quoted and cited.
An essay was recently published in The Atlantic magazine that discusses James Madison’s various arguments about the Constitution and democratic rule in the Federalist Papers. Some of the references are relevant to the papers that you have read for this class (10, 39, 51). Here is the link:
The author’s primary argument is that we cannot sustain popular rule based on reasoned argument given our current media environment. For your paper, read the essay and outline the basic points of the author’s argument in this essay, relating them to the various parts of the Federalist Papers that you are familiar with (10, 39, 51), and then conclude by assessing whether or not the author is correct about his argument. It is expected that your conclusion be well-thought out and developed, not just the expression of an opinion. Try to convince your reader that you are correct.
This assignment is worth a total of 100 points.
TBA via drop box.
purpose & requirements
The purpose of this assignment will be to gain an understanding of your role as a leader in healthcare as a Registered Nurse, leadership styles, and characteristic of a leader.
The objectives for this assignment will consist of the following.
- Introduce leadership and the topic related to leadership styles & characteristics of leaders.
- Introduce the topic of leadership and its importance in healthcare. Includes the purpose of the paper.
- Describe the following leadership styles:
- Authoritative, democratic & laissez-faire
- Which do you feel is more effective?
- Describe the following types of leaders:
- Transformational and transactional
- Which do you feel is more effective?
- Leadership role
- Expound on your role as a leader then select which leadership style and type of leader and their characteristic you will assume in your new role.
- What leadership role might you have as a RN?
- List day-to-day duties you may have in this role.
- Why do you feel leadership is important?
- Summarize the main points from the content of your paper. Do not introduce any new information.
Criteria for Format and Special Instructions
- The paper (excluding the title page and references page) should be 2-3 pages. Points will be lost for not meeting the length requirement
- Font and sizes acceptable: 12 point, Times New Roman or 11 point Ariel.
- Use of the headings to organize the content of your paper.
- This assignment must be submitted to Turnitin.
- The textbooks required for this course may not be used as a reference for this assignment.
- A minimum of two scholarly references must be used. Scholarly references need to be current, 5 years or less (anonymous authors or web pages are not acceptable).
- Title page, body of paper, and reference page must follow APA guidelines as found in the sixth edition of the manual; this includes the use of headings for each section or topic of the paper.
- Ideas and information that come from readings must be cited and referenced correctly.
- Rules of grammar, spelling, word usage, and punctuation are followed and consistent with formal written work as found in the sixth edition of the APA manual.
- This paper is worth 100 total points and will be graded on quality of topic, quality of paper information, use of citations, grammar, and sentence structure.
- Follow this document & rubric. No late assignments allowed.
Sample Essay on Cosmological Argument
The existence of God remains a contentious issue in the society. Does God exist? For many years, scholars and theologians have explored theories and arguments to disprove each other on the existence of God. In most cases, there has never been a conclusive consensus on whether God exists or if it is an illusion in the minds of believers. Religion largely supports the existence of God as the Supreme Being, who created the world and everything in it. Christians and Muslims strongly support the existence of God. Is the existence of the world good enough to conclude that God exists? This line of thought is called cosmological argument. Its proponents opine that the world is a proof that God exists and he created it. While there is need to expound on the existence of the universe, the only explanation is the existence of God, who created it.
It is important to note that the cosmological argument does not differ from other arguments, which seek to explain the existence of God. For example, it exists in various forms like the temporal kalam cosmological argument and the modal argument from contingency. The first argument is the cause argument. What distinguishes these two arguments is how they avoid the argument questioning if God has a cause for his existence. This is how the two forms of the argument evade the objection in the argument. Firstly, according to cosmological argument, everything exists on the universe because they have a cause to exist. In other words, whatever that exists, exists for a known reason by someone. Additionally, the argument holds that the universe exists. If this is the case, then there is a case for its existence. Since the universe has a cause for its existence, this argument deduces that God is the cause for its existence and therefore God exists.
Better still, is there a cause for the existence of God? For example if God has a cause for his existence, then using the existence of God to support the existence of the universe does not suffice to make a conclusion. However, if we eliminate God, it becomes hard to explain the existence of the universe. Equally, with God centered in the equation, we are unable to explain his existence. This means by agreeing on the existence of God, it raises as many problems as it offers solutions. On this basis, the cosmological argument does not offer better solutions. It leaves us with God, one entity that we cannot explain its existence.
In the Kalam cosmological argument, it is believed that the universe has a beginning in time. This gives its distinction with God. According to this form, everything that has a beginning in time like the universe always has a cause for existence. Thus since the universe has a beginning in time, it also has a cause for its existence, which is God. For the argument from contingency, the main difference between the universe and God is that the universe exists contingently. This means that the universe could not have existed.
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Kids getting older Young
Kids getting older Young
According to studies conducted in the recent years, it is reported that kids are growing faster than ever before. Marketers agree that kids between the ages of three to five years old today behave like children aged eight and nine in the past decades. They are highly aware of brand influences and knowledge compared to the kids of their age in the past years. In this time and age, kids are more exposed to sexual activities, violence, drugs and technology. As a result of all these, kids are introduced to brands that are advertised through these means, at very tender ages. Children who are exposed to programming and televisions are more aware of the brands as a result of the commercials that are broadcast in different slots of the shows.
To some extent, it can be said that managers are to blame for kids getting older young, especially those from well accomplished companies. These big organizations tend to broadcast their adverts on strategic places that are easily accessible to teenagers like vending machines, and schools. Children are then forced to accept that in order to fit and look beautiful, they have to use the products that are being advertised. However, it can also be lack of responsibility on the part of kids that lead them towards acting older. Most of the programs that are aired on TV and online are mainly targeted at adults, but kids watch them too. As a result of this, children are exposed to things that are not appropriate for their ages.
Companies like Goodwin Design Group, are committed to the production of products that are suitable for both kids and their families. The company engages in user-centric and co-creation design since its inception. It is able to achieve this by involving kids and their families in the process of improving products that they need and also manufacturing.
To easily learn how to write an outstanding paper on Kids Getting Older Young, simply refer to the article in this section.get the best academic writing help from best essay writing services at EssaysExperts.net
Clements, Rhonda L, and Leah Fiorentino. The Child’s Right to Play: A Global Approach. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 2004. Print.
Essay 8: American Concert Music to 1945 Quiz
Essay 8: American Concert Music to 1945 Quiz
- St. Cecilia Society’s purpose was to enhance organization of concerts
- Its location was Charleston, North America
- It was established in 1762
- Dilettante refers to an individual who involves himself or herself in a certain area that interests him/her such as arts without real commitment or knowledge of that area.
- A dilettante and a “Gentleman Amateur” are the same
- Thomas Jefferson and Francis Hopkinson are two dilettantes of the early colonial times
- People know Francis Hopkinson for composing an ancient song in art, My Days Have Been so Wondrous Free, Thomas Jefferson on the other had is popularly known as a violin player as well as a writer of important essays regarding the African slaves’ music.
- William Billings became a famous person after composing the fuguing tunes
- A fuguing tune refers to a hymn that was particularly sacred and deployed by ancient American composers during the American Revolution. The tunes are composed for a cappella with a four-part chorus and placed in the tenor voice. The tune is later harmonized to rhyme with the block chords. Once a fuguing section has been included, every voice must enter at a time while singing an original tune although there may be a slight version with the last phrase being chordal.
- Anthony Philip Heinrich refers to an immigrant from Bohemian who visited America in 1805 after which he immigrated into America in 1910 with the intention of becoming a businessman. Later, he reversed the initial intention and became a composer, a musician and eventually a conductor.
- While in Europe and America, he was known by the nickname “America’s Beethoven”.
- He passed away in 1861.
- Louis Moreau Gottschalk wrote The Last Hope and The Banjo
- The sound difference between the Union and The Last Hope as well as The Banjo is that the union includes patriotic airs and rolling drums. It is also written in a virtuosic manner which is different from The Last Hope and The Banjo. The rhythm of The Banjo is syncopated which is a characteristic of the music of the African slaves. The Last Hope is a flowery saccharine piece with a European style.
- The birth land of Gottschalk was Creole South, New Orleans
- Gottschalk passed away in Brazil
- Initially, he was buried in a cemetery in Rio de Janeiro. However, he was reburied in the Brooklyn Cemetery that is located in New York.
- John Knowles Paine was the academic composer’s prototype
- He pursued advanced training in music in Germany
- He taught music that was German-oriented at Harvard in the US
- He had an association with a composers’ group called The Second New England School
- The work of the Americans, George Whitefield Chadwick and Charles Martin Loeffler indicates a shift in preference of the American composers from France in terms of music.
- Loeffler had a colleague student, a Frenchman Claude Debussy during his childhood years.
- Programmatic music refers to a special music style that uses a kind of additional non-musical effects and material that give the audience information which enhances listening experience. The additional material can be a type of events, pictures, poems, painting, texts or dancing. Instrumental music that does not include a text or a vocalist is also called program music.
- “To a Wild Rose” is an example of programmatic music by MacDowell.
- “First Piano Concerto” is an example of abstract music by MacDowell.
- MacDowell embraced abstract music writing style in Europe. This music style is about tones only without any attachment to a visual scene or story.
- The father of Charles Ives used to conduct sessions of ear training at the table where the family used to have dinner. Some family members would sing the accompaniment as one key and the others would sing the melody as the other key.
- The fragments of the song by Stephen Foster that are heard in the Black March by Ives come from the Old Black Joe
- The work of Ives, The Housatonic at Stockbridge may be seen as his transcendental experience since it paints his tone’s picture and that of his wife as they walk along River Housatonic which has a mist of the church choir’s sound that come from the bank on the opposite side. This feeling causes an extraordinary sensation of divinity.
- No, my view is that Ives would not call me “sissy ears”
- This is because of the truth that I like creative music as well as cases where musicians go beyond their method of mixing different classes and genres of music in order to come up with an extra ordinary and creative piece.
- Yes, I have enjoyed a transcendental experience in the past
- I had this experience while viewing the Giatto’s “Mother and Child Enthroned”. This was a divine experience where I felt The Virgin Mary’s and Jesus Christ’s presence inside the room. I could feel God’s presence though invisible. I could sense God guiding me. He was telling me that if I believed in Jesus, my life would be improved.
- The decision of Ives was to write while on holidays and weekends only since he was not willing to abandon the music direction that he had chosen. He started living a dual life of a composer and a businessman on graduating from the Yale University in 1898. He compromised an insurance executive’s job by opting to compose his music during the holidays and weekends.
- The peak composing period of Ives was between 1890s and 1919.
- His composition was highly affected by the heart attack that he suffered in 1918.
- To me, Schelomo has a Jewish sound
- The song uses musical instruments in a conservative manner which gives it a Jewish sound
- Ernest Block composed Schelomo.
- La Creation du Monde by Milhaud and Rhapsody in Blue by Gershwin differ in that, the piece by Milhaud presents a two-part composition that has a slower Prelude that has a beginning section with a contrapuntal section that follows it like the Bach Chorale Prelude. The end points or cadences have notable jazz elements. These used obvious clichés of jazz. Rhapsody in Blues (1924) by Gershwin on the other had is a true synthesis between jazz and classical music.
- Gershwin blended the European jazz. However, the classical music gave it a more American sound.
- “Rhapsody in Blue” depicts a nature that is more of American that European
- This is due to the fact that this piece was composed with the thought of a European format while Gershwin work was composed without a hint of the European format.
- The term postmodern is used in reference to the past three decades’ music done in the 20th
- To fully comprehend the word postmodern, the word modern should be interpreted to mean anything innovative and new in music. It can also be used as a means of identifying new or latest things.
- Here are the meanings of modern:
- Something innovative and new in music. A means of identifying new or latest things
- Experimental or radical music body that was composed between 1920 and 1970 which separates it from the styles of the other periods.
- Five popular modernist composers before 1945:
- Edgard Varse (from 1883 to 1965)
- Henry Cowell (from 1897 to 1965)
- Harry Partch (from 1901 to 1974)
- Lou Harrison (from 1917 to 2003)
- John Cage (from 1912 to 1992)
- The first composer that was associated with the modern music via the publication of the book, New Musical Resources was Henry Cowell.
- The microtonal 43-tones to octave techniques were associated with Harry Partch.
- Music for Prepared Piano was written by John Cage.
- The Roll One sound clip produces the sounds of a piano, drums, xylophones, and propellers of a steel airplane, sirens and electric bells.
- Yes, my view is that the composer ought to be compared to Italian futurists.
- This is due to the fact that his music has tiny motives with accents that keep changing, endless repetition and superimposition which creates a music fabric with a Russian master’s resemblance which could be compared to the Italian futurists’ music. The futurists also used noise in creating their music.
- Aaron Copland could identify with the common man’s plight and he had leftist political ideas and beliefs that prompted him to compose audience-friendly music that the masses could access during the period of Depression.
- Four popular compositions that he came up with from 1936 to 1944 are:
- The Common Man Fanfare (1942)
- Rodeo (1942)
- The orchestra’s El Salon Mexico (1936)
- Billy the Kid (1938)
- Aaron Copland, in conjunction with Verese and Cowell was composing the modern music sounds in the 1920s.
- Adagio for strings is a composition by Samuel Barber that is used in the USA during crisis since the time when the death of President Roosevelt was announced officially in 1945 (through the radio) as well as the death of President Kennedy’s announcement (on the television).
- The dominant instrument in the sound clip is the violin. This includes viola, bass, cello and violin.
I was caught by surprise in terms of the American Classical music concert by the fact that America took a long time before having their original music. This is due to the fact that my thought was that America was the earliest society to compose music without foreign influences.
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Bussiness and technology
How Business Can Use New Technology to Increase Organization’s Profitability
Today, advancements in technology have increased the demand and role of information in every aspect of human life. Business has become dynamic and more vulnerable to technological changes and innovation. It is doubtless that technology continues to influence business in various ways and managers are taking this advantage to increase revenue (Agbolade 101). With incorporated information technology systems, companies gain competitive growth and success.
To achieve this competitive advantage, organizations re-evaluate their efficiency with the use of modern information systems. Businesses that embrace technological changes experience continuous growth and sustainable profits (Olugbode et al. 11). However, there are many unanswered questions as to how new technology adds value to a business. Thus, many researchers endeavor to debunk myths from facts on how organizations record high profits with this technology (Hitt and Brynjolfsson 121).
Importantly, research on the economic value of new technology in business gives opposing findings. In their research, Hitt and Brynjolfsson seek to find out the commercial value of new technologies on business organizations (122). This article is relevant to this analysis since it offers empirical evidence through analysis of firms, which embrace these technologies. It also gives hypothesis on using IT interventions to improve organizational profits.
In particular, new technology forms part of factors of production, and can be used for research and development. Through technology, an organization makes unique brands, which guarantee high profits. In cases where there are business barriers, technology can make an organization realize supernormal profits (Hitt and Brynjolfsson 123-124).
Olugbode et al. (11-16) also offers relevant findings on the issue at hand. The paper is a case study on Beale and Cole, which experienced profits because of utilization of ICT systems. However, the firm recorded declining profits even though it was applying technology. From an evaluation of the company’s performance, the need to integrate new technologies and face out old information systems was evident.
To this effect, the company adopted business IT interventions to streamline operations, increase profitability, and increase efficiency (Olugbode et al. 12). Thus, new technologies have the ability to make a company realize higher profits. For example, the company acquired an accounting system from Virtual Private Network to cut down on operation costs, which helped to make profits (Olugbode et al. 11-13).
Agbolade’s (101-107) further agrees with the fact that the use of IT concepts has helped many banks to make huge profits through increased efficiency. IT has widely altered operations in banking because of high speed and top quality in service delivery (Agbolade 102). A good example is how the use of biometric recognition systems controls fraud.
With mobile tech, consumers make transactions with a lot of ease, which leads to higher revenue for banks (Agbolade 103-104). IT reduces chances of making errors and the risk of fraud. Additionally, banks use computer software to improve speed and quality of services delivered to customers. Because of this, banks serve more clients leading to increased profits. Technology also allows flexibility at place of work, encourage teamwork and good customer relations (Agbolade 106).
Agbolade, Kehinde O. “Information and communication technology and banks profitability in
Nigeria.” Australian journal of business and management research 1.4 (2011): 102-107. Print.
Hit, Lorin M, and Brynjolfsson, Erik.“Productivity, Business Profitability and Consumer
Surplus: Three Measures on Information Technology Value.”MIS Quarterly 20.2 (1996): 121-142. Print.
Olugbode, Majosila, Elbeltagi Ibrahim, Simmons Mathew, and Biss Tom. “The effect of
information systems on firm performance and profitability using a case-study approach.” The electronic journal of information systems evaluation 11.1 (2008): 11-16. Print.
Movil Express is a Telecommunication Company, which focuses on growing through tapping into the expanding market of video streaming, internet voice and high definition cable television. However, it can only achieve these, if it has the correct infrastructure in place. Together with market ideas, it will be possible to overcome risks, which could escalate and become crises (Rouse par 2). To deal with these challenges, the company needs a crisis management team.
Crisis management encompasses identifying likely crises, and adopting measures to mitigate their severity and putting in place a recovery course (Crandall and Parnell et al.10).
It conducts landscape survey and identifies looming crises, which could hit the company either internally or externally. The team then develops a strategic plan to counter the crises if they are inevitable (King 236). Notably, the team carries out landscape survey in two phases, which are internal landscape and the external landscape (Crandall and Parnell et al. 15).
This survey focuses on factors, within the company’s control and that the crises could be from within. These crises mainly stem from internal factors (Crandall and Parnell et al.12). An example would be inability of the company to pay for the infrastructure from Cisco. To expand their services, they need more equipment from Cisco. The firms target to lower the cost of voice data for its customers. However, a possible crisis is the resistance of customers to change, opting to embrace their current providers.
This covers factors beyond the control of the company and whose crises pose a greater challenge to counter. Nonetheless, it is possible to lessen the impact of the crises (Crandall and Parnell et al. 13). A possible external crisis for Movil Express is delivering inferior services to their competitors in the market, as it has no control over their ability to advance in technology. Another factor is the sociological structure of the company’s target market. Most clients are young people who have interacted with technology throughout their lives. While this is the case, older population, which has stronger purchasing power, is likely to be left out of consideration.
Movil Express has several weaknesses, which could lead to crises in the end. They include a small market share and lack of proactive approaches when penetrating markets with new products. This may cost the firm as the competitors excel. Other factors are government surveillance, which make customers apprehensive, inflation, and high interest rates, making it hard to service debts.
To address these challenges, Movil has to get money from trusted lenders and Cisco as soon as possible and get discounts. The company also requires intensive marketing campaigns to increase its market share. Baseline research on potential markets is also necessary to master the culture of the population and get an overview of the competitors’ tactics. This will help in developing unique products to take over the market.
Crandall, William, John A Parnell and John E Spillan.Crisis management in the new strategy landscape. Los Angeles: SAGE, 2010. Print.
King, Granville, I., II. “Crisis Management & Team Effectiveness: A Closer Examination.” Journal of Business Ethics 41.3 (2002): 235-49.
Rouse, Margaret. “What is crisis management? – Definition from WhatIs.com.”Whatis.techtarget.com, 2013.Web. 28 Feb 2014. http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/crisis-management
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Every human being is concerned with what happens after death-heaven and nirvana
What happens after the death of a human being is the concern of every human person. This question is among the main reasons why religion was invented by humankind many years back. Currently, religion is still a significant influential force that has various ideologies that fuel the never-ending debate. Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims and Christians describe the heaven concept. The focus of this paper is on the Christian Heaven and Buddhist Nirvana (Clark, 53). The assertion of this paper is that Christian Heaven and Buddhist Nirvana are vague, indistinct and unreliable concepts that both religions have. This paper uses relevant and authoritative findings of scholars in both religions to compare and contrast the ideologies of Christian Heaven and Buddhist Nirvana.
Jesus Christ and his disciples who were his followers described Christian Heaven in the biblical books of John, Luke, Mark, Matthew and Acts of Apostles which include Saint Paul’s letters as an indistinct and vague state. Sakya Muni, a Buddhist teacher also described Buddhist Nirvana in a similar manner. Both Sakya and Jesus as depicted in the teachings of these religions appear to have the same confidences about Hell’s existence. They exercised caution while expressing ideologies that they had about Heaven.
According to the teachings that were perpetuated by Jesus and those who followed him, Heaven is clearly a concept that cannot be relied upon. Here is the analysis of the teachings of Jesus about Heaven and the analysis of His teaching about Hell which are the concepts of Christianity.
The belief of Jesus was that there existed a place where people who lived wicked lives were bound to go. The devil held or managed this place together with the wicked angels. For instance, in the biblical or Christian book, Matthew (Chapter 12), Jesus’ teachings describe this place as a place where people would weep, gnash their teeth and wail. Heaven on the other hand as Matthew (Xiii. 43) described it is a place where the righteous or the redeemed will live and shine the way the sun does. According to Luke Xvi 22, Heaven is a simple relaxation or restfulness at the bosom of Abraham. The reader is made to accept that the blessed people can experience and see the torments of the damned people in Hell.
However, it does not appear as if Lazarus, the poor person or the faithful father has the enjoyment that one should contemplate. While writing to Corinthians (1, 15), Saint Paul described heaven as the faithful and just people’s resurrection where all people will emerge in form of a spirit of the initially earthly self. In the gospel according to John (14, 2), Jesus’ report reveals that there are many mansions in the house of his father although what is done in these mansions is not described or revealed (Inman 36; Knitter 19).
There are also revelations of Christian Heaven’s teachings in other books. St. John’s book, The Revelation gives a detailed description of the belief of some Christians about heaven. This book describes heaven as the place that has infinite riches that include gold and precious stones, enjoyable odors and music. The book describes this place as a place where joys are always in contact with the wealth evidences constantly. Apart from wealth evidences, heaven also involves eternal singing as well as absence of suffering, sorrow and pain.
Heaven is also described as the New Jerusalem. This Jerusalem has fabulous adornment of gems and a burning sun that lights it. It has clear water that refreshes it and different varieties of trees and fruits furnishing it. John describes heaven as a place where there are no diseases that have to be healed. People who were not hell’s candidates were destined to live forever enjoying a crystal river. The differences in these visionary writings have not been found yet and they ought to make humans distrust them due to the wild theories which can be generated from these absurdities. Therefore, Christian Heaven is revealed as a place that each Christian writer as well as the followers of Jesus wants to describe using their superior knowledge (Inman 28-34).
In the description of the Buddhist Nirvana by Sakya Muni, Nirvana should be desired by all good men. Nirvana means total destruction or inhalation after practicing and learning law. This is heaven’s ideology which many Buddhists including the famous historian, St. Hillarie and teachers hold. However, Max Muller, a great authority in German opposed this view in a meeting with other German philologists in 1869 in Kiel city. According to a declaration by Muller, the belief of death the way Buddha taught it is not part of the doctrine that he advocated for. His argument was that supposing that Nirvana signified annihilation is wrong (Sach 185).
Muller noted that Buddhist Nirvana implies total termination of misery and pain. Scholars have also quoted Siddhartha as using Nirvana as a synonym for Nirvritti or Moksha. These states give a description of Nirvana as the higher spiritual liberty and bliss state. With these great differences, it is vital to question the reason while trying to understand Nirvana and Heaven. The belief of Sakya’s followers is that after death, they will attain immortality. They further believe that they will be free from the horrors of earthly life. Nevertheless, freedom from the pleasures of the earth is negative after the death of a human being (Sach 186).
With these arguments, some researchers have compared these regions as well as their ideologies about heaven or life after human death. The assertion of the researchers is that these religions have distinct differences. A major difference between Nirvana and Heaven is that according to Christian teachings, Heaven implies non-stop abundant life. Buddhist Nirvana stands for or promises a void, lengthy road or non-existence. Heaven promises a never-ending paradise. It promises a place of special immortality where suffering and sin do not exist since the faithful people live with God who loves them forever. Christians are promised heaven by God where they will inherit what God owns. Additionally, they are promised an increase in love, peace, adventure, knowledge and a good community with great treasures. They are promised a place of overjoyed wonder (Weldon 5; Sach 190).
Contrary to this, Buddhist Nirvana promises nonexistence or void of life in the Nirvana. Researchers like Clive Erricker have described this contrast by writing that continuing selfhood is promised in Christian heaven. His assertion is that Christians understand heaven as the future state which follows the earthly life and this is not what happens in Nirvana. Erricker notes that it is possible to use earthly terms to understand heaven but this is not the case for Nirvana. Actually, Erricker condemns Nirvana contending that it is impossible to compare it to the Samsaric existence which entails everything’s cessation.
Therefore, the Nirvana’s problem is that it sounds like an idea that is terribly negative. This is because it seems like all precious things of human kind including their earthly experience are destroyed and rejected. Most Christian writers have supported this notion by Erricker who contend that in Buddhism, the ultimate goal is to destroy human individuality through Nirvana or to destroy everything meaningful to humans’ existence (Weldon 128).
In a nut shell, this paper has discussed the arguments that writers and scholars have written about Christian Heaven and Buddhist Nirvana in details. Contrasts and comparisons of these religions have also been made. The paper has revealed that the teachings of these religions in terms of Nirvana or Heaven are instinct and vague. Although there are differences in the teachings of these religions as some writers argue, there are writers who have indicated that Heaven and Nirvana are indistinct and vague. These studies should be a good lesson for people and religious extremists who do not tolerate the religious beliefs of the others. With the consideration of the civilization that the modern humankind has enjoyed for centuries, it can safely be argued that taking a neutral position is the best option. This is because nobody actually knows anything regarding the future humankind’s state.
Clark, Donald N. Culture and Costums of Korea. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Greenwood Press, 2000, 53.
Inman, Thomas. Ancient Faiths and Modern: A Dissertation Upon Worships, Legends and Divinities. Alexandria: University of Michigan Library, 2006.
Knitter, Paul F. Without Buddha I could not be a Christian. Croydon: Oneworld Publications , 2009.
Sach, Jacky. The Everything Buddhism Book: Learn the Ancient Traditions and Apply Them to Modern Life. Avon, Mass: Adams Media, 2003, 185- 192.
Weldon, John. “Buddhism And Nichiren Shoshu/Soka Gakkai Buddhism –A Critique and Biblical Analysis.” ATRI Publishing (2012): 152.
“NICHIREN SHOSHU BUDDHISM: MYSTICAL MATERIALISM FOR THE MASSES.” www.equip.org/PDF/DN095.pdf (2011): 1-7.
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Essay sample on Amino Acids Benefits
Amino acids can be simply defined as small molecules that build proteins. There are two classes, essential and non-essential amino acids. All these are required by the body for several functions. Essential cannot be synthesized by the body and are obtained from the diets that we consume. Non-essential on the other hand, can be internally produced by the body. Read on to find out the benefits that we can obtain from amino acids.
There are several roles that are played by amino acids in our bodies. One of them is that they have the ability to enhance antioxidant activity. This simply means that they can help in combating build up of excess fats in our bodies. According to research, it has been established that they can help in burning abdominal fat in women after menopause. However, it can also have the same effect in men too.
They can also help in the retention of muscle mass. Amino acids are used in making complex proteins that are renowned for building muscles when combined with exercises. However, studies have shown that amino acids can significantly benefit muscles even without intensive workouts. Even for those who take part in exercises, amino acids are still important to help in muscle recovery after training sessions. With this, there is no doubt that amino acids can deliver an improved exercise performance.
There are six that have been proven to help in reducing and preventing loss of hair. These six include arginine, cysteine, methionine, lysine, glycine and proline. Arginine is an amino acid that produces keratin and also helps in minimizing diseases that are related to hair loss. Besides, it also enhances immune function. Methionine and cystenine are ideal for protecting the hair follicles from oxidative stress. Lysine, glycine and proline help in the production of collagen.
They can also help in reducing arthritis. Arginine and methionine help in curing arthritis through reducing inflammation and aiding the repair of joints. Research has shown that methionine has effects that are similar to the impacts of conventional anti-inflammatory medication. Arginine on the other hand, can enhance the healing of inflammatory processes. Besides, it also improves circulation, thereby enabling the transfer of nutrients to various body parts including the joints.
They can also correct erectile dysfunction. Among the various kinds of amino acids, arginine is considered to be the most effective remedy for erectile dysfunction since it helps in improving circulation. It is the main building block in Nitrogen Monoxide molecule that helps in controlling relaxation of arteries. This further helps in regulating the flow of blood throughout the entire body. With this, people who are suffering from erectile dysfunction are able to withstand erection for a prolonged period of time.
They can also slow down the ageing process. Glutamic acid, glycine and cystanine are the three amino acids that have strong anti-oxidant properties. This enables them to prevent damage of cells by free radicals. As a result of this, the body is able to maintain healthy tissues, thus, stay young.
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Protein biosynthesis can be simply defined as the process through which cells are able to build proteins for use by the body. Even though most people use this term in reference to protein translation, however, it should be noted that it is used to define a multi-process that starts with the synthesis of amino acids and transcription. Amino acids are the monomers that undergo polymerization in order to give forth, proteins. However, not all the amino acids can be synthesized by each organism.
In many occasions, proteins can be directly synthesized from genes through the process of MRNA translation. Whenever the body requires proteins on short notice or in large amounts, a precursor for protein is produced. This precursor is called a proprotein. It is basically a protein that is inactive and contains one or more peptides. These inhibitory peptides can undergo activation in a situation whereby the inhibitory sequence has been removed. Preproteins have both the inhibitory and signal sequences.
For protein to be synthesized there has to be a unification of tRNA molecules that are charged with the required amino acids, with an MRNA molecule. Besides, it also has to be matched up through base pairing. In order to extend the growing chain of proteins, the amino acids have to be joined together. The tRNAs on the other hand, have to be released. This entire process is conducted by a large multi-molecular tissue known as the ribosome.
When discussing protein synthesis, it is important to bear in mind that DNA plays a crucial role. However, it only carries genetic information and does not take part in the process whereby the information is being used. The first step involves transcribing the genetic information that is contained therein into a form that can be useful. Either way, the information contained in the DNA can also undergo translation to produce a sequence of amino acids.
Transcription and translation are the two main processes that are involved in protein synthesis. Transcription is the first step that takes place in three phases; initiation, elongation and termination. In order to ensure that gene transcription is done correctly, each of the three stages is controlled by co-activators and transcription factors. This process takes place in the cell nucleus.
Translation is the process through which proteins are synthesized from RNA. It takes place in the cytoplasm, the location for ribosomes. Translation is carried out in four phases; activation, initiation, elongation and termination. At this stage of protein synthesis, amino acids are fixed with tRNA molecules.
Biosynthesis is mainly followed by two events; post-translational modification and folding of proteins. In the process of synthesis and after it, polypeptide chains are often folded into structural units. It is this process that is referred to as protein folding. The task of protein synthesis in the cells begins at the N-terminal end of a polypeptide chain. Before the formation of an active protein, modifications have to be made to the polypeptide.
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A marketing plan is defined as a written organization document that describes the current market situation for a particular company and the way through which it will pursue its marketing operations for products and services within a given period of time. The period that is covered by the marketing plan usually lies between a minimum of one year and a maximum of five years. The marketing plan takes into consideration the prevailing issues in the market like products, pricing, placement, and promotions. Besides, it also takes into account the features of the target market, available controls, and assessment of mechanisms confirming the efficiency of the strategies used.
It provides a short description of how the components of the marketing mix could be pursued in order to meet the objectives, which will help in determining the desired returns on investments, total sales, and market share for a particular segment of the market (Juin, 2000). The process entails writing comprehensive objective statements, quantifying and measuring them for the best results. Effective marketing plan is mainly centered on a sound and strategic foundation.
Objectives of a Marketing Plan
It is a comprehensive guide, which provides a summary of the overall business marketing efforts. It is applied as a means of achieving the marketing objectives of the business. A marketing plan is mainly aimed at making the business to be in a position of offering solutions based on the information that it has about customers’ expectations. In this way, the business is able to satisfy the unfulfilled needs of the customers, thereby making sure that the information obtained is acted upon. The marketing plan will act as a mechanism for increasing the business’ market share. It helps the business in the identification of its competitors, existing and potential customers, strengths and weaknesses of the company (Juin, 2000).
A marketing research helps owners of small businesses in determining the needs and preferences of their customers, thus offering the products and services that are needed most. Some of the common sources of marketing information include feedback from customers, existing market reports and competitors.
Juin, S. С. (2000). Marketing planning & strategy. Thompson Learning.
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